How does a carnivore guild utilise a substantial but unpredictable anthropogenic food source? Scavenging on hunter-shot ungulate carcasses by wild dogs/dingoes, red foxes and feral cats in south-eastern Australia revealed by camera traps.
... Australia, 4 Melbourne Water, Reefton, Victoria, Australia Abstract There is much interest in understanding how anthropogenic food resources subsidise carnivore populations. Carcasses of hunter-shot ungulates are a potentially substantial food source for mammalian carnivores. The sambar deer (Rusa unicolor) is a large ($150 kg) exotic ungulate that can be ... decomposition in warm periods, low wild dog densities and the availability of alternative food resources. Citation: Forsyth DM, Woodford L, Moloney PD, Hampton JO, Woolnough AP, et al. (2014) How Does a Carnivore Guild Utilise a Substantial but Unpredictable Anthropogenic Food Source? Scavenging on Hunter-Shot Ungulate Carcasses by Wild Dogs/Dingoes, Red ... email@example.com and particularly those food resources that are provided directly or indirectly by people (i.e. anthropogenic ). Many mammalian carnivores scavenge the carcasses of domestic livestock [7,9,13]. In Alberta, cattle carcasses at ranchers’ boneyards (where livestock are dumped) were an important food source for wolves (Canis lupis) during
The Effectiveness and Sustainability of a Universal School-Based Programme for Preventing Depression in Chinese Adolescents: A Follow-Up Study Using Quasi-Experimental Design.
... recruitment of schools. All 498 local secondary schools were invited to attend the seminars. Representatives from 20 schools and 59 schools joined the first and the second seminar, respectively. After the first seminar, five schools joined the programme as the intervention group and three schools agreed to be the control group. The three control schools actually ... another grade in the same school was the control group. This arrangement was adopted to ensure an adequate number of students were in the control group, as the research team could not find control schools at the beginning of the second school year (i.e. 2010–11). Two months after the second school year had begun, we invited two control schools recruited from ... students to join the research study in the three control schools. For example, as exactly one boys’ school existed in both intervention group and control group, we invited the same grade of students from the control school according to the decision of that intervention school (i.e. Secondary 3). For the two schools with both intervention and control groups,
Fox squirrels match food assessment and cache effort to value and scarcity.
... eating and caching. Squirrels first ‘‘paw manipulate’’ a food item, holding it loosely in Introduction Food storing allows animals to take advantage of excess food in relation to current demand , survive periods of scarcity, and reduce foraging time during future food searches . Because food- storing animals either consume items immediately or ... competing interests exist. * E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org current economic climate (e.g., current food abundance and the competition for that food) . Food- storing decisions are part of a multi-step process that is sensitive to multiple aspects of food quality and the environment [9–12]. To adjust the cost-benefit ratio properly for a cache, the scatter ... of such assessment has been notably absent as a variable in prior models of foraging. Models of food- storing behavior indicate that an animal’s ability to obtain information about the future value of food can improve food- storing decisions . Assessment of food items before consumption or storage is a common and important behavior in diverse species,
A Common Mechanism Underlying Food Choice and Social Decisions.
... out-of-sample with minimal or no fitting. Results We show that a SSM fit to a food- choice experiment [15,16] is able to accurately predict choice and RT profiles in several different social-preference experiments. While these choice scenarios differ in terms of the types of rewards (food and money), the locations of the experiments (U.S. A. and Switzerland), ... study (which has been validated in multi-option choice in ) was θ = 0.3, meaning that the values of the unlooked-at food items are discounted by a factor of roughly a third during comparison. Here we hypothesize that, much like the unlooked-at food items, other peoples’ payoffs receive less weight than one’s own payoffs during the choice process. When subjects ... payoffs, so we set the value of d such that the product of d and the order of magnitude of v is always equal to 0.002 ms-1, the value from the food choice studies. See S2 Table for details. From the binary food- choice study we know that fixation durations do not depend on the values of the options so we can assume that, on average, each option is focused
Blood Pressure Percentiles for School Children
... 193 Dicle Tıp Dergisi / Dicle Medical Journal 2016; 43 (2): 193-198 doi: 10.5798/diclemedj.0921.2016.02.0666 ORIGINAL ARTICLE / ÖZGÜN ARAŞTIRMA Blood Pressure Percentiles for School Children Okul Çağı Çocukları için Kan Basıncı Persentilleri İsmail Özanli1, Sebahat Tülpar2, Yunus Yılmaz3, Fatih Yıldız4 ABSTRACT ÖZET Objective: The prevalence of hypertension ... artmaktadır. 7-18 yaş arası çocukların kan basıncı değerlerini incelemeyi amaçladık. Methods: This study was conducted in a total of 3375 (1777 females, 1598 males) children from 27 schools. Blood pressures of children were measured using sphygmomanometer appropriate to arm circumference. Results: A positive relationship was found between systolic blood pressure ... 11.02.2016, Kabul Tarihi / Accepted: 18.04.2016 Copyright © Dicle Tıp Dergisi 2016, Her hakkı saklıdır / All rights reserved 194 İ. Özanli et al. Blood Pressure Percentiles for School Children failure, stroke and peripheral artery disease . Childhood BP values are an indicator of the values in adulthood [2-4]. Early diagnosis and treatment of HT is
Asymmetry in food handling behavior of a tree-dwelling rodent (Sciurus vulgaris).
... of different tasks associated to food handling by several bird and mammal species. Here, we analyzed asymmetry in handling behavior of pine cones by red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris). Red squirrels devote most of their daily activity to feeding, thus this species constitutes an appropriate model for studying asymmetry in food processing. We aimed to explore ... individuals . In birds, greater ability of the left hemisphere to recognize food has been demonstrated in pigeons (Columba livia), chickens (Gallus gallus) and zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) . On the other hand, preference for the left hind limb (right hemisphere) in handling food has been described in Australian parrots [28, 29], and similar results ... seeking its food under river stones [36, 37]. Regarding rodents, there are references to both left- and right-handed squirrels in relation to the way they handle pine cones in field guides of animal tracks [38, 39], but systematic research covering this topic has not been conducted until now. Squirrels are excellent models to test for asymmetry in food handling
Evaluation of changes somatic features and motor skills of high school students from Kruszwica.
... Pedagogiczny2, Ukraina Annotation: Cieslicka Miroslawa, Napierala Marek, Stankiewicz Blazej, Iermakov Sergii. Evaluation of changes somatic features and motor skills of high school students from Kruszwica. Introduction. The study of the physical development of children and youth have quite a rich tradition. Conducted observations show that standard ... providing it with the knowledge and skills related to physical education. The aim of this study was to assess the state of development of somatic children aged 13 – 14 years of high school in Kruszwica, determine the level of their motor skills and evaluation of somatic sexual dimorphism. And the answer: if holiday break contributed to changes somatic features ... Bydgoszcz, WSG, 2009, pp. 24-39. 2. Görner K., Prusik. Ka., Prusik. Krz. Changes in the amount of somatic and motor skills of boys and girls aged 11 – 12 years in the annual cycle of school [Zmiany wielkości cech somatycznych i zdolności motorycznych dziewcząt i chłopców w wieku 11 — 12 lat w rocznym cyklu szkolnym], Antropomotorika 2007. Banska Bystrica, FHV
Analysis of Consumers´ Attitudes Towards Food Additives Using Focus Group Survey
... REVIEW 193 Analysis of Consumers’ Attitudes Towards Food Additives Using Focus Group Survey Gábor TARNAVÖLGYI SUMMARY Food additives are getting more and more importance among the consumers’ food safety concerns. In this research attitudes towards food additives were analyzed in three focus groups: common consumers, doctors and food industry experts by qualitative ... TARNAVÖLGYI INTRODUCTION Food industry underwent a great development in the 20th century. The technological improvement was accompanied by increasing use of food additives (DIEHL, 2002). In the 1960s the European Community established the positive list of permitted food additives, then the European numbering system, in which food additives were identified ... DISCUSSION Judgment of food additives by common consumers The majority of respondents in the consumers’ focus groups have basically negative feelings about food additives. They recognize that these substances have some technological functions, but they think that food processors only add them to the products in order to make foods more marketable,
Millî eğitim bakanlığının 652 sayılı kanun hükmünde kararname ile yeniden yapılandırılmasına ilişkin Ankara ili kamu ilkokul ve ortaokul yöneticilerinin görüşleri [Views of the state primary school and secondary school principals in Ankara province about
The influence of the program of prophylaxis of flat foot on the biomechanics characteristics of foot of children of pre-school age
... The influence of the program of prophylaxis of flat foot on the biomechanics characteristics of foot of children of pre -school age. In the article is defined linear and angular biomechanics descriptions of children’s foot of senior preschool age. It is analysed the dynamics and increase of the explored indexes during realization of the program of prophylaxis
Knowledge Attitude and Practice Regarding Micronutrient in Secondary School Student of Tribal Area in Gujarat
... practice. RECOMMENDATIONS There is need for strengthening IEC activity with special emphasis on micronutrient. School children should be specially targeted in IEC campaign to decrease burden of micronutrient deficiency. Micronutrients should be included in school syllabus and school teachers should be utilized to communicate information to student. AKNOWLEDGEMENT The ... measles. In developing countries 200–300 million children of preschool age are at risk of vitamin A deficiency.4, 5 40-60% of young children in developing nations suffer from iron deficiency in early childhood that disrupts their cognitive development significantly and irreversibly, diminishing their school performance and hindering their physical development.6,7 ... part of Gujarat. Out of 12 tribal taluka of the district, three were randomly selected for the study by using random number table. From each taluka, two secondary schools selected and from each school it was decided to take 50 students, 25 boys and 25 girls for the study. A list of boys and girls was prepared from their National Journal of Community
Computer Technology Awareness by Elementary School Teachers: A Case Study from Turkey
... area: ………………………………………………………. 4. Length of the time in the profession: ………………………………………………………. 5. School status: public private 6. School type: computer experimental school ordinary 7. Does your school have computers? yes no 8. Does your school have sufficient computer resources? yes no 9. Do you read computer and Internet magazines? yes ... analysis for school status reveal that the two groups differed significantly in their familiarity with all types of technologies. Teachers who work in CES Schools were more familiar with computer technologies than traditional school teachers. 159 Computer Technology Awareness Educational Computing Problems Facing Basic Education School Systems Participant ... and school status differences effect these teachers’ familiarity with computer technologies? * What are these teachers’ views about the educational computing problems that their basic education school system is faced with? Methodology Participants The participants were 252 teachers hired by 25 basic education schools in Trabzon, Turkey. The schools
Access to Higher Education among High School Students: Challenges and Solutions
... with middle their high school students as part of their children schools and high schools in four school districts applying to college, GEAR UP provides supports that located in high poverty areas where more than 50% focus on enhancing parent knowledge of post- of the students are eligible for free or reduced price secondary schools options, procedures ... high graduation from high school (ERIC, 2007; Trivette, school students be prepared to apply for enrollment and 2010). Yet, the most recent data for these students succeed in college (Conley, 2007; 2009). These GEAR show that only 41% of 12th grade students in this UP activities include student visits to colleges or school district have taken ... who experience challenges bridging secondary (high school) and university education. Approach: This study includes a description of strategies used in a Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduates Program (GEAR UP) that assisted students whose parents did not continue education beyond high school to pursue a college or university education.
Review of the regulatory framework on genetically modified food and feed in Albania: a policy perspective
... their food. This is the source of the EU's "novel food" regulations and the basis for their efforts to prevent the sale of GMO products without adequate labelling. USA does not treat the two issues as distinct - their food labelling system is only designed to address food safety concerns, no matter how the food was developed. Thus USA does not have a food ... commercial purposes. Food safety instruments focus in addressing the risks posed to humans by genetically modified foods. The general goal of these instruments is to minimize risks to humans presented by GMOs or their products used as foods themselves or as ingredients in food. Especially in EU, such instruments tend to cover the entire human food chain from ... the use of GMOs in food and feed products is the Food Law. This law consists of a general framework 233 Review of the regulatory framework on genetically modified food and feed in Albania: a policy perspective act and defines the main regulatory elements related to food and feed products. This law provides a framework for Food Safety and Consumer
A Research on Attention Control Levels of the Students at Vocational School of Health Services in terms of Sports and Different Variables
... Vocational School of Health Services in terms of Sports and Different Variables1 Mehmet Ertuğrul ÖZTÜRK1, Gökhan BAYRAKTAR2, Deniz ÖZTÜRK1, Erdoğan TOZOĞLU1 1 Ataturk University, Kazım Karabekir Education Faculty, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Erzurum, TURKEY 2 Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen University, Physical Education and Sport School, Ağrı, ... this information, the study has been carried out in order to examine the students of Vocational School of Health Services, Ataturk University, Erzurum in terms of their attention control levels, genders, family structures, habits of smoking and drinking, school departments, sporting activities, sport types and weekly sporting durations. Materials ... the students that do sports for different durations. Discussion and Conclusion In the study the relationship between attention control levels in school and daily lives of the students at vocational school of Health Services and doing sports and different variables was examined. The study included totally 449 university students, 268 female and 181
Prevalence of myopia and its risk factors in urban school children in Delhi: the North India Myopia Study (NIM Study).
... selected schools was taken from the District Education Authority. Two distinct types of schools were listed: Municipal Corporation / Delhi Administration/Government aided schools and privately funded schools. This distinction between schools was made as there is a difference in the socio-economic status (SES) of the children attending these schools. ... different schools of Delhi. The total number of children enrolled in the 20 selected schools was 10,114 and 9884 children (97.7% coverage) were screened in the study. There were 11 government and 9 private schools. The aim was to have a relatively equal number of children from both the type of schools. The number of children examined in government schools ... (19.8) Gender Boy 821(63.3) 767(66.5) Girl 476(36.7) 386(33.5) School Government School 334(25.7) 541(46.9) Private School 963(74.3) 612(53.1) Any Family Members Wearing Spectacles No 613(47.3) 974(84.5) Yes 684(52.7) 179(15.5) Mother’s Education Illiterate-Primary School 441 (34.2) 450 (39.2) Middle-Post High School 652 (50.5) 576
Coliformes em água de abastecimento de lojas fast-food da Região Metropolitana de Recife (PE, Brasil).
... TEMAS LIVRES FREE THEMES Coliformes em água de abastecimento de lojas fast -food da Região Metropolitana de Recife (PE, Brasil) Coliforms in the water supply of fast -food chains in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil) 2653 Maria Anunciada Leal Porto 1 Amanda ... Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Abstract A guaranteed supply of clean drinking water in food outlets is a relevant subject for public health. The scope of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of 96 water samples of a network of fast -food stores in the city of Recife (state of Pernambuco, Brazil) and Metropolitan Area and to compare ... respectively. The quality of the water in the food establishments studied is thus a health hazard since a significant percentage of samples analyzed were inappropriate for human consumption in accordance with current legislation, which stipulates the absence of total coliforms and thermotolerant coliforms. Key words Water, Fast -food, Total coliforms, Thermotolerant
Mensuração da qualidade de serviço em empresas de fast food.
... e outras questões foram inseridas. As dimensões da qualidade utilizadas são: tangibilidade, food, confiabilidade, presteza, cortesia e empatia. Com exceção da dimensão food, que foi baseada no estudo desenvolvido por Johns e Howard (1998) em empresas do setor foodservice, as dimensões estão baseadas no instrumento SERVQUAL desenvolvido por Parasuraman ... existentes às especificidades das empresas fast food. Essa adaptação foi baseada em dados secundários e entrevista em profundidade com especialistas do setor. Foram verificados trabalhos acadêmicos nacionais e internacionais sobre o assunto e as dimensões da qualidade utilizadas por uma das maiores redes fast food do Brasil na mensuração da qualidade em ... itens, um na dimensão food e outro na dimensão presteza, o coeficiente foi recalculado, chegando a valores entre 0,50 e 0,67, o que indica que a escala utilizada é internamente consistente e confiável. Nunally (1967) sugere que coeficientes alpha entre 0,5 e 0,8 são aceitáveis. Para mensurar a qualidade de serviço em empresas fast food, foi realizado
O MÉTODO DE ENSINO LANCASTERIANO: UMA COMPARAÇÃO ENTRE A SALA MONITORAL DO THE BRITISH SCHOOL MUSEUM DE HITCHIN, NA INGLATERRA, E O REGIMENTO INTERNO DAS AULAS PÚBLICAS DAS PRIMEIRAS LETRAS DA PROVÍNCIA DO ESPÍRITO SANTO EM 1871.
... 19. Palavras-chave: British School Museum, monitorial, história, educação, legislação. Hist. Educ. [Online] Porto Alegre v. 20 n. 48 Jan./abr., 2016 p. 175-191 176 THE LANCASTERIAN METHOD: A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE ROOM MONITORAL OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM SCHOOL IN ENGLAND, AND THE CHARTER OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF THE FIRST LETTER ... que utilizava o método lancasteriano. A partir dessas premissas fizemos uma visita técnica ao The British School Museum, na qual obtivemos acesso aos livros, documentos sobre o tema e nas salas monitorial The monitorial schoolroom, The edwardian schoolroom e a The gallery classroom -, as quais, enquanto objetos de pesquisa, foram fotografadas e filmadas. ... Multiplicidade, 2006. Hist. Educ. [Online] Porto Alegre v. 20 n. 48 Jan./abr., 2016 p. 175-191 190 BRITISH SCHOOLS MUSEUM. Hitchin british schools: a history of the Buildings. Hitchin, United Kingdom: Hitchin British Schools Trust, 1999. CENTRO PEDAGÓGICO. Pequena história do Espírito Santo. Vitória: Ufes, [s.l: s.n. 19-?]. C...
Using biogeochemical data assimilation to assess the relative skill of multiple ecosystem models: effects of increasing the complexity of the planktonic food web
... relative skill of multiple ecosystem models: effects of increasing the complexity of the planktonic food web BGD Full Screen / Esc Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion 5 BGD 11, 481–520, 2014 Effects of increasing the complexity of the planktonic food web Y. Xiao and M. A. M. Friedrichs Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions References Tables Figures ◭ ◮ ◭ ◮ Back Close | Discussion ... Bight. The five models are identical except for variations in the level of complexity included in the lower trophic levels, which range from a simple 1P1Z food web to a considerably more complex 3P2Z food web. The five models assimilated satellite-derived chlorophyll and particulate organic carbon concentrations at four continental shelf sites, and the ... complexity of the planktonic food web Y. Xiao and M. A. M. Friedrichs Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions References Tables Figures ◭ ◮ ◭ ◮ Back Close | Discussion Paper | 496 Discussion Paper 25 | 20 Discussion Paper 15 | 10 In this study, five lower trophic level ecosystem models with varying food web complexities were
Program policies in food and nutrition
... Executive Committee. It is proposed to strengthen the Regional Food and Nutrition Program, with additional emphasis on the food component, through: food aid programs and subsidized distribution of food, food security at the level of the family, and food and nutrition education. Impetus will be given to food and nutrition surveillance in order to promote the ... Chronic Diseases .......... Determinants i. 2. III. NUTRITION Nutritional I. 2. 3. 4. 5. B. ........................ of Food and Nutrition Problems Food Supply ..................... Food Intake and Biological Utilization AND NUTRITION STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMS ....... ........ .......... Food Aid Programs .................... Food Security at the Family and Community Level Food and Nutrition Education ............... AND NUTRITION A. Food B. C. Improvement of ... public agency that is to implement the programs. B. Food Security at the times Food security is the to food in sufficient Family and Community capacity of all quantity and Level persons to have access of adequate quality at all for an GEl01/10 Page ii Table (Eng.) 3 CUMULATIVE VALUE OF FOOD AID, WORLD FOOD PROGRAM (WFP): DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AND
Preliminary evaluation of the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute
... that CFNI should not develop programs in food microbiology and sanitation, food safety, or food legislation. Food technology programs, as required, should be conducted on a collaborative basis, with short-term consultants or UWI staff. Continued emphasis should be placed by national governments on collection of data on food supplies and health status. Such information ... providing them with sound scientific and technical inputs into the development of health and food policies. 5.10 The Team recommends increased collaboration between CFNI and the school of dental hygienists in Trinidad. For example, collaborative studies between CFNI, the school of dental hygienists and UWI on the fluoridation of salt as a means of combatting ... balance between food niid nutrition activities in the Institute, and concluded the balance is appropriate, considering the raison d'etre for CFNI. It noted that, of the four impact objectives identified by CFNI, three (undernutrition, obesity, anemia) deal primarily with nutritional matters, while the fourth (maldistribution) deals primarily with food. The
Consideration of potential parasite food hazards
... parasites in feces can come in contact with food when feces are used as fertilizer or when an infected food processor-who may be anyone from a field worker to a food handler, cook, waiter, or housewife-does not practice good hygiene. Tables 1-3 show many of the parasites which man can acquire from contaminated food. Table 1 includes those parasites which ... Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma. the many food sources involved and the conditions under which such meals are prepared, distributed, and maintained. It is also necessary to keep in mind the many ways parasites can be transmitted to food. For example, there is an increasing potential for food contamination by solid wastes (feces) in some parts ... be transmitted by some intermediate invertebrate host that accidentally falls or crawls into food. Table 3 lists parasites contained in excreta which may reach human food by way of sewage, polluted water, or fertilizer. Either irrigation or flooding can lead to food contamination from polluted water; and in view of increasing pollution and recycling activities,
Food and nutrition: The work of the International Agencies in Latin America
... increasing need for 2) Availability of food more and more consultants. How much is known about the food availThrough these various means-short- and long-term consultants, fellowships and travel able at the various seasonsof the year? About food production techniques? grants, committees of experts, study groups, About the vield of food crons. etc.? About marketing ... financing of About the diseases, etc., affecting foodpersonnel and programs-the international stuffs? agencies have helped to bring home to the Latin About other causesof loss? About the nutritional value of foodstuffs American Governments the true significance of available at each different season of the year? food and nutrition as a national problem. What ... establishment of a Latin American register of professionals specializing in the various branches of food and nutrition; and (3) the establishment of the Latin American Center for scientific information on food and nutrition. ’ J c . Summary Until recently the food and nutrition activities of the international agencies have concentrated mainly on providing-
The planning of nutrition education in school programs
... If this is not done, the program will eventually be shelved and accordingIy rated a failure. IN SCHOOL PROGRAMS 61 them. It is now hoped that the problem may be solved by publishing a nutrition textbook for vocational schools, including teacher-training schools, to serve as an officially authorized reference source for teachers. A publication of this ... task is more difficult because the local unit involved is a school, and any program conducted there must be conceived as part of the national education plan. The national plan, in turn, is governed by laws and regulations in accordance with the basic education legislation of the country or with school reform legislation. This body of law is a key determinant ... curriculum, as indeed it has in the case of the efforts to include nutrition training in the school programs of Central America and Panama. Those who have dealt with the problem know from experience that it is all but impossible to introduce nutrition education into a school program if the existing curriculum does not provide for this subject. Furthermore,