National Health System

Description and implementation of a MiXed Layer model (MXL, v1.0) for the dynamics of the atmospheric boundary layer in the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy)

... their behaviour in the atmosphere. Secondly, MXL/MESSy is well suited for performing systematic sensitivity analyses, in which the parameter space is explored and through which non-linearities can be studied. Because it is computationally inexpensive, detailed and systematic sensitivity runs are possible. In that way, it can serve as a test bed for ... chemistry model is obtained, in which all exchanges between the land surface and the ABL at the diurnal time scale are internal variables of the coupled system. This means that only forcings (drivers external to the system at the appropriate time scales) are prescribed to the model. These include land surface forcings (e.g. leaf area index (LAI), roughness length, soil ... boundary layer (ABL) yields a computationally inexpensive tool that is ideally suited for the analysis of field data, for evaluating new parametrizations for 3-D models, and for performing systematic sensitivity analyses. A case study for the DOMINO campaign in southern Spain is shown to demonstrate the use and performance of MXL/MESSy in reproducing and analysing field
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... in eHealth Canada, 2012, 22. Tammi Marcoullier, Trending in 2013: Electronic Health Records, 2013, -health- records/ 23. Colley, A., Telstra cloud pilot in e -health system, 2010,,telstra-to-build-e -health- cloud.aspx 38 ... of public expenditure on health during the last years. With any of these options they could also reallocate funds within the health system to enhance efficiency [18].All European governments made efforts to implement e -Health solutions to ensure optimal healthcare services to their citizens (E-Medical records, ePrescriptions, Health card) with a reasonable ... document of Canada Health Infoway, entitled Cloud Computing in Healthcare. This provides a reference model for important aspects of a Cloud strategy, especially for Healthcare but also in a broader sense. Marcoullier [22] says that in 2013, the challenge is run by Health and Human Services (HHS) Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information
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... Chandra Sekhar Beera et al. / International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST) EFFECT OF STRONTIUM OXIDE ON GRAIN GROWTH AND DENSIFICATION IN BNN SYSTEM CHANDRA SEKHAR BEERA P.S.V SUBBA RAO B.PARVATHEESWRA RAO ... No.02 February 2013 274 Chandra Sekhar Beera et al. / International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST) FIG.6. TYPICAL SEM IMAGES OF DOPED AND UNDOPED BNN CERAMICS ISSN : 0975-5462 Vol. 5 No.02 February 2013 275 Chandra Sekhar Beera et al. / International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST) Activation ... the sintering of BNN appears to be the volatilization of sodium oxide at high temperatures. ShenLiFu et al.[6] and Ravez et al. [7] achieved better sintering of PLZT and TB type systems respectively with the aid of doping of dopants [8,9] such as Li-Bi, Na-Bi, Na-B and fluorine. The present study of sintering behavior and grain growth of BNN with the
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Mobile Agent Based Hierarchical Intrusion Detection System in Wireless Sensor Networks

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CSP26.R21: Women, Health and Developmemt

... information and surveillance systems for documenting the health situation and trends in women’s health and the existing gender inequities in health; Aware that policies for reducing gender inequities require information for their formulation and evaluation; and Bearing in mind the ongoing initiatives of other agencies of the United Nations system, RESOLVES: 1. To ... PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION 26th PAN AMERICAN SANITARY CONFERENCE 54th SESSION OF THE REGIONAL COMMITTEE Washington, D.C., USA, 23-27 September 2002 RESOLUTION CSP26.R21 WOMEN, HEALTH, AND DEVELOPMENT THE 26th PAN AMERICAN SANITARY CONFERENCE, Having considered the report of the Director on women, health, and development (Document ... high priority to establishing and financing information systems on gender differences in health and development; and to the collection, processing, and presentation of health information disaggregated by sex; (b) promote the participation of users and producers of information about gender and health issues from both government and civil society; CSP26.R21
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The regulation of privacy and data protection in the use of electronic health information: an international perspective and reference source on regulatory and legal issues related to person-identifiable health database

... of possibilities for better  health? ?practice  [8]. The  health? ?component  of the Gil  creates opportunities  that can dramatically  improve  the  practice  of  knowledge­enhanced  national? ?and international  health? ?systems; evidence­based  clinical and administrative decision  making;  the  creation of  local,  national,  and  global  markets  for the  exchange  of  health? ? ... USE OF ELECTRONIC HEALTH? ?INFORMATION An International Perspective and Reference Source on Regulatory and Legal Issues Related to Person­Identifiable? ?Health? ?Databases R. J. Rodrigues P. Wilson S. J. Schanz PAN  AMERICAN  HEALTH? ?ORGANIZATION Pan  American  Sanitary  Bureau,  Regional  Office  of  the WORLD  HEALTH? ? ORGANIZATION DIVISION OF? ?HEALTH? ? SYSTEMS  AND SERVICES  ... Rodrigues Regional Advisor,? ?Health? ? Services Information  Technology Division  of? ?Health? ? Systems and Services  Development Pan American  Health? ?Organization  / World? ?Health? ? Organization Washington,  D.C., USA Petra Wilson * Scientific Officer European Commission, Directorate General for Information Society Applications Relating to  Health Brussels, Belgium Stephen J. Schanz Adjunct Associate Professor East Carolina 
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The Pan American Sanitary Code: Toward a Hemispheric Health Policy

... demographic and health data, established health posts, enacted health policies, conducted studies on the causes of diseases, and, on the basis of their findings, applied prevention and control measures. T his was the origin of England’s National Public Health Act and General Board of Health, both important landmarks in the history of public health. Following ... Public Health and Chief of the Department of Public Health History of the National School of Public Health, Ministry of Public Health, Calle 150 entre 31 y 25, Cubanacán, Municipio Playa, Havana, Cuba. 2 Former professor (deceased) of the School of Medicine, Central University of Quito, Ecuador. 3 Chief of the Publications Program, Pan American Health ... because the threat of cholera, yellow fever, and bubonic plague transcended national borders, it was deemed essential to internationalize public health problems and put in place an external order, one that would be supranational and binding. T his led to a series of international health conferences that had two fundamental objectives: to overcome the obstacles
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The canadian health system and its financing

... The Canadian health system and its financing1 Francisco Xavier Solórzano 2 ABSTRACT In Canada, health care is provided by a cooperative national system financed jointly by public and private health insurance providers, system users, and the government (1). Because the Canadian Constitution delegates responsibility for health care to the provincial ... and spending less: policies and partnerships for health care in Canada. Ottawa: The Health Group; 1994. 5. Fulton J. Canada’s health system: bordering on the possible. Washington, DC: Faulkner & Gray’s Healthcare Information Center; 1993. 6. Heidemann E. The Canadian health care system: cost and quality. Bull Pan Am Health Organ 1994;28:169–176. 30 7. Chernomas ... Health. The public and private financing of Canada’s health system. Ottawa: National Forum on Health; 1995. 2. Ministry of Supply and Services. Choose Canada: for world class health products and services. Ottawa: Ministry of Supply and Services; 1992. 3. Health Canada. Canadian report to the Special Meeting on Health Sector Reform. Washington, DC: 29–30 September
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Epidemiology and leadership in public health

... specific causes of ill health in order that the indicated action may be directed appropriately. To evaluate the effectiveness of health programs and services in improving the health of the population. The Importance of Public Health What is the importance of the public health movement? Returning to Winslow, in a report to the American Public Health Association ... with public health. For without public health, there is no epidemiology (6. The Tasks of Public Health As mentioned earlier, one dictionary states that "a leader is a person who leads others along a way; a guide." To discuss leadership in epidemiology and public health, one must define which "way" we have in mind. What are the tasks of public health today ... Health Organization. Health Conditions in the Americas, 1981-84. Volume 1. Washington, D.C., 1986. 2. Support the appointment of leaders of health departments, schools of public health, and departments of community, social and preventive medicine who are committed to the new direction, namely, an epidemiologic and preventive approach to the major health
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Fortieth anniversary of the World Health Organization

... Fortieth Anniversary of the World Health Organization had served as an opportunity for developing activities to heighten awareness about WHO and international health in the Americas. The Region's official observance of the anniversary took place at PAtiO Headquarters on World Health Day. National observance ceremonies were sponsored by the Ministries of Health and, in ... health ministries. PAHO is sponsoring a "Health for All - All for Health" essay 6. contest for high school students of the Americas to commemorate the 40th Anniversary of the World Health Organization. The contest is designed to create general public interest in the celebration of WHO's 40th Anniversary, to call attention to the outstanding public health ... directing council -t NoM )}~} % · PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION LP\iP/ WORLD HEALTHJi RGANA ORGANIZATION 101st Meeting Washington, D.C. June-July 1988 Provisional Agenda Item 6.1 CE101/15 (Eng.) 18 April 1988 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH FORTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION The Fortieth World Health Assembly (1987) adopted Resolution WHA40.36
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Health as an economic value in a time of crisis

... living standards. Health occupies a prominent place in economic and social development, because of the sizable investments and expenditures in the sector and also because of the population’s increasing expectations of better achievements. As a result, health has come to be viewed as a value of production, for the study of which the discipline of health economics ... the World Health Organization set the goal of health for all by the year 2000, which we can today view from another perspective.) This interrelationship between economics, society, and application of technology has produced many approaches to development (among them important ones capable of inducing diverse social attitudes), ranging from health education ... occurring without usufruct of the money. Every society is today anxiously exploring ways to promote the health and well-being of its people, and is also exploring systems for providing services to care for the sick. Universality and equity are the health planners’ criteria and are applicable to both the urban and rural sectors, with establishment of
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Brazilian health care delivery during a recession

... pattern of growing health care expenditure away from its existing course. The sections that follow review certain salient features of the Brazilian health care system, describe the effects of Brazil’s economic crises, assessthe apparent effects of those crises on health expenditures, and discuss certain implications for health care. Health Care in Brazil The ... desirable. Until recently, Brazilians have strongly resisted dependence upon a national health identity card. The potential for misuse of the health care system has always been judged less onerous than the potential political or military misuse of computerized individual health records. Therefore, while INAMPS has had one of the best and largest computers ... “reorientation” seeks to increase the quality of health care and reduce PAHO BULLETIN I vol. 18. no. 4, 1984 health costs, both by investing in a modemization and expansion of government hospitals and by increasing the collaboration between INAMPS, the national ministry of health, and each of the various state and local health ministries. An experimental trial
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Primary health care: worldwide interest... and a U.S. perspective

... quite concerned about providing health services to people living in rural areas and to the urban poor. l The Pan American Health Organization’s United States-Mexico Border Health Association held a workshop on primary ‘Public Health Adviser, United States Public Health Service, Health Services Administration, Bureau of Community Health Services. 35 health care in ... health professionals do experience Baidi l PRIMARY HEALTH 37 CARE allocated for primary health care. So the questions to ask are: How effective is the allocation of these funds? and Are a nation’s people healthier from both a physical and emotional point of view? In general, when assessing national health care systems and the allocation of health care ... need. The 1974 Health Planning and Resource Development Act created a nationwide system of state and regional health planning agencies (the health systems agencies). At the present time, more than 200 such agencies have been designated, either fully or conditionally. Within the Act, the Congress identified 10 national health matters for the department and the health
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Environmental health and technical cooperation among developing countries

... they are directed towards defining national health goals and. will contribute directly and significantly to the improvement of the health status of their populationsthrough methods they can apply now and at a cost they can afford now. The Current Outlook One of the technical cooperation activities in the environmental health field that is being given ... ecology and health. PAHO’s task here is to help identify those institutions that have potential for development. Hopefully, this is another activity which can be undertaken jointly with AIDIS. 127 HEALTH It is expected that a CEPIS 4 technical and scientific information system will become operational in 1978. A grant from the Canadian International Development Research ... countries to attain economic independence and selfreliance through mutual endeavor and equal partnership. All nations of the international community-developing and developed countries alike-share this goal, along with the agencies of the United Nations system. International Organization Policies In 1972 the United Nations General Assembly invited the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to
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First intersectorial meeting on health of man in the Americas: progress report of the Director

... directing council regional committee PAN AMERICAN HEALTH WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION ORGANIZATION XXIII Meeting XXVII Meeting Washington, D.C. September-October 1975 Provisional Agenda Item 26 CD23/24 (Eng.) 5 September 1975 ORIGINAL: SPANISH FIRST INTERSECTORAL MEETING ON'THE 'HEALTH OF'MAN'IN THE AMERICAS PROGRESS REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR At ... proposal. 4 CD23/24 Page 3 (Eng.) INTERSECTORAL COLLABORATION Problems and Prospects If we are to succeed in meeting the health needs, let alone in fulfilling the health expectations, of total populations rather than of small privileged groups, we must ensure that health care is fully integrated with the other economic and social sectors involved in community development. H. ... cancelled out, within a short time. This may be seen very clearly where the poor health of a population is a reflection of the living standards of the very low income sectors 1 rather than of a lack of health services; in such cases, even the most complete and high quality health care services can be rendered useless if they do not go hand in hand with
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Provision of health services to the rural and underserved population of Latin America and the Caribbean

... the national health system. ii. The establishment of logistic support programs capable of providing these auxiliary workers with the materials essential for the exercise of their functions; means of communication with centers determined in accordance with the system of reference with a view to o)taining the necessary support of other levels of the national ... to o)taining the necessary support of other levels of the national health system. iii. The establishment at local level of effective coordination between health programs and any other community development programs being carried out. iv. The training of health workers from the entire system of services and the personnel training institutions, with a ... designated as one of the principal goals the extension of coverage of health services, giving priority to communicable disease control, maternal and child health, malnutrition, and environmental health, with special reference to the most vulnerable group, the mother and child. The World Health Assembly has also given priority attention to the problem, as 2 reflected
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Recent progress in tuberculosis chemotherapy applicable to public health programs

... the tuberculosis problem has been transformed from a complex socio-medical matter into a public health administration problem which can be solved even in conditions of underdevelopment. These facts, although encouraging, lend added urgency to the mission of those responsible for health administration, sincenegligence or failure to adhereto the principles involved ... al. The discovery of drugs for treating tuberculosis gave public health authorities a control method with the essential characteristics needed for large-scaleuse: a high degree of efficacy, easeof operation, and low cost. Thus it became feasible to make regular use of chemotherapy in generalhealth services,so that all the benefits could be madeavailableto ... plus 150 mg T showed the efficacy of have been shown to be effective, cheap, and both to be similar (72). An investigation by the capableof routine application by generalhealth International Union Against Tuberculosis (73), services.In the caseof Latin America, an effort conducted in sevendeveloping countries where to obtain the maximum benefits from
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Symposium on Education in Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine Education in veterinary public health and preventive medicine, St. Paul, Minnesota, 18-22 March 1968

... critical shortage of personnel in the health professions has increased the demands on both veterinary medicine and public health. As a member of this "health team," the veterinarian has been asked to assume an everincreasing number of responsibilities in the field of public health at local, state, national, and international levels. These increased demands ... are suggested as appropriate for utilization in field training: available university facilities (food, health, and animal); cooperating local, state, Federal, and international health agencies and laboratories (for example, public health and animal health diagnostic laboratories should be utilized in the teaching processes to familiarize the student ... discipline. Public health is a discipline in itself like parasitology, medicine, or surgery. The true public health teacher who conducts research in microbiology, pathology, or immunology is to be admired, since the new knowledge he gains will be fed back into his teaching program in public health. It is time we subjected our public health teaching to
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Health Conditions in the Americas, 1961-1964

... American Health Organization, Summary 01 Four-Year Reports on Health Conditions in the Americas, Scientific Publication No. 40, Washington, 1958. 3. Pan American Health Organization, Summary 01 Four- Year Reports on Health Conditions in the Americas, 1957-1960, Scientific Publication No. 64, Washington, 1962. 4. Pan American Health Organization, Health ... Washington, 1964. 5. World Health Organization, First Report on the World Health Situation 1954-1958, Official Records No. 94, Geneva, 1959. 6. World Health Organization, Second Report on the World Health Situation 1957-1960, Official Records No. 122, Geneva; 1963. " . 7. World Health Organization, Supplement to the Second Report on the World Health Situation, ... on the World Health Situation(5, 6, 7,8) prepared for the XI, XV, XVII and XIX World Health Assemblies. During the past four' years the World Health Organization and the Pan American Health Organization have also collaborated in a joint annual request to countries for data on mortality by cause and age, on vaCCinations, on hospitals and health personnel,
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CD13.R39: Education and training of health personnel

... PAN AMERICAN? ?HEALTH? ?ORGANIZATION  WORLD? ?HEALTH? ?ORGANIZATION                    13rd DIRECTING COUNCIL   13rd SESSION OF THE REGIONAL COMMITTEE Washington D.C., 3 - 13 October 1961 RESOLUTION CD13.R39 EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF HEALTH PERSONNEL THE 13rd DIRECTING COUNCIL, Considering the existing ... trained health workers; Considering the information furnished by the Director of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau in the documents on this subject; Considering the necessity for expanding the programs of collaboration with centers providing training in the health sciences; Considering the constant increase in the requirements of the ministries of health ... increase their efforts to have the ministries of health and of education initiate, or accelerate, arrangements for strengthening their programs of mutual collaboration and establish close relationships with the pertinent university authorities in order to increase and improve the training of personnel for the health services of the Member Governments. 2. To
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Public health in Honduras

... PUBLIC HEALTH IN HONDURAS By Dr. PEDRO H. ORDÓÑEZ DfAZ Director General of Health History.-Public health development in Honduras began in 1910 with the promulgation of the Sanitary Code. The Public Health Council established by this Code commenced to function in 1914. Prior to 1910, public health was regulated by a series ... Department of Health was created as a dependency of the Superior Council of Health, and the Republic was divided into five sanitary sones. The Council functioned until June 1920, when the Department of Health was given ample facilities for carrying out an effeotive Publio health program. Present organization-At the present time public health administration ... appointed in 1938. In 1934, there were 182 Health Offices in the States, and these had been increased by 1940 to 698, of which 108 were social medicine and rural hygiene units. The number of public health nurses employed in these Health Offices rose from 383 in 1934 to 1,390 in 1940. Health education-When the National School of Medicine was organized
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Scientific institutions en Latin America: National Institute of Hygiene of Ecuador

... SCIENTIFIC NATIONAL PNSTITUTIONS INSTITUTE NACIONAL IN EATIN 03’ HYGIENE DE HIGIENE)* AMERICA (INSTITUTO Guayaquil, Ecuador The National Institute of Hygiene of Ecuador has been established by the National Department of Health in response to a long-felt need. In this country, situated in ... their own, and to cal1 for special study. The new Institute, just completed and soon to be opened, will be organized and equipped to provide facilities for research on the various national problems, including malaria, hookworm, yaws, and tuberculosis. It will have Sections of Bacteriology, Chemistry, Bromatology, and Entomology, and laboratories for the ... will have collections of both rare and common species of Ameritan animals and insects. It is felt that the city of Guayaquil, which was the scene of two great victories of international hygiene (the eradication of yellow fever, last case, May, 1918, and of plague, last case, April 14, 1939) is an especially appropriate location for thii center of scientific
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Health declaration of Habana : Meeting of the Directing Council of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau : Final Act

... particularly to H. E. the President, Dr. Ramón Grau San Martín; to the Minister of Public Health and Social Welfare, Dr. José R. Andreu, the Undersecretary of Public Health and Social Welfare, Dr. Ramiro de la Riva, and the Director of Health, Dr. Pedro Nogueira, and the Health Authprities in general, fo? their generous hospitality, which contributed so greatly ... paralyzed the international health organizations then existing in Europe and Asia, and compelled the creation of new enes, the Pan Ameritan Sanitary Bureau not only continued ita normal operations hut increased them as ita accomplishments show. B-The meeting of the Committee of Experta, in Paris, and the calling of the International Health Conference ... public health matters. II.-Central Organization Director A-Direclion / Sub-director [Secretary-General B-Z’echnz’cal Adoisory Committee, including permanent members G-Sections (a) Health Administration (b) Epidemiology (c) Sanitary Engineering D-ConsuZtatie,e Commitlees (others may be added as they become necessaw) (a) Health Administration : Publio health
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Closing the ranks for health for all

... of the kind of system that prevailed before WHO’s new health paradigm surfaced, and I am sorry to say the kind that still prevails in too many countries. Would it cost less and relieve national health budgets, as well as WHO's budget in support of these? Not at all; to the contrary. The strategy for health for all based on primary health care, with ... of health for all by the year 2000 and keep it up afterwards. So even if others may have lost faith in us, we must preserve our faith by demonstrating that it is well founded, by always keeping in front of us our health value system, by persevering in our policy and strategy for health for all, and by using collective resources to make sure that national ... XXXII Meeting of the Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization, XXXIX Meeting of the Regional Committee of WHO for the Americas. See PAHO document entitled Messagefrom Dr. H. Mahler, Director-General of the World Health Organization: Closing the Ranks for Health for All; Pan American Health Organization, Washington, D.C., September 1987. use
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List of National Program Managers

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