Validation of statistical models for estimating hospitalization associated with influenza and other respiratory viruses.

... baseline activity for both viruses. To calculate ARD hospitalization attributable to influenza, we compared mean hospitalization rates during the periods of influenza predominance with those during the baseline periods. The estimate for the whole Hong Kong Island was made by multiplying the number of ARD hospitalizations in the two hospitals by the reciprocal ... community while the effects on hospitalization associated with cold winter, other co-circulating respiratory viruses and other unknown seasonal factors were represented. The age-specific excess hospitalization rate for each specified virus was defined as the difference between the annual sums of observed and virusspecific baseline hospitalization for each ... Volume 6 | Issue 3 | e17882 Models for Respiratory Virus Hospitalization Table 1. Comparison of influenza associated ARD hospitalization rate (per 10,000) estimated from the rate difference model, loglink Poisson and identity-link Poisson regression models with virologically confirmed hospitalization (Directly observed) in patients ,18 years on
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Reduced Right Ventricular Function Predicts Long-Term Cardiac Re-Hospitalization after Cardiac Surgery.

... re -hospitalization vs. patients with normal RVEF (31% vs.13%, p
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Burden of diarrhea, hospitalization and mortality due to cryptosporidial infections in Indian children.

... Figure 1). Hospitalizations due to cryptosporidiosis In the community-based studies on childhood cryptosporidiosis, 2.8% of all diarrheal episodes required hospitalization, resulting in an incidence (95% CI) of diarrhea-related hospitalization of 6529 (5222–8163) per 100,000 child-years. For cryptosporidial diarrhea, the incidence (95% CI) of hospitalization ... would have increased the hospitalization rate to 345 (173–690) per 100,000 children per year. If the incidence of hospitalization obtained from the rotavirus vaccine trial were directly applied to estimated population of children ,2 years of age, it would have resulted in 48,376 (14,723–160,694)–145,129 (72,775–290,258) hospitalizations from cryptosporidial ... e3042 Table 3. Rates and number of hospitalizations due to all-cause diarrhea and Cryptosporidium-associated diarrhea in Indian children ,2 years of age. Unadjusted Adjusted* Rate (per 100,000 child-years) Estimated number of hospitalizations{ Rate (per 100,000 child-years) Estimated number of hospitalizations{ Rate 95% CI Number 95%
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Letter: Increased Risk of Hospitalization for Heart Failure with Newly Prescribed Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors and Pioglitazone Using the Korean Health Insurance Claims Database ( 2015;39:247-52)

... this data, the rate of hospitalization for HF was also higher in the earlier period (≤180 days) of saxagliptin use [2]. Although major CV outcomes are not affected by DPP-4 inhibitors or even slightly decreased by the drug [8], the risk of HF seems to be real [2,7]. However, the presence of HF at baseline did not further increase the hospitalization for ... 360 after pioglitazone or DPP-4 inhibitor prescription. In another comparison, they used pioglitazone group as the reference group to compare the HRs rather than control. The hospitalization rate for new HF was greatest in the first 30 days after starting the medication, which corresponded to a significantly higher incidence at days 0 to 30 compared ... drugs. The HRs were 1.85 (pioglitazone), 2.00 (sitagliptin), and 1.79 (vildagliptin) without statistical differences between the three drugs. This study showed an increase in hospitalization for HF in the initial 30 days’ use of the DPP-4 inhibitor and pioglitazone com-pared with the subsequent follow-up period.   The study has the merits of analyzing
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Tuberculosis Hospitalization Fees and Bed Utilization in China from 1999 to 2009: The Results of a National Survey of Tuberculosis Specialized Hospitals.

... survey of TB specialized hospitals to determine hospitalization fees and hospital bed utilization in 1999, 2004, and 2009. Hospitalization of TB patients increased 185.3% from 1999 to 2009. While the average hospitalization fees also increased, the proportion of those fees in relation to GDP per capita decreased. Hospitalization fees differed across the three ... per capitaa 25.30% 7952±4592 44732 17.80% 36.40% 5469±2724 21022 26.00% 8462 40.60% 5569±3304 19306 28.80% 12336 37.60% 6631±3944 25605 25.90% Average hospitalization fees as a percentage of GDP per capita. Average hospitalization fee and GDP per capita in RMB. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139901.t002 PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0139901 October 12, 2015 5/9 TB In-Patient Expenditure in China from 1999 to 2009 Hospitalization fees differed across the three regions, by year. In 1999, hospitalization ... GDP per capita for that year. In 2004 and 2009, the cost associated with hospitalization as a proportion of GDP per capita was highest in the western region (Table 2 and S2 Table). Table 2. Breakdown of hospitalization fees and GDP per capita, per region. Region 1999 2004 Average Hospitalization Fees GDP per capita As a percentage of GDP per capitaa 33.60% 5842±3503 23130 51.70% 3587±2018 9844 4632 58.00% 3436±1941 7159 47.30% 4636±3026 Average Hospitalization Fees GDP per capita As
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