Density Functional Theory

Associations of Bone Mineral Density with Lean Mass, Fat Mass, and Dietary Patterns in Postmenopausal Chinese Women: A 2-Year Prospective Study.

... Mineral Density with Lean Mass, Fat Mass, and Dietary Patterns in Postmenopausal Chinese Women: A 2Year Prospective Study. PLoS ONE 10(9): e0137097. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0137097 Editor: Stephen L. Clarke, Oklahoma State University, UNITED STATES Received: March 20, 2015 Abstract Objective To assess factors associated with bone mineral density (BMD) ... used to calculate the waist-hip-ratio (WHR). PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0137097 September 3, 2015 3 / 12 Determinants of Dynamic Bone Mineral Density Body Composition and Bone Mineral Density Measurements Baseline and follow-up BMD values of left hip (femoral neck, trochanter, Ward’s triangle), lumbar spine (L2-L4), and total body, and ... on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics. 2011; 53(2):e237–42. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2011.01.002 PMID: 21281972. 11. Namwongprom S, Rojanasthien S, Mangklabruks A, Soontrapa S, Wongboontan C, Ongphiphadhanakul B. Effect of fat mass and lean mass on bone mineral density in postmenopausal
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Wolbachia age-sex-specific density in Aedes albopictus: a host evolutionary response to cytoplasmic incompatibility?

... e9700 Sex, Age and Wolbachia Density specimens characterised as negative for wAlbA with the previously described PCR primers [11] were actually positive. Quantification data (Fig. 1) showed that densities of both wAlbA and wAlbB Wolbachia differed significantly among males and females (Generalized Linear Model (GLM): density = sex, where density, the response ... Island Males 39 20 19 Females 40 0 40 Males 3 3 0 Females 2 0 2 Madagascar N A2B+ A+B+ p-value ,0.001 Figure 1. Mean Wolbachia density in wild specimens from La Réunion Island. Each DNA was quantified in triplicate and the average density was calculated for each specimen. Mean density in the population is reported for each sex and is depicted in black for wAlbA and grey for wAlbB. ... to simultaneously explore the effects on Wolbachia density of three different variables (age, sex and PLoS ONE | 3 March 2010 | Volume 5 | Issue 3 | e9700 Sex, Age and Wolbachia Density To further investigate the effect of age and sex on each infection, a direct correlation between density and age was investigated in both sexes by
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An empirical study on market timing theory: A case study of Tehran Stock Exchange

... to investigate this issue based on market timing theory. The proposed model of this paper chooses selective companies from Tehran Stock Exchange. The proposed model of this paper uses regression analysis on two different models. The primary purpose of the first model given in this paper is to study the effect of market timing theory. In this part of survey, we measure ... Iran b ARTICLEINFO Article history: Received July 16, 2012 Received in Revised form August, 27, 2012 Accepted 20 September 2012 Available online September 27 2012 Keywords: Market timing theory TSE Book value Financing ABSTRACT One of the most important issues in financing corporate is to find appropriate method to make a wise selection between getting loans and ... Science Letters 2 (2012) 2863–2868 Contents lists available at GrowingScience Management Science Letters homepage: An empirical study on market timing theory: A case study of Tehran Stock Exchange Hadi Nasiria* and Seyed Yousef Ahadi Serkanib a M.A. Student, Department of Accounting, School of Management,Tehran North Branch,
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Acupuncture induces divergent alterations of functional connectivity within conventional frequency bands: evidence from MEG recordings.

... the concept of functional connectivity [22,23,24]. In particular, compared with EEG, MEG has more advantages to assess functional interactivity without distortion of magnetic fields by inhomogeneous conductivity or the need of a reference electrode [25]. The current study was developed to explore whether or not divergent alteration of functional connectivity ... modulations on functional connectivity have already been illustrated in previous fMRI investigations [58,59,60]. Given that fMRI is naturally an indirect imaging tool, we attempted to seek whether or not such alterations would be directly observed using an electrophysiological imaging modality, among which MEG being the most suitable for estimating functional ... objective of exploring the global differences in the interregional functional connectivity induced by acupuncture within delta, theta, alpha, beta and gamma bands. Although significant alterations for both the verum and sham groups were mainly confined to delta, beta and gamma bands, the functional connectivity within each presented distinct change patterns.
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Flow Cytometric Quantification of Peripheral Blood Cell β-Adrenergic Receptor Density and Urinary Endothelial Cell-Derived Microparticles in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.

... decreased βAR density in the cell membrane fraction of cardiac tissue [6–8] and circulating lymphocytes [9–11]. Importantly, previous studies have shown that reduced βAR density on the cell surface of circulating lymphocytes correlates directly with cardiac dysfunction in the failing left heart [10]. In that context, little is known about βAR density in ... binding techniques with 3H-dihydroalprenolol (DHA) to demonstrate decreased βAR density on membrane fractions of cardiac tissue [7]. It is likely that a similar mechanism underlie decreased βAR density in the failing right hearts in PAH patients. Previous studies have also shown decreased βAR density and function in lymphocytes of left heart failure patients correlate ... methods for quantification of βAR density on circulating white blood cells (WBC) and Ec-MPs in urine samples that can be used as potential biomarkers of right heart failure in PAH. Biotinylated β-blocker alprenolol was synthesized and validated as a βAR specific probe that was combined with immunophenotyping to quantify βAR density in circulating WBC subsets. Ec-MPs
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Abnormalities of resting state functional connectivity are related to sustained attention deficits in MS.

... Mancini L, et al. (2011) A multicentre study of motor functional connectivity changes in patients with multiple sclerosis. The European journal of neuroscience 33: 1256–1263. Cordes D, Haughton VM, Arfanakis K, Wendt GJ, Turski PA, et al. (2000) Mapping functionally related regions of brain with functional connectivity MR imaging. AJNRAmerican journal ... JS (1995) Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI. Magn Reson Med 34: 537–541. Lowe MJ, Beall EB, Sakaie KE, Koenig KA, Stone L, et al. (1995) Resting state sensorimotor functional connectivity in multiple sclerosis inversely correlates with transcallosal motor pathway transverse diffusivity; Functional ... reduced functional connectivity initial results. Radiology 224: 184–192. Fair DA, Schlaggar BL, Cohen AL, Miezin FM, Dosenbach NU, et al. (2007) A method for using blocked and event-related fMRI data to study ‘‘resting state’’ functional connectivity. Neuro Image 35: 396–405. Fischer JS, Rudick RA, Cutter GR, Reingold SC (1999) The Multiple Sclerosis Functional
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Structural and functional characterization of barium zirconium titanate / epoxy composites

... Processing and Application of Ceramics 5 [4] (2011) 205–213 Structural and functional characterization of barium zirconium titanate / epoxy composites Filiberto González Garcia1, César Renato Foschini2, Jose Arana Varela2, Elson Longo2, Francisco Moura1, ... Introduction In recent years, there has been increased interest in high dielectric constant flexible particulate composites composed of a ferroelectric ceramic and polymer for high density energy storage and capacitor applications [1]. Usually, the dielectric constant of such polymer based composites is rather low (about 50) because of the lower dielectric ... composites was studied to analyze dielectric behavior as a function of temperature and filler concentration. The aim of this investigation in a near future is to develop high density energy storage and capacitor devices by a careful control of modifying filler properties and a proper powder treatment to maximize the powder loading and dielectric properties. II.
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Antibody to gp41 MPER alters functional properties of HIV-1 Env without complete neutralization.

... enhances functional thermostability of multiple MPER mutants of JR2 and SF162 within the 10E8 linear epitope. (A) The presence of 10E8 at a concentration in the maximum neutralization plateau (10 mg/ml) enhances functional thermostability (T90) of multiple MPER mutants of JR2. Hash tag (#) indicates insufficient infectivity. (B) The effect on the functional thermostability ... neutralization increases (IC50 decreases) roughly 10-fold with SF162 and JR2 wild type HIV-1 when virus is Figure 8. Enhancement by 10E8 of the functional stability of MPER mutant F673L and corresponding diminution of functional stability of wild type HIV-1 Env. (A) Half-life (t1/2) of infectivity decay at 37uC and (B) thermostability of JR2 wild type and ... virion spike pre- and post-receptor engagement may have implications for immunotherapy and vaccine design. Citation: Kim AS, Leaman DP, Zwick MB (2014) Antibody to gp41 MPER Alters Functional Properties of HIV-1 Env without Complete Neutralization. PLoS Pathog 10(7): e1004271. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1004271 Editor: Alexandra Trkola, University of Zurich,
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Functional trait strategies of trees in dry and wet tropical forests are similar but differ in their consequences for succession.

... DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0123741 April 28, 2015 3 / 15 Functional Strategies and Succession in Dry and Wet Tropical Forest Functional traits Those species that made up at least 80% of the basal area in the plots were selected for functional trait measurements (excluding cacti in dry forest, as their functional traits are difficult to compare with trees), ... plant traits and resource economics are consistent at the global scale [1–3]. These give insight into comprehensive dimensions of multivariate functional trait variation, or what we call ? ?functional trait spectra’. As functional traits are indicators of ecological strategies, the study of trait spectra and trade-offs allows us to explore the complex interplay ... of wet forest species (n = 81). Species (grey symbols) were separated based on their functional traits shown as arrows; LA = leaf area, SLA = specific leaf area, LD = leaf density, LT = leaf thickness, LDMC = leaf dry matter content, PL = petiole length, WD = wood density, LC = leaf compoundness (0 = simple, 1 = compound), Di = dispersal syndrome (0
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Cardiopulmonary fitness correlates with regional cerebral grey matter perfusion and density in men with coronary artery disease.

... proton density, T2weighted images (TR/TE1/TE2 = 2500/11/90 ms, flip angle = 90deg, acquisition matrix 2566192648, nominal spatial resolution 0.960.963 mm). FLAIR images were used to enable automatic identification and masking of white matter hyperintensity (WMH) voxels that would otherwise influence GM density estimates on the VBM analysis. Proton density ... subcortical grey matter (GM) density using voxel based morphometry (VBM) and 2) cerebral blood flow (CBF) using whole brain pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling (pcASL). VBM is an ideal structural analysis technique to study both cortical and subcortical grey matter. Previous neuroimaging studies in healthy adults have found GM density in both cortical [8] ... the present study, it is hypothesized that VO2Peak will be correlated with increased perfusion and grey matter density in distinct brain regions in patients with CAD. In addition, it is hypothesized that baseline grey matter perfusion and density in these regions will predict changes in VO2Peak over the course of an exercise intervention. Cardiopulmonary
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Eddy diffusion coefficients and their upper limits based on application of the similarity theory

... for the M. N. Vlasov and M. C. Kelley: Eddy diffusion and similarity theory 861 2 −1 10 −2 PSD 10 −3 10 −4 10 −5 10 −3 −2 10 10 k, m−1 Figure 4. The power spectra of the relative Na density fluctuations calculated by Eq. (18) with N = 5 × 10−7 s−1 , A = 0.216, ν = 16.6 m2 s−1 , and k0 = 0.0084 ... meteor trains was used to determine the eddy diffusion coefficient in the upper mesosphere. The sodium density in the train was sufficient to use it as a passive scalar tracer of turbulence. The simultaneous measurements of the power spectrum of relative Na density fluctuations, the neutral temperature, and wind are presented within the altitude range of ... be found to be 98 km, according to the height profiles of the Na density shown in Fig. 6 in K03. The kinematic viscosity can be found to be 1.66 × 105 cm2 s−1 using the formulas ν = µ/ρ and µ = 3.43 × 10−6 T 0.69 g (cm × s) (Banks and Kockarts, 1973), and ρ = 8.1 × 10−10 g cm−3 is the density at 98 km, according to the MSIS-E-90 model. The power spectra
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Characteristic and functional analysis of toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the lophotrocozoan, Crassostrea gigas, reveals ancient origin of TLR-mediated innate immunity.

... against pathogen infection; this is considered as the functional analogue to human TLR and NF-κB [13-17]. Mollusks are a major lineage of lophotrochozoans and a sister branch of ecdysozoans, and may thus provide a key evolutionary step to understanding the ancient function and trace origin of the innate immune system. Functional information from lophotrochozoans ... Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom Abstract The evolution of TLR-mediated innate immunity is a fundamental question in immunology. Here, we report the characterization and functional analysis of four TLR members in the lophotrochozoans Crassostrea gigas (CgTLRs). All CgTLRs bear a conserved domain organization and have a close relationship with TLRs ... hemocyte activation. This provides further evidence for an ancient origin of TLR-mediated innate immunity. Citation: Zhang Y, He X, Yu F, Xiang Z, Li J, et al. (2013) Characteristic and Functional Analysis of Toll-like Receptors (TLRs) in the lophotrocozoan, Crassostrea gigas, Reveals Ancient Origin of TLR-Mediated Innate Immunity. PLoS ONE 8(10): e76464. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076464 Editor:
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Development and Integration of Genome-Wide Polymorphic Microsatellite Markers onto a Reference Linkage Map for Constructing a High-Density Genetic Map of Chickpea.

... and wide genomic distribution. These markers are also amenable to large-scale genotyping and thus suitable for many applications in structural, functional, and comparative genomics, including construction of high -density genome maps, gene/QTL (quantitative trait loci) mapping and marker-assisted selection [5–16]. In chickpea, the currently available draft ... relatively high intra-specific polymorphic potential developed in this study could be useful as functional markers for rapidly establishing marker-trait linkages and identifying genes/QTLs for many important agronomic traits in chickpea. Construction of a high -density, integrated and inter-specific chickpea genetic linkage map For construction of a saturated ... high -density genetic Fig 7. Frequency distribution of novel genomic and transcript-derived microsatellite markers mapped within 1 cM genetic distance on eight LGs of an integrated and inter-specific chickpea genetic linkage map (ICC4958 x PI489777) identified four major high-resolution genomic regions on LG3, LG5 and LG8 with higher marker map density
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Structural and functional responses of harpacticoid copepods to anoxia in the Northern Adriatic: an experimental approach

... studies on the 5 effects of anoxia on the structural diversity of biotic communities, little is known about their functional response to anoxia, e.g. in terms of their feeding ecology. The present study focusses on both the structural and functional responses of meiobenthic organisms to hypoxia/anoxia. Because of their small size, high abundances, short ... eutrophication-promoted (Diaz, 2001), the functional response of copepods to additional food supply (using 13C pre-labelled diatoms) was studied in the laboratory. In particular, we tested for 2482 Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | BGD 10, 2479–2514, 2013 Structural and functional responses of harpacticoid ... on total meiofauna density. 25 Another and probably reliable explanation is the short duration of the anoxic/sulphidic phase (i.e. 5 days). In contrast to long-term impact studies, e.g. from aquaculture 2495 Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | BGD 10, 2479–2514, 2013 Structural and functional responses of
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The FGGY carbohydrate kinase family: insights into the evolution of functional specificities.

... considered functional assignment (see Supplemental Table S2 for the identified genomic and functional context with relevant functions). Although the 30% sequence identity threshold is lower than typically used for homology-based functional assignments, in our analysis it was strongly supported by the observed consistency with genomic and functional ... and regulons (Figures 1B, 1C) to efficiently use genomic and functional context as an important additional evidence for the functional assignment of associated enzymes. The application of such an approach (as recently illustrated [14]) in combination with literature information for the accurate functional classification of FGGY kinases was a key factor ... mechanisms of functional diversity in such families is very limited, which, among many other reasons, is due to the lack of functionally well-characterized sets of proteins. Here, using the FGGY carbohydrate kinase family as an example, we built a confidently annotated reference set (CARS) of proteins by propagating experimentally verified functional assignments
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Functional analysis of the Borrelia burgdorferi bba64 gene product in murine infection via tick infestation.

... Functional Analysis of the Borrelia burgdorferi bba64 Gene Product in Murine Infection via Tick Infestation Toni G. Patton1, Gabrielle Dietrich2, Marc C. Dolan2, Joseph Piesman2, ... interface of vector transmission and is not involved in resistance to MyD88-mediated innate immunity. Citation: Patton TG, Dietrich G, Dolan MC, Piesman J, Carroll JA, et al. (2011) Functional Analysis of the Borrelia burgdorferi bba64 Gene Product in Murine Infection via Tick Infestation. PLoS ONE 6(5): e19536. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019536 Editor: Markus ... [2,5]. Numerous in vitro studies mimicking unfed and feeding tick environments have identified B. burgdorferi genes differentially regulated by changes in pH, temperature, cell density, carbon dioxide, and dissolved oxygen levels [6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13]. Several borrelial genes that display pronounced differential expression in response to the altering
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Genomic organization, tissue distribution and functional characterization of the rat Pate gene cluster.

... activin receptors [25]. The functional roles of PATE proteins are not well characterized. Recent reports indicate their neuromodulatory activity [21] and inhibition of calcium uptake in the spermatozoa [26]. Cysteine rich proteins such as eppin and members of the WFDC family display potent antimicrobial activity [27,28]. However, such functional analyses are ... expression Since the recombinant PATE protein showed potent antibac- terial activity in vitro, its possible functional role during infection or under conditions that mimic an infection to counter pathogen Immunolocalization To allow further insight into the functional role of PATE proteins in male reproductive tract and to confirm whether their mRNA are ... fertilizing ability [1]. Besides maturation in the epididymis, factors present in the secretions of the prostate and seminal vesicles are also thought to be involved in production of functional spermatozoa [2,3,4]. Epididymal and seminal vesicle fluid consists of a wide variety of proteins [5] which includes defensins [6,7], lipocalins [8], cathelicidins [9],
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LORETA current source density for duration mismatch negativity and neuropsychological assessment in early schizophrenia.

... difference in dMMN current density. Relationship between psychotic symptoms and LORETA current density for dMMN There was no significant correlation between the SAPS or SANS score vs. LORETA current density for dMMN in any brain region (data not presented). Relationship between neuropsychological assessment and dMMN current density Table 3 demonstrates ... LORETA current density for dMMN. dMMN current density in the frontal lobe was positively correlated with working memory in patients with early schizophrenia (Table 3, Figure 3. Correlations between dMMN current density and working memory. Scatterplots and least squares regression lines are shown for the correlations between LORETA current density for ... schizophrenia We compared LORETA current source density of dMMN between HC and early schizophrenia. Compared to HC subjects, patients elicited a significantly lower current density in several brain regions, especially those in the temporal lobes, such as parahippocampal gyrus and hippocampus (Figure 2). Additionally, dMMN current density in the frontal structures,
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Comparison of statistical and clinical predictions of functional outcome after ischemic stroke.

... accurate prediction of disability or death (poor functional outcome) in the short and medium-term. Most predictions of poor functional outcome in stroke patients are made informally, based upon the clinical experience of doctors looking after them. However, statistical models, which calculate the probability of poor functional outcome based upon weights given ... clinical predictions in discriminating between good and bad functional outcome after ischemic stroke. The place of these models in clinical practice has yet to be determined. Citation: Thompson DD, Murray GD, Sudlow CLM, Dennis M, Whiteley WN (2014) Comparison of Statistical and Clinical Predictions of Functional Outcome after Ischemic Stroke. PLoS ONE 9(10): ... assessed patients, we measured functional outcome with the OHS at six months using a validated postal questionnaire, and sent a repeat questionnaire to non-responders. All patients were ‘flagged’ for death with the General Register Office for Scotland, which provided information on the date, place and cause of death. We defined ‘poor functional outcome’ at
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Multi-regional investigation of the relationship between functional MRI blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) activation and GABA concentration.

... RESEARCH ARTICLE Multi-Regional Investigation of the Relationship between Functional MRI Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent (BOLD) Activation and GABA Concentration Ashley D. Harris1,2*, Nicolaas A. J. Puts1,2, Brian A. Anderson3, Steven Yantis3, James ... Edden1,2 1 The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, 2 F. M. Kirby Center for Functional Brain Imaging, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, 3 Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University, ... OPEN ACCESS Citation: Harris AD, Puts NAJ, Anderson BA, Yantis S, Pekar JJ, Barker PB, et al. (2015) Multi-Regional Investigation of the Relationship between Functional MRI Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent (BOLD) Activation and GABA Concentration. PLoS ONE 10 (2): e0117531. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117531 Academic Editor: Xi Luo,
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