Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy

Two generalized (2+1)-dimensional hierarchies and Darboux transformations

... 629 Two generalized (2+1)-dimensional hierarchies and Darboux transformations Baiying He School of Mathematics and Statistics, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China Lili Ma School of Science, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, China Abstract Based on the TAH scheme, we construct the generalized (2+1)dimensional S-mKdv hierarchy and the generalized ... above S-mKdv hierarchy (5) has the following Hamiltonian form R(Bn+1 + Cn+1 ) R(−Bn+1 + Cn+1 ) utn = J1 3 ! (1) = J1 δHn+1 . δu The generalized (2+1)-dimensional Levi hierarchy and Dardoux transformations 3.1 The generalized (2+1)-dimensional Levi hierarchy We consider the following Lax matrices U= 0 −q −1 (λ + ξ) − r ! , V = A B C D ! = X m≥0 Am ... equations becomes more and more meaningful. There are some ways for generating Darboux transformations of soliton equations by starting from isospectral problems [5,6]. 2 The generalized (2+1)-dimensional S-mKdv hierarchy and its Hamiltonian structure We consider the isospectral problems       ϕx = Uϕ, U = ! λ+ξ q+r , q − r !−(λ + ξ) ! P Am
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Congenital cholesteatoma of mastoid origin: A multicenter case series

... komplikacije. Key words: cholesteatoma; congenital abnormalities; diagnosis, differential; otologic surgical procedures; recurrence. Kljuÿne reÿi: holesteatom; anomalije; dijagnoza, diferencijalna; hirurgija, otološka, procedure; recidiv. Introduction Congenital cholesteatoma (CC) is an epidermoid cyst arising from congenital remnants of keratizing squamous ... L, Lenzi A, Lecce S, et al. Congenital cholesteatoma of the mastoid region. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2002; 127(4): 346î8. 2. Lee JH, Hong SJ, Park CH, Jung SH. Congenital cholesteatoma of mastoid origin. J Laryngol Otol 2007; 121(11): e20. 3. Warren FM, Bennett ML, Wiggins RH 3rd, Saltzman KL, Blevins KS, Shelton C, et al. Congenital cholesteatoma of ... Milutinovic Z. Giant destructive congenital mastoid cholesteatoma with minimal clinical presentation.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2011; 144(5): 821î2. 6. Thakkar KH, Djalilian HR, Mafee MF. Congenital cholesteatoma isolated to the mastoid. Otol Neurotol 2006; 27(2): 282î3. 7. Giannuzzi AL, Merkus P, Taibah A, Falcioni M. Congenital mastoid cholesteatoma:
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How do we treat generalized anxiety disorder?

... cost of generalized anxiety disorder in primary care settings: results of the ANCORA study. Community Ment Health J. 2012; 48(3):372-83. Baldwin DS, Waldman S, Allgulander C. Evidence-based pharmacological treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2011; 14:697-710. Garfinkle EJ, Behar E. Advances in psychotherapy for generalized anxiety ... Berglund P, Wittchen HU. Impairment in pure and comorbid generalized anxiety disorder and major depression at 12 months in two national surveys. Am J Psychiatry. 1999; 156(12):1915-23. Revicki DA, Travers K, Wyrwich KW, Svedsäter H, Locklear J, Mattera MS, et al. Humanistic and economic burden of generalized anxiety disorder in North America and Europe. ... Broadening the definition of generalized anxiety disorder: effects on prevalence and associations with other disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. J Anxiety Disord. 2007; 21(5): 662-76. Kessler RC, Andrade LH, Bijl RV, Offord DR, Demler OV, Stein DJ. The effects of co-morbidity on the onset and persistence of generalized anxiety disorder
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Generalized analytical solution for advection-dispersion equation in finite spatial domain with arbitrary time-dependent inlet boundary condition

... Zlotnik, 1995, 1996). In the present study we attempt to derive the generalized analytical solution for ADE in finite spatial domain subject to arbitrary time-dependent inlet boundary condition. The Laplace transform in combination with generalized integral transform is used to obtain the generalized analytical solution. Laplace transform is applied to ... developed generalized analytical solution serves as a useful tool for development of the analytical solution for some specified 4109 Discussion Paper 4.3 Evaluation of the generalized analytical solution using numerical integration HESSD Full Screen / Esc Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion 5 Conclusions HESSD 8, 4099–4120, 2011 Generalized analytical ... analytical solutions of the special cases derived in this study have practical applications. Moreover, the derived generalized solution which consists an integral representation is evaluated by the numerical integration to extend its usage. The developed generalized solution offers a convenient tool for further development of analytical solution of specified
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Normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism due to TAC3/TACR3 mutations: characterization of neuroendocrine phenotypes and novel mutations.

... Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Due to TAC3/TACR3 Mutations: Characterization of Neuroendocrine Phenotypes and Novel Mutations Bruno Francou1,2,3., Jérôme Bouligand1,2,3., ... Croissance, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France, 6 Service d’Endocrinologie, Hôpital Bretonneau, Tours, France Abstract Context: TAC3/TACR3 mutations have been reported in normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nCHH) (OMIM #146110). In the absence of animal models, studies of human neuroendocrine phenotypes associated with neurokinin B and NK3R ... ratio. This ratio might be useful for pre-screening nCHH patients for TAC3/TACR3 mutations. Citation: Francou B, Bouligand J, Voican A, Amazit L, Trabado S, et al. (2011) Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Due to TAC3/TACR3 Mutations: Characterization of Neuroendocrine Phenotypes and Novel Mutations. PLoS ONE 6(10): e25614. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025614 Editor:
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Generalized Finite Sequence of Fuzzy Topographic Topological Mapping

... Journal of Mathematics and Statistics 6 (2): 151-156, 2010 ISSN 1549-3644 © 2010 Science Publications Generalized Finite Sequence of Fuzzy Topographic Topological Mapping 1,2 Tahir Ahmad, 2Siti Suhana Jamian and 2Jamalludin Talib 1 Faculty of Science, ESciNano Research Alliance, Ibnu
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Markov Property of the Solution of the Stochastic Generalized Equations

... the Stochastic Generalized Equations Khaldi Khaled Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences Boumerdes University, 35000, Boumerdes, Algeria Abstract: Some models of probabilities are described by generalized stochastic equations. These models (like that prediction) lead to the resolution of boundary problems for random distributions (generalized ... Markov property In first, we are interested in the properties of the solution ξ ( t ) of the boundary problem (3) that we INTRODUCTION The Markov property can for stochastic generalized equations be studied from several different angles, see, e.g. Levy (1956), Kallianpur and Mandrekar (1974), Rozanov (1981, 1987), Khaldi (1989, 2000). In this paper ... solution x ∈ W in S. REFERENCES Brzezniak, Z. and T. Zastawniak, 1999. Basic Stochastic Processes. Springer-Verlag. 2. Kallianpur, G. and U. Mandrekar, 1974. The Markov property for generalized Gaussian random fields. Ann. Inst. Fourier, 2: 143-167. 3. Khaldi, K., 1989. Boundary problems for local limited operators in Hilbert's spaces. Stochastic processes,
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Differential Protein Expression in Congenital and Acquired Cholesteatomas.

... study shows that protein expression patterns are completely different in congenital cholesteatomas, acquired cholesteatomas, and skin. Moreover, non-epithelial proteins, including FKH 5–3 and titin, were unexpectedly expressed in congenital cholesteatoma tissue. Our data indicates that congenital cholesteatoma origins may differ from those of acquired cholesteatomas, ... exist. Introduction A congenital cholesteatoma is a keratinized squamous epithelial middle ear lesion that usually presents in young children who do not have a history of otitis media, middle ear surgery, or trauma. The presentation and progress of congenital cholesteatoma are quite different from those of acquired cholesteatoma. Congenital cholesteatomas ... between congenital and acquired cholesteatoma by mass screening of proteins in each tissue, largely because of the lack of an ideal animal model and a limited number of specimens, which restricted basic molecular and biochemical research on congenital cholesteatoma pathogenesis. Here, we investigate differences in protein expression between congenital
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Traveling Wave Solutions to the K(m,n) equation with generalized evolution Using the First Integral Method

... equation with generalized evolution [32, 33], (un)t + a(um)ux + b(un)xxx = 0, where m , n are positive integrs and a, b are free constants. This paper is organized as follows: Section 2 is a brief introduction to the first integral method. In section 3, we apply the first integral method to find exact solutions of the K(m, n) equation with generalized ... of an ideal of k[X1, , Xn], it is necessary and sufficient that there exists an integer m > 0 such that Qm ∈ γ. 3. The K(m, n) Equation with Generalized Evolution Let us consider the K(m, n) equation with generalized evolution (un)t + a(um)ux + b(un)xxx = 0 where m , n are positive integrs and a, b are free constants. (14) Assume that equation ... concerned with the K(m, n) equation with generalized evolution for seeking their traveling wave solutions. We first transform each equation into an equivalent two-dimensional planar autonomous system then use the first integral method to find one first integral which enables us to reduce the K(m, n) equation with generalized evolution to a first-order integrable
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Expression of fibroblast growth factor-21 in muscle is associated with lipodystrophy, insulin resistance and lipid disturbances in patients with HIV.

... in muscle is not well understood. Patients with HIV-infection and lipodystrophy are characterised by various degree of lipid-driven insulin resistance. We hypothesized that muscle FGF-21 mRNA would be altered in HIV patients with lipodystrophy. Design: Twenty-five HIV-infected men with lipodystrophy (LD) and 15 age-matched healthy controls, received ... e55632 Muscle FGF-21,Insulin Resistance and Lipodystrophy Figure 1. FGF-21 mRNA are increased in muscle from subjects with HIV -lipodystrophy and correlates to several measurement of insulin resistance. (A) Fasting plasma levels of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 are increased 2-fold in HIV subjects with lipodystrophy compared to healthy men; (B) ... nucleoside analogues (NA) [13]. Lipodystrophy is associated with severe metabolic side effects, including dyslipidemia, hepatic insulin resistance, and lipid-driven impaired insulinstimulated glucose uptake in muscle [14–16]. Recently, circulating FGF-21 was observed in HIV-infected patients, and especially those with lipodystrophy (11). This increase
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Identification of Novel Variants in LTBP2 and PXDN Using Whole-Exome Sequencing in Developmental and Congenital Glaucoma.

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Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung-Rare Case Report

... Dysgenesis Introduction: Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation (CCAM) of lung is rare and is most common cause of neonatal death and cause of respiratory tract infection and development of pulmonary blastomas and adenocarcinomas in older children and adults [1]. CCAM is associated with other congenital malformations like intestinal atresia, congenital heart ... WeinKlimWochenschr 1897;10:25-31. 4. Ch'in KY, Tang MY. Congenital adenomatoid malformation of one lobe of a lung with general anasarca. Arch Pathol (Chic) 1949; 48(3):221-9. 5. van Dijk C, Wagmvoort CA. The various types of congenital adenomatoid malformation of the lung. J Pathol 1973; 110(2):113-4. 6. Chambers HM. Congenital acinar dysplasia. An extreme form ... Vandeberghe K et al. Pathogenesis of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung. Histopathology 1992; 21(4):1255-9. 11. Sood M, Sharma S. Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of lung.-A case report. Currt Pediatr Res 2011; 15(1):61-3. 12. Benjamin DR, Cahill JL. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma of the lung and congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation.
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Multidirectional Vector Excision Leads to Better Outcomes than Traditional Elliptical Excision of Facial Congenital Melanocytic Nevus

... Traditional Elliptical Excision of Facial Congenital Melanocytic Nevus Seung Il Oh, Yoon Ho Lee Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea Background  The elliptical excision is the standard method of removing benign skin lesions, such as congenital melanocytic nevi. This technique ... length of elliptical design. Fig. 5. Congenital melanocytic nevus on the right cheek (A) Preoperative photograph (37 mm × 21 mm). (B) Photograph at 3 months postoperatively with a linear scar of 51 mm, showing no dog-ear deformity and a reasonable scar length. AB Length difference = (b-a)/b Fig. 4. Congenital melanocytic nevus on the left ... Surg 1998;25:1121-6. 3. Jo SH, Kim JW, Jung JH, et al. Serial Reconstruction Considerating the Aesthetic Unit on Congenital Giant Nevus in Periorbital Area. J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg 2010;37: 465-8. 4. Arneja JS, Gosain AK. Giant congenital melanocytic nevi. Plast Reconstr Surg 2007;120:26e-40e. 5. Bennett RG. Fundamentals of cutaneous surgery.
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... SCIENCE, 2016, VOLUME 6, ISSUE 1, p.93-105 A NEW FRACTIONAL MODEL OF SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEM, BY USING GENERALIZED DIFFERENTIAL TRANSFORM METHOD HASHEM SABERI NAJAFI, ELYAS ARSANJANI TOROQI, ARASH JAFARZADEH DIVISHALI Abstract. Generalized differential transform method (GDTM) is a powerful method to solve the fractional differential equations. ... 0. The generalized differential transform of the first case, by setting α = 1 and β = 2, will be (3.22) X1(i + 2) = −c Γ(i Γ(i + + 2) 3) X1(i + 1) − Γ(i Γ(i + + 1) 3) X1(i). Regarding to the transformed initial conditions (3.8) and (3.22), we consider i = 0, 1, 2, · · · , n, the first components of the generalized ... Fractional Calculus and Fractional Differential Equations, John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York, 1993. [21] Z. Odibat, N. Shawagfeh, Generalized Taylor’s formula, Appl. Math. Comput. 186, (2007), 286-293. [22] Z. Odibat, S. Momani, V. S. Erturk, Generalized differential transform method: Application to differential equations of fractional order, Appl. Math. Comput.
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Generalized Liver- and Blood-Derived CD8+ T-Cell Impairment in Response to Cytokines in Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection.

... counterparts in HCV infection. Therefore, generalized CD8+ T-cell impairment in HCV infection is characterized, in part, by impaired IL-7-mediated signalling and survival, independent of CD127 expression. This impairment is more pronounced in the liver and may be associated with an increased potential for apoptosis. This generalized CD8+ T-cell impairment ... Department of Biology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada * OPEN ACCESS Citation: Burke Schinkel SC, Carrasco-Medina L, Cooper CL, Crawley AM (2016) Generalized Liverand Blood-Derived CD8+ T-Cell Impairment in Response to Cytokines in Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection. PLoS ONE 11(6): e0157055. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0157055 Editor: ... Treatment Network (OHTN). This research was funded by the OHTN, Canadian Foundation for AIDS Research and the J.P. Bickell Foundation. The funders had no role in study Abstract Generalized CD8+ T-cell impairment in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the contribution of liver-infiltrating CD8+ T-cells to the immunopathogenesis of this infection
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... functionals u ∈ D+(Ω+) will be called singular weighted functionals. 2.Weighted generalized functions concentrated on the part of the cone. In this section we consider weighted generalized functions δγ(P ) concentrated on the part of the cone and give formulas for their derivatives. Generalized function δγ is defined by equality (by analogy with [12] p. 247) (δγ, ... 2 these integrals must be understood in the sense of their regularizations. 2.Weighted generalized function Pγλ,+. Let n=p+q, p>1, q>1 and P (x) = x21 + ... + xp2 − xp2+1 − ... − xp2+q. Here and further let ϕ ∈ D+(R + n ). We define the weighted generalized function Pγλ,+ by (Pγλ,+, ϕ)γ = P λ(x)ϕ(x)xγdx, {P (x)>0}+ (10) where {P (x) > 0}+ = {x ∈ Rn+ : P (x) > 0}, λ ∈ C. Weighted generalized ... Vol. 5 (23), No. 2, 2016, pp. 52–68 DOI: 10.15393/ UDC 517.548 E. L. Shishkina ON WEIGHTED GENERALIZED FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED WITH QUADRATIC FORMS Abstract. In this article we consider certain types of weighted generalized functions associated with nondegenerate quadratic forms. Such functions and their derivatives are used
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Dynamic generalized linear model via product partition model

... Introduction 1 2 Generalized Linear Models 2.1 Exponential Family of Distributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 The Generalized Linear Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6 9 3 Dynamic Linear Models 3.1 The Normal Dynamic Linear Model . . . 3.1.1 Linear Bayes’ Optimality . . . . . 3.2 The Dynamic Generalized Linear ... the class of dynamic generalized linear models in Chapter 5, by proposing the dynamic generalized linear model via product partition model. At last, in Chapter 6 we illustrate the usefulness of the proposed model by using two real time series data series, and comparing the inference with the traditional DGLM inference. 4 Chapter 2 Generalized Linear ... Dynamic Generalized Linear Model via Product Partition Model Jéssica da Assunção Almeida Departamento de Estatı́stica - ICEx - UFMG Fevereiro de 2016 Dynamic Generalized Linear Model via Product Partition Model Jéssica da Assunção Almeida Orientador:
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Congenital infection by Mycoplasma agalactiae in goat kids.

... Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec., v.66, n.2, p.631-634, 2014 Comunicação [Communication] Infecção congênita em cabritos por Mycoplasma agalactiae [Congenital infection by Mycoplasma agalactiae in goat kids] N.S. Silva1, E.O. Azevedo2, A.C. Campos3, A.A. Cordeiro1, A.G. Mamede1, R.B.S. Silva1, R.S. Castro4, E. Rosendo Nascimento5, ... linfático (Doenças Multissistêmicas). In: PUGH, D.G. (Ed). Clínica de ovinos e caprinos. São Paulo: Roca, 2005. p.401-439. FILIOUSSIS, G.; GIADINIS, N.D.; PETRIDOU, E.J. et al. Congenital polyarthritis in goat kids attributed to Mycoplasma agalactiae. Vet. Record, v.169, p.364, 2011. LIMA, A.L.; PAULETTI, P.; SUSIN, I.; MACHADO-NETO, R. Flutuação das
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Espessura corneana central e suas correlações com outros dados biométricos oculares em pacientes portadores de glaucoma congênitoCentral corneal thickness and its correlations with other ocular biometric data in patients with congenital glaucoma.

... study the distribution of the central corneal thickness and its correlations with other biometric data in patients with congenital glaucoma. Methods: Patients had been divided into two groups: group “A”, composed of patients with congenital glaucoma, being subdivided in two sub-groups: with Haab striae (A1) and without Haab striae (A2), and group”B” ... outros dados biométricos oculares em pacientes portadores de glaucoma congênito Central corneal thickness and its correlations with other ocular biometric data in patients with congenital glaucoma MARCIO HENRIQUE MENDES1, LISANDRO SAKATA2, ALBERTO JORGE BETINJANE1 RESUMO Objetivo: Estudar a distribuição da espessura corneana central e suas correlações ... and axial diameters was positive in both groups. The correlation between corneal diameter and mean keratometric values was negative in both groups. Conclusions: Patients with congenital glaucoma presented greater mean of axial diameter and smaller mean keratometric values compared to the controls. No statistical significant difference of the central
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Congenital sensorineural deafness in Australian stumpy-tail cattle dogs is an autosomal recessive trait that maps to CFA10.

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Sustaining immunization programs: elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)

... COMMITTEE Washington, D.C., USA, 22-26 September 2003 Provisional Agenda Item 4.8 CD44/11 (Eng.) 17 July 2003 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH SUSTAINING IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMS–ELIMINATION OF RUBELLA AND CONGENITAL RUBELLA SYNDROME (CRS) Important breakthroughs in the fight against infectious diseases that can be prevented through vaccination have occurred in the past 25 years. ... maintain high vaccination coverage and timely surveillance. The Executive Committee also requested that Member States elaborate within a year national plans of action for rubella and congenital rubella syndrome elimination fro 2010. The Directing Council is requested to review this document and consider the Resolution CE132.R7 in the Annex. CD44/11 (Eng.) Page ... available information and technology in the Region. Surveillance networks developed initially for polio and measles have been adapted for use with bacterial meningitis, pneumonia, congenital rubella syndrome, and rotavirus. These networks have aided countries in generating useful data on disease burden for decisionmakers in order to prioritize new or underused
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Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome: global update

... Biologicals, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland; e-mail: 306 serious congenital birth defects. The congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) is an important cause of blindness, deafness, congenital heart disease, and mental retardation. The worldwide pandemic of rubella in 1962–1965 highlighted the importance ... list “b.” List “a” is: cataract(s), congenital glaucoma, congenital heart disease, loss of hearing, or pigmentary retinopathy. List “b” is: purpura, splenomegaly, microcephaly, mental retardation, meningoencephalitis, radiolucent bone disease, or jaundice that begins within 24 hours after birth. TABLE 1. Incidence of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) ... laboratoryconfirmed cases (21). Among infants with CRS, 60% had hearing impairment, 45% congenital heart disease, 27% microcephaly, 25% cataract(s), 23% low birth weight (< 2 500 grams), 17% purpura, 19% hepatosplenomegaly, 13% mental retardation, and 10% meningoencephalitis. CONGENITAL RUBELLA SYNDROME SURVEILLANCE In 1998 the WHO Department of Vaccines and
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Costa Rica embarks on accelerated rubella and congenital rubella syndrome program

... countries have highlighted the importance of improving measles immunization coverage throughout the world. Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) is an important cause of deafness, blindness and mental retardation. It is estimated that more than 100,000 cases of congenital rubella syndrome occur each year worldwide. Mumps is an acute infectious disease. Although ... cases (Figure 1). The endemicity of rubella in Costa Rica and the fact that recent outbreaks (1998-1999) had affected primarily women of childbearing age suggested that cases of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) were occurFigure 1 ring. However, the Number of rubella cases by age group and vaccination strategies country’s compulCosta Rica, 1977 to 1999 sory ... the differences since the introduction of the vaccine. The 1998records hinted to any suspicion of rubella, and the main In this issue: Costa Rica Embarks on Accelerated Rubella and Congenital Rubella Syndrome Program .............................................................................. 1 March of Dimes Foundation Renews Support to PAHO .........................
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Elimination of congenital syphilis in the Americas

... ELIMINATION OF CONGENITAL SYPHILIS Congenital syphilis is a serious but preventable condition which could be eliminated in the Latin American and Caribbean countries by utilizing existing health services. This document presents the technical background for congenital syphilis prevention as well as the regional proposal for the eventual elimination of congenital ... Regional Efforts to Prevent Congenital Syphilis In 1991, PAHO supported the Pan American Seminar on Congenital Syphilis, which was convened in Buenos Aires by the Argentine chapter of the Latin American Union against Sexually Transmitted Diseases. The purpose of the meeting was to establish the basis for an epidemiological study of congenital syphilis in ... professionals considered initiatives to target maternal and congenital syphilis in developing countries, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention responded to a resurgence of congenital syphilis in the United States by rewriting its guidelines for the prevention and treatment of congenital syphilis, including a new, more sensitive case definition
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CD38.R8: Elimination of congenital syphilis in the Americas

... REGIONAL COMMITTEE Washington D.C., 25-30 September 1995 RESOLUTION CD38.R8 ELIMINATION OF CONGENITAL SYPHILIS IN THE AMERICAS THE 38th DIRECTING COUNCIL, Having reviewed and discussed Document CD38/14, containing the plan of action for elimination of congenital syphilis as a public health problem in the Americas; Noting with satisfaction that most ... effective treatments are available; Observing that, in spite of the efforts taking place at national and local levels, preventable cases of congenital syphilis continue to occur in every country; Realizing that congenital syphilis surveillance will serve to assess both the quality of prenatal care services and syphilis control in the community, and ... surveillance; Recognizing that elimination of congenital syphilis must be done as an integrated component of programs for reproductive health and control of other sexually transmitted diseases; and Bearing in mind the level of funding needed to implement the plan between now and the year 2000, RESOLVES 1. To note the plan of action for elimination of congenital syphilis in
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