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  The verification lists of the diversity of species of the class Chondrichthyes (Huxley, 1880), which includes theElasmobranchii, vary considerably around the world, and are based on the available data, which often leads to mi-sinterpretations and inconsistencies in the listings of valid species (Last and Séret, 2016; Last et al., 2016a; Last et al.,2016b). Given this, and the overall lack of research on thebiology and ecology of sharks and rays, information on the conservation status of most of the species that occurin the study area is scant, despite the importance of these data for the adequate regulation and monitoring of fisheryports and local fish markets.

ISSN1984-5154

  The verification lists of the diversity of species of the class Chondrichthyes (Huxley, 1880), which includes theElasmobranchii, vary considerably around the world, and are based on the available data, which often leads to mi-sinterpretations and inconsistencies in the listings of valid species (Last and Séret, 2016; Last et al., 2016a; Last et al.,2016b). Given this, and the overall lack of research on thebiology and ecology of sharks and rays, information on the conservation status of most of the species that occurin the study area is scant, despite the importance of these data for the adequate regulation and monitoring of fisheryports and local fish markets.

10 References:

  Parasitic copepods on orthopritis ruber and Haemulon steindachneri (Osteichthies: Haemulidae) fron the Brazilian littoral, with the description of a new species of Caligus(Siphonostomatoida: Caligidae) Rio de Janeiro. Parasites and diseases of the grey mullet (Mugilidae) with special reference to the seas of the NearEart.

PIASECKI, W., GOODWIN A. E., EIRAS J. C., NOWAK B. F

TAVARES, L. E. R.; LUQUE, J. L.; BICUDO, A. J. A., 2005

  Community ecology of metazoan parasites of the anchovy Anchoa tricolor (Osteichthyes: Engraulidae) from thecoastal zone of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. These remained present throughout the collection period in the neighborhoods studied, which suggests the specie is highly competitive and well adapted to environment of Sobral,requiring that entomo-surveillance adopt preventive measures and to enable monitoring the behavior of this important vector.

14 O número de machos foi superior ao de fêmeas na

  Além disso, as habitações humanas de má qualidade e em lo-cais inadequados, a construção desordenada de abrigos de animais domésticos no ambiente peridomiciliar e acarência de condições mínimas de saneamento básico são condições comuns em áreas rurais e periféricas decentros urbanos (Muniz et al., 2006). O mês de julho ajuda a explicar o alto número de flebotomíneos capturados em agosto (Figura 4), o que sesupõe que as chuvas neste período mensal aumentaram o número de criadoruros, e em agosto os insetos adultosforam capturados em alto número em relação aos meses que o seguiram, voltando a aumentar o número de fle-botomíneos apenas com o início da estação chuvosa em dezembro.

1 Moreira

  The Paraíba do Sul river basin is the second largest basin of Brazilian east spreading over theSão Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais states, however the anthropic actions are contributing for the process of extinction of endemic species. Then, thePAN has been achieving important outcomes showing that the maintenance of the study, especially on the knowledge of the target species is essential to successfully maintain these animals in the basin.

20 Principais ameaças à ictiofauna ameaçada de extin-

  (2013), estabelece- ram o protocolo de indução artificial à reprodução de S.parahybae em cativeiro (respectivamente, de reproduto- res selvagens e de origem de cativeiro (F1)); desenvolvi-mento embrionário e larval (Honji et al., 2012a; Lopes et al., 2015), e a qualidade dos gametas de S. A terceiraameaça é um relato de um acidente que ocorreu em março de 2003, no município de Cataguases (MG), no qual umabarragem de um dos reservatórios da Indústria Catagua- ses de Papel Ltda se rompeu, liberando cerca de um bilhãoe quatrocentos milhões de litros de lixívia, que é sobra in- dustrial da produção de celulose.

24 Biologia básica e aplicada

  Presença em unidades de conservaçãoAtualmente, a CESP vem realizando campanhas de captura de matrizes no ambiente natural e transferindoestes animais para a Estação de Hidrobiologia e Aquicul- tura de Paraibuna. parahybae fo- ram descritos na literatura especializada, sendo que, to-dos os animais são provenientes da calha principal do rioParaíba do Sul (principalmente no médio curso desse rio no estado de RJ) e do rio Pomba, no estado de MG (Polazet al., 2011), todos associados a áreas de forte correnteza(ambiente extremamente lótico) e substratos rochosos.

26 Espécie ameaçada de extinção na bacia do rio

  Data on the occurrence of this genus are essential for epidemiological studies of schistosomiasis, given that the confirmation of its occurrence in agiven region, and the correct identification of the species, are fundamental to the development of effective strategies for the prevention and control of schistosomiasis. Thecompletion of the transmission cycle of this helminth is dependent on the availability of a series of factorsassociated with the interactions of the host, parasite, and the environment, such as the local occurrence of snails of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo,Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, and Goiás (Brasil, 2009).

32 The snails of this genus inhabit aquatic habitats

  The principal breeding grounds of these planorbids are located in the municipalities of Belém, Castanhal,Capanema, Quatipuru, Primavera, Bragança, Cachoeira do Piriá, Irituia and Km-74, where the transmission ofschistosomiasis is active (Rodrigues et al., 1993; Carvalho et al., 2008), continuing further east to the municipalityof Viseu and the low and plains of the neighboring state of Maranhão. The mitochondrial DNA is inherited maternally, lacks recombination and spacing sequences (introns), andis usually well conserved, but presents a high mutation rate in comparison with the nuclear DNA, given the morefrequent substitution of bases, and the presence of genes that codify the ribosomal RNA, transporters, and polypeptidesinvolved in oxidative phosphorylation, an integral process of the energetic metabolism of the mitochondria (Griffithset al., 2008).

BICHARA, C. N. C.; RODRIGUES, I. R. C.; SOARES, I. S

C. P.; DOMINGUEZ, ; FILE, S.; GUITIERREZ, A.;

TUAN R.; OHLWEILER, F. P.; PALASIO, R.G.S.;ZANNA; R

  Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the ITS2 region fordifferatiation of Brazilian Biomphalaria intermediate hosts of the Schistosoma mansoni. R.; Susceptibility of Biomphalaria amazônica to infection with two strains of Schistosomamansoni Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, v.13, n.6, p.387-390, 1973.

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