MMonteiro2007 Comparison between physical activity levels in rural and city elderly with MTI actigraph

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(1)ECSS JYVÃSKYLÃ 07 Jyvaskyla, Finland • July 11-14th 2007

(2) 12th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science July 11-14, 2007 - Jyvãskylã, Finland Book of Abstracts Edited by: Jouni Kallio, Paavo V. Komi, Jyrki Komulainen, Janne Aveia Technical Editor: Lassi Paavolainen Hosted by: Neuromuscular Research Center (NMRC), Department of Biology of Physical activity, University of Jyvãskylã LIKES-Research Center for Sport and Health Sciences City of Jyvãskylã

(3) nl 110" ECSS Executive Board President Erich MOller, GER Past President Michael Kjaer, DEN President Elect Albert Gollhofer, GER General Secretary Hans Hoppeler, eH Treasurer Sigmund Loland, NOR Jann J\ ' Ia, f lN ECSS Scientific Board JyrkJ Komula,nen, FIN Chair Tom Reilly, UK Peter Bãrtsch, GER Congress Scientific Secretary Werner Helsen, BEL Jouni Kallio, FIN Paavo Komi , FIN Gertrud Pfister, DEN Congress Manager Anton Wagenmakers, UK Pirjo-Leena Pitkãnen, Jyvãskylã Congresses, FIN ECSS Scientific Committee Other Members of the Organizing Committee Jan Cabri, POR Eino Havas, FIN Daniela Caporossi, ITA Keijo Hãkkinen, FIN Flemming Dela, DEN Jouni Juutilainen, FIN Hans-Hermann Dickhuth, GER Raija Laukkanen, FIN Joan Duda, UK Taru Lintunen, FIN Steve Harridge, UK Ritva Nirkkonen, FIN Bente Klarlund-Pedersen, DEN Risto Telama, FIN Mike McNamee, UK Romain Meeusen, BEL Caroline Nicol, FRA Pekka Oja, FIN Hermann Schwameder, AUT Mark Williams, UK . J I 2007 Jyvãskylã Finland European College of Sport Science: Book of Abstracts of the 12th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport SClence - 11-14 u Y , Edited by Kallio J., Komi P.V., Komulainen J., Aveia J. Technical Editor Paavolainen L. Caver: Irene Manninen Research Reports on Sport and Health 202 Distribution UKES Research Center Rautpohjankatu 8, FIN-40700 Finland Tel +358142601572 Fax +358142601571 Email tilaukset@likes.fi ISBN 978-951-790-242-7 ISSN 0357-2498 Copyright © 2007, ECSS 2007 and LlKES Research Center Printen bv Otavan Kiriaoaino Oy, Keuruu, 2007

(4) 14:30-15:30 Fr/dsy, Ju/y 13th 2007 Aglng 2..13 III SETWEEN PHVSICAl ACTIVITY LE COMPARISO AND CITY lO RlV WITIi MTI ELS lN RUR AL ""I- er have significantly higher fali related mortallty than young peop Ie [1]. Decreased muscle strength cou Id be one of thef factors influencing the occurrence of falis. The purpose o ­ the present study was to compare strength of the lowe~ limb and trunk muscles in older women with different sei reported fali history. 7 Eighty women aged between 70 and 94 (mean age: 82. ± 4.8 years; mean body mass: 70.4 ± 12.6 kg) to~ part in the study. Participants were on the base o! ~he self·reported fali experience in the last 12 months divide in three groups: no fali experience (NF; n = 56), women who fell one time (OF; n = 12) and women who fell ~o or more times (MF; n = 12). There were no significant dlfferences in age and body mass between groups. Ali subjects were nursing home residents and complied inclusion criteria (were able to stand independently for one minute). The maximal strength was measured as isometric torque in the joint. The following tests were conducted: ankle plantar (PF) and dorsiflexion (DF), unilateral (right and left) knee extension (KE) (average of the both legs was used), trunk flexion (TF) and extension (TE) and trunk lateral flexion (LTF) and extension (LTE). The relations between the strength of plantar and dorsiflexors, asymmetry of the knee extensors and relations between trunk flexors and extensors and also of lateral flexors and extensors were calculated. The variance analysis revealed that the groups differed in only few strength measures. The KE torque of OF group (57.7 ± 20.5 Nm) was significantly (p<0.01) greater of NF group (46.2 ± 17.5 Nm) and of MF group (46.3 ± 12.0 Nm) (p<0.05), the OF group (68.0 ± 32.2 Nm) had significantly (p<0.001) greater PF torque than NF group (45.6 ± 17.8 Nm) and than MF group (51.6 ± 14.5 Nm) (p<0.05). The TF of OF group (18.6 ± 7.8 Nm) was also greater (p
(5) gnitive cabOut Methods: We observed lhé u d ehro nie pain of a . state an . a reSt pacity and de depresslve . stitutionalized ln 31 frail elder from both genders, ln tional exereise prohouse both at the end of the recrea e divided in !Wo SubJ'eets wer ) gram and one year after. . t (61 to 96 years groups' group 1 (n=17) included subJec s . program for e . . r nal exerclsb'ects that were engaged ln a recrea 10 (56 to 94 over 1 year' group 2 (n= 14) included the s~ j gram We , d. Yexerclse pro . years) who were not engage ln an t mental AutonIns r~ I State Exam used the Physical Autonomy Se.ale a~d. omy Scale for functional capaclty; MlnI-Men a 've state l ed for cog· nitive capacity; Hamilton Scale for depreSS . . We pe rtorm and Visual Analog Scale for chronlc pam. Mann-Whitney tests to compare results between gro~sf and wilcoxon tests to compare results within groups (en o The the program vs one year after program ·nterruption). I levei of significance was set at P
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