UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE ALAGOAS FACULDADE DE LETRAS PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS E LINGUÍSTICA

Livre

0
0
143
3 months ago
Preview
Full text

  !"#$" #%&' #!(#)

  • ,+

  .''&%/#01 #2%&'&$/#)# # % (%#3# )& 4' %#)5#01 &3 &/%#' & .$(56'/.7# )# $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! )& !#( #'9 7 3 %&:5.'./ 2#%7.#! 2#%# ;/&$01 ) /6/5! )& &'/%& &3

  .$(56'/.7#9 ' ; # %.&$/#01 ) % <= %= #.% 3&' )& #%.#' & # 7 %.&$/#01 )# % <#= %#= #%.# &$.!)# 5%#=

  • ,+

  ! ,>?7 #!(#) 9 !"#$" #%&'= 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ $# <#!# )# 7 35$.)#)&

  5.! 3; !# 5:5B3 53 &'/5) '47. C.'/4%.7 !.$(56'/.7 D !"#$" #%&' #!(#) = #7&.49 *+,+= ,?, <= .!= %.&$/#) % #.% 3&' )& #%.#'=

  %.&$/#) %# #%.# &$.!)# 5%#= .''&%/#01 E3&'/%#) &3 &/%#' & .$(56'/.7# .$(56'/.7#F $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! )& !#( #'= #75!)#)& )& &/%#'= % (%#3# )& 4' %#)5#01 &3 &/%#' & .$(56'/.7#= #7&.49 *+,+=

  .;!. (%#<.# <= ,*G ,G* $&H ' ,GG ,?,= ,= .$(56'/.7#= *= 7. !.$(56'/.7#= G= 6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# $7 %)@$7.#= ?= 6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#

  5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 = I= 35$.)#)& 5.! 3; !#= = 6/5! = J++=J>

  '/# 2&':5.'# < . <.$#$7.#)# 2 % 53# ; !'# E+GD*++J +*D*+,+F=

  

Aos meus pais Maria e Siloni, que

corajosamente se desprenderam de anseios

pessoais para dar novas oportunidades a nós,

suas filhas, e que deram, e ainda dão, todo

apoio possível para que nossos sonhos sejam

  (%#)&0 # &5' 2&! ) 3 )# 8.)# & 2 % 3& 2&%3./.% 7 $7!5.% 3#.' &'/& )&'#<. = & 3 ) 35./ &'2&7.#!9 # ' 3&5' 2#.' #%.# & .! $.9 2 % / )# 7 32%&&$'1 9 2&!#'

  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

  .$)# )& 3 ) &'2&7.#!9 # ' 3&5' ) .' %.&$/#) %&' % <#= %#= #%.# &$.!)# 5%#9 2&!# 7 %#(&3 & )&/&%3.$#01 # 7%.#% & 7 %)&$#% &''& 2% A&/ ' ;%& 5:5B39 .$'&%.$) #

  $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! )& !#( #' $# !.'/# )#' $'/./5.0O&' 2#%/.7.2#$/&' ) 2% A&/ $#7. $#! #%# # .'/4%.# ) %/5(5P' %#'.!&.% 9 2&!# 7 $<.#$0# # 3.3 7 $7&).)# 2#%# # %&#!.N#01 )&

  /#! 2&':5.'#9 2&!#' %&<&%P$7.#' ).'2 $.;.!.N#)#' & 2&!#' %.&$/#0O&' # ! $( )# 3.$C# < %3#01 #7#)P3.7#9 & % <= %= #.% 3&' )& #%.#'9 2&! ' ).%&7. $#3&$/ ' !.$(56'/.7 ' & 2&! #2 . )#) L %&#!.N#01 )&'/# ).''&%/#01 =

  Q % <&'' %# %#= !R5).#9 .$/&(%#$/& )# ;#$7#9 2&!#' %.7#' '5(&'/O&' & 7 $/%.;5.0O&'= Q' % <&'' %#' :5& 3#.' )&%#3 7 $/%.;5.0O&' L 3.$C# < %3#01 #7#)P3.7# )5%#$/&

  &'/%#) % <#= %#= #$5#7&!& %#$7.'7# )# '/# & % <#= %#= S;.# #;&! #TT&% #%.# &9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/&9 #:5&!&' :5& 7 $/%.;56%#3 3#.' ).%&/#3&$/& 2#%# )&'&$8 !8.3&$/ )# 3.$C# ).''&%/#01 % <#= %#= #%.# &$.!)# 5%# & % <= %= !).% #$/ ' )& #5!#=

  Q' #3.(#' ' 7. !.$(5.'/#' &$#/#9 &"!!# & !"$&9 2&!#' ).'75''O&' & '5(&'/O&' 8#!. '#' <&./#' $ & $ ' 5/% ' ).8&%' ' 3 3&$/ ' )& &'/5) =

  ' #3.( ' (&%#/.8.'/#' )&.!' $9 #%7&! 9 #<#&! & 3#$5&!!&9 2 % / )# 2#7.P$7.# $#' %&5$.O&' ) &9 )& 3 ) 9 &'2&7.#! # #%7&! 9 2&! ' /&H/ ' &32%&'/#) ' & 2&! ' &'7!#%&7.3&$/ ' ' ;%& #!(5$' )#) '=

  / ) ' ) 9 2&! ' 7 $8./&' <&./ ' & 2&!#' 7#% $#' L 5:5B3 $ ' ).#' 7C58 ' '9 .;&!"9 C#"'#9 &!9 U&''!&$9 U.!T&%9 5N#%)9 .)#9 '.'9 7#% 9 . ( 9 $#9 #% ! & #$5=

  Q' 7 32#$C&.%#' ) %.'/.#$&9 C&%&N# & #%.#$#9 2&!#' 7 $8&%'#' &9 &'2&7.#!3&$/&9 L' )5#' S!/.3#'9 2&! /%#;#!C $#' (%#8#0O&' & $#' /%#$'7%.0O&' )#' &$/%&8.'/#'=

  %.'/.#$ #%&'9 2&!# #3.N#)& & 2&! (%#$)& #2 . $# 7 $'/%501 ) abstract=

  !

  '/# ).''&%/#01 #2%&'&$/# 7 3 ;A&/.8 (&%#! ;5'7#% .$< %3#0O&' '47. C.'/4%.7# & !.$(56'/.7# ' ;%& 5:5B39 53# 7 35$.)#)& 7 $'.)&%#)# %&3#$&'7&$/& ) 5.! 3; ) '

  #!3#%&'9 ! 7#!.N#)# $ 35$.762. )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'9 !#( #'= ;%& # ;5'7# C.'/4%.7#9 &'/& /%#;#!C 8&%.<.7# # 2#%/.7.2#01 #<%.7#$# $# '5# < %3#01 ' 7. 75!/5%#! & !.$(56'/.7#9 #2%&'&$/#$) 7 3 ;#'& # 2% 2 '/# ) 2% A&/ $#7. $#! #%# # .'/4%.# ) %/5(5P'

  %#'.!&.% E F & # 2&%'2&7/.8# )# 47. .'/4%.# .$(56'/.7# E & 9 *++?F= ;%& # :5&'/1 !.$(56'/.7#9 &'/# 2&':5.'# #$#!.'# # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ &

  2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ $# <#!# #/5#! )&''# 7 35$.)#)&9 /&$/#$) <&%&7&% 53 3&!C % &$/&$).3&$/ ' ;%& #' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' )&''& <&$V3&$ !.$(56'/.7 & ' ;%& '5#' 2 ''68&.' 35)#$0#'9 5/.!.N#$) 9 2#%# .'' 9 #2#%#/ )# 7. !.$(56'/.7# 5#$/./#/.8# E 9 ,WW?9

  • J X,WY*ZF= .#$/& )#' .$< %3#0O&' 7 !&/#)#'9 C.2 /&/.N# '& :5& #F # 75!/5%# #<%.7#$# &H&%7&5 .$<!5P$7.# $# 75!/5%# & $# !6$(5# )# 7 35$.)#)& 5:5B39 ;F 5' )# 8#%.#$/& $1 2#)%1 #2%&'&$/#%R 53# 2 %7&$/#(&3 3#. % ) :5& < . #2%&'&$/#)# $ ' &'/5) ' )& <#!# 5%;#$# E 9 ,WW,K 9 ,WW>K 9 *++JF & 7F 2 )&%.# &'/#% 7 %%&$) 53# 35)#$0# &3 2% (%&'' &3 ).%&01 # 3#. % 5' )# 8#%.#$/& 2#)%1 = corpus / 3#) 2#%# #$R!.'& 7 $'.'/& &3 (%#8#0O&' )& &$/%&8.'/#' <&./#' 7 3 ,* 3 %#) %&' )# 7 35$.)#)&

  &$< 7#)#= 3 2 ''68&.' <#/ %&' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 ' 7 $).7. $#$/&'9 < %#3 &'7 !C.) ' '&H 9

  

masculino & feminino9 & .)#)&9 '5;).8.).) &3 #.H# de 10 a 30 anos9 #.H# de 31 a 50

anos & #.H# – mais de 50 anos= ' <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' &'7 !C.) ' < %#3 /.2 ' )& '5A&./ 9

  /.2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 9 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#!9 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 9 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ '5A&./ 9 %&<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& $ ).'75%' & 7#%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./ = ' %&'5!/#) ' ) 2% (%#3# #2 $/#%#3 7 3 &'/#/.'/.7#3&$/& #/5#$/&' $# 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 #2&$#' ' <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' concordância verbal, tipos de sujeito e referência ao falante no

  

discurso= 3 ;#'& &3 <#/ ' '47. C.'/4%.7 ' %&!#7. $#) ' L %.(&3 )# 7 35$.)#)& & # (%#5

  )& 8#%.#01 $# 7 $7 %)@$7.# )&''# &'/%5/5%# !.$(56'/.7#9 < . %&7 $C&7.)# # .32 %/@$7.# )# 2%&'&$0# #<%.7#$# 2#%# # 75!/5%# & # !6$(5# )&''# 7 35$.)#)&=

  7. !.$(56'/.7# C.'/4%.7#K 7 $7 %)@$7.#K '5A&./ 2%&).7#/.8 K 7 35$.)#)& :5.! 3; !#= C.' ).''&%/#/. $ C#'9 #' ./' (&$&%#! ;A&7/.8&9 # '&#%7C < % !.$(5.'/.7 #$) ' 7. C.'/ %.7#! .$< %3#/. $ $ 5:5B39 # 7 335$./" [C.7C .' %&(#%)&) #' %&3.$.'7&$/ < 5.! 3; ) '

  #!3#%&'9 ! 7#/&) .$ $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'9 !#( #'= ' %&(#%)' / /C& C.'/ %.7#! '&#%7C9 /C.' [ %T #.3' #/ 8&%.<".$( /C& <%.7#$ % !& .$ ./' !.$(5.'/.7 #$) ' 7. 75!/5%#! < %3#/. $9 C#8.$(9 #' 5% ;#'.'9 /C& $#/. $#! 2% A&7/ 2% 2 '#! < % %#N.!.#$ %/5(5&'& .'/ %" E F #$) /C&

  .$(5.'/.7' 7. .'/ %.7#! 2&%'2&7/.8& E & 9 *++?F= ' < % /C& !.$(5.'/.7 3#//&%9 /C.' %&'&#%7C C#'9 #' ./' ;A&7/.8&9 /C& 7C&7T.$( $ 8#%.#/. $ $ #(%&&3&$/ ;&/[&&$ '5;A&7/ #$) ./' 2%&).7#/.8& .$ /C& 75%%&$/ ).'7 5%'& < /C#/ 7 335$./"9 /%".$( / <<&%9 /C&$9 # ;&//&% 5$)&%'/#$).$( $ /C& 7C#%#7/&%.'/.7' < /C.' !.$(5.'/.7 2C&$ 3&$ $ #$) /C&.% 2 ''.;!&

  7C#$(&'9 5'.$(9 < % '57C [ %T9 /C& #22#%#/5' < /C& 5#$/./#/.8& 7. !.$(5.'/.7' E #; 89 ,WW?9 *++J X,WY*ZF= &< %& /C& 7 !!&7/&) .$< %3#/. $9 ./ .' 7 $A&7/5%&) /C#/ #F /C& <%.7#$ 75!/5%& C#) .$<!5&$7& ; /C .$ /C& !#$(5#(& #$) .$ /C& 75!/5%& < /C& 5:5B3 7 335$./"9 ;F /C& 5'& < /C& $ $ < %3#! 8#%.#$/ [.!! &$/#.! # 2&%7&$/#(& ;.((&% /C#$ /C& $& 2%&'&$/&) .$ /C& '/5).&' < /C& 5%;#$ '2&&7C E 9 ,WW,K 9 ,WW>K 9 *++JF #$) 7F #

  7C#$(& .$ 2% (%&'' 7 5!) ;& 775%%.$( / [#%) # (%&#/&% 5'& < /C& '/#$)#%) 8#%.#$/= C&

  

corpus /#T&$ < % #$#!"'.' 7 $'.'/' < %&7 %)&) .$/&%8.&[' )&8&! 2&) [./C ,* C#;./#$/' < /C&

  7 335$./" A5'/ 3&$/. $&) #; 8&= ' 2 ''.;!& 7 $)./. $.$( &H/%#!.$(5.'/.7 <#7/ %'9 male #$)

  female (&$)&% #$) #(&9 '5;).8.)&) #' < !! [' (% 52 from 10 until 30 years oldK (% 52

from 31 until 50 years oldK #$) (% 52 over 50 years old9 [&%& 7C '&$= C& 7C '&$

  !.$(5.'/.7 <#7/ %' [&%& T.$)' < '5;A&7/9 T.$)' < 2%&).7#/.8&9 8&%;#! #(%&&3&$/9 .$/&%8&$.$( 3#/&%.#! ;&/[&&$ 8&%; #$) 2%&).7#/.8&9 $53;&% $ 3.$#! #(%&&3&$/ .$ '5;A&7/9 %&<&%&$7& / /C& '2&#T&% .$ /C& ).'7 5%'& #$) '&3#$/.7 7C#%#7/&%.N#/. $ < /C& '5;A&7/= C& %&'5!/' < /C&

  2% (%#3 $!" 'C [&) /C& < !! [.$( &H/%#!.$(5.'/.7 <#7/ %' verbal agreement,

  

kinds of subject and reference to the speaker in the discourse #' '/#/.'/.7#!!" #7/.8& .$ /C&

  8#%.#/. $ < #(%&&3&$/ ;&/[&&$ '5;A&7/ #$) 2%&).7#/.8&= #'&) $ ' 7. C.'/ %.7#! <#7/' %&!#/&) / /C& %.(.$ < /C& 7 335$./" #$) / /C& !&8&! < 8#%.#/. $ .$ /C& #(%&&3&$/ < /C#/ !.$(5.'/.7 '/%57/5%&9 /C& .32 %/#$7& < /C& <%.7#$ 2%&'&$7&9 / /C& !#$(5#(& #$) 75!/5%& < /C#/ 7 335$./"9 [#' #7T$ [!&)(&)=

  C.'/ %.7#! 7. !.$(5.'/.7'K #(%&&3&$/K '5;A&7/ 2%&).7#/.8&K 5.! 3; !# 7 335$./"=

   !" # $ .'/%.;5.01 ) ' .$< %3#$/&' '&(5$) (%52 ' )& <#/ %&'

  &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 ' '&H & <#.H# &/R%.#\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,J

  

!" # $$ 6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' #/.$(.)#' 2&! /%R<.7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\?J

!" # $$$ .'/%.;5.01 ) ' (%52 ' )& <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' '&(5$) # 8#%.R8&!

  )&2&$)&$/& Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \WJ

  

%"&'(" $ %3#01 )# 2 25!#01 ;%#'.!&.%# '&(5$) &/$.#' \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\?*

%"&'(" $$ .'/%.;5.01 )# 2 25!#01 &'7%#8# 2 % %&(.1 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\?G

%"&'(" $$$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\,+,

%"&'(" $) &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! /.2 ' )& '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\,+G

%"&'(" ) 32#%#01 &$/%& ' '5A&./ ' $# < %3# '.$(5!#% & ' '5A&./ ' $# < %3#

  2!5%#!\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,+?

  %"&'(" )$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! %&<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\,+I

%"&'(" )$$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! /.2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&!

  )&2&$)&$/& Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \,+Y

  %"&'(" )$$$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7#%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./ & #

  8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,+J

  %"&'(" $* &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! <#.H# &/R%.# & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\,+W

%"&'(" * &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ .$/#(3#

  3.$#! '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,,*

  %"&'(" *$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; &

  2%&).7#/.8 & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,,G

  %"&'(" *$$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! '&H & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& Concordância

  8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,,?

  ]

  • + ,-$.# $ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

  

Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\ ,+*

  • + ,-$.# $$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! /.2 ' )& '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

  

Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\ ,+?

  • + ,-$.# $$$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! %&<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

  

Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\ ,+>

  • + ,-$.# $) &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! /.2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&!

  )&2&$)&$/& Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ ,+Y

  • + ,-$.# ) &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7#%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./ & #

  8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ ,+J

  • + ,-$.# )$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! <#.H# &/R%.# & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

  Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  2&%7&$/#(&3 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ ,,+

  • + ,-$.# )$$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! <#.H# &/R%.# & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

  Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 2&'

  %&!#/.8 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,,+

  • + ,-$.# )$$$ &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $

  .$/#(3# 3.$#! '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& Concordância 8'= Não

  

concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ ,,*

  • + ,-$.# $* &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; &

  2%&).7#/.8 & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ ,,G

  • + ,-$.# * &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! '&H & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& Concordância

  8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ ,,?

  • -$+! " $ /#' ) /%R<.7 $&(%&.% \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\?,

  • -$+! " $$ ;%# )& #%/& ^ #8. &(%&.% _9 )& . #8#!7#$/& \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\?,

  • -$+! " $$$ '/ ) 9 < / )& 7#% #%8#!C \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\>W

  • -$+! " $) '7 !#9 < / )& !"#$" #!(#) \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\>W

  ]

  

" /0 12 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,I

. 304 5 / 0 6 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\*+

  1.1 A sócio história linguística\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\*+

  1.2 Sociolinguística \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\*G

  1.3 Contexto histórico, demográfico e social da formação do português do Brasil \\*W

  ,=G=, 2%&'&$0# .$)6(&$# \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\GG ,=G=* 2%&'&$0# 2 %/5(5&'# \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\G> ,=G=G 2%&'&$0# #<%.7#$# \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\?+

  ,=G=G=, ' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' $ 2 %/5(5P' ) %#'.! \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\?Y

  1.4 Aspectos gerais sobre a formação do português em Muquém \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\I?

  ,=?=, 5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&' \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\IJ ,=?=* '2&7/ ' (&%#.' ' ;%& # 7 35$.)#)& :5.! 3; !# 5:5B3 \\\\\\\\\\\\>* ,=?=G <&$V3&$ !.$(56'/.7 &'/5)#) \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\Y+

  

. 304 7 0 8 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\YJ

  2.1 Apontamentos sobre a metodologia da sociolinguística quantitativa__________YJ

  2.2 Constituição do corpus\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\J*

  • =*=, #3 '/%# \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\JG
  • =*=* 7 !&/# )& )#) ' \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\J?
  • =*=G #) ' %#.' \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\J?
  • =*=? /%#$'7%.01 & # :5#$/.<.7#01 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\JY

  2.3 Variável dependente e variáveis independentes \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\JJ

  • =G=, ' 8#%.R8&.' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7#' \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\JW
  • =G=* ' 8#%.R8&.' !.$(56'/.7#' \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\>=G=*=, .2 ' )& '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\W*
  • =G=*=* .2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\W?
  • =G=*=G $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\WI
  • =G=*=? #/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\W>
  • =G=*=I $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\W>

  • =G=*=> &<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& $ ).'75%' & #%#7/&%.N#01 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\WY

  . 304 9 4 0 :4 /0 0 0 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,++

  3.1 Grupos de fatores selecionados (step up)\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,++

  G=,=, $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,+, G=,=* .2 ' )& '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,+* G=,=G &<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& $ ).'75%' \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,+I

  3.2 Grupos de fatores não selecionados (step down)\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,+>

  G=*=, .2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,+> G=*=* #%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,+J G=*=G #.H# &/R%.# \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,+W G=*=? $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ '5A&./ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,,, G=*=I #/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,,* G=*=> &H \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,,?

  

. 304 ; . / 1< 5 / \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,,>

5 =/ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,*G

# / 4 0 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,G*

">'*# " / ' )& 5:5B3 & % :5. ) \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,GG

">'*# & .7C# ' 7.#!\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,GW

">'*# . /&.% )& $/%&8.'/# \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,?+

">'*# $8&$0O&' )& %#$'7%.01 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,?,

  ,I

  " '?'>%"@A#

  3 ' &'/5) ' 7.&$/6<.7 ' )# R%&# .$(56'/.7#9 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 # 7. !.$(56'/.7#9 8P3 #2 $/#$) 9 %#'.! $1 B 53 2#6' 5$.!6$(5&9 53# 8&N :5& '1

  &$7 $/%#)#' 7 35$.)#)&' <#!#$/&' )& !6$(5#' .$)6(&$#' & 5/%#' 7 35$.)#)&' < %3#)#' 2 % .3.(%#$/&' :5& <#!#3 '5#' !6$(5#' $#/#.'= !B3 ).'' 9 #.$)# B 2 ''68&! $ /#% .$S3&%#' < %3#' 8#%.#$/&' & ).<&%&$0#' &$/%& 2 %/5(5P' 75!/ & 2 25!#% 5 &$/%& &'7%./# & %#!.)#)&=

  #.' 8#%.#0O&' '1 %&7 $C&7.)#'9 3#' # C.'/4%.# )# < %3#01 )&''& 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% C&/&% (P$& #.$)# 2%&7.'# '&% %&7 $'/./56)#= /5#!3&$/&9 &32&$C 2#%# &''# %&7 $'/./5.01 8&3 '&$) <&./ 2 % 2&':5.'#) %&' .$/&(%#$/&' ) 2% A&/ $#7. $#! ^ #%# # .'/4%.# )

  %/5(5P' %#'.!&.% _9 9 7 %)&$#) 2&! ' 2% <&'' %&' /#!.;# )& #'/.!C & '# .%(6$.# #// ' & .!8#= ''& 2% A&/ /&3 %&7&;.) 7 $/%.;5.0O&' )#' 8R%.#' !.$C#' )& 2&':5.'#

  !.$(56'/.7#9 7 3 # & %.# &%#/.8#9 # 7. !.$(56'/.7# & # .$(56'/.7# .'/4%.7#9 & #2%&'&$/# 7 3 53 ) ' ;A&/.8 ' .$/&%2%&/#% 2#''#) !.$(56'/.7 & '47. C.'/4%.7 ) %#'.! 2#%# &'/#;&!&7&% 53# %&!#01 &$/%& &''& 2#''#) & # 7 $'/./5.01 ) 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% E 9 *++?9 2= I+F=

  $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! )& !#( #' /#3;B3 &'/R .$'&%.)# $&''& &32&$C $#7. $#! 2 % 3&. ) 2% A&/ O conhecimento da realidade linguística e sociocultural da comunidade

  

quilombola do povoado Muquém, da cidade de União dos Palmares – AL9 7%.#) &

  7 %)&$#) 2&!# % <# %#= #%.# &$.!)# 5%#= 2#%/.7.2#01 #!#( #$# #.$)# &'/R %&7&$/& & &'/# ).''&%/#01 '&%R # 2%.3&.%# #

  #2%&'&$/#% #!(53#' )#' 7 $/%.;5.0O&' C.'/4%.7#' & !.$(56'/.7#' &$7 $/%#)#'9 /&$) 7 3 ;#'& 3#/&%.#! 7 !&/#) 2&! ' .$/&(%#$/&' ) %&<&%.) 2% A&/ = !B3 ).'' 9 2 % 3&. )&'/# 2&':5.'#9 &'/5) ' 7 32#%#/.8 ' 2 )&3 '&% <&./ ' &$/%& # <#!# )&''# 7 35$.)#)&9 # <#!# 5%;#$# )&

  ,> #7&.4 E 9 *++JF9 # <#!# )& 7 35$.)#)&' %5%#.' E 9 *++YF & )& 7 35$.)#)&'

  %5%#.' #<% )&'7&$)&$/&' ! 7#!.N#)#' $ .$/&%. % ) &'/#) )# #C.# E 9 *++JF= $/%& #' 8R%.#' ).%&0O&' # '&%&3 '&(5.)#' $&''# ;5'7# C.'/4%.7# & .$/&%2%&/#/.8#9

  &$7 $/%# '& .$/&%&''& 2 % 7 32%&&$)&% # 2#%/.7.2#01 #<%.7#$# $&''# 7 $'/./5.01 ) 2 %/5(5P' ) %#'.!= !(53#' 2% 2 '/#' AR < %#3 !#$0#)#' & /&$)&39 ;#'.7#3&$/&9 # )5#' ).%&0O&'=

  3# )&!#'9 %&2%&'&$/#)# 2 % .!8# &/ E,WI+K ,W>+F9 #% & 7C&%%& E,WWGK *++YF & 5/% '9 )&<&$)& :5& # &8 !501 E< %3#01 F ) 2 %/5(5P' ) %#'.! '& )&5 )& < %3# $#/5%#!9 $53# )&%.8# '&75!#%9 &3 :5& #' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' & #3&%6$).#' #2&$#' #2%&''#%#3 #' 35)#$0#' :5& AR 7 %%&%.#3 $# !6$(5#=

  5/%# ).%&01 9 )&<&$).)# 2 % #.35$) E,WGGF9 &$) $0# E,WGGFK 577C&'. E*+++K

  • JF9 #// ' & .!8# E*++?F & 5/% '9 #7%&)./# :5& # 2%&'&$0# )& ).<&%&$/&' 2 8 '9 7#'. $#$) 53 7 $/#/ &$/%& !6$(5#'9 < . &''&$7.#! 2#%# #' 35)#$0#' :5& < %#3 7#%#7/&%.N#$) 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& 2 %/5(5P' 2 25!#% ) %#'.! E F9 :5& '& 7 $/%#2O& # 2 %/5(5P' 75!/ = &(5$) #// ' & .!8# E*++?9 2= J,F9 '&%.# )&'7&$)&$/& ) %/5(5P'

  &%#! %#'.!&.% E F :5& 2 )& '&% 7#%#7/&%.N#) 7 3 ^X===Z 53 2 %/5(5P' '.32!.<.7#) 9 7 3 .$/&%<&%P$7.# )& !6$(5#' .$)6(&$#' & /#3;B3 )& !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#'_ & ).<&%&$/& ) 2 %/5(5P' <#!#) 2&!# &!./& 2 %/5(5&'# $ 2&%6 ) 7 ! $.#!=

  &''# 2% 2 '/#9 2 %B39 CR ).<&%&$0#' &3 %&!#01 L 7 $'&:5P$7.# )&''& 7 $/#/ 2#%# # 7 $<.(5%#01 )# !6$(5#9 :5& 2 )&3 '&% %&2%&'&$/#)#' $53# 8.'1 )& continuum9 $53 &H/%&3 # &H.'/P$7.# )& 7%. 5! ' /62.7 ' E)& ;#'& !&H.7#! 2 %/5(5&'#F &9 $ 5/% 9 # 2%&'&$0# %&8&!#)# &3 &'/%5/5%#' & $ !BH.7 )# !6$(5#9 3#' '&3 2% 8 7#% '5%(.3&$/ )& 7%. 5! ' 5 '&3.7%. 5! '= 7 $7 %)@$7.# B &'/5)#)# 2 % &''#' )5#' 8.'O&' & #3;#' /&$/#3 )&'7 ;%.% # %.(&3 )# 8#%.#01 &$7 $/%#)#9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/&9 &3 '&$/&$0#' ) = 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ &

  ,Y 2%&).7#/.8 &'/R &$(! ;#)# $&''# .$8&'/.(#01 & < . &'7 !C.)# 2 % &'/# ).''&%/#01 2#%# 8&%.<.7#% '&5 7 32 %/#3&$/ $# <#!# )# 7 35$.)#)& 5:5B3= %B39 '&%R <&./ 53 %&7 %/&9 53# 8&N :5& '&%1 #$#!.'#)#' #2&$#' #' '&$/&$0#' )&7!#%#/.8#' <.$./#'= 3 #' '&$/&$0#' '&%1 &'/5)#)#' ' ; # 2&%'2&7/.8# )# &'/%5/5%# #%(53&$/#!9 /#3;B3 '&%1 <&./#' 7 $'.)&%#0O&' # %&'2&./ ) 8&%; 7425!#=

  ;%& # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 9 '&%1 #2%&'&$/#)#' $&'/# ).''&%/#01 # 8.'1 )& &'/5) ' /&4%.7 )&'7%./.8 ' E 9 *++GFK # )# (%#3R/.7# (&%#/.8#9 ).'75/.)# 2 % 5%# E*++YK *++WF & 2 % .;#!) E*++WF9 #) /#)# 2#%# # 7#%#7/&%.N#01 ) ' )#) '9 & #' 7 $'.)&%#0O&' ' ;%& # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $&''# &'/%5/5%# #2%&'&$/#)#' 2 % 2&':5.'#' ' 7. !.$(56'/.7#' E 9 ,WW,K 9 ,WW>K 9 *++JK 9 *++YK 9 *++JF=

  3 B $ /R8&! 53# 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ $# <#!# ) ' C#;./#$/&' )& 5:5B39 7 3 '& 2 )& 8&% $ ' &H&32! ' E,F9 %&2%&'&$/#$) # 8#%.#$/& 2#)%1 E 5 75!/#F9 & E*F9 %&2%&'&$/#$) # 8#%.#$/& $1 2#)%1 E 5 2 25!#%F9 &''& <&$V3&$ '&%R #$#!.'#) ' ; # 2&%'2&7/.8# /&4%.7 3&/ ) !4(.7# )# 7. !.$(56'/.7# 5#$/./#/.8#9 )& #; 8 E*++J X,WY*ZK ,WW?F E,F Ela AR era meia livre 3#' a mãe #.$)# era escrava &$/1 ela era meia arisca.

  ,

  X 9 9 ??Z E*F Os homens ficava '4 $# %&/#(5#%)# escondidoØ= X 9 9 ??Z

  #%# 8&%.<.7#% :5& &'/#%.# 7 $).7. $#$) #' < %3#' 8#%.#$/&'9 '&%1 !&8#$/#) ' <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' & &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 '= #$R!.'& :5#$/./#/.8#9 <&./# 7 3 ;#'& &3 %&'5!/#) ' 2&%7&$/5#.' 5 2% ;#;.!6'/.7 ' #2%&'&$/#) ' 2&! 2#7 /& )& 2% (%#3#' EVariable ,

Rule aplicationF9 '&%R %&#!.N#)# 7 3 ;#'& $ corpus 7 $'/./56) 2&!# (%#8#01 )# <#!# )& ) N&

  ' &H&32! ' E,F & E*F '1 /%&7C ' %&/.%#) ' ) ' )&2 .3&$/ ' ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3= $/%&

  ,J .$< %3#$/&'9 :5&9 '&(5$) #' 8#%.R8&.' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7#'9 '& '5;).8.)&3 &3 (%52 ' )# '&(5.$/& < %3#

  5#)% .'/%.;5.01 ) ' .$< %3#$/&' '&(5$) (%52 ' )& <#/ %&' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 ' '&H & <#.H# &/R%.#

  • -"$*" '%, $"

  

FAIXA I FAIXA II FAIXA III

?'*#

  %#%"(

10 – 30 anos 31 – 50 anos + de 50 anos

  • MASCULINO

  >

  • FEMININO

  >

  %#%"( ? ? ?

  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

  ,W ;%& # :5&'/1 !.$(56'/.7# )# 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 $# <#!# )# 7 35$.)#)&9 C.2 /&/.N# '& :5& CR 8#%.#01 & :5& 5' )# 8#%.#$/& 2 25!#% #2%&'&$/#%R 53#

  2 %7&$/#(&3 3#. % ) :5& < . &$7 $/%#)# $ &'/5) )# <#!# 5%;#$# )& #7&.4 E

  9

  • JF9 2 )&$) '&% 53 .$)67. )# 2%&'&$0# #<%.7#$# $&''# &'/%5/5%# 8#%.#$/& )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 & :5& 2 )&%.# &'/#% 7 %%&$) 53# 35)#$0# &3 2% (%&'' &3 ).%&01 # 5' 2%&) 3.$#$/& )# 8#%.#$/& 2#)%1 )& 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 53# 8&N :5&9 ' A 8&$' &'/#%.#3 <#N&$) 3#. % 5' )&''# < %3# 2#)%1 :5& ' 3#.' 8&!C '=

  '/# ).''&%/#01 &'/R &'/%5/5%#)# &3 :5#/% 7#26/5! ' '&$) 2%.3&.% 7 $'/./56) )# <5$)#3&$/#01 /&4%.7#9 #; %)#$) ' ;A&/.8 ' ) 2% A&/ $#7. $#! 2#%# # C.'/4%.# ) 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% E F9 # 2&%'2&7/.8# '47. C.'/4%.7# & !.$(56'/.7# & ' 2%&''52 '/ ' )#

  7. !.$(56'/.7#9 )& .$< %3#0O&' (&%#.' ' ;%& # < %3#01 ) 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% 9 ' )#) ' %&<&%&$/&' L 2%&'&$0# #<%.7#$# $ 2 %/5(5P' ) %#'.!9 #' .$< %3#0O&' (&%#.' #7&%7# )# < %3#01 )& !#( #' & )& '5# 8#%.&)#)& )& !6$(5#9 /%#N 7 $A&7/5%#' ' ;%& # %&!#01 &$/%&

  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

  . 304 5 / 0 6

  '/& 7#26/5! 9 :5& #; %)# #' ;#'&' /&4%.7#' 5/.!.N#)#' $&'/# ).''&%/#01 9 #2%&'&$/# :5#/% '5;).8.'O&'= # 2%.3&.%#9 &$7 $/%#3 '& .$< %3#0O&' (&%#.' ' ;%& #

  47. C.'/4%.# .$(56'/.7# & '5# .32 %/@$7.# 2#%# 2% A&/ $#7. $#! ^ #%# # .'/4%.# ) %/5(5P' %#'.!&.% _K $# '&(5$)#9 &'/1 #' .$< %3#0O&' ' ;%& # 7. !.$(56'/.7#K $# /&%7&.%#9 '1

  #2%&'&$/#)#' .$< %3#0O&' (&%#.' ' ;%& # < %3#01 ) %/5(5P' %#'.!&.% &9 2 % S!/.3 9 &'/1 ' )#) ' 3#.' &'2&76<.7 ' ' ;%& # < %3#01 )& 5:5B3 E# 7 35$.)#)& &'/5)#)#F & )& '5# 8#%.&)#)& )& !6$(5#9 /&7&$) 7 $'.)&%#0O&' ' ;%& # %&!#01 &$/%& &''# 7 35$.)#)& &

  5.! 3; )& #!3#%&'9 #!B3 ) ' )#) ' ' ;%& <&$V3&$ !.$(56'/.7 .$8&'/.(#) =

  ' &'/5) ' !.$(56'/.7 ' 8 !/#) ' 2#%# # !.$C# )# .$(56'/.7# .'/4%.7# $ %#'.! 7 3&0#%#3 # (#$C#% < %0# # 2#%/.% )# )B7#)# )& J+9 3 /.8#) '9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/&9 2&!# :5&'/1 )# 8#%.#01 & 35)#$0# !.$(56'/.7# )&'&$8 !8.)# 2&!# 2% 2 '/# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# )& U&.$%&.7C9

  #; 8 & &%N ( E*++> X,WYIZF & 2&! 3 )&! (&%#/.8.'/# )& 2%.$762. ' & 2#%@3&/% '9 )& C 3'T" E,WJ,F=

  &''& 7 $/&H/ 9 /#3;B3 '5%(.5 .$/&%&''& 2&! &'/5) )# ^C.'/4%.# &H/&%$#_ )# !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# :5& &$8 !8&''& :5&'/O&' ' 7.#.' & C.'/4%.7#'9 2#%# :5& A5$/ L ^C.'/4%.# .$/&%$#_ E!.$(56'/.7#F '& 25)&''& 7 32%&&$)&% # < %3#01 ) 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% =

  • ,

  % A&/ #7. $#! $/&(%#) Para a história do português brasileiro9 9 $#'7& &3 ,WWY9 A5'/#3&$/& 2#%# 5$.<.7#% /%#;#!C ' 7 3 &''& ;A&/.8 & 2#%# &'/#;&!&7&% .)B.#' 2#%# # 7 $/.$5.)#)& ) 2% A&/ )& < %3# 7 %)&$#)#= ''& 2% A&/ /&8& .$67. $ I Seminário para a

  

História do Português Brasileiro, %&#!.N#) 2&! % (%#3# )& 4' %#)5#01 &3 .! ! (.# &

  6$(5# %/5(5&'# )# $.8&%'.)#)& )& 1 #5! E F9 ' ; # 7 %)&$#01 ) ' 2% <&'' %&' ) 5/ %&' /#!.;# )& #'/.!C & '# .%(6$.# #// ' & .!8#=

  .$/&(%# &:5.2&' %&(. $#.' :5& )&'&$8 !8&3 '&5' 2%42%. ' 2% A&/ ' ' ; !C#% )#' ).8&%'#' !.$C#' )& 2&':5.'# !.$(56'/.7#9 7 3 # .#!&/ ! (.#9 # 7. !.$(56'/.7#9 # 47.

  C.'/4%.# .$(56'/.7#9 # 7. !.$(56'/.7# #%#3B/%.7#9 # & %.# &%#/.8#9 5$7. $#!.'3 & 5/%#' )& 75$C )&'7%./.8 .$/&%2%&/#/.8 & 7%6/.7 /&H/5#! E & 9 *+++9 2= ,II ,>,F=

  #;&% :5#$) '& 2 )& ).N&% :5& '5%(.5 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% E F9 2 % #2%&'&$/#% ).<&%&$0#' &3 %&!#01 # 2 %/5(5P' &5% 2&5 E F9 B 53 ) ' .$/&%&''&' ) ' &'/5) ' $&''& 8.B' )& 2&':5.'#= #%# #%#!! E,WW,F & /#3;B3 #!8&' E,WW*F9 53# (%#3R/.7# 3#.' 2%42%.# ) '4 &3&%(.5 $ 'B75! ` `9 #2%&'&$/#$) #' '&(5.$/&' 35)#$0#'

  ,= %&#%%#$A ) '.'/&3# 2% $ 3.$#!9 #;%.$) 7#3.$C 2#%# ;A&/ ' $5! ' & 3#.' <%&:5&$/&3&$/& '5A&./ ' !&H.7#.'K

  • = 35)#$0# $#' &'/%#/B(.#' )& %&!#/.8.N#01 7 3 7 $'&:5P$7.# )# 35)#$0# ) '.'/&3# 2% $ 3.$#!K G= %& %(#$.N#01 ) ' 2#)%O&' )& %)&3 ;R'.7# 2#%# # %)&3 & &'/%&./#3&$/ )# #)A#7P$7.# $# 3#%7#01 ) 7#' #75'#/.8 K ?= ).%&/#3&$/& !.(#) ' L' #$/&%. %&'9 ' 2#)%O&' '&$/&$7.#.' &3 2&%(5$/#' ).%&/#' & .$).%&/#'= E#25) & 9 *++?9 2= *YF

  ' 2&':5.'#' 8 !/#)#' 2#%# # '47. C.'/4%.# ) 2% 75%#39 &$/%& 5/%#' 7 .'#'9 <&%&7&% #2#%#/ ' 2#%# :5& '& 2 ''#3 7 $A5(#% <#/ %&' &H/&%$ ' # ' .$/&%$ ' 2#%# '4 &$/1 7 $'&(5.% %&7 $'/./5.% C.'/4%.7 )# !6$(5#= &$) #''.39 2 % 3&. )#

  47. .'/4%.# .$(56'/.7#9 2 )&%.# '&% .$8&'/.(#) '& '& )&<.$.5 ' 3&$/& $# 8.%#)# ) 'B75! ` ` 2#%#

  ``9 7 3 #<.%3# #%#!! 9 5 #$/&'9 5 '&A#9 #.$)# $ .$67. )& '5# 7 ! $.N#01 =

  &(5$) #// ' & .!8# E*++?9 2= IJF9 2#%# %&752&%#% # C.'/4%.# ) 9 '&%.#3 $&7&''R%. ' &'/5) ' :5& #/&$)&''&3 # :5#/% 7#32 ' )& 2&':5.'#

  E#F 7#32 :5& '& 3 8&%R $# %&7 $'/%501 )& 53# C.'/4%.# ' 7.#! !.$(56'/.7# ) %#'.!K E;F 7#32 :5& '& 3 8&%R $# %&7 $'/%501 )& 53# '47. C.'/4%.# !.$(56'/.7# 5 )& 53# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# C.'/4%.7#K E7F 7#32 :5& '& 3 8&%R $# %&7 $'/%501 ).#7%V$.7# $ .$/&%. % )#' &'/%5/5%#' )# !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# &3 ).%&01 # 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% K E)F 7#32 :5& '& 3 8&%R $ @3;./ 7 32#%#/.8 &$/%& 2 %/5(5P' &5% 2&5 & 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% =

  '/# 2&':5.'#9 .$/&(%#)# # 2% A&/ O conhecimento da realidade linguística e

  

sociocultural da comunidade quilombola do povoado Muquém, da cidade de União dos

Palmares – AL9 ' ; # 7 %)&$#01 )# % <# %#= #%.# &$.!)# 5%#9 /&$/# #2%&'&$/#%

  7 $/%.;5.0O&' 2#%# 2% A&/ $#7. $#! 9 ;5'7#$) .$< %3#0O&' :5& ).N&3 %&'2&./ # ' 7#32 ' E#F & E;F )&'7%./ ' 2&!# #5/ %#=

  ;%& 2%.3&.% 7#32 9 3#.' %&!#7. $#) L C.'/4%.#9 ' )#) ' ' ;%& 2#''#) !.$(56'/.7 & ' 7. 75!/5%#! )# 7 35$.)#)& < %#3 7 !&/#) ' &3 !.8% '9 &3 ) 753&$/ ' &'7%./ ' & $ ' )&2 .3&$/ ' ) ' 3 %#) %&'9 53# 8&N :5& $1 CR ) 753&$/ ' &'7%./ ' #$/.( ' :5& <#!&3 ' ;%& # %.(&3 )# 7 35$.)#)&= 7 35$.)#)& B %&7 $C&7.)# 7 3 %&3#$&'7&$/& )

  5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&' & '& ! 7#!.N# $ 35$.762. $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'= &''& 3 ) 9 2% 75% 5 '& %&!#7. $#% )#) ' C.'/4%.7 ' )& 75$C )&3 (%R<.7 9 /&%%./ %.#! & !.$(56'/.7 ' ;%& ' :5.! 3; ' 2#!3#%.$ ' & ' ;%& # < %3#01 )&''& 35$.762. #!#( #$ 7 3 #' .$< %3#0O&' %#.' )#)#' 2&! ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3=

  '&(5$) 7#32 9 )# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# C.'/4%.7#9 2% 75%# ^&'/#;&!&7&% 7 %%&!#0O&' &$/%& <#/ ' !.$(56'/.7 ' & <#/ %&' ' 7.#.'_ 2#%# &'/5)#% # 8#%.#01 & ' 2% 7&'' ' )& 35)#$0# !.$(56'/.7# E & 9 *++?9 2= >*F= &'/# 2&':5.'#9 &''& 7#32 '&%R 5/.!.N#) 2#%# #$#!.'#% # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ $# <#!# ) ' .$< %3#$/&' & 8&%.<.7#% '& &'/R 7 %%&$) 53# 8#%.#01 &'/R8&! 5 53# 35)#$0# &3 2% (%&'' =

  • G

  &(5$) !T3.$ E*++,9 2= *JF9 ^ /&%3 7. !.$(56'/.7#9 %&!#/.8 # 53# R%&# )# .$(56'/.7#9 <.H 5 '& &3 ,W>?_9 $ 7 $(%&'' %(#$.N#) 2 % %.(C/= $(%&'' < .

  %&#!.N#) $# $.8&%'.)#)& )# #!.<4%$.# & 7 $/ 5 7 3 # 2#%/.7.2#01 )& 8R%. ' &'/5). ' ' :5& )&%#3 ).8&%'#' ).%&/%.N&' # ' &'/5) ' ' 7. !.$(56'/.7 ' 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 532&%N9

  #5(&$9 #; 89 "3&'9 .'C&% & $#= .$)# '&(5$) # #5/ %# E*++,9 2= G+F9 ^B 2 %/5$ #''.$#!#% :5& &'/#;&!&7.3&$/ )#

  7. !.$(56'/.7#9 &3 ,W>?9 B 2%&7&).) 2&!# #/5#01 )& 8R%. ' 2&':5.'#) %&'9 :5& ;5'7#8#3 #%/.75!#% # !.$(5#(&3 7 3 #'2&7/ ' )& %)&3 ' 7.#! & 75!/5%#!_= $/%& (%#$)&' %&2%&'&$/#$/&'9 &$7 $/%#3 '& &.!!&/ E,W*>F9 $53# 8.'1 C.'/ %.7.'/#9 # 8&% 53# %&!#01 &$/%& #' 35)#$0#' $#' &'/%5/5%#' ' 7.#.' & #' 35)#$0#' $# !.$(5#(&3K "3&' E,W>*F9 # &'/#;&!&7&% %&!#0O&' &$/%& !6$(5# & 75!/5%#9 2% 2 $) # /$ (%#<.# )# #!#9 2 '/&%. %3&$/& /$ (%#<.# )#

  35$.7#01 K & #; 8 E,W>*F9 # &'/#;&!&7&% %&!#0O&' &$/%& !6$(5# & ' 7.&)#)&9 2% 2 $) 9 2 '/&%. %3&$/&9 # 7. !.$(56'/.7# #%.#7. $.'/#= 3 '& /%#;#!C#3 :5&'/O&' !.$(56'/.7#' & ' 7.#.' )&$/% )# 2%42%.# 7. !.$(56'/.7#9

  CR ).<&%&$/&' ).%&0O&' &3 %&!#01 # ' '&5' &'/5) '9 2 %B39 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ #).#$/&9 &$:5#)%#3&$/ )#' ).'7.2!.$#' E 5 /& %.#'F $&''#' ).%&0O&' #7#;# '&$) 7 $<!./5 ' 9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& 2&!# 5/.!.N#01 )& 53# 3&'3# $ 3&$7!#/5%# 7 3 '&$/.) ' ).<&%&$/&'= !(5$' #5/ %&' E 9 ,WY>K ] a -K 9 *++IF #2%&'&$/#3 )5#' ).%&0O&' :5& 7 %%&'2 $)&%.#3 L .7% ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# & L #7% ' 7. !.$(56'/.7#=

  3 #2 $/# &!! E,WY>9 #25) 9 ,WJY9 2= ,JJF

  2%.3&.%# 752#% '& .# 7 3 #' 8#%.&)#)&' )&7 %%&$/&' ) 5' )& 53# !6$(5# 2&! ' '5A&./ ' <#!#$/&' X===Z9 .'/ B9 ' registros9 # 2#'' :5& # #7%

  • ?

  (%52 9 :5& '&%.# <5$01 )# '5# .)#)&9 '&H 9 2% <.''1 9 &/$.#= 5 '&A#9

&'/5)#%.# #( %# dialeto9 !#/ '&$'5= E(%.< ' ) #5/ %F

  & #7 %) 7 3 &''# ).7 / 3.#9 # $R!.'& ) .'75%' 9 # '.7 ! (.# 7.#! )# .$(5#(&39 # /$ (%#<.# )# 7 35$.7#01 & # .$(56'/.7# $/% 2 !4(.7# 7 %%&'2 $)&%.#3 L

  .7% ' 7. !.$(56'/.7#9 &$:5#$/ :5&9 # 7. ! (.# )# .$(5#(&39 # 7. !.$(56'/.7# #%.#7. $.'/#9 # .#!&/ ! (.# & # & !.$(56'/.7# 7 %%&'2 $)&%.#3 # ' ;A&/.8 ' )# #7%

  ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# E ] a -K 9 *++I9 2= GF= ' 5/%#' )5#' ).%&/%.N&'9 #2 $/#)#' 2 % #5/ %&' 7 3 .//3#% E,WJ,F & 5!3#'

  E*++*F9 /#3;B3 < %#3 )&$ 3.$#)#' )& .7% ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# & )& #7% ' 7. !.$(56'/.7#9 3#' &'/#%.#3 %&2%&'&$/#) 9 %&'2&7/.8#3&$/&9 53 '&$/.) )& ^3.7% $68&!_ & )& ^3#7% $68&!_=

  #3;B3 '&(5$) !.# E,WJY9 2= ,JJF9 ^7#;&%.# # 2%.3&.% &'/5) )#' 8#%.&)#)&' !.$(56'/.7#' &$:5#$/ %.(.$#)#' $ 2% 7&'' ).$@3.7 )# 7 35$.7#01 ' 7.#!9 # 2#'' :5& $ '&(5$) '&%.#3 &!#' &'/5)#)#' 7 3 '.'/&3#' ' 7.#.' '.3;4!.7 ' &3 7 $/#/ 5 7 $<!./ _=

  &''# 8.'1 9 # 7. !.$(56'/.7# )& #; 8 '& &$:5#)%#%.# $ 3.7% $68&! & # 7. ! (.# )# .$(5#(&39 $ 3#7% $68&!=

  &(5$) #; 8 E*++J X,WY*Z9 2= *,I *,>F9 2 )&3 '&% 7 $'.)&%#)#' 7 3 R%&#' )& &'/5) )# 7. !.$(56'/.7#9 /#$/ # 7. ! (.# )# .$(5#(&39 :5& ^!.)# 7 3 <#/ %&' ' 7.#.' )& !#%(# &'7#!# & '5# .$/&%#01 3S/5# 7 3 !6$(5#' & ).#!&/ '_K # /$ (%#<.# )# <#!#9 ^:5& '& 2%& 752# 3#.' 7 3 ' )&/#!C&' )# !6$(5# $ 5' %&#!_9 )&'7%&8&$) & #$#!.'#$) ' 2#)%O&' )& 5' )& !6$(5# & ).#!&/ ' )&$/% )& 53# 75!/5%# &'2&76<.7#K & # 7. !.$(56'/.7#

  #%.#7. $.'/#9 :5& 2% 75%# &'/5)#% # &'/%5/5%# & # &8 !501 )# !6$(5# .$'&%.)# $ 7 $/&H/ ' 7.#! )# 7 35$.)#)& )& <#!# &'/5)#)#=

  7. !.$(56'/.7#9 7 3 (%#$)& R%&#9 )&<&$)& # $ 01 )& !6$(5# .$/&.%#3&$/& %&!#7. $#)# # ' 7.#! & )&<&$)& &'/5) )# !6$(5# 5'#)# &3 './5#0O&' %&#.'9 7 3 2% 2 '/ 2&! <5$7. $#!.'3 = 3 #2 $/# 5!3#' E*++*F9 &''# /& %.# 2% 75%# &'/5)#% # %&!#01 &$/%&

  • I

  ' 7.#! # ' :5&'/. $#3&$/ ' 7.&$/6<.7 '9 /&$/#$) 7%.#% 3B/ ) ' :5& #/&$)#3 # ' ;A&/.8 ' )# /& %.#9 5$.<.7#$) :5&'/O&' !.$(56'/.7#' & ' 7.#.'

  3 C6;%.) :5& '& ;#'&.# $# &%5).01 !.$(56'/.7# & ' 7. !4(.7#9 # ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# 7 3;.$# 53 .$/&%&''& &3 &'/%5/5%#' !.$(56'/.7#' 7 3 %&7 $C&7.3&$/ )& :5& &H#3.$#% #' ).3&$'O&' ' 7.#.' )# !6$(5# &H.(&

  3B/ ) ' .$/&%2%&/#/.8 ' :5& $ ' 2&%3./&3 7 32%&&$)&% 7 3 # !6$(5# B %&<!&H )& 2% 7&'' ' & )& %&!#0O&' ' 7.#.' & :5& 7 $/%.;5. 2#%# <#N&% #

  • * ' 7.&)#)& <5$7. $#% 7 3 <5$7. $#= E 9 *++*9 2= *9 /%#)501 $ ''#F

  &(5$) &''& 3&'3 #5/ %9 2#%# &''# 2&%'2&7/.8#9 / )#' #' !6$(5#' '1 C&/&% (P$&#' & '1 <#!#)#' 2 % 2&'' #' :5& 8.8&3 &3 ' 7.&)#)& &9 &'/#9 7 3 '#;&3 '9 2 ''5. 53# $#/5%&N# ).8&%'.<.7#)#= 8#%.#01 & # 35)#$0#9 )&''& 3 ) 9 '& / %$#3 2 $/ ' 7&$/%#.' 2#%# &''# 7 $7&201 )& !6$(5#

  7 $7&./ )& !6$(5# ' ; :5#! # ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# B #/%.;56)# ).<&%& $# 3#$&.%# 7#%#7/&%6'/.7# )#:5&!& )# !.$(56'/.7# < %3#!= .$8B' )& !C#% # !6$(5# 7 3 53# &'/%5/5%# <.H# .$)&2&$)&$/&9 # ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# 2O& # 35)#$0# )& !6$(5# & # 8#%.#01 $ 7&$/% )& '5#' )&!.;&%#0O&'= G E 9 *++*9 2= ,9 /%#)501 $ ''#F

  7. !.$(56'/.7# #2%&'&$/# 53 7#%R/&% .$/&%).'7.2!.$#%9 8.'#$) .$/&(%#% 2% 2 '/#' /&4%.7#' & 3&/ ) !4(.7#' )& ).8&%'#' R%&#'9 7 3 ;A&/.8 )& &$7 $/%#% 2% 2 '/#' :5& !&8&3 &3 7 $'.)&%#01 ' #'2&7/ ' ) 7 32 %/#3&$/ C53#$ :5& .$<!5&$7.#3 # 7 35$.7#01 9 #'2&7/ ' 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 7!#''& ' 7.#!9 (P$&% 9 .)#)&9 %#0#9 &/$.#9 %&)&' ' 7.#.'9 (%52 ' ' 7.#.'9 #/./5)&'9 .)&$/.)#)&9 2 !6/.7#9 .)& ! (.#9 C.'/4%.#9 &/7 E ] a - & 9 *++I9 2= ,+F=

  • C";%.) /C#/ )%#[' $ ; /C !.$(5.'/.7 #$) ' 7. ! (.7#! '7C !#%'C.29 ' 7. !.$(5.'/.7' 7 3;.$&' #$

    .$/&%&'/ .$ !.$(5.'/.7 '/%57/5%&' [./C /C& %&7 ($./. $ /C#/ &H#3.$.$( /C& ' 7.&/#! ).3&$'. $' < !#$(5#(&

    %&:5.%&' .$/&%2%&/#/.8& 3&/C )' #!! [.$( 5' / 5$)&%'/#$) C [ !#$(5#(& .' %&<!&7/.8& < ' 7.#!

    G 2% 7&''&' #$) %&!#/. $'C.2' #$) [C#/ ./ 7 $/%.;5/&' / 3#T.$( ' 7.&/" [ %T #' ./ ) &'= E ;.)&39 2= *F C& 7 $7&2/ < !#$(5#(& 52 $ [C.7C ' 7. !.$(5.'/.7' .' 2%&).7#/&) ).<<&%' .$ 7C#%#7/&%.'/.7 [#" <% 3
  • >

  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

  ?

  .'' 9 &%#3 7 $'.)&%#) ' 7 3 8#%.#0O&' !.8%&'9 5 )&%.8#' = $/%& #' 2 ''68&.' !.$C#' )& 2&$'#3&$/ ' 7. !.$(56'/.7 9 &'/& /%#;#!C #) / 5 #

  7. !.$(56'/.7# 5#$/./#/.8#9 /#3;B3 7C#3#)# )& 7. !.$(56'/.7# #%.#7. $.'/#9 :5& /&3 #; 8 7 3 '&5 2%&75%' %= ''& /&4%.7 < . %.&$/#) 2 % U&.$%&.7C9 $# $.8&%'.)#)& )& !S3;.#9 $)& < . 2% <&'' % #/B ,WY+ &9 #/5#!3&$/&9 B % <&'' % )& .$(56'/.7# )#

  $.8&%'.)#)& )# &$'.!8@$.#9 .!#)B!<.#= &')& ' &'/5) ' .$.7.#.'9 2 % 8 !/# ) ' #$ ' >+9 &!& ;5'7 5 &!#; %#% 53 3 )&!

  /&4%.7 3&/ ) !4(.7 :5& 7 %%&'2 $)&''& # ' 2%&''52 '/ ' )# !.$C# )& 2&':5.'# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7#9 <.%3#)# 7 3 53# R%&# )# .$(56'/.7# $ 7 $(%&'' %(#$.N#) 2 % %.(C/9 &3 ,W>?=

  #; 89 7 3 )./ #$/&%. %3&$/&9 2#%/.7.2 5 )&''& 7 $(%&'' :5& /.$C# 7 3 ;A&/.8 ).'75/.% &'/5) ' 8 !/#) ' 2#%# # %&!#01 &$/%& !6$(5# & ' 7.&)#)&= %.(C/ E,WY?F9 $ 7#26/5! .$/% )5/4%. ) !.8% Sociolinguistics9 :5& /%#N.# ' /%#;#!C ' #2%&'&$/#) ' $ &8&$/ 9 /&$/# )&<.$.% &''# $ 8# R%&# )& &'/5) = #%# &!&9 53# 7.P$7.# !.$(56'/.7# )&8& )&3 $'/%#% :5& # 8#%.#01 &$7 $/%#)# $# !6$(5# $1 B ^!.8%&_9 ^3#' 7 %%&!#7. $#)# # ).<&%&$0#' ' 7.#.' '.'/&3R/.7#'_ E,WY?9 2=,JF &9 7 3 &!& 3&'3 #<.%3#9 ^# /#%&<# )# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# B9 2 %/#$/ 9

  ? .32 %/#$/& !&3;%#% :5&9 7 3 #2 $/# !.# E,WJY9 2=J?9 (%.< ) #5/ %F9 ^#' 8#%.#0O&' .$).8.)5#.'9

#' 8#%.#0O&' )./#' !.8%&'9 '1 !.$(56'/.7#' )& 2!&$ ).%&./ = 5#$) &!#' '& ' 3#3 #/%#8B' ) ' /&32 ' &

  • Y

  )&3 $'/%#% # 7 8#%.#01 '.'/&3R/.7# )#' 8#%.#0O&' !.$(56'/.7# & ' 7.#!9 &9 /#!8&N9 #/B 3&'3 )&3 $'/%#% 53# %&!#01 7#5'#! &3 53# 5 5/%# ).%&01 _ E,WY?9 2=,YF=

  $/&' 3&'3 )&''& &$7 $/% 9 #; 8 AR #2%&'&$/#8# $ ' '&5' /%#;#!C ' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' )&''# !.$C# /&4%.7# :5& 8P # %&!#01 &$/%& !6$(5# & ' 7.&)#)& & :5& /&$/# &$7 $/%#% '.'/&3#/.N#01 $&''# %&!#01 9 7 3 9 &3 ,W>*9 $ /%#;#!C ' ;%& .$(!P' <#!#) $# .!C# )&

  #%/C#b' .$&"#%)9 $ ' '/#) ' $.) '= ''& #5/ % #2%&'&$/#9 &$/1 9 53# 2% 2 '/# /&4%.7 3&/ ) !4(.7# :5& 7 $'.)&%#

  &'/5) )# !6$(5# &3 '&5 7 $/&H/ ' 7.#!9 !&8#$) &3 7 $/# <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' & &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 'K :5& #) /# # !6$(5# <#!#)# 7 3 ;A&/ )& &'/5) 9 ;#'&#$) '5# #$R!.'& &3 )#) ' 7 !&/#) ' )& 8R%. ' .$).86)5 'K & :5& 3 '/%# # 2 ''.;.!.)#)& )& '.'/&3#/.N#% # 8#%.#;.!.)#)& &$7 $/%#)# $# !6$(5#9 5/.!.N#$) '& )& 53# #$R!.'& :5#$/./#/.8# :5& #2%&'&$/# %&'5!/#) ' ;#'&#) ' &3 2&%7&$/#(&3 & 2% ;#;.!.)#)& )& 5' )#' 8#%.#$/&'=

  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

  !B3 ) :5& < . &H2 '/ 9 $# 7. !.$(56'/.7# '1 2 ''68&.' ' &'/5) ' '.$7%V$.7 ' & ).#7%V$.7 ' 2#%# 8&%.<.7#% # %.(&39 # &H/&$'1 & # 2% 2#(#01 )#' < %3#' 8#%.#$/&'= ''.39

  #; 8 A5$/#3&$/& 7 3 U&.$%&.7C & &%N ( E*++> X,WYIZF !#$0#3 # 2% 2 '/# )& 53# /& %.# )# 35)#$0# !.$(56'/.7#9 3 '/%#$) # .32 %/@$7.# )& '& 7 $'.)&%#% ' &!&3&$/ ' .$/&%$ ' & &H/&%$ ' L !6$(5# &$8 !8.) ' $ 2% 7&'' )& 35)#$0# # '&% &'/5)#) =

  • J

  '&%&3 2&%7&;.) ' .$)67. ' )& :5& CR 2% 7&'' ' &3 35)#$0# $# <#!# )# 7 35$.)#)&9 2&':5.'#) % 2#''# # 8&%.<.7#% <&$V3&$ !&8#$) &3 7 $'.)&%#01 5/%#' :5&'/O&' /&4%.7#' & 3&/ ) !4(.7#'9 ;5'7#$) 53# 3&!C % 7 32%&&$'1 ) 2% 7&'' & 8&%.<.7#$) '&9 )& <#/ 9 7 $'/./5. 53# 35)#$0#=

  #$ E*++Y9 2= ,?F # <#!#% ' ;%& ' 2%.$762. ' )# 35)#$0#9 #<.%3# :5&

  #%&7& .32 ''68&!9 # 2#%/.% )# )&'7%.01 )& 53 &'/#) )# !6$(5#9 7#2/#% 75%' )# 35)#$0#9 3#'9 '&(5$) U&.$%&.7C9 #; 8 & &%N ( E,W>JF9 B 2 ''68&! #2%&&$)&% #!(53#' %&'/%.0O&' %&!#/.8#' L 35)#$0# & # ' <5$)#3&$/ ' &326%.7 ' '5;A#7&$/&'= 2%.3&.% 2#'' B 8&% # !6$(5# 7 3 ) /#)# )& C&/&% (&$&.)#)& '.'/&3R/.7# E2#%/& )# 7 32&/P$7.# !.$(56'/.7# ) <#!#$/&F= '&(5$) 2#'' B )&'7 ;%.% 3&7#$.'3 )# 35)#$0#=

  &(5$) &''&' #5/ %&'9 #2&'#% )& # 35)#$0# '&% 53 <&$V3&$ )& 75%' .32%&8.'68&!9 &'/5) ) '&5 3&7#$.'3 B 2 ''68&! 2 %:5& CR 2%.$762. ' %&(5!#) %&' 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 )# 5$.< %3.)#)&= 3 3 '/%# $/&.% E*+++9 2= ,*+F9 ^'&(5$) &'/& 2%.$762. 9 #' < %0#' :5& #/5#3 2#%# 2% )5N.% 53# 35)#$0# !.$(56'/.7# $# #/5#!.)#)& '1 )# 3&'3# 7#/&( %.# & %)&3 )& 3#($./5)& :5& #' :5& /P3 #/5#) $ ' 7.$7 5 )&N 3.! #$ ' 2#''#) '_9 2 % .'' 2 )& '& ).N&% :5& ^ 3&7#$.'3 B '&32%& 3&'3 _ & :5& 2 )& '&% .$8&'/.(#) =

  )&'7%.01 )& &'/#) ' )# !6$(5#9 7 3 #2 $/#) $# 7./#01 )& #$9 '&%.# .32 %/#$/&9 2 .'9 #!B3 )& #2%&'&$/#% #' ).<&%&$0#' &$/%& 2#''#) & 2%&'&$/&9 2 )& #5H.!.#% $# #2%&&$'1 )&''#' %&'/%.0O&' %&!#/.8#' L 35)#$0# & $# 7 32%&&$'1 )& 35)#$0#' 7 %%.)#' $ 2#''#) 9 ;'&%8#$) :5& 2 )&9 5 $1 9 #.$)# &'/#% 7 %%&$) $ 2%&'&$/&=

  #%# # .$8&'/.(#01 )&''& 3&7#$.'3 $# 2&%'2&7/.8# 8#%.#7. $.'/#9 #!(5$' princípios

  

empíricos '1 .32 %/#$/&' & )&8&3 '&% ;'&%8#) ' 7 3 ) ' fatores condicionantes,

  7 3;.$#01 &$/%& <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' & ' 7.#.'K transição, ).<5'1 )& 8#%.#$/&' $# ' 7.&)#)&K

  

encaixamentos linguístico e social, 7 3 53# 35)#$0# '& &$7#.H# $ '.'/&3# !.$(56'/.7 & $#

  3#/%.N ' 7.#!K avaliação9 A5!(#3&$/ )#' 8#%.#$/&' 2&! ' <#!#$/&' :5& 2 )& !&8#% L 35)#$0# 5

  • W

  L 8#%.#01 &'/R8&! &K implementação9 7 3 <&$V3&$ 2#''# # <#N&% 2#%/& )# &'/%5/5%# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# & )&.H# )& '&% 8.'/ 7 3 35)#$0#=

  ' #$R!.'&' &3 tempo real & &3 tempo aparente '5%(&3 7 3 3&/ ) ! (.#' 5/.!.N#)#' 2&! ' ' 7. !.$(5.'/#' 2#%# 8&%.<.7#% '& 53 <&$V3&$ &3 53# )#)# 7 35$.)#)& '& 7#%#7/&%.N# 7 3 53# 35)#$0# &3 75%' 5 53# 8#%.#01 &'/R8&!9 &3 :5& $1 CR 53# '5;'/./5.01 )& 53# 8#%.#$/& 2 % 5/%# & :5& #' ).<&%&$0#' )& 5' #7#;#3 7#%#7/&%.N#$) (%52 ' ' 7.#.'9 %&(.O&'9 %#!.)#)& 8'= &'7%./# &/7=

  &'/5) &3 /&32 %&#! # <#!# )& 53# )#)# 7 35$.)#)& B 7 32#%#)# ;'&%8#$) '& ^2 $/ ' ).<&%&$/&' $ /&32 _9 2 )&$) '&% )& ) .' /.2 ' /&$)P$7.# & 2#.$&!= 2%.3&.% '& 5/.!.N# )& #3 '/%#' #!&#/4%.#' )& 53# 3&'3# 7 35$.)#)& &3 /&32 ' ).<&%&$/&'9 AR '&(5$) '& 5/.!.N# )& 53 3&'3 (%52 )& <#!#$/&' ^2#%# 7 32#%#% '5# <#!# &3 3 3&$/ ' ).'/.$/ ' )& '5# 8.)#_ E ] a - c 9 *++I9 2= ?, ??F=

  3B/ ) 2#%# &'/5) )& 35)#$0# &3 /&32 #2#%&$/&9 #) /#) 2 % &'/# 2&':5.'#9 8#. /&% <#/ % .)#)& 7 3 < 7 )& ;'&%8#01 & 8#. .$8&'/.(#% # <#!# )& 2&'' #' 3#.' .) '#' & )#' 2&'' #' 3#.' A 8&$' )& 53# 3&'3# 7 35$.)#)&9 <#N&$) 7 32#%#01 &$/%& &''#' <#!#' & 8&%.<.7#$) #' ).<&%&$0#' !.$(56'/.7#' E.)&3F=

  32%&&$)&% 53# !6$(5# & 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& 7 $C&7&% # '5# < %3#01 .$7!5. 53 ; 3 7 $C&7.3&$/ ' ;%& '5#' :5&'/O&' &H/&%$#'9 ' ;%& # C.'/4%.# 2&!# :5#! '&5' 5'5R%. ' 2#''#%#3 & <.N&%#3 # !6$(5# 2#''#%= &''& 3 ) 9 7 32%&&$)&% 3&!C % 2 %/5(5P' ) %#'.! E F

  G+ '.($.<.7# ;5'7#% .$< %3#0O&' C.'/4%.7#'9 ' 7.#.'9 )&3 (%R<.7#' )5%#$/& '5# < %3#01 )&')& '&5 .$67. #/B ' ).#' #/5#.'=

  &(5$) #%#!! E,WW+F9 # !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# B 53# )#' !6$(5#' % 3@$.7#'9 :5& %&'5!/ 5 )# &8 !501 ) !#/.3 85!(#% <#!#) $ $ % &'/& )# &$6'5!# ;B%.7#= ' !6$(5#' $#/.8#' )&''# %&(.1 2&%)&%#3 /&%%./4%. 2#%# !#/.3 )5%#$/& #' 5&%%#' S$.7#' E# 2#%/.% ) 'B75! #= =F= &'3 7 3 # .$8#'1 )& 2#%/& )# %&(.1 2&! ' (&%3@$.7 ' E'B75! )= =F & 2&! ' .'!@3.7 ' E'B75! )= =F9 !#/.3 7 $/.$5 5 '5# &8 !501 9 2 %B39 ^AR 35./ ).'/#$7.#) )& '5#' %.(&$' & %&(. $#!3&$/& ).8&%'.<.7#) _ E d 9 ,WYI9 #25) 9 ,WW+9 2= J* JGF= 2#%/.% )&''& 3 3&$/ 9 !#/.3 2#''# 2#%# 53 5/% &'/#) )& !6$(5#9 )&$ 3.$#) % 3#$0 E% 3#$7&F9 &'/#) .$/&%3&).R%. &$/%& !#/.3 )& %.(&3 & #' $ 8#' !6$(5#'= %&(.1 %&7 $:5.'/#)# 2&! ' % 3#$ ' 2#''# # '&% )&$ 3.$#)# &$6'5!#

  .'2@$.7# & # '&% ).8.).)# &3 %&.$ ' )& &1 9 )& #'/&!# & ) %/ E %/57#!&F= . $&'/& S!/.3 :5& /&%.# '& )&'&$8 !8.) # !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#= &(5$) #%)&.%# E*++>9 #25) 9 *++>79 2=GF9 /&%%./4%.

  2 %/5(5P' &%# ).8&%'.<.7#) 2 !6/.7# & !.$(5.'/.7#3&$/&

  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

  2 %/5(5P' '& .$.7.# 7 3 %&.$#) )& < $' &$%.:5&'9 $ 'B75! ` & '& 2% 2#(# # 2#%/.% )& ,?,I9 ^7 3 # / 3#)# )& &5/#_9 &3 ,?,J9 7 3 # 7 ! $.N#01 )& #)&.%#= ' &H2&).0O&' /.$C#3 7 3 ;A&/.8 7C&(#% L' $).#'9 3#' &3 ,I++ 7C&(#%#3 # %#'.!= ) &''& .$/&%&''&

  G, /&3 7 3 3 /.8 # :5&'/1 &7 $V3.7# & # ).<5'1 )# <B9 3#' /#3;B3 7 3&0# # '& ).<5$).% # !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#9 :5& #7#; 5 &$%.:5&7&$) 9 ^2&! 3&$ '9 '&5 #7&%8 !&H.7#! 7 3 &32%B'/.3 ' / 3#) ' # !6$(5#' )# ]<%.7# & )# ]'.#= &''& 2&%6 ) 9 /#3;B3 '& )&5 .$67. L < %3#01 ) ' 7%. 5! '9 :5& /P3 7 3 ;#'.!&/ # !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#_ E

  9

  • >79 2= ?F=

  /%#N.) # %#'.! AR 7#%%&(#8# &''#' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' )& ).8&%'.)#)& ).#!&/#! & )& &32%B'/.3 ' )& 5/%#' !6$(5#'= !B3 ).'' 9 '&(5$) #% &

  7C&%%& E*++Y9 2= *YF9 ' 2 %/5(5&'&' AR /&%.#3 )&'&$8 !8.) 53 /.2 )& &'/%#/B(.# 2#%# # 7 35$.7#01 7 3 &'/%#$(&.% '9 53 '.'/&3# )&$ 3.$#) ^!6$(5# )& 2%&/ _9 & :5& $1 '&%.# 5'#) &3

  %/5(#!= &(5$) ' #5/ %&'9 &''# &'/%#/B(.# < . )&'&$8 !8.)# # 2#%/.% )# &H2&%.P$7.# #):5.%.)# $#' %5N#)#' E$# )#)& B).#F & $# 7 ! $.N#01 )& %&(.O&' )# ]'.# & )# ]<%.7#=

  #'9 $ %#'.!9 E 5 #/B 3&'3 # &'/%#/B(.7# ^!6$(5# )& 2%&/ _F $1 ^7 $'&(5.5_ '& .32 % .$.7.#!3&$/&= !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# '4 2#'' 5 # '& &'2#!C#% &$/%& # 2 25!#01 ;%#'.!&.%# &3 3&#) ' ) 'B75! ` 9 :5#$) # ^!6$(5# (&%#!_ )& ;#'& /52. 2#''# # '&% 2% .;.)#= #8.#9 )&''& 3 ) 9 53 :5#)% )& 35!/.!.$(5.'3 $ ' 'B75! ' .$.7.#.' ) %#'.! 7 ! $.#!= !B3 ) & )#' !6$(5#' .$)6(&$#'9 #.$)# &'/#8#3 2%&'&$/&' #' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#'=

  ).<67.! 2%&7.'#% E7% $ ! (.7#3&$/&F :5#$) 2 %/5(5P' <#!#) $ %#'.! )&.H# )& /&% 2#%/& )#' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' ) & 2#''# # '&% 8.'/ 7 3 = C.24/&'& )& #%#!! E,WW,F B :5& 53# (%#3R/.7# 3#.' 2%42%.# ) '4 /&$C# &3&%(.) $ 'B75! ` `= #' 8#!& %&''#!/#% :5& #!(53#' ).<&%&$0#' &$/%& & &'/1 '&$) &'/5)#)#' & 2#%&7&3 ;&3 7 $'.'/&$/&' 7 3 #'2&7/ ' < $B/.7 ' E$ '1 %&#!.N#)#' #' 8 (#.' 2%&/V$.7#' & #' 2 '/V$.7#'FK #'2&7/ ' 2% '4).7 ' 5 '52%# '&(3&$/#.'K #'2&7/ ' '.$/R/.7 ' E7 ! 7#01 ) ' 2% $ 3&' 7!6/.7 ' & '.'/&3# 2% $ 3.$#!F & #'2&7/ ' !&H.7#.' E 9 *++>79 2= +?F= %B39 &H.'/&3 5/%#' :5&'/O&' :5& #.$)# $1 &'/1 &'7!#%&7.)#' 7 3 # )# 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#=

  G* #%# 577C&'. E*++*K *++JK K ` 9 *++>F9 2 % 53# 'B%.& )& <#/ %&' 7 3 # ) 35!/.!.$(5.'3 & )#' &'/%#/B(.#' &H/%#/.8.'/#' & #(% 2#'/ %.'9 &3 :5& ' 7&$/% '

  5%;#$ ' ! 7#!.N#) ' $ !./ %#! 2 57 &H&%7.#3 .$<!5P$7.# $#' 5/%#' %&(.O&' ) 2#6'9 # C.'/4%.# ) B 8.'/# 7 3 53 2% 7&'' 7 32!&H & 2 !#%.N#) 9 <.7#$) )& 53 !#) #' $ %3#' 75!/#' E8#%.R8&.'F & )& 5/% #' $ %3#' 2 25!#%&' E/#3;B3 8#%.R8&.'F

  $:5#$/ # &!./& 7 ! $.#! &'/#%R < %/&3&$/& !.(#)# # ' 2#)%O&' !.$(56'/.7 ' )# &/%42 !& 2 %/5(5&'#9 $ ' )&3#.' '&(3&$/ ' )# 2 25!#01 ;%#'.!&.%#9 #' !6$(5#' (&%#.' .$)6(&$#' & #' !6$(5#' <%#$7#' #<%.7#$#' &'/#%1 '&$) 2% (%&''.8#3&$/& '5;'/./56)#' 2 % 8#%.&)#)&' 2% <5$)#3&$/& #!/&%#)#' )# !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#= E 9 *++*9 2= +GF=

  #2%&'&$/# &''#' $ %3#' 2 25!#%&' 8#%.R8&.'= &(5$) #// ' & .!8# E*++?F9 B 53# 3 )#!.)#)& )# !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# :5& 7#%%&(# /%#0 ' ) <#!#) 2&!# (%#$)&

  2#%/& )# 2 25!#01 $# B2 7# 7 ! $.#! < %3#)# 2 % &'7%#8 ' & 2 % #:5&!&' $1 2&%/&$7&$/&' L &!./& 2 %/5(5&'#= #%# /&$/#% 7 32%&&$)&% 3&!C % #' ).<&%&$0#' &$/%& & & 2#%# 7 $C&7&% # '47.

  C.'/4%.# )#' 3 )#!.)#)&' )

  9 B $&7&''R%.# 53# %(#$.N#01 $#7. $#!9 2 .' #!(53#' ).%&/%.N&'9 7 3 < %#3 7 3&$/#)#' $ /42.7 )&'/& 7#26/5! 1.1 A Sócio História Linguística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

  GG #'9 #$/&' )& <#!#% 3#.' &'2&7.<.7#3&$/& ' ;%& :5.! 3; & ' ;%& # 7 35$.)#)&

  )&'7&$)&$/&9 B .32 %/#$/& <#N&% 53 #2#$C#) ' ;%& 7 $/&H/ C.'/4%.7 9 )&3 (%R<.7 & ' 7.#! )# < %3#01 ) 9 #<.$#!9 / )# &''# 7 $/&H/5#!.N#01 <&%&7& 3#.' '5;'6). ' 2#%# &$/&$).3&$/ ) <&$V3&$ &'/5)#) 9 )# 8.)# :5.! 3; !# & ) 2 %:5P )& #!(53#' 7 35$.)#)&' #2%&'&$/#%&3 )&/&%3.$#)#' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#'=

  # ;5'7# 2&!# C.'/4%.# ) 9 #!(5$' 2&':5.'#) %&' 7 3 #// ' & .!8# E*++?9 *++>#9

  • >;F & $8.$. E*++JF 8P3 /&$/#$) %(#$.N#% & %&5$.% .$< %3#0O&' :5& 2 ''#3 7 $/%.;5.% 2#%# 2&':5.'#' ).%&7. $#)#' # 7 $C&7.3&$/ )&''# !.$C# )& 2&':5.'#= 5./#' )&''#' .$< %3#0O&' < %#3 7 !&/#)#' &3 /%#;#!C ' 7 3 )& .!8# &/ E,WI+K ,W>+F9 5#.'' E,WJIF9 5''# E,WW,F & .;&.% E,WWIF & '&%1 /#3;B3 %&752&%#)#' $&'/# ).''&%/#01 =

  '&(5.%9 '&%1 #2%&'&$/#)#' .$< %3#0O&' )& ).8&%' ' &'/5). ' ' :5& 7 $/%.;56%#3 2#%# &''# !.$C# )& .$8&'/.(#01 '47. C.'/4%.7# & !.$(56'/.7# & ' ;%& #:5&!&' :5& /.8&%#3 53# 2#%/.7.2#01 3#. % $# < %3#01 ) 2 %/5(5P'9 .$7!5'.8& &3 !#( #'9 7 3 ' 6$). '9 ' 2 %/5(5&'&' & ' $&(% ' #<%.7#$ '=

  ,=G=, 2%&'&$0# .$)6(&$# ;%& # 2%&'&$0# .$)6(&$#9 $ 7#26/5! :5#/% ) !.8% Ensaios para uma sócio

  

história do português brasileiro9 #// ' & .!8# E*++?F 7 3&0# '&5 /&H/ <#N&$) %&<!&HO&'

  ' ;%& # :5#$/.)#)& )& !6$(5#' .$)6(&$#' :5& 2 )&%.#3 /&% &H.'/.) $ 2&%6 ) .$.7.#! )#

  7C&(#)# ) ' 2 %/5(5&'&'= 2&'#% )# ).'7%&2@$7.# &$/%& # 2 ''.;.!.)#)& )& G?+ !6$(5#' 2% 2 '/#' 2 % )%.(5&' E,WJ>9 2= ,WF & # )& ,=I++ !6$(5#' 2% 2 '/# 2 % 5#.'' E,WJI9 2= ,++9 #25) 9 *++?9 2= Y>F9 # #5/ %# #<.%3# :5& $1 '& 2 )& $&(#% #

  G? &H.'/P$7.# )& 53 (%#$)& $S3&% )& !6$(5#' .$)6(&$#'9 #2 $/#)#' 2&! ' 2%42%. ' )&';%#8#) %&' 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 &= $/V$. .&.%#=

  % 3&. )#' )&'7%.0O&' )&''&' 2%.3&.% ' ;'&%8#) %&'9 2 )&3 '&% <&./#' 7 $A&7/5%#' ' ;%& #' !6$(5#' &H.'/&$/&'9 :5#.' '&%.#3 #' !6$(5#' (&%#.' & )&'/.$ )&!#'= #'9 7 3 #2 $/#

  #// ' & .!8#9 # :5&'/1 )# !6$(5# (&%#! $ 2&%6 ) 7 ! $.#! ) %#'.! B 53 /#$/ 2% ;!&3R/.7#9 53# 8&N :5& 2 )&%.#3 /&% &H.'/.) !6$(5#' (&%#.' ^)&'7&$)&$/&' ) &$7 $/% ) 2 %/5(5P' &5% 2&5 & )& !6$(5#' )# <#36!.# /52. (5#%#$._9 7 3 # 2#5!.'/#9 ) /% $7 /52.9 & # #3#NV$.7#9 ) /% $7 /52.$#3;R9 )&'/#7#)#' 2 % )%.(5&' E,WJ>9 2= WW ,+WFK &9 2 ''.8&!3&$/&9 $ $ %)&'/&9 # T#%.%. E) /% $7 3#7% APF9 7 3 #2 $/# 5#.'' E,WJI9 2= ?W I+9 #25) 9 *++?9 2= ,IF9 $1 C#8&$) 9 )&''& 3 ) 9 #2&$#' 53# !6$(5# (&%#!=

  5/% 2 $/ 2% ;!&3R/.7 9 %&<&%&$/& # 7 $7&./ )& !6$(5# (&%#!9 B :5& &''# &H2%&''1 2 )&%.# &'/#% '& %&<&%.$) /#$/ L' !6$(5#' (&%#.' .$)6(&$#' 7 3 /#3;B3 # 2 %/5(5P' (&%#! ;%#'.!&.% E F9 ^X===Z 53 2 %/5(5P' '.32!.<.7#) 9 7 3 .$/&%<&%P$7.# )& !6$(5#' .$)6(&$#' & /#3;B3 )& !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#'_ E 9 *++?9 2= J,F=

  .$)# $1 '& '#;& 2 % :5#$/ /&32 &''#' !6$(5#' (&%#.' .$)6(&$#' < %#3 5'#)#' 2#%# # 7 35$.7#01 &$/%& ;%#$7 '9 6$). ' &9 2 '/&%. %3&$/&9 $&(% ' #<%.7#$ '9 3#'9 7 3 3 '/%# # C.'/4%.#9 # 7 $8.8P$7.# 3#.' ^2#76<.7#_ &$/%& ;%#$7 ' & 6$). ' )5% 5 #2&$#' $ ' #$ ' .$.7.#.'9 <.$)#$) :5#$) ' 2 %/5(5&'&' 7 3&0#%#3 # 5'R ! ' 7 3 &'7%#8 '=

  #!75!# '& :5&9 #$/&' )# 7C&(#)# ) ' 2 %/5(5&'&' # %#'.!9 # 2 25!#01 .$)6(&$# 7 %%&'2 $).# # 7.$7 3.!CO&'= % 8 !/# )& ,II+9 ; # 2#%/& )&''# 2 25!#01 AR C#8.# '.) ).N.3#)#9 7 3 7 3&$/# .$C#%&' E,WW?F9 # <#!#% ' ;%& # ).8&%'.)#)& )& !6$(5#' & 75!/5%#' .$)6(&$#' #/5#!3&$/& & $# B2 7# 7 ! $.#!

  $ %#'.! :5& '& &$7 $/%# # 3#. % 8#%.#01 (&$B/.7# )#'

  3B%.7#'= ''# ).8&%'.)#)& )&8&%.# '&% #.$)# 3#.' '.($.<.7#/.8# $# B2 7# 7 ! $.#!9 2 .' &=

  GI

  ) ' 6$). ' ) #%#$C1 & #%R9 7#!75! 5 :5&9 ' 3&$/& $# 2%.3&.%# 3&/#)& ) 'B75! ` 9 < %#3 &H/&%3.$#) ' 3#.' )& *=+++=+++ )& 6$). ' & )&'#2#%&7&%#3 3#.' )& I++ #!)&.#' E 9 ,WW?9 #25) & 9 *++>9 2= *IF=

  ' 6$). ' !./ %@$& '9 :5& %&'.'/.#3 # 7#/.8&.% 9 /.8&%#3 :5& '52 %/#% # 3 %/& )& '&5' 7 32#$C&.% '9 7#5'#)# 2&!# &'7%#8.)1 .32 '/#= # /&$/#/.8# )& <5(.% )&''& '.'/&3#9 ' 2 57 ' :5& %&'.'/.#3 /.8&%#3 :5& '& %&<5(.#% $ .$/&%. % ) 2#6'9 !&8#$) '5#' !6$(5#' & 75!/5%#'= #'9 $1 )5% 5 35./ /&32 2#%# :5& ' 2 %/5(5&'&' 7 $C&7&''&3 .$/&%. % ) 2#6'=

  ' 6$). '9 )&''& 3 ) 9 #.$)# /.8&%#3 :5& &$<%&$/#% #' 2&%'&(5.0O&' )#' ^&$/%#)#'_9 (%52 ' < %3#) ' 2 % 2#)%&' A&'56/#'9 7 3 ;A&/.8 )& 7 $C&7&% #' !6$(5#' .$)6(&$#' 2#%# 7#/&:5.N#% ' 6$). '9 & 2 % 2 %/5(5&'&'9 :5& ;5'7#8#3 )&'7 ;%.% $ 8#' /&%%#' & 2 ''68&.' %.:5&N#' $#/5%#.'K &9 2 '/&%. %3&$/&9 $ 'B75! ` 9 #' 2&%'&(5.0O&' )#' ^;#$)&.%#'_9 < %3#)#' 2 % &5% 2&5' & '&5' )&'7&$)&$/&'9 $#'7.) ' $ %#'.!9 & &'7%#8 ' 7#2/5%#) ' E6$). ' & #<%.7#$ 'F :5&9 )& 3 ) (&%#!9 8.'#8#3 &$7 $/%#% 3&/#.' 2%&7. ' ' & /#3;B3 )&'/%5.% 2 ''68&.' :5.! 3; ' &$7 $/%#) '=

  &!#7. $#)# # / ) ' &''&' <#/ '9 7 3 #2 $/#) 2 % &./& & %#$7C&// E*++>9 2= *>F9 C#8.# 53# 2 !6/.7# )& C 3 (&$&.N#01 2 % 2#%/& ) ' 2 %/5(5&'&' $ 2&%6 ) 7 ! $.#!=

  %.3&.%#3&$/&9 /&$/#%#3 3.$.3.N#% # ).8&%'.)#)& !.$(56'/.7#9 2% 2 $) 7 3 !6$(5# (&%#! # )& ;#'& /52.$#3;R9 A5'/.<.7#) 2 % '&% ^# 3#.' 7 353_ & ^5'#)# 2 % 53 3#. % $S3&% )& <#!#$/&'_9 .$7!5'.8& < . ' ;%& &''# !6$(5# :5& $7C.&/# &'7%&8&59 &3 ,IWI9 # Arte de

  I grammatica da lingoa mais usada na costa do Brasil=

  5/%# 3&).)# / 3#)# 2#%# /#3;B3 3.$.3.N#% # ).8&%'.)#)&9 #2 $/#)# 2&!#' #5/ %#'9 < . # )& &'/#;&!&7&% ).7 / 3.#' :5& 2% 8 7#''&3 53 A5!(#3&$/ )& 8#! %K )& 53 !#) 9

  G> 7 ! $.N#) %K )& 5/% 9 7 ! $.N#) K !6$(5# ; # vs. !6$(5# %5.3K 6$). ' 3#$' ' vs. 6$). ' ;%#8 'K /52. vs. /#25.#= &''& 3 ) 9 '& <#N.# 53 7#3.$C &3 ;5'7# )# C 3 (&$&.N#01

  2 !6/.7# 2 '/# &3 2%R/.7# 2&! ' A&'56/#'9 7 3 #2 . )# % #9 /.% 5 ) ' 6$). ' '&5' 7 '/53&'9 '5#' /&%%#'9 '5# 7 '3 ! (.#9 '5# 3S'.7# & '5# !6$(5#= 53# ).8&%'.)#)& 7 $)&$#)#9 .32V' !C&' 53# C 3 (&$&.N#01 9 75A ;A&/.8 &%# 3#$/&% # 5$.)#)& ) /&%%./4%. 7 $:5.'/#) = E &./& & %#$7C&// 9

  • >9 2= *>F

  #2 . 2 %/5(5P' )#) L' #0O&' ) ' A&'56/#'9 2 %B39 < . &!.3.$#) 2 % 8 !/# )# 3&/#)& ) 'B75! ` = #! #01 <#N.# 2#%/& )#' )&7.'O&' / 3#)#' 2&! #%:5P' )& 3;#!9 :5& /#3;B3 C#8.# )&7.).) 2%&$)&% #!(5$' A&'56/#' & 2% .;.% 5' & &'/5) )& !6$(5#' .$)6(&$#'=

  ' 2&%)#' %&!#7. $#)#' L' ).8&%'.)#)&' B/$.7#' & !.$(56'/.7#' )&''&' 2 8 ' .$)6(&$#' &'/1 ).%&/#3&$/& %&!#7. $#)#' # &''&' <#/ ' C.'/4%.7 '= ''.39 7 3 #2 $/# #// ' & .!8# E*++?F9 # !6$(5# )& ;#'& .$)6(&$# $1 7 $'&(5.5 '&% # !6$(5# <.7.#! & $&3 ' .$)6(&$#' 7 $'&(5.%#3 ).<5$).% '5#' !6$(5#'=

  2%&'&$0# .$)6(&$#9 $ &$/#$/ 9 2 )& '&% 8.'/# $ 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& 2 % 3&. ) !BH.7 9 53# 8&N :5& '1 8R%.#' #' 2#!#8%#' )& %.(&3 .$)6(&$# 2&%/&$7&$/&' # 8 7#;5!R%. ) &9 '&(5$) $8.$. E*++J9 2= ,+GF9 $S3&% )& /&%3 ' )& %.(&3 .$)6(&$# 5!/%#2#''# )& /&%3 ' )& %.(&3 #<%.7#$#=

  ,=G=* 2%&'&$0# 2 %/5(5&'# 5#$) '& 2&$'# $# 2#%/.7.2#01 &5% 2&.# 2#%# # < %3#01 ) %#'.!9 )&'/#7# '&9 '&3

  )S8.)#9 # 2%&'&$0# 2 %/5(5&'#= 3 #2 $/# ' )#) ' )& 5''# E #;&!# ,9 2=?*F9

  GY C.'/4%.# ;%#'.!&.%#9 %&2%&'&$/#$) 9 &3 %&!#01 L 2 25!#01 / /#! ) 2#6'9 G+e9 &$/%& ,IGJ & ,>++K *Ie9 &$/%& ,>+, & ,Y++K **e9 &$/%& ,Y+, & ,J++K ,?e9 &$/%& ,J+, & ,JI+K & ,Ye9 &$/%& ,JI, & ,JW+=

  ''#' 8.$)#' &'/.8&%#3 %&!#7. $#)#' L' $&7&''.)#)&' )& %(#$.N#01 )# 7 !V$.#= %.3&.%#3&$/&9 &$/%& 'B75! ` #/B 3&#) ' ) 'B75! `

  9 C 58& # $&7&''.)#)& )& 53 7 $/.$(&$/& 2#%# 75.)#% )# 2% )501 )& #0S7#% $ ' &$(&$C '9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/&9 )& &%$#3;57 & )# #C.#= ( &3 '&(5.)#9 $ <.$#! ) 'B75! ` 9 ' 2 %/5(5&'&' < %#3 $&7&''R%. ' & /.8&%#3 .$/&%&''& )& 75.)#% ) 2% 7&'' )& ;5'7# 2&! 5% = 3 ,J+J9 # 8.$)# )# <#36!.# %&#! 2#%# %#'.! /#3;B3 .$7&$/.8 5 53 (%#$)& 7 $/.$(&$/& )& 2 %/5(5&'&'= 9 $ <.$#! ) 'B75! ` `9 )&8.) L $&7&''.)#)& )& 31 )& ;%#9 35./ ' &3.(%#$/&' %.5$) ' )& %/5(#! '& 35)#%#3 2#%# %#'.!=

  !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#9 )&''# < %3#9 /#3;B3 &'/&8& 2%&'&$/& &3 / )# &''# C.'/4%.# )# $#01 ;%#'.!&.%#= $C&7&% #' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' )&''# !6$(5# & )& '&5' <#!#$/&' 2 )& '&% 53 <#/ % )& #5H6!. 2#%# 7 32%&&$)&% # !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# 5'#)# $# 7 !V$.#=

  .!8# &/ E,WI+K ,W>+F /&$/ 5 )&'7 ;%.% # 2% 8&$.P$7.# ) ' 2 %/5(5&'&' 7 ! $.N#) %&'= #'9 ).#$/& )#' ).<.75!)#)&' )& '& &$7 $/%#% 7 32% 8#0O&'9 $1 < . 2 ''68&! )&/&%3.$#% )& :5#.' %&(.O&' & )& :5#.' 7!#''&' ' 7.#.' ' 7 ! $.N#) %&' 2 %/5(5&'&' <#N.#3 2#%/&= $/%&/#$/ 9 2 % 3&. )& ) 753&$/ ' &'7%./ ' 2 % #!(5$' ) ' 8.#A#$/&'9 2%&'53& '& :5& C#8.# 2 %/5(5&'&' )& ).<&%&$/&' %&(.O&'9 3#'9 2% 8#8&!3&$/&9 # 3#. %.# 8.$C# )# %&(.1 $ % &'/&9 53# %&(.1 )&$'#3&$/& 2 8 #)#=

  #3;B3 %&!#7. $#)# # ' 2 %/5(5&'&' $ %#'.! C#8.# ).8&%'.)#)& )& 7!#''&' ' 7.#.' & )& 8#%.&)#)&' ).#!&/#.'9 2% 8 7#$) :5& .!8# &/ )&$ 3.$ 5 )& 53# ^koiné_ $.8&!#) %#9 53 7 $868. )& ).<&%&$0#' :5& !&8 5 # 53# !6$(5# 7 353=

  ;%& %/5(#!9 53 )#) .32 %/#$/& )& '&% 7 $'.)&%#) B )# &H.'/P$7.# )& (%#$)& 3 $/#$/& )& $1 !&/%#) '9 .'' 2 %:5& !&/%#3&$/ &3 %/5(#! '4 7 3&0 5 ^# ).<5$).% '& $

  GJ 'B75! ` 9 2%.3&.% 'B75! )# 7 ! $.N#01 ;%#'.!&.%#_ E 9 *++?9 2= Y?F9 2 .'9 #$/&' ).'' 9 !#/.3 &%# # !6$(5# )# &'7%./# & &$'.$#)# # 2 57 '=

  %#'.!9 #/B 3&#) ' ) 'B75! ` 9 &%# !#%( 5' )# !6$(5# (&%#! .$)6(&$#9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& $ 3&. %5%#!= %B39 &3 ,YIY9 #%:5P' )& 3;#! <.7.#!.N# 2 %/5(5P' 7 3 !6$(5# )# 7 !V$.#9 ;%.(#$) '&5 5' $# ) 753&$/#01 <.7.#!9 .32!&3&$/#$) '&5 &$'.$ $ %#'.!9 3#' <&./ 2 % !&.( '9 )&2 .' )# &H25!'1 ) ' A&'56/#'9 & 2% .;.$) 5' )# !6$(5# (&%#!9 &3 ,YIJ E 9 *++?9 2= *+ *,F=

  &''# < %3#9 7 3 .$7&$/.8 L &'7 !#%.N#01 & 7 3 # 8.$)# 7 $/6$5# )& 2 %/5(5&'&' 2#%# %#'.!9 )&8.) # $&7&''.)#)&' 2 !6/.7#' & &7 $V3.7#'9 # !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# <#!#)# 2&! ' 2 %/5(5&'&' & '&5' )&'7&$)&$/&' $ %#'.!9 5 '&A#9 # !6$(5# ^75!/#_9 '& ).'/#$7. 5 )

  9 3 )#!.)#)& 2 25!#% <#!#)# 2 % #<%.7#$ '9 #<% )&'7&$)&$/&' & 6$). ' ;%#'.!&.% '= &(5$) 577C&'. E*++J9 2= ,?J ,?WF9 /#! %&#!.)#)& !.$(56'/.7# 2% 2 %7. $ 5 #

  &H.'/P$7.# )& ) .' '.'/&3#' C&/&% (P$& '9 <.7#$) 9 )& 53 !#) 9 #' $ %3#' 75!/#'9 5'#)#' 2 % <#!#$/&' &'7 !#%.N#) ' & )& 7!#''& 3B).# & #!/# &9 )& 5/% 9 #' $ %3#' 2 25!#%&'9 5/.!.N#)#' 2 % (%#$)& 2#%/& )# 2 25!#01 =

  #%# #5/ %9 # $ %3# 75!/#9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& # 2#%/.% ) .$67. ) 'B75! ``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

  GW EGF #F '2&7/ < $B/.7

  .= 8 (#.' &3 2 '.01 #7&$/5#)# $ $1 '& <#N9 3#' $ '& <#N # 2 '.01 &$/%& /a/9 8 (#! 7&$/%#! %&75#)#9 & /α/9 $1 %&75#)#9 &3 7#' ' 7 3 trabalh/α/mos E$ 2%&'&$/&F vs. trabalh/a/mos E$ 2%&/B%./ 2&%<&./ FK

  ..= '.'/&3# 8 7R!.7 $1 #7&$/5#) $ #' 8 (#.' 2%B & 24' #7&$/5#)#' '1 2&%7&2/68&.' /i e ε a o u/9 $ #' 8 (#.' '1 7&$/%#!.N#)#' 5 #!/&#)#' /i ə α u/K

  ...= 7 $' #$/&' &3 2 '.01 <.$#! $ 7 %%& 53 &$<%#:5&7.3&$/ 9 &$:5#$/ $ #2%&'&$/# 53# ^#%/.75!#01 < %/&_9 7 3 9 2 % &H&32!

  anima/l/ $ 9 anima/u/ & anim/a/ $ K

  .8= 2#!#/#!.N#0O&' )& )&$/#.' '&(5.)#' )& '&3.8 (#! 5 8 (#! #$/&%. % $ $1 7 %%& &''& /.2 )& 2#!#/#!.N#01 K $ &''# 2#!#/#!.N#01 7 %%& &3 #!(53#' %&(.O&'9 $1 '&$) (&%#!9 &3 7#' ' 7 3 /t/ia9

  /d/ia9 den/t/e9 on/d/e9 /#3;B3 &3 7&%/#' %&(.O&' 7 %%& # 2#!#/#!.N#01

  ^:5#$) # '&3.8 (#! #$/&%. % 2#!#/#!.N#) %# 2%&7&)& # 7 $' #$/& )&$/#!_ o/ts/o E ./ F & pe/ts/o E2&./ F=

  ;F '2&7/ '.$/R/.7 .= '.'/&3# 2% $ 3.$#! &3 (&%#! %&)501 $ 2#%#).(3# <!&H. $#! $S3&%

  2&'' # ) 8&%; 9 $ B 2 ''68&! .)&$/.<.7#% 2#%#).(3#' 7 3 :5#/% Eeu falo; ele, você, a gente fala; nós falamos; eles falamF9 /%P' Eeu falo;

  ele, você, a gente fala; eles falamF & #/B )5#' 2 '.0O&' Eeu falo; ele, você, a gente, eles, vocês falaFK 2 % 7 $/# )&''# %&)501 9

  2%&&$7C.3&$/ ) '5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! '& <#N 3#.' $&7&''R%. $ ) :5& $ K $ 7 %%& 53# /&$)P$7.# L ).3.$5.01 ) 5' )& 2% $ 3&' 7 32!&3&$/ ' 7!6/.7 ' E2%.$7.2#!3&$/& o9 a9 os9 asF9 '&$) '5;'/./56) ' 2 % '.$/#(3# $ 3.$#! 2!&$ E^ 5 8. '&5 <.!C !R_F9 2% $ 3& '5A&./ 7 %%&'2 $)&$/& E^&5 8. &!& !R_F 5 #2#(#3&$/ ) 2% $ 3& 7 32!&3&$/ E^&5 8. !R_FK $ 9 #''.3 7 3 $

  9 CR 8#%.#01 )# 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% $ .$/&%. % ) '.$/#(3# $ 3.$#!=

  7F '2&7/ !&H.7#! /#$/ :5#$/ #) /#%#3 2#!#8%#' )& 5/%#' !6$(5#'9 #2%&'&$/#$) 9 2 %B39 #!(53#' ).<&%&$0#' $ 5' !&H.7#!=

  ?+

  7 $/#/ ) ' 2 %/5(5&'&' 7 3 ' #<%.7#$ ' $1 < . .$.7.#) 2 % 7 $/# )# $&7&''R%.# 31 )& ;%# $ %#'.!9 :5& /&8& 7 3 53# )#' 2%.$7.2#.' 7#5'#' # ).<.75!)#)& &3 %&!#01 # /%#;#!C .$)6(&$#= $/&' ).'' 9 AR '& /.$C# 7 $C&7.3&$/ ) 7 $/#/ ) ' 2 %/5(5&'&' 7 3 &''&' & 5/% ' 2 8 '= ;%& .'' 9 #% & 7C&%%& E*++Y9 2= *>F #<.%3#3 :5&

  5%#$/& # )#)& B).#9 ' 2 %/5(5&'&' 2#%/.7.2#8#3 )#' 7C#3#)#' %5N#)#'9 :5& .32!.7#8# 7 $/#/ ).%&/ 7 3 ).8&%' ' 2 8 ' )# 5% 2#9 ) %/& )# ]<%.7# & ) %.&$/&

  B). = 'B75! ` 9 7C&(#%#3 # 7 $:5.'/#% ).8&%'#' 7.)#)&' $ %/& )# ]<%.7#9 $)& &'/#;&!&7&%#3 8&%)#)&.%#' 7 !V$.#'9 &'/&$).)#'9 3#.' /#%)&9 L ]<%.7# 7.)&$/#!9 #;#.H ) ##%#=

  7 $/#/ ) ' #<%.7#$ ' 7 3 # !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#9 )&''& 3 ) 9 AR &H.'/.#9 2&! 3&$ ' $ 'B75! ` 9 $# %&(.1 $ %/& )# ]<%.7#= #%# 35./ ' )#:5&!&' :5& < %#3 /%#N.) ' 2#%#

  %#'.!9 2 % 3&. ) /%R<.7 .$.7.#) &3 3&#) ' ) 'B75! ` 9 7 $/#/ 7 3 # !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# 2#'' 5 2 % / )#' #' &/#2#' ) 2% 7&'' )& &H2! %#01 ) %&(.3& &'7%#8#(.'/#= ' #<%.7#$ ' &%#3 7#2/5%#) ' & /%#$'2 %/#) ' #/B # 7 '/# #$( !#$# 2&! ' ^2 3;&.% '_9

  C 3&$' 7 $/%#/#) ' 2&! ' 7 3&%7.#$/&' ) !./ %#! #$( !#$ & :5&9 35./#' 8&N&'9 /% 7#8#3 3&%7#) %.#' 2 % &'7%#8 '= # 7 '/#9 ' 7#/.8 ' &%#3 )&'/.$#) ' # '&%8.% #:5&!&' :5& C#8.#3 7 $/%#/#) ' '&%8.0 ' ) ' 2 3;&.% ' 5 &%#3 )&'/.$#) ' L &H2 %/#01 = &(5$) $8.$.

  E*++J9 2= G,F9 C#8.# /%P' 2 $/ ' 2%.$7.2#.' 2 % $)& ' &'7%#8 ' &%#3 &$7#3.$C#) '

  # %&(.1 # $ %/& ) . $( E&H a#.%&F9 2 % #$( & 2&! ' 2 %/ '

  8.N.$C ' )& #!&3;# & #;.$)#K ) $( 9 2&! 2 %/ )& .$)# $# < N ) %. K )& $( !#9 2 % 5#$)# E #$)!&'9 ,W>J ,YYF= &''&' 2 %/ '9 B 2%&7.' #7%&'7&$/#% /#3;B3 )& &$(5&!#=

  3 5N# E*++>9 2= J*F9 2 )&3 '& 8&% #!(53#' )#' % /#' #2 $/#)#' 2 % $8.$. & #' %&(.O&' ) %#'.! L' :5#.' ' &'7%#8 ' &%#3 !&8#) '

  ?, /#' ) /%R<.7 $&(%&.%

  $:5#$/ #(5#%)#8#3 # 8.#(&39 ' &'7%#8 ' <.7#8#3 $ ' 7C#3#) ' ^;#%%#7O&'_9 ! 7#!.N#) ' $ $( E2%4H.3 # #;.$)& 5 #;.$)#F9 &3 $( !# E$# #/5#! 7#2./#! 5#$)#F & &3 &$(5&!#9 5 $ ' 2 %O&' ) ' $#8. ' $&(%&.% ' :5& '&%.#3 7 $)5N.) ' 2#%# %#'.!=

  ) ' ' ; ' ^75.)#) '_ ) ' 2 %/5(5&'&'= 3 3 '/%# 3#2# #7.3#9 &7.<& E/&%%./4%. # :5#! !#( #' 2&%/&$7.#F /&%.# %&7&;.) 53 3#. % $S3&% )& #<%.7#$ ' 8.$) ' ) ' 2 %/ ' )&

  5#$)# & &$(5&!#9 %&(.O&' )& !6$(5#' ) /% $7 #$/ =

  ?* 3#) # &''& 2&%6 ) )& &'2&%#9 ' #<%.7#$ ' /#3;B3 ^7 $8.8.#3_ 7 3 ' 2 %/5(5&'&' & '5# !6$(5# 2 % / ) /&32 &3 :5& #' 8.#(&$' )5%#8#3 #/B # 7C&(#)# # '

  2 %/ ' ) %#'.!= ;%& # )5%#01 )#' 8.#(&$'9 $8.$. E*++J9 2= G*F )&'/#7# :5& )& 5#$)# 2#%# &7.<& )5%#8# /%.$/# & 7.$7 ).#' & 2#%# . )& #$&.% 9 ) .' 3&'&'=

  $8B3 !&3;%#% :5& ' 7#2/5%#) ' &%#3 &'/%#/&(.7#3&$/& '&2#%#) '= 3 <#/ % &''&$7.#! 2#%# &''# ).8.'1 &%# )# !6$(5# <#!#)# 2 % &!&'= ''.39 7 ! 7#$) A5$/ ' ' #<%.7#$ ' <#!#$/&' )& !6$(5#' ).<&%&$/&'9 &'/&' /&%.#3 ).<.75!)#)&' 2#%# '& 7 35$.7#% & ' 2 %/5(5&'&' &8./#%.#3 2% ;!&3#' 7 3 2 ''68&.' 3 /.$'=

  $8.$. E*++JF #<.%3#9 #2 .#) &3 #!(5$' &'/5). ' '9 :5& 3&'3 C#8&$) &''# ).<&%&$0#9 2 )&%.#3 /&% '5%(.) !6$(5#' 8&.75!#%&' E 'F #<%.7#$#'9 53# 8&N :5& #' !6$(5#' &%#3 ^/.2 ! (.7#3&$/& 2%4H.3#'_= quimbundo9 2 % &H&32! 9 2 )&%.# /&% '& / %$#) # !6$(5# 8&.75!#% E F ) ' #<%.7#$ '9 AR :5& C#8.# '.) #) /#)# 2 % $( !# 7 3 & &%# ^<#!#)# &3

  5#$)# & # ! $( ) %. 5#$N# #/B '5# < N_ E $8.$.9 *++J9 2= G*F= <#!#% ' ;%& # 2 25!#01 $ %#'.!9 &$/%& ,IGJ & ,JW+9 #// ' & .!8# E*++?9 2= ,+,F

  #2%&'&$/# 53# /#;&!# %&/.%#)# )# ;%# )& 5''#= 3 '& 2 )& 8&% #;#.H 9 &'/# /#;&!# <&%&7& 53 2#$ %#3# ' ;%& #:5&!&' :5& 2#%/.7.2#%#3 )# < %3#01 )# 2 25!#01 ;%#'.!&.%# #;&!# %3#01 )# 2 25!#01 ;%#'.!&.%# '&(5$) &/$.#'

  9B C D D C E E C B B C B B C B #<%.7#$ ' *+e G+e *+e ,*e *e $&(% ' ;%#'.!&.% ' \ *+e *,e ,We ,Ge 35!#/ ' \ ,+e ,We G?e ?*e ;%#$7 ' ;%#'.!&.% ' \ Ie ,+e ,Ye *?e &5% 2&5' G+e *Ie **e ,?e ,Ye 6$). ' .$/&(%#) ' I+e ,+e Je ?e *e

  $/& 5''#9 ,WW,9 2= ,>G=

  ?G 2&$#' $ 2%.3&.% 3 3&$/ 9 )& ,IGJ # ,>++9 # 2 25!#01 .$)6(&$# < . 2%&) 3.$#$/&

  &3 %&!#01 L 2 25!#01 &5% 2&.# & #<%.7#$#9 7 %%&'2 $)&$) # I+e )# 2 25!#01 / /#!= #'9 $ ' 3 3&$/ ' '&(5.$/&'9 C 58& 53# :5&)# ;%5'7#9 7 32% 8#$) :5& < . &'7%./ 2&! &=

  $/ $. .&.%# ' ;%& (%#$)& $S3&% )& 6$). ' &H/&%3.$#) ' #.$)# $ .$67. )# 7 ! $.N#01 = 2 25!#01 &5% 2&.# /#3;B3 /&8& $S3&% %&)5N.) )5%#$/& 2&%6 ) &'7%#8.'/#= 2&'#% )& &''# 2 25!#01 /&% <.7#) &3 G+e $ 3 3&$/ .$.7.#!9 #2%&'&$/#$) :5&)#' $ '

  2&%6 ) ' '&(5.$/&' E*Ie9 **e & ,?eF9 7C&( 5 # ' ,Ye $ <.$#! ) 'B75! ` `9 2 % 7 $/# )#

  7C&(#)# )& &3.(%#$/&' &5% 2&5'9 #!B3 ) ' #'.R/.7 ' $ <.3 ) 2&%6 ) &'7%#8.'/#= $:5#$/ .'' 9 # 2 25!#01 ;%#$7# ;%#'.!&.%#9 )&'7&$)&$/& ) ' &5% 2&5'9 '5;.5 $#/5%#!3&$/& )& Ie9 )& ,>+, # ,Y++9 2#%# *?e9 )& ,JI, # ,JW+=

  R # 2 25!#01 #<%.7#$# & #<% )&'7&$)&$/&9 < %3#)# 2 % $&(% ' ;%#'.!&.% ' & 35!#/ '9 3#$/&8& '& 7 3 3#. %.# &3 2%#/.7#3&$/& / ) 2&%6 ) 9 2&%3#$&7&$) &3 >+e9 &3

  3B).#9 )# 2 25!#01 / /#! $ %#'.!= 5/%# /#;&!# %&/ 3#)# 2&!# #5/ %# '& %&<&%& L ).'/%.;5.01 )# 2 25!#01 &'7%#8# 2 %

  %&(.1 9 &3 ,J,W #;&!# * .'/%.;5.01 )# 2 25!#01 &'7%#8# 2 % %&(.1

  

8 < B F 4 12

%/& *Y9Ge %)&'/& GG9+e

  &'/& *J9,e 5!

  • J9We &$/% &'/& ?+9Ye

  Média 30%

  $/& #)#2/#01 )& M= #// ' ,WW+9 2= >I ;%& # /#;&!#9 #// ' & .!8# E*++?9 2= ,+?F #<.%3# :5& ' )#) ' $1 .$7!5&3 '

  ?? &:5.!.;%#)# )# 2 25!#01 &'7%#8# $ %#'.!9 $ 7 $/&H/ )& 53# ).$@3.7# ' 7.#!9 2 % 53 !#) 9 2%42%.# # 7#)# %&(.1 9 2 % 5/% 9 $ (&%#! ) %#'.!_=

  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

  #.' <#/ ' 7 $/%.;56%#3 2#%# :5& C 58&''&9 #!B3 )# 8#%.#01 9 53# 2 '.01 &$/%& :5& C A& )&$ 3.$#3 ' 2 %/5(5P' 75!/ & 2 %/5(5P' 2 25!#%9 .$/&$'.<.7#)# 2&!# &'7 !#%.N#01 5 2&! $1 #7&'' # &!# E 9 *++>F=

  ;%& # &'7 !#%.N#01 $ %#'.!9 '&(5$) #// ' & .!8# E*++?9 2= ,G+F9 #.$)# $1 CR 53 &'/5) #2% <5$)#) = #'9 )& #7 %) 7 3 #!(5$' )#) '9 # #5/ %# 3 '/%# :5&9 $ <.3 ) 'B75! ` 9 #2&$#' +9Ie )# 2 25!#01 &%# !&/%#)# E 9 ,WJIFK &3 ,JY*9 )#) ' ) 2%.3&.% 7&$' <.7.#! ) %#'.! 3 '/%#8#3 :5& ' 3&$/& ,>9Je )# 2 25!#01 &$/%& > & ,I #$ ' <%&:5&$/#8#3 # &'7 !# &9 $ $68&! '&75$)R%. 9 ' #!5$ ' 7 %%&'2 $).#3 # 3&$ ' )& ,* 3.!9 )& 53# 2 25!#01 )& ?=>++=+++9 &$:5#$/ .'' 9 C#8.# J=+++ 2&'' #' 7 3 &$'.$ '52&%. %K &3 ,W*+9 ' &'7 !#%.N#) ' 7C&(#%#3 # *Ie E 9 ,WWWF9 2 %B39 $ ' #$ ' ,WW+9 ' 3&$/& ,+e ;/.8&%#3 $68&! '52&%. % )& &$'.$ =

  )& '& ).N&% :5&9 #5H.!.#) 2 % &''&' )#) ' #2%&'&$/#) ' #7.3#9 5 '&A#9 )&3 (%R<.7 '9 &7 $V3.7 ' & &'7 !#%&'9 ' #<%.7#$ ' & ' #<% )&'7&$)&$/&' < %#3 2&0#' <5$)#3&$/#.' 2#%# # < %3#01 ' 7.#! ) %#'.! & /#3;B3 2#%# # ).<5'1 %#! ) 2 %/5(5P' 2 25!#% 2 % / ) 2#6'=

  &$) #''.39 / ) ' ' )#) ' 3 '/%#3 :5& # < %3#01 ) %#'.! 7 %%&5 2 % 3&. ) 7 $/#) &$/%& 2 8 '9 3#' 2 )& '& ).N&% :5& $&(% /&8& 53# 2#%/.7.2#01 35./ '.($.<.7#/.8#

  ?I 2#%# # < %3#01 ' 7.#! & !.$(56'/.7# ) %#'.!9 7 3 #2 $/# .;&.% E,WWI9 2= ,>> & **+9 #25)

  & 9 *++?9 2= JGF

  $7&$/%#$) '& &3 (%#$)&' 3#''#' $#' R%&#' )& #/.8.)#)& 3&%7#$/.! 3#.' .$/&$'#9 $)& 6$). &'7#''&#8# 7#)# 8&N 3#.'9 $&(% &H&%7&%.# 53 2#2&! )&7.'.8 $# < %3#01 )# ' 7.&)#)& ! 7#!= Seria, por excelência, o agente de europeização que difundiria a língua do colonizador & :5& &$'.$#%.# # ' &'7%#8 ' %&7B3 7C&(#) ' #' /B7$.7#' )& /%#;#!C 9 #' $ %3#' & 8#! %&' 2%42%. ' )# '5;75!/5%# # :5& '& 8.# .$7 %2 %#) E2=,>>9 (%.< ' )# #5/ %#F=

  !5/# 3#.' R%)5# ) $&(% #<%.7#$ & )& '&5' )&'7&$)&$/&' ;%#'.!&.% ' < .9 #.$)# B9 # 7 $:5.'/# )& 53 !5(#% & )& 53 2#2&! 2#%/.7.2#$/& !&(6/.3 $# ' 7.&)#)& $#7. $#!= &!# '& 8.5 .$7 %2 %#) L < %0#= A5) 5 # 7 $'/%56 !# &9 $&''& &'< %0 '& )&'<&N9 3#'9 # <.39 '4 $&!# '#;.# 8.8&%9 &3 %#N1 )& '5# / /#! )&'#<%.7#$.N#01 = E2= **+9 (%.< ' )# #5/ %#F

  3 #2 $/#) 2 % #!(5$' #5/ %&'9 < . 2 % 3&. )# %#!.)#)& :5& #'2&7/ ' '.$/R/.7 '9 < $B/.7 < $ !4(.7 ' & !&H.7#.' )#' 8R%.#' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' < %#3 '& .$/&(%#$) & )#$) # 2 %/5(5P' 7#%R/&% ;%#'.!&.% =

  ;%& # 2 ''68&! 2%&'&$0# #<%.7#$# $ #'2&7/ '.$/R/.7 9 2 )& '& 7./#% # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% & )& (P$&% $ .$/&%. % )& '.$/#(3#' $ 3.$#.'9 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 &3 E?#F & &3 E?;FK &3 &'/%5/5%#' )& 2%&).7#/.8 '9 7<= &3 EI#F & EI;F & )& 2#%/.762. ' 2#''.8 '9 7<= E>#F & E>;F

  E?F #F as casasK os meninos9 os livros= E&H&32! $ '' F ;F as casaØK os meninoØ9 os livroØ= E )& 9 *++I9 2= WF

  EIF #F As festas de Santo Antônio aqui eram muito boas para nós. E&H&32! $ '' F ;F “As festa Santo Antoim aqui era muitcho bom pra gente_ E 9 *++Y9 2=

  Y>F= E>F #F A associação foi fundada === E&H&32! $ '' F

  ;F ^A associação... foi fundado... eu nem sei mais!_ E 9 *++J9 2= ,I>F=

  ?> &(5$) &'' # )& #'/% E*++I9 2= +W ,+F9 # 3#%7#01 )& 2!5%#! #2&$#' $ 2%.3&.%

  &!&3&$/ ) '.$/#(3# $ 3.$#! & # $1 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& (P$&% 2 )&3 '&% %&<!&H ' )& 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' )#' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' L &'/%5/5%# )

  ,=

  1 CR )& '&% 2 % 3&% #7#' 5 '&(5.$) #2&$#' # )&%.8# .$/&%$# )# 2%42%.# !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'# :5&9 $# !.$(5#(&3 2 25!#% & )&'7 $/%#6)# ) <#!#$/& ;%#'.!&.% 9 # /&$)P$7.# B #''.$#!#% 2!5%#! ) ' '5;'/#$/.8 ' #2&$#' 2&! ' #%/.( ' :5& '&32%& ' #$/&7&)&39 # &H&32! )& '& ).N&% f#' 7#'#9 f ' 3&$.$ 9 f ' !.8% 9 '&(5$) 2#)%1 ) 2!5%#! ) ' $ 3&'9 5 0 G

  • = " 3/84 5 /

  0 G IG / G G 8=/ 9 7 3 &3 2 %/5(5P' 2#)%1 9 #D E3&$.$# H 3&$.$ F9 :5& 2 )& 7 $/%.;5.% 2#%# &H2!.7#% 3&!C % # .$'/#;.!.)#)& )& (P$&% ) ' $ 3&' Ef 3.$C# '&$C %F :5& 2 % 8&N&' B ;'&%8#)# $ 7#$7. $&.% 2 %/5(5P' #$/.( & /#3;B3 7 %%& $# !.$(5#(&3 2 25!#% & $# <#!# ) ^2%&/ 8&!C _9 &$/.)#)& 35./ 2 25!#% $# 53;#$)#9 /.)# 7 3 $&(% ' 35./ .) ' ' :5& 8.8&%#3 /&32 )# &'7%#8.)1 $ %#'.!= E(%.< ' $ '' 'F

  %B39 B .32 %/#$/& %&''#!/#% :5& $1 '& #''53& $&'/# ).''&%/#01 :5& #' 6$(5#' <%.7#$#' E 'F9 )& 3 ) (&%#!9 )&'7 $C&7&3 # 3#%7# )& (P$&% 9 53# 8&N :5& #.$)# CR

  35./ # '&% 2&':5.'#) ' ;%& &''#' !6$(5#'= #'9 B 2 ''68&! :5& #!(53#' )&!#' /&$C#3 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' ).<&%&$/&' 2#%# &''# %&!#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& (P$&% & 2 ''#3 /&% #/%.;56) 53 $ 8 2#)%1 # 2 %/5(5P'9 7#%#7/&%.N#$) # '5# 3 )#!.)#)& 2 25!#%9 =

  #%# &''# #5/ %#9 #!(5$' #'2&7/ ' < $B/.7 < $ !4(.7 ' ) /#3;B3 2 )&3 &'/#% %&!#7. $#) ' L 2%&'&$0# #<%.7#$#

  ,= /&$)P$7.# ) <#!#$/& ;%#'.!&.% &3 3./.% #' 7 $' #$/&' <.$#.' )#' 2#!#8%#' 5 /%#$'< %3R !#' &3 8 (#.'9 f<#!R9 f).NP9 f %#'.59 7 .$7.)& 7 3 # &'/%5/5%# '.!R;.7# )#' 2#!#8%#' &3 ;#$/ & &3 . %5;R9 :5& $5$7# /&%3.$#3 &3 7 $' #$/&=

  • = .$)# )& #7 %) 7 3 # &'/%5/5%# '.!R;.7# )&''#' !6$(5#'9 $)& $1 &H.'/&3 &$7 $/% ' 7 $' $#$/#.'9 7 3 7 %%& &3 2 %/5(5P'9 /#3;B3 '& ;'&%8#9 $# !.$(5#(&3 2 25!#% ;%#'.!&.%#9 # /&$)P$7.# )& )&'<#N&% &''& /.2 )& &$7 $/% 9 '&A# $# 3&'3# '6!#;# 5 &3 '6!#;#' 7 $/6(5#'9 2&!# .$/% 3.''1 )& 53# 8 (#! &$/%& &!#'9 :5& /&%3.$# 2 % 2% )5N.% 5/%# '6!#;#9 # &H&32! )& f'#%#8R 2#%# '#!8#%9 f<5!V 2#%# <! %= E*++I9 2= ,+ ,,F

  ?Y 3 %&!#01 # #'2&7/ !&H.7#!9 2 )& '& ).N&% :5& < . )& 3#. % 7 $/%.;5.01 = .$)#

  '&(5$) # #5/ %# E*++I9 2= WF9 &$7 $/%#3 '& .$S3&% ' #2 %/&' !&H.7#.'9 '5;).8.).) ' &3 E.F ' :5& 7 $'&%8#%#3 # < %3# & '.($.<.7#) %.(.$#.'9 7 3 9 2 %

  &H&32! 9 samba, xingar, muamba, tanga, sunga, jiló, maxixe,

  candomblé, umbanda, berimbau, maracutaia, forró, capanga, banguela, mangar, cachaça, cachimbo, fubá, gogó, agogô, mocotó, cuíca, lenga lenga, Ganga ZumbaK

  E..F ' :5& / 3#%#3 53 '&$/.) &'2&7.#!9 7 3 mãe de santo E.#! %.HRF9

  despacho E&;4F9 terreiro E7#'# )& 7#$) 3;!BFK

  E...F ' C6;%.) '9 :5& '1 7 32 '/ ' )& 53 &!&3&$/ #<%.7#$ & 53 5 3#.' &!&3&$/ ' ) 2 %/5(5P' bunda mole9 espada de ogum9 limo da costa9

  pó de pemba9 cafundó de Judas9 & 5/% ' )&%.8#) ' 7 3 molecagem9 xodozento9 cachimbada9 forrozeiro9 sambista9 encafifado9 capangada9 caçulinha9 dengoso9 bagunceiro=

  %&752&%#01 )& .$< %3#0O&' ' ;%& # 2% 8&$.P$7.# ) ' #<%.7#$ ' /%#N.) ' 2#%# %#'.! &9 7 $'&:5&$/&3&$/&9 ' ;%& #' !6$(5#' 5'#)#' 2 % &!&'9 '&A#3 #' 8&.75!#%&' 5 $#/.8#'9 B

  <&./# 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& 2 % 3&. )& )#) ' .$).%&/ '9 7 !&/#) ' &3 ;%#' & ) 753&$/ ' 7 3 ;A&/.8 ' ).8&%' '=

  ?J $8.$. E*++JF /&$/# %&752&%#% #!(5$' )#) ' & /%#N 7 $'.)&%R8&.' .$< %3#0O&' ' ;%& #'

  !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' :5& 2 )&%.#3 &'/#% %&!#7. $#)#' L:5&!&' #<%.7#$ ' /%#N.) ' 2#%# /%#;#!C &'7%#8 $ %#'.!=

  &(5$) #5/ %9 #' !6$(5#' <#!#)#' $ 7 $/.$&$/& #<%.7#$ %&2%&'&$/#3 :5#'& 53 /&%0 )#' !6$(5#' <#!#)#' $ 35$) 9 7 %%&'2 $)&$) 9 '&(5$) .$8&$/R%. )# Ethnologue E 9 *++IF9 # $S3&% )& *+W*= ' !6$(5#' #/5#!3&$/& &$7 $/%#3 '& ).8.).)#' &3

  >

  :5#/% /% $7 ' !.$(56'/.7 ' 9 '&$) &!&' $.(&% 7 $( !P' E,?WI !6$(5#'F9 #<% #'.R/.7 EGIG !6$(5#'F9 $.! '##%.#$ E,WY !6$(5#'F & 7 .''#$ E** !6$(5#'F=

  ' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' :5& 2 )&%.#3 /&% '.) #/.$(.)#' 2&! /%R<.7 9 $ &$/#$/ 9 $1 #;%#$(&3 / )#' ) .$8&$/R%. = 5%#$/& # 7#2/5%# )& &'7%#8 '9 .$/&%. % ) /&%%./4%. #<%.7#$ #.$)# &%# )&'7 $C&7.) 2 % 7 $/# ) ' ;'/R75! ' $#/5%#.'= ' 2 %/5(5&'&'9 )&''# < %3#9 2%&8#!&7.#3 $# %&(.1 !./ %@$&# & '&5 '.'/&3# &'7%#8#(.'/# #/.$(.# #' R%&#' &'/& #<%.7#$# &

  7

  #5'/%#!9 2%&) 3.$#$/&3&$/& ) '5;(%52 banto E.)&$/.<.7#) ' 2 % !&/%#'9 %&2%&'&$/#$) #' N $#' (& !.$(56'/.7#'9 & 2 % $S3&% '9 %&2%&'&$/#$) (%52 )& !6$(5#'F= :5#)% # '&(5.%9 &$7 $/%#3 '& #' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' 7 %%&'2 $)&$/&' # &''#' %&(.O&'

  5#)% 6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' #/.$(.)#' 2&! /%R<.7 B

  , 5 / , 4 0

atlântica: <5!# E<5!<5!)&F9 5 ! <&9 3#$A#7 9 = ,+ 7 $( E:5.7 $( F :5.'' ! $( 9

;#!#$/#= :5.''.7 $( E:5.''#$(#!#F9 :5.N 3; 9 :5.''5$).9

:5.86!.9 .5 . E<. /&F9 :5. 3;&= mandê: 3#$).$(#9 ;#3;#%#9 3#$.$7#9 ).S!#. = *+ :5.3;5$) 9 :5.''#3#9 :5.$) $( = > gur: '5;<#36!.# (5%S$'.. = G+ .#7# C ! .#7#9 .3;#$(#!#9 7C.$A.=

  &(5$) $8.$. E*++J9 2= *GF9 ^&''# %&2#%/.01 9 2% 2 '/# & '.'/&3#/.N#)# 2 % = = %&&$;&%( $ '

#$ ' ,WI+ ,W>G9 < . #) /#)#9 3#.' /#%)&9 2&!# (%#$)& 3#. %.# ) ' !.$(5.'/#' #<%.7#$.'/#'9 7 3 #!(53#'

Y %&8.'O&' 7 $7&%$&$/&' L %& %(#$.N#01 .$/&%$# )& 7#)# /% $7 _= 7!#''.<.7#01 )#' !6$(5#' ) '5;(%52 ;#$/ < . &'/#;&!&7.)# 2 % = 5/C%.& $# )B7#)# )& Y+ E#25)9 $8.$.9 *++J9 2= *GF=

  ?W

  

cuá E'5;(%52 gbeF: &8&9 < $9 (&$9 #A# EA&A&9 $ M= ,+ 7CV75& 57CO75&9 7C.$(#$(5&!#9 7C.!57#N.9

;%#'.!F= !5&$# E!58#!&F= ijóide: .A4= = G+ !5;# 7C.!5;# 7#''#. E!5!5#F= benuê congolesa: = I+ !5$)# 7C.!5$)#9 5%5$)#=

  56 : <#!#%&' . %5;R' E$#(V :5&/ 9 $ ;%#'.!FK " edo; = G+ 3#75# 3#75#=

  : nupe (tapa); " ibo;

  = ,+ 53;5$) 53;5$) 9 !5$.#$&7#= # : efique, ibíbio;

afro asiático: J C#50RK = *+ 75#$.#3#9 .$) $(# 7C.75#$.#3#9 75#3;.=

nilo saariano / 7#$S%.= = G+ C&%&% 7C.C&%&% =

  $/& $8.$.9 *++J9 2= G+ G,9 '.7= 2&'#% ) (%#$)& $S3&% )& !6$(5#' %&!#7. $#)#' # /%R<.7 9 2 )& '& ).N&% :5& < %#3 2 57#' #' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' <#!#)#' $ %#'.!9 .'' '& < % !&8#) &3 7 $'.)&%#01 #2&$#' #'

  !6$(5#' &3 :5& ) 753&$/ ' 7 32% ;#/4%. ' 7 $<.%3#3 # 2%&'&$0# $ /&%%./4%. ;%#'.!&.% = &(5$) $8.$.9 ' ) 753&$/ ' #2 $/#3 5' ) $# #C.#9 '&(5$) # ;%#

  

Arte da língua de Angola9 )& &)% .#'9 &3 ,>WYK )# !6$(5# &3 .$#' &%#.'9 '&(5$)

al

  # Obra nova de Lingoa g. de mina, traduzida, ao nosso Igdioma por Antonio da Costa

  o

Peixoto, Naciognal do Rn. de Portugal, da Província de Entre Douro e Minho, do concelho

as de Filgr. 9 &3 ,Y?,9 &K )#' !6$(5#' $ E$#(VF9

  9 9 % $9 & 9 E$52&F9 '&(5$) &'/5) ' ;%& 2#!#8%#' #<%.7#$#' <#!#)#' &3 1 #!8#) % )& #C.#9 )& .$#

  )%.(5&' E,WYYF <&./ $ ' #$ ' )& ,JW+ ,W+I E#25) $8.$.9 *++J9 2=?JF= ;%& quimbundo9 #2&'#% )& /&% '.) &'/5)#) & ;'&%8#) $# #C.#9 2&! &= &)%

  .#'9 #5/ %&' #<.%3#3 :5& /#3;B3 B 2 ''68&! '5# 2%&'&$0# &3 5/%#' %&(.O&'9 .$7!5'.8& $ :5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&'9 53# 8&N :5& ^ quimbundo &%# # !6$(5# #<%.7#$# )& %&<&%P$7.# 2#%# 53# &H/&$'1 (& (%R<.7# :5& .# 35./ #!B3 )# #C.#_ E 9 *++J9 2= G> GYF= #! <#/ 2 )& '&% %&!#7. $#) # :5& < . #2%&'&$/#) #$/&%. %3&$/& ' ;%& # 2 ''.;.!.)#)& )&''# !6$(5#

  I+ /&% '.) 5'#)# 7 3 9 2 .' &%# #32!#3&$/& 5'#)# $ ' !5(#%&' &'/%#/B(.7 ' )# 7#2/5%# & /%#$'2 %/& )& &'7%#8 ' 7 3 $( !# & 5#$)#=

  3; %# &''#' !6$(5#' /&$C#3 '.) %&(.'/%#)#' 7 3 !6$(5#' 5'#)#' E<#!#)#'F 2 % &'7%#8 ' #<%.7#$ '9 #.$)# $1 '& 2 )& ).N&% # 7&%/ :5& < . <&./ )&!#'= ;%& &''# /&3R/.7#9 #.$)# CR 35./ # '&% ).'75/.) & ;'&%8#) = /B 3 3&$/ 9 2 )& '& ).N&% :5& CR )5#' < %/&' 2 ''.;.!.)#)&' )& .$/&%2%&/#01 ' ;%& 2#2&! )#' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' 2#%# # C.'/4%.# !.$(56'/.7# ) %#'.! 7 3 '&%1 8.'/#' # '&(5.%=

  2%.3&.%# '&%.# # )# $1 .$<!5P$7.#9 )&<&$).)# 2 % #5/ %&' 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 #% &

  7C&%%& E,WWGK *++YF= &(5$) ' #5/ %&'9 ' .$)6(&$#' & ' #<%.7#$ ' #2&$#' #7&!&%#%#3 2% 7&'' ' !.$(56'/.7 ' :5& 7 %%&%.#3 $#/5%#!3&$/& $ 2 %/5(5P'= 2 %/5(5P' 2 25!#% )

  %#'.! E F /&%.# '.) 2% )5N.) 2 % 53# 7 $<!5P$7.# )& 3 /.8 '9 (&%#)# 2&!# 5$.1 )& < %0#' %.5$)#' )# 5% 2#9 )#

  3B%.7# & )# ]<%.7# E*++Y9 2= *IF= 1 #/%.;5&39 )&''& 3 ) 9 2#2&! ) ^'52 '/ 7%. 5! )& ;#'& !&H.7#! 2 %/5(5&'#_9 <#!#) 2&!# 7 35$.)#)& $&(%# L < %3#01 ) 9 2 .'9 2#%# &!&'9 ^# %.(&3 2%.3&.%# ) ' <&$V3&$ ' 8#%.R8&.' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&. )& %/5(#!_ E2= I*F=

  5/%# .$/&%2%&/#01 ' ;%& 2#2&! )#' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' 2#%# '&%.# # )# 7%. 5!.N#01 :5&9 7 3 AR 7 3&$/#) 9 2 )& #2%&'&$/#% ).<&%&$/&' (%#5' &3 %&!#01 L &H.'/P$7.# )& 7%. 5! '9 .$) ) /62.7 # .$<!5P$7.#' &'/%5/5%#.' & !&H.7#.' $# !6$(5# '&3 '5%(.%&3 7%. 5! ' 5 '&3.7%. 5! ' E7<= #2%&'&$/#01 9 2= ,>F= #%# 577C&'. E*+++K *++>K

  • JF9 CR &8.)P$7.#' $# C.'/4%.# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# ;%#'.!&.%# )& :5&9 $ 7 $/#/ &$/%& !6$(5#'9 C 58& 2% 7&'' ' )& /%#$'3.''1 !.$(56'/.7# .%%&(5!#%9 &3 :5& 2 %/5(5P' #2%&$).) 7 3 '&(5$)# !6$(5# E *F 5 !6$(5# 3#/&%$# E ,F B #):5.%.) '&(5$) )#) ' !.$(56'/.7 ' 2%.3R%. ' ^8#%.R8&.' & #/B .$7 $'.'/&$/&'_9 < %3#$) 8#%.&)#)&' ).<&%&$/&' )#:5&!# 5'#)# 2&! (%52 ) 3.$#$/& E*++>9 2= ,WIF=

  I, #5/ % $1 #2 .# # /& %.# )& :5& C 58& 53 7%. 5! )& ;#'& 2 %/5(5&'# &'/R8&! &

  ).<5$).) 9 3#' )&<&$)& :5& B 2 ''68&! /&% C#8.) ^).8&%'#' 7%. 5!.N#0O&' !&8&' &3 ).<&%&$/&' 2&%6 ) ' )& /&32 9 3#' #' '5#' .$ 8#0O&' /&%.#3 '.) #;' %8.)#' & ).!56)#'_ E.;.)&3F=

  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

  .$)# '&(5$) # #5/ %# '52%#7./#)#9 # !6$(5# 5'#)# 2&! ' #<%.7#$ ' & #<% )&'7&$)&$/&' '& ).'/#$7.#8# )# 3 )#!.)#)& 75!/#9 2%42%.# # ' &5% 2&5' & '&5' )&'7&$)&$/&'9 )& &'7 !#%.N#01 3#.' #!/# & )& 3&!C % $68&! ' 7.#!= &$) #''.39 # 2#%/.7.2#01 #<%.7#$# & #<% )&'7&$)&$/& $# < %3#01 ) 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% 9 &'2&7.#!3&$/& $# 3 )#!.)#)& 2 25!#%9 )&8& '&% 7 $'.)&%#)# 53# 8&N :5& < %#3 ' #<%.7#$ ' & '&5' )&'7&$)&$/&' ' 2%.$7.2#.' #(&$/&' )# ).<5'1 ) 2 %/5(5P' $ /&%%./4%. ;%#'.!&.%

  I*

  !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#9 $# '5# 8#%.#$/& ;%#'.!&.%#9 2%&) 3.$#$/&3&$/& $#' 8#%.#$/&' 2 25!#%&' & 8&%$R75!#'9 3#' $1 #2&$#' $&!#'9 )&8& #' '5#' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' .$ 8#) %#'9 &3 (&%#! '.32!.<.7#) %#'9 &3 %&!#01 # 2 %/5(5P' &5% 2&59 /#$/ $ 2!#$ '.$/R/.7 7 3 <V$.7 9 L < %3# 7 3 < . #2%&$).)# 2&!# 3#''# 2 25!#7. $#! 2%&) 3.$#$/& # ! $( ) 2&%6 ) 7 ! $.#! 7 3 '&(5$)# !6$(5#K 7 3 3 )&! ' )&<&7/.8 ' )# !6$(5# #!8 9 # ) 7 ! $.N#) %9 3#' $1 /1 )&<&7/.8 ' :5& 2% 2.7.#''&3 # < %3#01 )& 53 7%. 5! &'/R8&! & (&$&%#!.N#) K $# %#!.)#)&K '&3 7 $/% !& $ %3#/.8 )#

&'7 !#%.N#01 = E & 9 *++?9 2= ,+YF

  % $&7&''.)#)& & .32 '.01 ) ' 2% 2%.&/R%. ' 2 %/5(5&'&'9 ' #<%.7#$ ' /.8&%#3 :5& #2%&$)&% # !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#= &$'.$ 9 7 3 #2 $/# .;&.% E,WWIF9 $1 7 %%&5 )& < %3# ).)R/.7#= &! 7 $/%R%. 9 '& )&5 )& < %3# ;%5'7# & 7 3 ;#'& $# %#!.)#)&

  2%.3&.%# /#%&<# 75!/5%#! ) $&(% ;%#'.!&.% < . # )& #2%&$)&% # <#!#% 2 %/5(5P' :5& 58.# # ' ;&%% ' ) 7#2#/#N= &8& )& <#NP ! 2#%# 7 35$.7#% '& 7 3 '&5' 7 32#$C&.% ' )& )&'/&%% 9 %.5$) ' )& ).<&%&$/&' 2 8 '= #N&$) 9 '& %&53#$.N 5=== 7 $'&(5.$) ) 3.$#% # $ 8# !6$(5#9 $1 '4 # %&<&N9 &32%&'/#$) '.$(5!#%.)#)& # 2 %/5(5P' ) %#'.!9 3#' /#3;B3

2 ''.;.!./ 5 '5# ).<5'1 2 % / ) /&%%./4%. E2= **+F=

  ' #<%.7#$ ' & ' #<% )&'7&$/&$)&' 2 )&3 '&% 7 $'.)&%#) ' 7 3 ' %&'2 $'R8&.' 2&!# ).<5'1 ) 2 %/5(5P' (&%#! ;%#'.!&.% E F9 %&2!&/ )& 2#%/.75!#%.)#)&' &3 %&!#01 # 2 %/5(5P' <#!#) 2&!# 2 25!#01 &5% 2&.# & '&5' )&'7&$)&$/&'= )&5 %.(&3 L 8#%.#$/& 2 25!#% ) 2 %/5(5P' E&3 2 '.01 L 8#%.#$/& 75!/#F9 2%&'&$/& &3 7 35$.)#)&' 5%;#$#' & %5%#.' 7 3 2 57# .$<!5P$7.# )# &'7 !#%.N#01 =

  &'/5) ) 2 %/5(5P' 2 25!#% 2%#/.7#3&$/& $1 ).'2O& )& 3#/&%.#! &'7%./

  E) 753&$/ 'F9 2 .' < . /%#$'3./.) )& < %3# %#!9 %&'/#$) #2&$#' .$)67. ' $# <#!# #/5#!

  #! &H.(5.)#)& E) 753&$/ ' &'7%./ 'F $ ' 7 $)5N # .$8&'/.(#0O&' :5& #.$)# &'/1 2 % '&%&3 <&./#'9 ' ;%& # 2%&'&$0# )#' !6$(5#' $&(% #<%.7#$#' &3 $ '' /&%%./4%. 9 &3 &'2&7.#! $#' R%&#' %&3#$&'7&$/&' )& :5.! 3; '9 #/%#8B' )# 2%.$7.2#! < $/& )& &'/5) :5& ).'2 3 '9 $&'/& 7 $/&H/ %&'5!/#) ) ' 7 $/#/ '9 5 '&A#9 2 %/5(5P' <#!#) C A&9 &3 /#.' /&%%./4%. ' &'2&76<.7 '= E 9 *++G#9 2= GF=

  IG '/5) ' ' ;%& &''#' 7 35$.)#)&' #2 $/#3 #!(53#' ).<&%&$0#' &3 %&!#01 # 2 %/5(5P' 75!/ = &(5$) 5$C# E*++G#9 2= G9 *++G;9 2= GF9 # !6$(5# )&''#' 7 35$.)#)&' B

  3#%7#)# 2 %

  E.F 2&%)# 5 8#%.#01 $ 5' )& 3#%7#' <!&H. $#.'K E..F 2#)%1 '.!R;.7 /&$)&$) # '& 7 32 % 7 3 K E...F 5' )& )52!# $&(#01 K E.8F / K/ 8=/ /LG K E8F 2&%)# )& #%/.( '9 7 $A5$0O&'9 &$<.39

  7 $&7/.8 ' <%#'#.'K E8.F 5' )& < %3#' )& G# 2&'' # '.$(5!#% ) 2%&'&$/& ) .$).7#/.8 2#%# .$).7#% &'/#) ' & #0O&' 2 $/5#.' & 7 $/6$5#' :5& '& './5#3 $ 2#''#) = E(%.< $ '' F

  %B39 # 2%&'&$0# )& #!(53#' )&''#' 3#%7#' $1 B '5<.7.&$/& 2#%# )&'.($#% 53# 7 35$.)#)& #<% )&'7&$)&$/&= 3&$/& 2 )&3 '&% 8.'/#' 7 3 /62.7#' '& < %&3 8.'/#' &3 7 $A5$/ 9 2 .' $ 2 %/5(5P' 75!/ B 2 ''68&! 7 %%&% #!(53#' )&''#' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' .' !#)#'=

  & 7&%/ 3 ) 9 #2&'#% )& #.$)# $1 C#8&% )#) ' '5<.7.&$/&' 2#%# ).'75''O&' 3#.' '&(5%#' # %&'2&./ )#' ).<&%&$0#' & '&3&!C#$0#' &$/%&' #' 3 )#!.)#)&' 75!/#9 2 25!#% & 2 25!#% 7 3 )&<.$.01 B/$.7# ) 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% 9 #!(53#' 7 $'.)&%#0O&' 2 )&3 '&% <&./#' ' ;%& #' ' $ %#'.!9 )& #7 %) 7 3 ' #5/ %&' #// ' & .!8# E*++?F & $8.$. E*++JF=

  /B 'B75! ` `9 2&%6 ) &3 :5& /%R<.7 $&(%&.% 7 3&0# # '&% 2% .;.) 9 #!B3 ) 2 %/5(5P'9 #.$)# C#8.# 53 35!/.!.$(5.'3 #<%.7#$ )&8.) L 8.$)# 7 $/6$5# )& &'7%#8 )#' ).8&%'#' %&(.O&' ) 2#6'= R $ 'B75! ``9 #$ ' )&2 .' )# #; !.01 )# &'7%#8#/5%# E,JJJF9 #' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' <#!#)#' 2#''#%#3 # '&% 5'#)#' &3 './5#0O&' %&'/%./#' 7 3 Emina9

  

iorubá9 quimbundoF &3 %&(.O&' &'2&76<.7#' )& (%#$)& 7 $/.$(&$/& #<%.7#$ K !6$(5#' 75!/5#.'9

  5'#)#' &3 7#$) 3;!B' & !6$(5#' '&7%&/#'9 &3 2 25!#0O&' $&(%#' .' !#)#' 7 3 #<5$)4 E F & #;#/.$(# E F=

  I?

  #/5#! /&%%./4%. )& !#( #' 2&%/&$7&59 )5%#$/& 35./ /&32 9 L 7#2./#$.# )& &%$#3;57 9 / %$ 5 '& 7 3#%7# &3 ,Y,, & 7 $:5.'/ 5 '5# #5/ $ 3.# #2&$#' &3 ,J,Y= &$)

  #''.39 35./ )# C.'/4%.# #!#( #$# &'/R %&!#7. $#)# # )& '5# #$/.(# 7#2./#$.# 2%.$7.2#!3&$/&9 :5#$) '& %&<&%& L 2%&'&$0# 3#7.0# )& &$(&$C ' )& #0S7#% &9 7 $'&:5&$/&3&$/&9 )& 53 (%#$)& 7 $/.$(&$/& )& 31 )& ;%# &'7%#8#= 7 $/#/ &$/%& 2 8 '9 #''.3 7 3 &3 5/%#' %&(.O&'9 /#3;B3 < . 7 $'/#$/& &3

  !#( #'= .'/ %.#) %&' #2 $/#3 # &H.'/P$7.# )& $#/.8 '9 &$/%& &!&'9 6$). ' 7#&/B'9 )& #<%.7#$ ' & #<% )&'7&$)&$/&' &'7%#8.N#) ' & )& &5% 2&5' 7 3 2 %/5(5&'&'9 <%#$7&'&' & C !#$)&'&'=

  &(5$) !/#8.!# E,WJJ9 2= ,JF9 # 7 $:5.'/# 2 %/5(5&'# ) /&%%./4%. #!#( #$ '& )&5 &3 3&#) ' ) 'B75! ` 9 .$.7.#) 2 % 3&. ) %. 1 %#$7.'7 = 3 7 $' $@$7.# 7 3 #5/ %9 ^ 3R' ) $<.3 '26$) !# 3#%7#9 &$/%& ,I** & ,I*I9 &''# 2%.3&.%# .$75%'1 ;#$)&.%#$/& 2&! 1 %#$7.'7 9 )# :5#! %&'5!/ 5 # <5$)#01 )& &$&) 9 .($ %#$) '&9 .$<&!.N3&$/&9 ' '&5' 2 %3&$ %&'_=

  ' <%#$7&'&' &'/.8&%#3 2 % 8 !/# )& ,III #/%#6) ' 2&! 2#5 ;%#'.!= R ' C !#$)&'&' &'/#;&!&7&%#3 53# ) 3.$#01 )& ,>G+ # ,>I? $# 7#2./#$.# 2&%$#3;57#$#= /&%%./4%. )&

  !#( #'9 # #01 7 %%&5 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& &3 %/ #!8 9 <5$)#)# &3 ,>G>9 3#' &H.'/&$/& )&')& 'B75! ` =

  . )5%#$/& &''& 2&%6 ) )& .$8#'O&' C !#$)&'#' :5& ' :5.! 3; ' < %#3 '5%(.$) 9 '& 35!/.2!.7#$) 9 '&$) %&7 $C&7.) ' 7 3 #3&#0# L %)&3 7 ! $.#! & #/%#2#!C#$) ' ;A&/.8 ' )# &H2#$'1 ) 7 ! $.#!.'3 &3 &%$#3;57 =

  &(5$) 7 3&$/R%. )& %&./#' E*++?9 2= ,GIF ' ;%& 53 ) 753&$/ # %&'2&./ )#' /&%%#' )& #!3#%&'9 #(&$/&' )# 7 % # &3 &%$#3;57 #!3&A#8#3 )&'/%5.% ' :5.! 3; ' &

  II 2 8 #% # %&(.1 )# a $# )# #/#9 2 .' C#8.# 53# $&7&''.)#)& )& &H2#$'1 /&%%./ %.#! 2#%# )#% 7 $/.$5.)#)& L' 2%R/.7#' #(%67 !#' & L 7%.#01 )& (#) = #%# .'' 9 <&%&7&%#3 )#/#' E/&%%#'F 7 3 < %3# )& .$7&$/.8 # 2 8 #3&$/ & L )&'/%5.01 ) ' :5.! 3; !#'

  .$/5./ )& &'/.35!#% ' (%#$)&' 2% 2%.&/R%. ' )# a $# )# #/# # 3 ;.!.N#%&3 %&75%' ' 2#%# # !5/# 7 $/%# ' $&(% '9 ' #(&$/&' )# 7 % # &3 &%$#3;57 C#8.#3 &<&/5#) !#%(# ).'/%.;5.01 )& /&%%#'9 59 7 3 '& ).N.#9 )#/#'= 58& :5&3 %&7&;&''& '&.'9 )&N & 3#.' !B(5#' )& /&%%#'= )#8.#9 $#

  7 $< %3.)#)& )# &. )#' &'3#%.#'9 2 8 #3&$/ )#' /&%%#' '& .325$C# 7 3 7 $).01 2#%# #:5.'.01 ) ) 36$. = 2%&'&$0# 2#!3#%.$# .32 ''.;.!./#%# 2 8 #3&$/ =

  ;%& # 3 ;.!.N#01 )& %&75%' ' 2#%# )&'/%5.01 ) ' :5.! 3; ' & # 7#2/5%# ) ' $&(% ' <5(.) '9 ) 753&$/ 2%&'&$/& $# &8.'/# ) $'/./5/ .'/4%.7 )& !#( #' E,WJI ,WJYF 3 '/%# #7 %) &3 ,>>W &$/%& #' 7@3#%#' )#' 8.!#' )& #$/# #%.# #)#!&$# )# #( # ) 5! E#/5#! 35$.762. #!#( #$ #%&7C#! & ) % F9 )& 3 57&'' )& %/ #!8 E#/5#! 35$.762. #!#( #$ %/ #!8 F & )& %3 '# )& &%.$C#&3 E#/5#! 35$.762. 2&%$#3;57#$

  &%.$C#B3F

  ' /%P' ).#' ) 3&N )& 5/5;% )& 3.! & '&.'7&$/ ' & '&''&$/# & $ 8& #$$ ' $&'/# 8.!# )& #$/# #%.# #()#!&$# )# #( # ) 5! &3 2#'' ) $'&!C )&!!# 2%&'&$/&' ' &$C %&' <<.7.#&' )# 7#3&%# #;#.H #''.($#) ' #2#%&7& 7#2./1 &% %%&.# )# #.# 8&%&#) % & )&25/#) )# 8.!# ) 3 57&'' ) %/ #!8 & $ ' <&N 2%&'&$/& C5b# 7#%/# )# )./# 7#3&%# & 5/%# )# #3&%# )# 8.!# <&%3 '# )& &%.#&3 )& 5$.1 & .%3#$)#)& 7 $/%# '

  $&(% ' !&8#$/#) ' ) ' #!3#%&' )& :5& $4' #;%#'#3 ' 7 3 &!!# 2 % '&% '&%8.0 )& '5# 3#(&'/#)& & 7 $'&%8#01 )& '& ' 2 8 ' 8&3 # '&% :5& 8.'/ &'/&' 2 8 ' <#N&%&3 &'/# (5&%%# 3 8.) ' ) ' (%#$)&' )#$ ' % 5; ' 3 %/&' (%#$)& .$7P$). ' :5& 2#)&7&3 ' 3 %#) %&' ) ' $&(% ' ) ' 2#!3#%&' X===Z )#' 8.!#' 5$.)#' :5& 8&3 # '&% ' $&(% ' ) ' 3 %#) %&' & $&(%#' & 7%.#' #''.3 2&:5&$#' 7 3 (%#$)&' #' &$/%&(#%1 # '&5' &$C %&' 2#(#$) ) N& 3.! %&.' 2 % 7#)# C51 & ' 3#.' :5& '& / 3#%&3 $1 '&$) )#' )./#' 8.!#' 5$.)#' '&%1 2#%# :5&3 ' / 3#%9 & 2 % '&% '&%8.0 )& '5# 3#(&'/#)& <.N&%1 &'/& /&%3 :5& / ) ' ' )./ ' '&$C %&' <<.7.#&' #''.($#%1 7 3 )./ 7#2./1 &% &N&%%# &'7%.81 )# #3&%# :5& &'7%&8.= Felippe Gil, Antonio de Andrada de Carvalho, Manoel Machado e Sande, Pero Correia da Maia= E 5&%%# ) ' #!3#%&' 753&$/ ' %&!#/.8 ' # ' '57&'' ' )& ,>>J # ,>J+9 ) 753&$/ G= Revista do Instituto histórico e geográfico de Alagoas9 8= ?+= #7&.4= ,WJI ,WJY9 2= ,YGF

  I> #'9 #2&'#% )#' .$8&'/.)#' 2 %/5(5&'#'9 ' :5.! 3; ' 2&%3#$&7.#3 %&'.'/&$/&'= &$)

  #''.39 ' #(&$/&' )# 7 % # /.8&%#3 :5& %&7 %%&% L' #0O&' ) ;#$)&.%#$/& 2#5!.'/# 3.$( ' %(& &!C 9 35./ 7 $C&7.) 2 % 7#2/5%#% & 2%&$)&% 6$). '=

  5#$) ' :5.! 3; ' < %#3 <.$#!3&$/& )&'/%56) '9 C 58& 53 (%#$)& .32#''& &3 %&!#01 L' /&%%#'9 2 .' &'/#' C#8.#3 '.) <&%&7.)#' 7 3 2%P3. 2&! ( 8&%$#) % )&

  &%$#3;57 # ' !6)&%&' 7 3;#/&$/&' 3.$( ' %(& &!C 9 &%$#%) .&.%# )& &! & &;#'/.1 .#'9 #!B3 )& #!(5$' ) ' '&5' ' !)#) '= %B39 #' /&%%#' %&752&%#)#' 2#''#%#3 #

  2&%/&$7&% L % # & &'/# 2 ).# <#N&% :5& < ''& )& '5# 8 $/#)& &9 )&''& 3 ) 9 #7#; 5 7&)&$) ).%&./ # ' #$/.( ' 2% 2%.&/R%. ' E 9 *++?9 2= ,GI ,G>F=

  5%#$/& #' S!/.3#' .$8&'/.)#' & $ 2&%6 ) )# )&'/%5.01 9 ' #<%.7#$ ' 7#2/5%#) ' )& #!3#%&' < %#3 &$8.#) ' 2#%# ! $(&9 &3 (%#$)& 2#%/& 2#%# . )& #$&.% & &$7#3.$C#) '

  2#%# < %# ) %#'.!9 2 .'9 #''.39 &8./#8# '& :5& &!&' <5(.''&3 $ 8#3&$/& 2#%# ' :5.! 3; ' & !&8#''&3 5/% ' &'7%#8 ' 7 3 &!&'= ;%& ' :5& 7 $'&(5.%#3 '& !.8%#% )# 7#2/5%#9 $1 '& '#;& $S3&% $&3 '& 2&%3#$&7&%#3 &3 #!3#%&'=

  %&!#01 &$/%& 2&%6 ) ) <.3 ) :5.! 3; E2 % 8 !/# )& ,>WYF & .$67. )# <5$)#01 ) #/5#! 35$.762. )& $.1 E.$67. ) 'B75! ` F 2&%3#$&7&5 )&'7 $C&7.)#=

  #!8&N9 2 % 7#5'# )# ^).'25/#_ 2&!#' /&%%#'= &(5$) .$< %3#0O&' ) $'/./5/ %#'.!&.% )& & (%#<.# & '/#/6'/.7#' E,WIW9

  2= ,W+ ,W,F9 # %.(&3 ) 35$.762. )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&' 7 %%&'2 $)& # <.$' ) 'B75! ` & /&%.# %&7&;.) $ 3& )& Cerca Real dos Macacos9 2&! <#/ )& '&% 2%4H.3 # %.#7C ^ #7#7 '_= 3 '&(5.)#9 2#''# # '&% 7C#3#) #2&$#' )& #7#7 '=

  )&'&$8 !8.3&$/ ) 2 8 #) B #/%.;56) # 2 %/5(5P' 3.$( ' ) .$ 9 %&'2 $'R8&! 2&!# 7 $'/%501 )& 53# 7#2&!# E $)& < . &%(5.)# # .(%&A# #/%.NF &3 C 3&$#(&3 L .3#(&3 )& #$/# #%.# #)#!&$#9 /%#N.)# )# '5# #N&$)# %) = #6 8&. # $ 8# )&$ 3.$#01 )& Vila de Santa Maria9 &3 ,YG+= 24' 53 'B75! 9 &3 ,JG,9 # 8.!# 2#''# # '&%

  IY )&$ 3.$#)# Imperatriz9 )&8.) L 8.'./# )# 32&%#/%.N & 2 !).$# & L #5/ $ 3.# #)3.$.'/%#/.8#= R &3 ,JW?9 :5#$) < . 7 $'/%56)# # &'/%#)# )& <&%% :5& 5$.# !#( #' #

  &%$#3;57 9 # #$/.(# 8.!# 2#''# # '&% 8.'/# 7 3 7.)#)& & # '&% )&$ 3.$#)# União= % <.39 &3 ,W??9 / %$ 5 '& 35$.762. & 2#'' 5 # '&% )&$ 3.$#) União dos Palmares9 &3 C 3&$#(&3 # 5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&'=

  #'9 7 3 < . #2 $/#) 2 % 5$#%. E,WW>F9 %.7& E,WW>F & #%8#!C E*++IF9 AR C#8.# # 2%&'&$0# .$)6(&$# $# %&(.1 #$/&' )# 8.$)# ) ' 7 ! $.N#) %&' & ) ' &'7%#8 '= 3 %&!#01 # &''# :5&'/1 9 53 3 %#) % )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&' 7 3&$/# ' ;%& 2% 8R8&! #2 . :5& ' $&(% ' /&%.#3 %&7&;.) ) ' 6$). ' 2#%# ^7 $'/%501 _ ) ' :5.! 3; '

  === .$7!5'.8& $# 2%42%.# '&%%# &5 #7C :5& ' 6$). ' :5& ' 2#!3#%.$ ' ' 2%.3&.% ' C#;./#$/&' AR &$7 $/%#%#3 !R &''&' 6$). ' :5& '& 5$.%#3 # &!&' 2%# :5& #' )5#' %#0#' A5$/#' '& )&<&$)&''&3 ) ' &H2! %#) %&' X

  9

  9 IWZ

  /&%%./4%. #/5#! )& 5:5B39 53# 8&N :5& 2&%/&$7& L $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'9 /#3;B3 2 )&%.# /&% '.) C#;./#) )&')& 'B75! ` = #'9 '&(5$) #!(5$' 3 %#) %&'9 # C.'/4%.# )& %.(&3 )# 7 35$.)#)& &'/#%.# %&!#7. $#)# # #%%&$)#3&$/ )&''& /&%%&$ # 7#'#! #'.3.%

  &N&%%# )# .!8# & &!67.# #%.# )# $7&.01 9 <&./ 2 % #'.!.#$ !6;. )& &$) $0# #%3&$/ E,J?> ,WG,F9 53# )#' 2&'' #' 3#.' %.7#' ) 35$.762. $#:5&!# B2 7#

  !&' 8.&%#3 2#%R #:5. 2 %:5& 2 %:5& %#'.!.#$ #%3&$/ %#'.!.#$ #%3&$/ &'/#8# #%%&$)#$) /&%%&$ /&%%# & 3&5 /#/#%#8V 7 3 &%# C 3&3 )# #(%.75!/5%# &!& &!& #%%&$)V 5:5B3 2#%# ' ;%&8.8P$7.# )&!& & )# <#36!.# # $)& &!& 7%.V ' <.!C & #:5. $ 5:5B3 3#' / ) #$ &!& /.$C# :5& 2#(R < % 2%.3&.% )& A#$&.% 2#%# %#'.!.#$ #%3&$/ :5& 3 %#8# #!. $)& &%# # 7@3#%# ) ' 8&%&#) %&' # 7#'# ) %#'.!.#$

  #%3&$/ &%# #!. & / ) #$ &!& .# 2#(R < % )# /&%%# 7 3 # 3 %/& ) %#'.!.#$ #%3&$/ &C #' /&%%# ' ;&$' ) %#'.!.#$ #%3&$/ :5& &!& '4 /.$C# 3#.' /&%%# < % !&.! #) 2 %:5& ( 8&%$#)V :5&%.# ).$CP% $1 :5&%.# /&%%# 2%# 8 7P 8P C A& $4.' /&3 .3&$/&%# $4.' /&3 %. :5& '1 /5) /&%%# ) &'/#) & :5& $&''# &2# &%# /5) ) %#'.!.#$ #%3&$/ # $)& #2# # S!/.3# ).# ) ' !&.!O&' 7 3 3&5 /#/#%#8V AR &%# 35./ 7 $C&7.) $# #%/& )# 2#$&!# )& ;#%% & )# !#%.# 35./ :5&%.) 2 % / ) ' #2#%&7&5 53 '&$CV :5& :5#! $1 2 '' /& 2#''R $ 3& 2 %:5& $1 3&

  IJ

  53 7#8#! 25% '#$(5& !&8#$) 3&5 #8V # 7#%/4%. & 2#''#$) # &'7%./5%# 2#%# $ 3& ) 3&5 #8V= X 9 9 ??Z

  3 < . )./ 2 % 53 ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B39 C&%)&.% )&''#' /&%%#'9 7 3 # 3 %/& )& #'.!.#$ #%3&$/ 9 &3 ,WG,9 ( 8&%$ /&%.# !&.! #) #' /&%%#' & #!(5B39 2 % 7 $'.)&%#01 9 !&.! 5 #:5&!#' :5& 2&%/&$7&3 # #/5#! '6/. 5:5B3 & 2#'' 5 # &'7%./5%# 2#%#

  #'.3.% = $< %3& &''#' 7 $'/#/#0O&'9 # 7.)#)& )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&' /&8& 7 3 2%.$7.2#.'

  2%&'&$0#'9 )5%#$/& '5# < %3#01 9 ' 6$). '9 ' 2 %/5(5&'&' & ' #<% )&'7&$)&$/&'= ,=?=, 5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&' 3 #2%&'&$/#) #$/&%. %3&$/&9 $ '5;/42.7 1.3.3 & $ 1.3.3.19 # 2%&'&$0# #<%.7#$#

  )5%#$/& / ) 2&%6 ) 7 ! $.#! < . '.($.<.7#/.8#9 7 %%&'2 $)&$) 9 &3 #!(5$' 3 3&$/ '9 #

  W

  3#.' )# 3&/#)& )# 2 25!#01 / /#!= /&%%./4%. #/5#! ) &'/#) )& !#( #' 9 &''# 2%&'&$0# /#3;B3 < . 3#%7#$/&9 53# 8&N :5& 53 $S3&% &!&8#) )& 31 )& ;%# &'7%#8# &%# $&7&''R%. 2#%# )#% 7 $/# )#' 2!#$/#0O&' )& 7#$# )& #0S7#% & )# 7%.#01 )& (#) =

  5%#$/& #' .$8#'O&' C !#$)&'#'9 )& ,>G+ # ,>I?9 35./ ' 7 3;#/&' < %#3 %&#!.N#) ' $ !./ %#! )& !#( #' &9 7 .$7.)&$/&3&$/& 5 $1 9 $&''& 3&'3 2&%6 ) ' :5.! 3; ' < %#3 7 $'/%56) ' & C#;./#) '=

  $< %3#0O&' ' ;%& # 2 25!#01 &'7%#8# #<%.7#$# $ &'/#) $1 '1 2%&7.'#'= !/#8.!# E,WJJ9 2= YGF #2%&'&$/# ) .' )#) ' 7 3 ).<&%&$0#' &3 %&!#01 L :5#$/.)#)& )& &'7%#8 ' $ &'/#) = &(5$) #5/ %9 2%.3&.% B &3;#'#) $ %&7&$'&#3&$/ )& ,JW+ & #<.%3# /&% &H.'/.) $&''& 2&%6 ) 7&%7# )& *I=+++ &'7%#8 ' & ?JI=+++ 2&'' #' !.8%&'= '&(5$) B

  IW 7 ! 7#) 2&!# &'/#/6'/.7# )# g 25!#01 &'7%#8# & !.;&%/ ' #%% !#) 'b9 E . )& #$&.% 9 32=

  ,+

  <.7.#!9 ,JJJF9 :5& #2%&'&$/# 53# 2 25!#01 7 3 # 2%&'&$0# )& ,I=*>W &'7%#8 '_ = <#!/# )& 2%&7.'1 2 )& '&% A5'/.<.7#)# 2 % 8R%. ' 3 /.8 '9 &$/%& &!&' )# :5&.3# )&

  ) 753&$/ ' )# &'7%#8.)1 9 .$.7.#)# 2 % 5. #%; '# &3 ,JW+ & 7 $7!56)# 2 % %.'/1 )& %#%.2& &3 ,JW,= 2&'#% )&''& 2%&A56N L C.'/4%.# ) %#'.!9 )& 3 ) (&%#!9 & # &'/#) )& !#( #'9 #.$)# B 2 ''68&! ;/&% 2 57#'9 3#' .32 %/#$/&'9 .$< %3#0O&' ' ;%& )&/&%3.$#) '

  <#/ ' C.'/4%.7 ' #!#( #$ '= 3 ) ' <#/ ' 3#.' '.($.<.7#/.8 ' 2#%# # C.'/4%.# ) &'/#) & /#3;B3 ) ' &'7%#8 ' B :5& '& %&<&%& # 5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&'= &(5$) C.'/ %.#) %&'9 C#8.# $ /&%%./4%. #!#( #$

  8R%. ' :5.! 3; '9 3#' 7&%/#3&$/& )& #!3#%&' < . :5& #!7#$0 5 3#. % %&2&%75''1 $1 '4 $ &'/#) 7 3 /#3;B3 $ %#'.!=

  < %3#01 ) :5.! 3; 7 %%&5 $# &%%# )# #%%.(#9 $# %&(.1 ) #/5#! 35$.762. )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'= C.'/4%.# ) :5.! 3; #.$)# &'/R ! $(& )& '&% ;&3 7 $C&7.)#9 3#'

  ,,

  #!(53#' .$< %3#0O&' 2 )&3 '&% 8.'/#' &3 ) 753&$/ ' #$/.( ' &'7%./ ' 2 % C !#$)&'&' & 2 %/5(5&'&' ' ;%& #' (5&%%#' 7 $/%# ' :5.! 3; !#' 2#!3#%.$ '= %B39 ; # 2#%/& )#' .$< %3#0O&' &'/R !.3./#)# # )#) ' )& .$/&%&''& 3.!./#% & ' ; 53 S$.7 2 $/ )& 8.'/#9 ) ' .$.3.( ' )& 2#!3#%&'9 7 3 #2 $/# %.7& E,WW>9 2= IGF

  .32 %/#$/& &$<#/.N#% :5& # 3#. % 2#%/& )& $ '' 7 $C&7.3&$/ ' ;%& #!3#%&' '& %.(.$# )& &'7%./ ' '&3&!C#$/&' )& 3.!./#%&' 5 )& #5/ %.)#)&'9 / ) ' &32&$C#) ' &3 )&'/%5.% (%#$)& :5.! 3; = ''.39 &''&' &'7%./ ' '1 ; $' &3 )&'7%&8&% < %/.<.7#0O&' 3.!./#%&'9 #%3#' 2#!3#%.$#' & 7 .'#' #<.$'=

  5$7# )&8&3 ' &':5&7&% :5& :5#'& /5) :5& '#;&3 ' ' ;%& #!3#%&' )&%.8# )#' 2#!#8%#' &'7%./#' 2 % '&5' .$.3.( ' 3 %/#.'= ,+

  &(5$) !/#8.!# E,WJJF9 &''# .$< %3#01 2 )& '&% 8.'/# &3 ^ 9 g ' 75!/5%#' ,, &(%#' $ 8 5$) b9 . 9 .8.!.N#01 %#'.!&.%# D )./ %#9 ,WGY9 2=YJ?_= 5./ ' ) 753&$/ ' < %#3 %&752&%#) ' & 2 )&3 '&% 8.'/ ' &3 9 = República de

  >+ & / ) 3 ) 9 # &H.'/P$7.# ) :5.! 3; B 7 $<.%3#)# 2 % 3&. ) ' %&!#/ '

  &$7 $/%#) ' $ ' ) 753&$/ '= ;'&%8#$) ' )#) '9 <.7# $ /4%. 2 /&$7.#! ) ' :5.! 3; !#' 7 $/%# 8. !&$/ %&(.3& &'7%#8.'/#= &(5$) # ;'&%8#01 )& %&"%& $ ' A %$#.' ) 'B75! ` ` E,WYW9 2= *W9 #25) 9 ,WW>9 2= *JF9 35./ ) ' $&(% ' <5(.) ' .#3 2#%# ' :5.! 3; ' 2 %:5& /.$C#3 '.) 3#!/%#/#) ' 2 % '&5' 7#2#/#N&'= ' :5.! 3; '9 &!&' 8.#3 53 3&. )& %&<S(. 9 )& 2% /&'/ 7 $/%# #' 8. !P$7.#' ' <%.)#' & /#3;B3 53# 2 %/5$.)#)& )& 8.$(#$0#= % 8 !/# )& ,>?+9 #!B3 ) ' 2 %/5(5&'&'9 ' C !#$)&'&' /#3;B3 #2 $/#8#3

  #!3#%&' 7 3 ^53 'B%. 2&%.( _ E 9 ,WW>9 2= G,F= &(5$) 5$#%. E,WW>9 2= *JF9 ^ ' :5.! 3; ' < %#3 &'/5)#) ' 2 % ).8&%' '

  &'/5). ' ' & :5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&'9 )#/#) ) 'B75! ` 9 < . ! ( 7 $'.)&%#) 3#. %9 3#.' .32 %/#$/& & )5%#) 5% 3 7#3; )#

  3B%.7#_= .$67. )# &H.'/P$7.# ) :5.! 3; & '&5 <.3 $1 #2%&'&$/#3 )#/#' 7 35$' &$/%& ' &'/5). ' '9 #!(5$' #<.%3#3 :5& :5.! 3; 2 )&%.# /&% '.) 7 $'/%56) #.$)# $ <.$#! ) 'B75! ` 9 2#%# 5/% '9 7 3 !/#8.!# E,WJJF9 :5.! 3; < . 7%.#) 2 % 8 !/# )& ,>G+ & )&'/%56) &3 ,>WY9 /&$) >Y #$ ' )& &H.'/P$7.#=

  !/#8.!# E,WJJ9 2= GG GIF )&'/#7# /%P' (%#$)&' <#'&' )& 2#!3#%&'

  ,h #!3#%&' C !#$)P'9 #/#7#) &3 ,>?I 2&! 7#2./1 !#&%K *h #!3#%&' )# &'/#5%#01 &%$#3;57#$#9 )&'/%5.)# 2 % = &)% )& !3&.)#K Gh #!3#%&' <.$#!9 )&'/%56) 2 % &%$#%) .&.%# )& &! 9 7 $A5(#) # #%(&$/ % &;#'/.1 .#' & # ;#$)&.%#$/& 2#5!.'/# 3.$( ' %(&

  &!C =

  (& (%#<.# )# %&(.1 2 )& '&% 7 $'.)&%#)# 7 3 53 ) ' <#/ %&' ).%&/#3&$/& %&!#7. $#) ' # &''& ! $( 2&%6 ) )& %&'.'/P$7.#= 5$.762. )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&' &'/R ! 7#!.N#) $# N $# )# 3#/# & #2%&'&$/# /&%%&$ #7.)&$/#) = 3#/# )&$'# & #' '&%%#' #5H.!.#8#3 # )&<&'# ) ' 2#!3#%.$ ' &3 %&!#01 # ' 8. !&$/ ' #/#:5&' :5& /&$/#8#3 )&'/%5.% ' :5.! 3; '= !B3 ).'' 9 # 3#/# 2% 2 %7. $#8# #!.3&$/ ' 2 % 3&. )#' R%8 %&' <%5/6<&%#' & ) '

  >, 2!#$/. K 3#/&%.#.' ;%5/ ' 7 3 3#)&.%#9 2#%# # 7 $'/%501 )#' 7C 52#$#'9 348&.' & 5/&$'6!. 'K & # #%(.!#9 2#%# # 2% )501 )& 7&%@3.7#' E 9 *++I9 2= I+F=

  .$)# '&(5$) C.'/ %.#) %&' E7<= 9 ,WW>F & #%:5&4! ( ' E7<=

  9

  • IF9 :5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&' &%# < %3#) 2 % 8R%. ' :5.! 3; ' :5& &%#3 C#;./#) ' 2 % 2&'' #' )& ).8&%'#' &/$.#' 7 3 $&(% ' #<%.7#$ '9 6$). ' $#/.8 ' & ;%#$7 '= '/&' S!/.3 '9 $ %3#!3&$/&9 2&%'&(5.) '9 7 3 A5)&5'9 3 5% '9 ;%5H#'9 !#)%O&' & 5/% '9 /#3;B3 '& %&<5(.#8#3 $#' 7 35$.)#)&' :5.! 3; !#'= $< %3& #2 $/# &'/5) ' #%:5& !4(.7 ' E 9 ,WW>9 2= ?+F9 $# &%%# )# #%%.(# < %#3 &$7 $/%#) ' 8&'/6(. ' %&!#7. $#) '9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/&9 # ;A&/ ' <&./ ' 3#$5#!3&$/& %.5$) ' )#' 75!/5%#' !R &H.'/&$/&' 7 3 9 2 %

  &H&32! 9 3#7C#) !6/.7 & 8#' )& 7&%@3.7#= 5/%# :5&'/1 :5& 2#%&7& '&% %&!&8#$/& 2#%# 3&!C % &$/&$).3&$/ ' ;%& :5.! 3;

  < . 7 ! 7#)# 2 % !/#8.!# E,WJJF= &(5$) #5/ %9 #:5&!&' :5& 7 $'&(5.#3 )&'/%5.% 2#%/& ) ' :5.! 3; ' <.7#8#3 .32%&''. $#) ' :5#$) 8.#3 ' 3&'3 ' :5.! 3; ' $ 8#3&$/& C#;./#) ' 2 57 /&32 )&2 .'= .$)# '&(5$) #5/ %9 /#! <#/ 2 )&%.# '&% &H2!.7#) 2 %:5& ' :5.! 3; !#' #2%&'&$/#8#3 53# /%#).01 '&3&!C#$/& # ) ' ^ #7&)&3V$. ' )# %B7.#_9 2 .'9 ^3#$)#8#3 #' 7%.#$0#' )&7 %#% #' '5#' !&.'9 & &!#'9 2 52#)#' # ' 3#''#7%&'9 .#3 3#.' /#%)& 3#$/&% # /%#).01 ) '&5 2 8 9 $ #!/ )# '&%%# C.'/4%.7#9 './5#)# # *+ !B(5#' ) 3#% & # W )& !#/./5)& '5!9 &$/%& %. 5$)#S & %.;&.% 5).R_ E2= GWF=

  & .$< %3#0O&' (&%#.' ' ;%& :5.! 3; '1 .$7 32!&/#'9 :5& '& )&8& .3#(.$#% &3 %&!#01 L !6$(5#i % 7 $/# )&''# ).8&%'.)#)& 75!/5%#! & !.$(56'/.7#9 #2 $/#)# #$/&%. %3&$/&9 ' &'/5). ' ' #7%&)./#3 :5& # !6$(5# <#!#)# $ ' :5.! 3; ' $1 '&%.# 53# !6$(5# #<%.7#$#

  1 '#;&3 ' :5& !6$(5# '& <#!#8# &3 #!3#%&'= X===Z= 2#%&$/&3&$/&9 7 $/5) 9 ' 2#!3#%.$ '9 7 3 53# 2 25!#01 )& %.(&3 8#%.#)#9 7 $(%&(#$) #<%.7#$ ' )& ).<&%&$/&' /%.; '9 6$). ' & &5% 2&5'9 )&8&%.#3 5'#% 53# &'2B7.& )& !6$(5# 7 3539 $1 $&7&''#%.#3&$/& 7 3 ;#'& ;#$/ = E 9 ,WW>9 2= ?W9 $ /# ?YF

  >*

  !6$(5# <#!#)# 2&! ' 2#!3#%.$ '9 )& #7 %) 7 3 :5& !.9 &%# 53 /.2 )& 2 %/5(5P' 3.'/5%#) 7 3 &!&3&$/ ' #<%.7#$ '9 3#' ).<&%&$/& '5<.7.&$/& 2#%# :5& 5/% ' ;%#'.!&.% ' $1 # &$/&$)&''&3= E 9 ,WW>9 2= IJF

  3 3 '/%#3 ' &'/5) ' C.'/4%.7 ' & #%:5& !4(.7 '9 # &%%# )# #%%.(# & R%&#' 2%4H.3#' #.$)# #2%&'&$/#3 .$)67. ' )# &H.'/P$7.# ) ' :5.! 3; '= 7 35$.)#)& 5:5B3 #2%&'&$/# 53 #5/ %&7 $C&7.3&$/ )& '5# %&3.$.'7P$7.# :5.! 3; !# & #.$)# %&#!.N# #/.8.)#)&' :5& &'/5). ' ' #<.%3#3 /&%&3 '.) 2%#/.7#)#' 2&! ' :5.! 3; !#'9 7 3 # 2% )501 )& 7&%@3.7#'= !6$(5# <#!#)# 2 % &''# 7 35$.)#)& /#3;B3 2 )& #2%&'&$/#% 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' #)8.$)#' )&''&' :5.! 3; '9 7 3 '& 2%&/&$)& #$#!.'#% $&'/# ).''&%/#01 =

  ,=?=* '2&7/ ' (&%#.' ' ;%& # 7 35$.)#)& :5.! 3; !# 5:5B3 5:5B39 7 3 < . )./ #$/&%. %3&$/&9 B 53# 7 35$.)#)& :5.! 3; !#9 2% 8#8&!3&$/&

  %&3#$&'7&$/& ) 5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&'= 7&%/.)1 )& #5/ %&7 $C&7.3&$/ 7 3 7 35$.)#)& %&3#$&'7&$/& < . )#)# 2&! .$.'/B%. )# 5!/5%# & 25;!.7#)# $ ).R%. <.7.#! $ ).# ,W )& #;%.! )& *++I= 3 !#( #'9 #!B3 )& 5:5B39 5/%#' 8.$/& & 53# 7 35$.)#)&' AR %&7&;&%#3 '5#' 7&%/.)O&'=

  &(5$) .$.'/B%. )# 5!/5%#9 #' 7 35$.)#)&' %&3#$&'7&$/&' )& :5.! 3; ' &H.'/&$/&' $ %#'.! 2 )&3 7C&(#% # G=I*?= /B 3 3&$/ 9 AR < %#3 %&7 $C&7.)#' ,=G+I 7 35$.)#)&'= 7%./B%. 5/.!.N#) 2#%# %&7 $C&7.3&$/ )#' 7 35$.)#)&' 2 )& '&% 8.'/ #;#.H

  &7%&/ ?=JJY9 )& *+ )& $ 8&3;% )& *++G9 &3 '&5 #%/.( *j9 7 $'.)&%# ' %&3#$&'7&$/&' )#' 7 35$.)#)&' ) ' :5.! 3; '9 ' (%52 ' B/$.7 %#7.#.'9

  >G

  %&!#7. $#)# 7 3 # %&'.'/P$7.# L 2%&''1 C.'/4%.7# ' <%.)#= E = ,* .$.'/B%. )# 5!/5%#= 5$)#01 5!/5%#! #!3#%&'= QuilombosF

  8&%$ &)&%#!9 2 % 3&. ) % (%#3# %#'.! 5.! 3; !# E F9 #2%&'&$/# 53# 'B%.& )& #0O&' 2#%# 3&!C %#% #' 7 $).0O&' )& 8.)# & (#%#$/.% ' ).%&./ ' &''&$7.#.' )&''#' 7 35$.)#)&'= $/%& #' 2%. %.)#)&' ) &'/1 ^%&(5!#%.N#01 <5$).R%.#9 )&'&$8 !8.3&$/ &7 $V3.7 ! 7#!9 (&%#01 )& %&$)#9 '#S)&9 &)57#01 & &'/635! L 2#%/.7.2#01 & # 7 $/% !&

  ,G

  ' 7.#! )#' 2 !6/.7#' 2S;!.7#' 2&! ' :5.! 3; !#'_ = &$/#$/ 9 7 3 8&%&3 ' 3#.' #).#$/&9 3&'3 7 3 ' ).%&./ ' #''&(5%#) '9 #!(5$'

  ) ' 2% ;!&3#' %&!#/#) ' $ /%#;#!C )& #$/ ' E*++?F #.$)# $1 < %#3 7 32!&/#3&$/& ' !57. $#) '9 &3; %# 35./ AR /&$C# '.) <&./ )&')& :5& # 7 35$.)#)& %&7&;&5 # 7&%/.)1 )

  .$.'/B%. )# 5!/5%#= .32 %/#$/& !&3;%#% :5&9 7 3 )&'/#7# 2% (%#3# 9 &''#' 7 35$.)#)&'

  $ %3#!3&$/& '& &$7 $/%#3 &3 !5(#%&' )& ).<67.! #7&'' & 2% 75%#3 3#$/&% '5# #5/ ''5<.7.P$7.#= % 7 $/# )&''#' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#'9 '& / %$# ).<67.! ;/&% .$< %3#0O&' 2%&7.'#' & #32!.#% 7 $C&7.3&$/ ' ;%& &!#'=

  ' .$< %3#0O&' #2%&'&$/#)#' $&'/& /%#;#!C '1 )&%.8#)#' )& .$8&'/.(#0O&' %&#!.N#)#' 2 % &%$#$)&' E*++>F9 #$/ ' E*++?F9 .!8# E*++IF & )& .$< %3#0O&' #/5#!.N#)#' ' ;%& # 7 35$.)#)& %&#!.N#)#' &3 *++W 2#%# )&'&$8 !8.3&$/ )&'/# 2&':5.'#=

  %#;#!C ' 7 3 &''&' #2%&'&$/#3 .$< %3#0O&' ' 7.#!9 75!/5%#!9 C.'/4%.7# & !.$(56'/.7# )& 5:5B3 & 2% 75%#3 7 $/%.;5.% 2#%# 53 3&!C % 7 $C&7.3&$/ )&''# 7 35$.)#)& :5& #/B 2 57 /&32 2&%3#$&7.# )&'7 $C&7.)#= !B3 ).'' 9 #.$)# 2&%3./&3 :5& 2&':5.'#' <5/5%#' #2%&'&$/&3 '5;'6). ' 2#%# 3 '/%#% #' /%#$'< %3#0O&' 2&!#' :5#.' # 7 35$.)#)& 2#'' 5=

  ,* ,G

#%# 3#. %&' )&/#!C&' 8&% kC//2 DD[[[=2#!3#%&'=( 8=;%D++ID++I+*++,=A'2i// \ l,++m

#%# 3#. %&' )&/#!C&' 8&%

  >? &$) #''.39 # '&(5.%9 '&%1 <&./#' 7 32#%#0O&' %&<&%&$/&' L' ).<.75!)#)&' )# 7 35$.)#)& %&!#/#)#' 2 % #$/ ' E*++?F & :5& < . 8.'/ #/5#!3&$/& &9 &3 '&(5.)#9 ' ;%&

  .$< %3#0O&' )& 75$C C.'/4%.7 & 75!/5%#!9 7 3 ;#'& &3 &%$#$)&' E*++>F= & #7 %) 7 3 #' .$< %3#0O&' 7 !&/#)#'9 &3 ,W )& 3#%0 )& *++W9 2&! /B7$.7 &3

  2&':5.'# ) 9 'B #%! ' &%%&.%# )# .!8#9 )# #(P$7.# )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'9 CR $# 7 35$.)#)& 53 / /#! )& J+ ) 3.76!. ' & 53# 2 25!#01 9 &3 3B).#9 )& GJW9I C#;./#$/&'9 &'/#$) #2&$#' ?Y ) 3.76!. ' #(! 3&%#) '9 < %3#$) 53# 2 25!#01 )& **W C#;./#$/&'=

  &(5$) )#) ' )& #$/ '9 # &$/%#)# )# 7 35$.)#)& <.7# # 3#.' 5 3&$ ' I T3 )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'9 $1 CR /%#$'2 %/& 7 !&/.8 %&(5!#% & $.$(5B3 )# 7 35$.)#)& 2 ''5.

  #5/ 348&!= 3 *++W9 %&!#/.8 .' !#3&$/ 7#5'#) 2 % &''&' 2% ;!&3#' #.$)# < . $ /#) = &'/%#)# #.$)# B )& ;#%% &9 $ 2&%6 ) )& 7C58#'9 <.7# :5#'& .$#7&''68&! L 2 25!#01 :5& '& ! 7 3 8&9 2%#/.7#3&$/&9 # 2B9 )& ;.7.7!&/# &9 L' 8&N&'9 2 % 3&. )& /#H. & 3 / /#H.= 3 %&!#01 L &)57#01 9 &3 *++?9 C#8.# #2&$#' # '7 !# )& $'.$ 5$)#3&$/#! &)%

  &%&.%# )# .!8# E)# ,h L Gh 'B%.&F 2#%# / )#' #' <#.H#' &/R%.#'= 6$).7& )& #$#!<#;&/ ' 7C&(#8# # 3#.' )& ?,e )# 2 25!#01 = ' )#) ' ' ;%& # &'7 !# #.$)# $1 < %#3 3&!C %#) '9 2 .' '4 2 ''5. 53# '#!#9 3#' AR &'/1 '&$) <&%/#)#' #5!#' 2#%# 7%.#$0#' )&')& 3#/&%$#! #/B # :5#%/# 'B%.& E&:5.8#!&$/& # Ij #$ 9 7 $< %3& # #/5#! )&$ 3.$#01 F= ;%& # :5&'/1 )# #!<#;&/.N#01 9 $1 '& /&3 .$< %3#0O&' ) = #'9 # &'7 !# &'/R <.7#$) 3#.' #7&''68&! # ' 3#.' 8&!C ' 2 % 3&. )# )57#01 )& 8&$' & )5!/ ' E F & ) 2% (%#3# %#'.!

  !<#;&/.N#) 9 7 3 < . %&!#/#) 2 % 53# 3 %#) %# )& 5:5B3 ^C A& 3&'3 # (&$/& /# %(#$.N#$) 53# X<&'/#Z ) %#'.! !<#;&/.N#) :5& B 2% A&/ #:5. /#3;B3 /&3 7 3 ' #)5!/ ' :5& $1 /&8& # 2 %/5$.)#)& )& &'/5)#%_ X 9 9 *GZ= 3 *++?9 ' #(&$/&' )& '#S)& &$7#3.$C#8#3 # 2 25!#01 # 35$.762. )& $.1 ) '

  #!3#%&'9 2 .' $1 C#8.# 53 2 '/ )& '#S)& $# 7 35$.)#)&=

  1 C#8.# %&)& )& &'( / 9 $&3 7 !&/# )& !.H E ' 3 %#) %&' &$/&%%#8#3 5 :5&.3#8#3 %&'6)5 ' '4!.) 'F= 3&$/& &3 *++I

  >I < . .$'/#!#) 53 2 '/ )# '#S)& )# <#36!.# E F )&$/% )# 7 35$.)#)& &9 '&(5$) ' 3 %#) %&'9 ; # 2#%/& )#' 7#'#' 2 ''5. R(5# &$7#$#)# & &$&%(.# &!B/%.7#

  A& # (&$/& /&3 )&$/.'/# /&3 (.$&7 ! (.'/# /&3 3B).7 /&3 /5) $ $B 53# &:5.2& 3#%#8.!C '# :5& #/&$)& '52&% ;&3 & # 7 35$.)#)& C A& &5 #7%&)./ :5& /R :5#'& AR 53# 7.)#)& 53# 2&:5&$# 7.)#)& E%.' 'F= X===Z &!& < . 7 $'/%56) #7C :5& < . ) .' 3.! & 7.$7 ) .' 3.! & 7.$7 :5& 8&. 2%# 7R = X 9 9 GIZ :5. #$/.(#3&$/& $1 /.$C# $&3 &'/%#)# 2# $.$(5B3 7#3.$CR &%# &%# 3#/ )& 53 !#) & / & #' 7#'# &%# 7 $/#)# #!(53#' 7#'# :5& /.$C# $B & )& 5$' 8.$/& #$ /%.$/# 2%# 7R :5& 35)V 35./ :5& #:5. $1 /.$C# &$&%(.# $1 /.$C# R(5# &$7#$#)# C A& &3 ).# /&3 /5) $B= X 9 9 >*Z

  2 25!#01 #.$)# ' ;%&8.8& &7 $ 3.7#3&$/& ) 7 %/& )& 7#$# )& #0S7#%9 )# #(%.75!/5%# & 2&75R%.# )& '5;'.'/P$7.# & )# 2% )501 )& 7&%@3.7# 5/.!./R%.# & )&7 %#/.8#9 #/.8.)#)&9 .$7!5'.8&9 ) 753&$/#)# 2 % C.'/ %.#) %&' E 9 *++>K 9 *++>F 7 3 /62.7# ) ' #$/.( ' C#;./#$/&' ) 5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&'

  A& # (&$/& 8B8. ) 5:5B3 #/%#8B' )# 7#$# )& #0S7# $B :5& B # '.$# &%%# %#$)& B 2%&3&% &5' '&(5$) # # '.$# &%%# %#$)& :5& B 53# (%#$)& 31& )& / )#' :5& B #$ .$/P% 7 3 #' <#36!.# ) 5:5B3 /%#;#!C#$) /% ' B <.7C#) /% ' B 7#)%#'/#) )5%#$/& '&.' 3P' & 5/#' <#36!.# :5& 8B8. )# 7&%@3.7# X===Z $# #(%.75!/5%# # (&$/& 2!#$/# $ .$8&%$ $B :5& B /&32 )# 7C58# $1 /&3 .%%.(#01 & '4 2!#$/# '4 2% 7 $'53

  $1 8&$).= X 9 9 GIZ

  3 #2 $/#) 2 % &%$#$)&' E*++>F9 #' .$< %3#0O&' (&%#.' ' ;%& # C.'/4%.# )# 7 35$.)#)& '1 2#''#)#' )& 2#. 2#%# <.!C & < %#3 %&!#/#)#' 2&! ' 2%42%. ' 3 %#) %&'9 2 .' ) 753&$/ ' C.'/4%.7 ' :5& <#!#3 ' ;%& # 7 35$.)#)&9 &3; %# /&$C#3 '.) .$/&$'#3&$/& 2% 75%#) '9 #.$)# $1 < %#3 ! 7#!.N#) '= ' /&3#' &$7 $/%#) ' $ ' %&!#/ ' #; %)#3 $ 3& ) ! 7#!9 %&!.(.1 9 <&'/#'9 )#$0#' & 5/% '=

  #.' %&!#/ ' ) ' 3 %#) %&' < %#3 7 !&/#) ' &3 ,WWY 2&! (%52 )& 2&':5.'# ) S7!& )& &'/5) ' #<% ;%#'.!&.% ' E F &3 53 2% A&/ 7 3 ;#'& $# .'/4%.# %#!9

  >> 7 %)&$#) 2 % &%$#$)&' E*++>F &9 &3 ,WWW9 2&! /B7$.7 &3 2&':5.'# ) 'B #%! '

  &%%&.%# )# .!8#= &(5$) #!(5$' 3 %#) %&'9 a53;. /&%.# )&'.($#) 53# 2&'' # )& 7 $<.#$0# 2#%#

  !.)&%#% 53 #(%52#3&$/ )& $&(% ' :5& '& ! 7#!.N#8# $&''# %&(.1 =

  3 C 3&$#(&3 # !6)&%9 # 7 35$.)#)& /&%.# #) /#) '&5 $ 3&9 5 '&A#9 5:5B3= 5/% ' 3 %#) %&'9 $ &$/#$/ 9 #<.%3#3 :5& 5:5B3 /&%.# %&7&;.) &''& $ 3& 2 %:5&

  &%# $&''# %&(.1 :5& ' :5.! 3; !#' 3 $/#8#3 #%3#).!C#' 2#%# '&5' .$.3.( '9 5'#$) 8#%#' '&3&!C#$/&' #' :5& &%#3 5'#)#' 2#%# 7 $'/%5.% (%&!C#' $)& '&7#8#3 2&.H&'= ''#' (%&!C#' &%#3 )&$ 3.$#)#' )& 3 :5B39 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ $ )&2 .3&$/ )& 53 ) ' 3 %#) %&' E*++WF

  ''& $ 3& 5:5B3 &!& $1 B 7 3 5 &!& B 7 3 &!& B 3 :5B3 3 :5B3 3 :5B3 & 3 :5B3 B &5 2% 75%#$) $ ).7. $R%. &5 #7C&. 3 :5B3 B '1 (%&!C#' )& 8#%#' 2%# '&7R 2&H& $# %&#!.)#)& &%# :5& &!&' <#N.# #:5. 3&'3 35./#' #%3#).!C#' $ 3&. )# &'/%#)# :5& # (&$/& 7C#3# )& #%#/#7# $1 '&. '& 8 7P AR 58.5 <#!R $&''& $ 3& #%#/#7# #%#/#7# B # $)& /&3 7#3.$C )& 2%&R )&$/% ) ' 3#/ # (&$/& 2O& 53 /R5;# 7 3 53 53 2#5N.$C #:5. 7#8# 53 ;5%#7 & 7 ! 7# 53# /R5;# #6 :5#$) 2%&R 2.'# #:5. # /R5;# <#N #''.3 #6 2%&R 7#. !R )&$/% & # /R5;# 8 !/# & 2%&R <.7# !R )&$/% &$/1 &!&' <#N.# &''& /.2 )& #%3#).!C# 7 3 8#%#' '4 :5& &!&' 7 %/#8# # &'/%#)# 7#3.$C 7 ! 7#8# &''#' 8#%# & 7 ! 7#8# ;#'/#$/& < !C# )& ;#$#$# & /&%%# & )&2 .' 8#%%.# 2 % 7.3# :5&3 .# '#;P :5& #!. /.$C# ;5%#7 #6 :5#$) #' 2&'' # 8.$C# 2# :5&%P )&'/%56 # '&%%# )& ;#%%.(# B #/#7R # '&% # '&%%# #6 &!&' 7#.# )&$/% )#:5&!&' ;5%#7 &!&' 3#/#8# X

  9 9 ??Z=

  7 35$.)#)& $1 #2%&'&$/# /%#).01 $# 2%R/.7# )& %&!.(.O&' )& %.(&3 #<%.7#$# 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 7#$) 3;!B= ' %&!#/ '9 $ /#3 ' :5& # 3#. %.# )# 2 25!#01 B 7#/4!.7#9 .$7!5'.8&9 #' <&'/#' $# 7 35$.)#)& &'/1 #'' 7.#)#' # &''# %&!.(.1 9 7 3 # <&'/# &3 C 3&$#(&3 L #$/#

  5N.#= ' 5/%#' <&'/#' '& %&<&%&3 L' 7 3&3 %#0O&' 7 35$' ) ' ;%#'.!&.% ' 5 # ' <&'/&A ' %&#!.N#) ' $ ).# )# 7 $'7.P$7.# $&(%#9 7 3&3 %#) $ ).# *+ )& $ 8&3;% =

  >Y ' 2 57 '9 &'/R )&.H#$) )& '&% 2%#/.7#)# # )#$0# ) 7 7 9 )#$0# )& % )# 7 3

  .$<!5P$7.#' #<%.7#$#' & .$)6(&$#'9 )& !&/%#' '.32!&'9 #7 32#$C#)# )& .$'/%53&$/ '9 )#' 2#!3#' & ) ;#/&% ' 2B' $ 7C1

  3#.' '&32%& #:5. /&8& )#$0# )& 7 7 '#3;# 3&5 2#. '&32%& 7 $/# :5& /&8& 53 3 $/& )& 3S'.7# 3# .' < . #7#;#$ $1 /.$C# :5&3 7 $/. :5&3 )&''& &''# 3 /.8#01 2%# ' 3#.' A 8&3 '&(56 X 9 9 *GZ

  7#2 &.%# & )#$0# #<% E7C#3#)# )& )#$0# ) 7 7 2 % #!(5$' 3 %#) %&'F '4 '1 2%#/.7#)#' 2&! ' A 8&$' 2 %:5& 2% <&'' %&' )# 7.)#)& )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&' E#2&!.)#)# )& ^%5#_F 81 #/B # 7 35$.)#)& )#% #' #5!#'9 3#' ' A 8&$' $1 #2%&'&$/#3 35./ .$/&%&''& &3 )#% 7 $/.$5.)#)&

  # )#$0# ) 7 7 &!# &H.'/& #.$)# #( %# $ (#%21 /&3 53# 3&$.$# )# ,? %5# &$'.$R X===Z &$'.$R 2&'' #! #6 8&3 1 /53;B3 /%#;#!C# 7#2 P%# <#N 7#2 P%# &$'.$R 3#.' 8#. 8#. 7 3&0# 35./# (&$/& )&2 .' :5& $53 ,I 8.8& HHH HHH #:5. $53 /&3 <5/5% $B #6 7 3&0# #:5&!& 3 $/& ;&3

  #''.3 B #' &'7 !# )# $ ./& B # 3&'3# 7 .'# :5#$) 7 3&0# <.7# :5#%&$/# 7.$:5&$/# &'/5)#$/& )&2 .' 53 8#. 7#.$ 7 3&0# ).'.'/6= X 9 9 >GZ

  .$)# '&(5$) ' 3 %#) %&'9 ' 7#'#3&$/ ' '1 7 35$' &$/%& 2%.3 '9 5 '&A#9 )& 2&'' #' )# 2%42%.# 7 35$.)#)&9 '&$) 2 57#' #' 2&'' #' )& 5/%#' %&(.O&'= 2#''#) .'' '&%8.# )& 3&).)# )& '&(5%#$0#9 2 .' &!&' $1 2 )&%.#3 '#;&% '& # 2&'' # '&%.# 53# #3&#0# L 8.)# )# 7 35$.)#)&9 3#'9 C A& &3 ).#9 &''& 7 '/53& 2&%3#$&7& & ' C#;./#$/&' $1 '#;&3 &H2!.7#% # %#N1 = #! 2%R/.7# $ ' !&8# # '52 % :5&9 7 3 # 3#. %.# B )& #'7&$)P$7.# $&(%#9 ; # 2#%/& )# 2 25!#01 /#3;B3 '&%.# $&(%#=

  #'9 2&! <#/ )& /&%&3 '.) &$7 $/%#)#' 2&'' #' 7 3 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' .$)6(&$#' & &5% 2&.#'9 7 3 %&!#/#) 2 % .!8# E*++IF9 B !&8#)# &3 7 $/# # &H.'/P$7.# )& 53# ).8&%'.)#)& ,? B/$.7# $ ' :5.! 3; '9 7./#)#' #$/&%. %3&$/& 2 % 5$#%. E,WW>F & %.7& E,WW>F=

  3& <.7/67. =

  >J &(5$) ;'&%8#0O&' )&''# #5/ %#9 )5#' <.!C#' )# 3 %#) %# &$/%&8.'/#)# #2%&'&$/#8#3

  7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' ).<&%&$/&' )#' )# 31&

  5#' <.!C#'9 ).<&%&$/&' )& '&5 3#%.) & )&!# 2%42%.#9 '1 &3 /5) .$)6(&$#'= &.0O&'9 7 %9 7#;&! === &$/&. '#;&% # /%.; .$)6(&$# )& '5# )&'7&$)P$7.#9 3#' &!# X# 3 %#) %# &$/%&8.'/#)#Z 3& ).''& 5) #.$)# )# B2 7# )# '&%%#= 3&5 2#. B $#'7.) & 7%.#) /5) )#:5. 3&'3 = E 9 *++I9 2= ,,IF=

  3 5/% 3 3&$/ 9 # #5/ %# /#3;B3 <#N 53 .$/&%&''#$/& 7 3&$/R%. ' ;%& 53# < / /.%#)# )# <#36!.# )&''# 3&'3# .$< %3#$/&9 8&A#3 ' ^< / ' 7 3 = X===Z & '&5' 35./ ' $&/ ' .$7!5'.8& )5#' (#!&(#' 7 3 &!&' 3&'3 ' ).N&39 #2&'#% )&''# (&%#01 & )& )5#' #$/&%. %&' # &''#9 2&! :5& 7 $'/#/&.9 $1 /&% $&$C53 (#!&( _ E ;.)&39 2=,,>9 '.7F=

  3 AR < . 7 3&$/#) 9 '&(5$) 5$C# E*++G#9 2= G9 *++G;9 2= GF9 &$/%& #' 3#%7#' !.$(56'/.7#' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' )& 7 35$.)#)&' %5%#.' )& #'7&$)P$7.# #<%.7#$# &'/1 ^2&%)# 5 8#%.#01 $ 5' )& 3#%7#' <!&H. $#.'_ $# 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#!9 7<= &3 EY#F9 $ $68&! ) '.$/#(3# $ 3.$#!9 7<9 &3 EY;F9 & $# 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 9 7<= &3 EY7F= ''#' 3#%7#' < %#3 8.'/#' $# <#!# ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B39 7 3 2 )&3 ' 8&%

  EYF E#F as casa 7 $/#)#n X 9 9 >*ZK otros 7#)%#'/#) n X

  9

  9 GIZ9 :5#$) nóis 7%.#$0# X 9 9 ??ZK nóis num 7 $C&7.) n X 9 9 ??Z=

  E;F &%# do outra banda X 9 9 >*ZK .$'2&/ % / 3#8# # 2% 8.)P$7.# 2%# !&8#% #:5&!# 2&'' # aquele pessoa 2&(5& 2%# )&!&(#7.# X 9 9 ??Z=

  E7F os povo :5& '1 empregadoØ ) ( 8&%$ X 9 = ?YZK as planta #:5.

  poucaØ X 9 9 *GZK os menino /1 soltoØ X 9 9 ??Z

  #%# &'' # )& #'/% E*++I9 2= +W ,+F9 #$/&%. %3&$/& 7./#)#9 # 2&%)# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#

  >W :5&9 $#' &'/%5/5%#' )#' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' ) /% $7 ;#$/ E(%52 !.$(56'/.7 #<%.7#$ )& 3#. % $S3&% )5%#$/& 2&%6 ) &'7%#8.'/# $ %#'.!F9 2!5%#! ) ' $ 3&' B ^<&./ 2 % 3&. )& 2%&<.H '_ & # 3#%7# )& (P$&% 2 )&%.# '&% ^)&'7 $C&7.)#_=

  #%# 577C&'. E*++JF9 # %&)501 )#' 3#%7#' <!&H. $#.' & # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# '1 )&%.8#)#' ) 7 $/#/ &$/%& !6$(5#'

  2 %/5(5P' $ %#'.! ' <%&5 #!/&%#0O&' )&7 %%&$/&' )& 53 2% 7&'' )& /%#$'3.''1 !.$(56'/.7# .%%&(5!#% 3#.' !&8&9 2%42%. )& './5#0O&' )& 53 7 $/#/ 3#.' #32! ) :5& :5& '& 8&%.<.7# $#' './5#0O&' &'2&76<.7#' )& 7%. 5!.N#01 K )&'/#7#$) '&9 $ 7#' ;%#'.!&.% 9 )&$/%& 5/% ' <#/ %&'9 &!&8#) (%#5 )& 3&'/.0#(&3= E.)&39 2= ,I,F

  &$) #''.39 B 2 ''68&! ).N&% :5& ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3 #2%&'&$/#3 &''&' /.2 ' )& 8#%.#01 & :5& .'' 2 )& /&% '.) 53# C&%#$0# ) ' #<%.7#$ ' & #<% )&'7&$)&$/&' L 7 35$.)#)&= ;#.H '1 #2%&'&$/#)#' < / ' )& 5:5B3

  .(5%# '/ ) 9 < / )& 7#% #%8#!C .(5%# '7 !#9 < / )& !"#$" #!(#) # <.(5%# 9 2 )& '&% 8.'/ '/ ) E % (%#3# #S)& )# #36!.#F &9 $# <.(5%# 9 # S$.7# &'7 !# ) 2 8 #) 9 # '7 !# )& $'.$ 5$)#3&$/#! &)% &%&.%# )# .!8#=

  Y+ ,=?=G <&$V3&$ !.$(56'/.7 &'/5)#)

  !(5$' &'/5) ' 8P3 #$#!.'#$) 3#%7#' !.$(56'/.7#' $#' 7 35$.)#)&' %&3#$&'7&$/&' )& :5.! 3; '= &(5$) 5$C# E*++G#9 2= G9 *++G;9 2= I >9 )&'/#:5&' )# #5/ %#F9 $#' 7 35$.)#)&' #3R'. & %&7C#! E F9 #3;#' )& #'7&$)P$7.# :5.! 3; !#9 #!(53#' 3#%7#' !.$(56'/.7#' < %#3 ;'&%8#)#' $ $68&! 3 %< ''.$/R/.7

  #F 2&%)# )& #%/.( ' “e ' ( gente fica imprensado, sem sabe cumo reagi” E ' ,*I9 G9 F X===Z ;F 2#)%1 '.!R;.7 “purque eu acho a mais cumpreta ) a pessoa cumprá o boi” E 5$ W?9 G9 F

  7F 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& (P$&% & $S3&% X===Z ^Terra funda de areia pá mandioca_E ' *?J9 G9 F9 ^* + tudo véio, cacarequentob E 5$9 ?J9 G9 F

  )F #5'P$7.# )& 2%&2 '.0O&' ^O Brasil todo num falha ' ( vim aqui_ E $/9

  IIJ9 G F X===Z &F ' )#' 3#%7#' 3 %< !4(.7#' )& G# 2&'' # ) '.$(5!#% $ !5(#% )# ,# 2=

  • '.$(5!#% ^, desse tapetinho de retáio pá vendê_ E #%9 Y?9 F E 5 <#0 )&'/& /#2&/.$C )& %&/#!C 2#%# 8&$)&%F <F &)52!.7#01 ) 2% $ 3& 2&'' #! )& ,h 2&'' # ^Então, desses daí E;#/ 3F que eu vendia, Stela, pra ganhá(r) assim besteira..._E %#9 ?*G9 ,9 F=

  7 35$.)#)& 5:5B39 ;'&%8#)# $&'/# ).''&%/#01 9 B 7 $'.)&%#)# %&3#$&'7&$/& )& :5.! 3; &9 )&''& 3 ) 9 &'2&%# '& :5& &'/& &'/5) 7 $/%.;5# 2#%# /%#;#!C $&7&''R%. )& 8&%.<.7#% #' ).<&%&$0#' !.$(56'/.7#' &$/%& 7 35$.)#)&' '&3 # )&'7&$)P$7.# #<%.7#$# & 7 35$.)#)&' )&'7&$)&$/&' :5.! 3; !#'9 /&$) 7 3 <&$V3&$ !.$(56'/.7 #$#!.'#) $# <#!# ) ' C#;./#$/&' )& 5:5B3 # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ =

  2%.$762. 9 &'/5) )# 7 $7 %)@$7.# $# %&<&%.)# &'/%5/5%# #;%#$(&%.# ' /%#0 ' )& (P$&% & ' )& $S3&% 9 3#'9 $ )&7 %%&% )# 7 !&/# ) ' )#) ' < . ;'&%8#) :5& $1 C 58& 7#' ' )& $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# (P$&% &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 9 )&''& 3 ) 9 #2&$#' # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% < . #$#!.'#)#=

  Y, &(5$) 577C&'. E*++J9 2= ,I, ,I*F9 ' %&'5!/#) ' :5#$/./#/.8 ' '1 .32 %/#$/&' 2#%#

  # 3&$7. $#)# ).<&%&$7.#01 9 53# 8&N :5& $#' 7 35$.)#)&' %5%#.' #<% )&'7&$)&$/&' (%#5 )& 8#%.#01 B 3#. % :5& )& 7 35$.)#)&' %5%#.' & (%#5 )&'/# B 3#. % :5& )#' 7.)#)&' 5%;#$#'9 < %3#$) ^53 continuum ;#'/#$/& '.($.<.7#/.8 _9 &3 :5& ^ $)& 7 $/#/ < . 3#.' 2% <5$) 9 3#.' .$/&$' B :5#)% #/5#! )& 8#%.#01 $#' %&(%#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#_=

  ;%& <&$V3&$ !.$(56'/.7 &'/5)#) 9 '&%1 #2%&'&$/#)#' #' 2 '.0O&' )& &'/5) ' /&4%.7 )&'7%./.8 ' E 9 *++GFK # )# (%#3R/.7# (&%#/.8#9 ).'75/.)# 2 % 5%# E*++YK

  • WF & 2 % .;#!) E*++WF & #' 7 $'.)&%#0O&' ' ;%& # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $&''# &'/%5/5%# #2%&'&$/#)#' 2 % 2&':5.'#' ' 7. !.$(56'/.7#' E 9 ,WW,K 9 ,WW>K 9 *++JK 9 *++YK 9 *++JF=

  ,>

  3 5#%/& E*++GF 9 7#26/5! )& 7#%R/&% /&4%.7 )&'7%./.8 & :5& #2%&'&$/# %&'5!/#) ' )& &'/5) ' !.$(56'/.7 ' %&7&$/&' ' ;%& # 6$(5# %/5(5&'#9 # 2#%/& )&).7#)# L $ 01 )& '5A&./ & )& 2%&).7#/.8 /#3;B3 &$8 !8& # )& 2%&).7#01 9 # #5/ %# 8#. #<.%3#% :5& &'/# 7 $/B3 ) .' /&%3 ' <5$)#3&$/#.' 2%&).7#) & '5A&./ =

  #' %#0O&' 7 3 8&%; ' 7 25!#/.8 ' E 5 )& !.(#01 F9 2%&'&$/&' &3 &'/%5/5%#' 2%&).7#/.8#'9 7 %%&3 3#.' )& 53# 2%&).7#01 9 2 .'9 7 3 #<.%3# # #5/ %#9 ^2%&).7# '& #)A&7/.8 5 # &H2%&''1 $ 3.$#! &3 2 '.01 24' 8&%;#! #7&%7# ) '5A&./ )# <%#'& & 2%&).7# '& / )# # &H2%&''1 &3 ./R!.7 #7&%7# ) 3&'3 '5A&./ _ E2=*YJF

  EJF E#F X

  3.S) Z está contente= E;F X

  3.S) Z é filho do Pedro= E 9 2=*YJF &(5$) 5#%/& E*++GF9 # %&!#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $# &'/%5/5%# 2%&).7#/.8# /#3;B3 ,> )&2&$)& )# $#/5%&N# < %3#! ) 2%&).7#/.8 9 7 3 $ ' &H&32! ' EW#F & EW;F

  #26/5! ^ &!#0O&' (%#3#/.7#.'9 &':5&3#' %&!#7. $#.' & %)&3 )#' 2#!#8%#'_ $# Gramática da

  Y* EWF E#F 2%&).7#/.8 ' 7 $'/./56) ' 2 % 53# &H2%&''1 $ 3.$#! :5#!./#/.8# $1 7 $7 %)#3 7 3 '5A&./

  Os teus amigos '1 X53 #3 %Z_ E(%.< )# #5/ %#9 2=*W,F %&)

  E;F $# %#01 7 3 53 8&%; 7 25!#/.8 5'#) .32&'' #!3&$/& # 7 $7 %)@$7.# '& <#N 7 3 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  ^São [duas horas]_ E(%.< )# #5/ %#9 2=*W,F=

  %&)

  5%# E*++YK *++WF <#N 53 &'/5) ' ;%& # 2%&).7#01 7 25!#/.8# &3 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% & /%#N #!(53#' 7 $'.)&%#0O&' # %&'2&./ )&!# ' ; !C#% )# (%#3R/.7# (&%#/.8#=

  &''& /.2 )& &'/%5/5%#9 '&(5$) # #5/ %#9 &'/1 2%&'&$/&' ' 7 $'/./5.$/&' sujeito + verbo

  copulativo + predicativo do sujeito9 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ #;#.H E,+F #= 1 é [estudioso].

  ;= #5! é [médico]. 7= 7%.#$0# está [no jardim]. )= 7%.#$0# está [longe de casa].

  .$)# '&(5$) # #5/ %#9 2%&).7#/.8 &'/#;&!&7& ^53# %&!#01 ).%&/# )& 2%&).7#01 7 3 '5A&./ )# <%#'& 3#/%.N_ E 9 *++Y9 2= >JF & 2 )& '&% ) /.2 #)A&/.8#! E,+#F9 $ 3.$#! E,+;F9 2%&2 '.7. $#! E,+7F 5 #)8&%;.#! E,+)F= #'9 # %&!#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# E(P$&% & $S3&% F $ %3#!3&$/& B &'/#;&!&7.)# :5#$) 2%&).7#/.8 B ) /.2 $ 3.$#! & ) /.2 #)A&/.8#!9 &'/& S!/.3 2 )& '&% %&8.'/ &3 E,,F

  ,Y

  E,,F

  1 B X / X / &'/5). ' ZZ=

  )A , )Ab *

  YG ;%& &''& &H&32! 9 5%# E*++W9 $ 2%&! 9 ./R!.7 $ '' F 3 '/%# 7 3 '& )R # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 :5&9 $&''& 7#' 9 B ) /.2 #)A&/.8#!

  • + * '5A&./ X 1 Z B (&%#) $# ;#'& $# 2 '.01 3#%7#)# / 9 .'/ B9 $ ^&'2&7.<.7#) % .$/&%$ _ ) )A 9 75A# 7#;&0# B )A X&'/5). ' Z= Em

  seguida, ele se move para a posição t isto é, (o “externo”) Spec AdjP, em 1, que a concordância adjetival é “checada”= .$#!3&$/&9 &!& '& 3 8& )& )A 2#%# # 2 '.01 )& '5A&./ )# 7!R5'5!#=

  '& 3 8&% 2#%# # 2 '.01 )& '5A&./ )# 7!R5'5!#9 ' /%#0 ' phi E(P$&% 9 $S3&% 9 2&'' #F ) '5A&./ )&'&$7#)&.#3 53# %&!#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# 7 3 $S7!& <!&H. $#! E.=&=9 # 7425!# itselfF9 #''.39 &'2&%# '& :5& '5A&./ 9 $S7!& <!&H. $#! & 2%&).7#/.8 7 $7 %)&3 E *++I9 2= I>K *++W9 $ 2%&! F=

  2#%/.762. 9 53# )#' < %3#' $ 3.$#.' ) 8&%; 9 /#3;B3 '&%.# #7%&'7&$/#) # ' /.2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ' :5& &'/#;&!&7&3 7 $7 %)@$7.# 7 3 ' '5A&./ ' #2%&'&$/#) ' #$/&%. %3&$/& 2 %

  5%# E*++YF9 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ &3 ^&5 /V sentada_ X 9 9 >*Z= .;#!) E*++WF /#3;B3 <#N 53# 'B%.& )& %&<!&HO&' # %&'2&./ )& '&$/&$0#' 7 25!#%&'9

  ,J

  /%#N&$) 7 $/%.;5.0O&' )& 8R%. ' #5/ %&'9 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 %.'/4/&!&' 9 .((.$' E,WY>F9 &%&!/'8#.( E*++,F & /#''&$ E,WWYF=

  #%# # ).'75''1 ' ;%& 7425!#9 #5/ % #; %)# # $ 01 )#)# 2 % %.'/4/&!&' 2#%# ).N&% :5& ^# 7425!# B )&'8.$75!#)# ) 2%&).7#) 9 '&$) 7 $'.)&%#)# &!&3&$/ :5& < %$&7& L '&$/&$0# )&7!#%#/.8# # '5# &'2&7.<.7#01 )& /&32 _ E*++W9 2= *GF & :5& ^B /&%3 :5& !.(# 53

  

sujeito # 53 predicado_ E2=*?9 (%.< ' ) #5/ %F= 3 5/% 7#26/5! 9 .;#!) 8#. %&/ 3#% #'

  $ 0O&' )& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#) 2#%# )&<.$.% /&%3 predicação 5'#) $# '5# /&'&

  # 2%&).7#01 &$8 !8& 53# &'/%5/5%# #''.3B/%.7# .$7!5.$) 2%&).7#) 9 '&5 '5A&./ & 53 &!&3&$/ <5$7. $#! E F 3&).#$) # %&!#01 7 $<.(5%#7. $#! & $1 ).%&7. $#! &$/%& 2%&).7#) & '5A&./ = % 7 $<.(5%#7. $#!9 &$/&$)& '& :5& 53# 2%&).7#01 '&32%& .%R 7 $/&% 53

  E F :5& B $S7!& )# 2% A&01 )& 2%&).7#01 = .<&%&$/&3&$/& )

  Y?

  $S7!& <5$7. $#! )& [&%' E,WWGF9 % E^# 3$&3 $.7 < % 2%&).7#/. $_9 2=

  IWIF9 :5& &H2!.7./#3&$/& %&7 $C&7& 7 3 ^# $&[ <5$7/. $#! 7#/&( %"_ E U 9 ,WWG9 2= IWGF9 .TT&$ E*++>9 2=,IF #%(53&$/# :5& B <5$7. $#! & #;'/%#/ 9 #/5#$) 7 3 53 placeholder 2#%# qualquer $S7!& <5$7. $#! 3&).#$/& 53# %&!#01 )& 2%&).7#01 &$/%& ' ) .' /&%3 '= & #7 %) 7 3 &'/# 2&%'2&7/.8#9 2 )& '&% # 7425!#9 53# 2%&2 '.01 5 /&32 9 2 % &H&32! = X===Z= % 2%&).7#01 $1 ).%&7. $#!9 &$/&$)& '& 53# 2%&).7#01 :5& 2 )& 7 %%&% /#3;B3 $# %)&3 !.$&#% %&).7#) 5A&./ = E.;.)&39 2= ,++ ,+,F

  .$)# '&(5$) .;#!) E.;.)&39 2= *JF9 /%#$'!.$(5.'/.7#3&$/& # 7425!# ^2 )& #''53.% ).8&%'#' < %3#'_= &''& '&$/.) 9 /#''&$ E,WWY #25) 9 *++WF9 #<.%3# :5& #' 7425!#' 2 )&3 '&% )& /%P' /.2 ' 8&%;#.'9 2% $ 3.$#.' & 7425!#' 2#%/675!#'= 9 2 )& '&% 8.'/ # ) /.2 8&%;#!9 /&$) 7 3 2%.$7.2#.' %&2%&'&$/#$/&' ' 8&%; ' ^'&%_ & ^&'/#%_=

  .;#!) E*++W9 2= ?WF /#3;B3 8#. 3 '/%#%9 ;#'&#) $#' 7 $/%.;5.0O&' )& &%&!/'8#.( E*++,F & .((.$' E,WY>F9 :5& #' &'/%5/5%#' )& 7425!# 2 )&3 '&% )& 8R%. ' /.2 ' & :5& $ 2 )& '& &$7 $/%#% #' < %3#' ! 7#/.8#9 2%&).7#/.8#9 &:5#/.8# E.)&$/.)#)&F & #5H.!.#%9 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ $ ' &H&32! ' %&/.%#) ' )# /&'& ) #5/ % ,W

  E?IF #= .%.#3 &'/R &3 %#(5#6$#= Locativa ;= #% ! B ; $./#= Predicativa 7= #$5 B # &'2 '# ) #<#&!= Equativa )= )&.!' $ &'/R /&%3.$#$) # /&'&= Auxiliar

  &(5$) .!8# E*++Y9 2= >J >WF9 #!(5$' &'/5) ' AR %&#!.N#%#3 53# .$8&'/.(#01 ' ;%& # 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! &3 2%&).7#/.8 ' ) '5A&./ 9 < 7 )& #$R!.'& )&'/# 2&':5.'#9 & &3 2#%/.762. ' 2#''.8 '=

  7C&%%& E,WW,F & .#' E,WW>F #$#!.'#%#3 # <#!# 5%;#$# & ' %&'5!/#) ' #2 $/#%#39 &3 3B).#9 ?Ie $# #2!.7#01 )# %&(%# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% = .!8# E*++YF #$#!.' 5 # <#!# %5%#!9 '&3 )&<.$.01 B/$.7#9 & ' %&'5!/#) ' #2 $/#%#3 W?e )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& (P$&% & ?e )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% =

  YI ' )#) ' #$#!.'#) ' 2 % 577C&'. E*++JF9 :5& &'/5) 5 # <#!# %5%#! .' !#)# #<%

  ;%#'.!&.%#9 #2 $/#%#3 53 $68&! )& *+e )& 8#%.#01 $# 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& (P$&% & )& ,e )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% = ' 7 $).7. $#$/&' !.$(56'/.7 ' 7 $'.)&%#) ' 7 3 %&!&8#$/&' 2#%# # 2&':5.'# )&

  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

  5#$/ # ' 7 $).7. $#$/&' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 '9 &'/5) )&''& #5/ % /&8& 7 3 %&!&8#$/& #2&$#' # 8#%.R8&! <#.H# &/R%.# :5& #2 $/ 5 53# 35)#$0# &3 75%' 9 &3 :5& ' A 8&$' #2%&'&$/#3 3#. % #2!.7#01 )# %&(%# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# :5& ' 3#.' 8&!C '=

  #!(#) E*++JF <&N 53 &'/5) ' 7. !.$(56'/.7 ' ;%& # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &3 2%&).7#/.8 ' ) '5A&./ $# <#!# 5%;#$# )& #7&.4= 2&'#% ) 2&:5&$ $S3&% )& .$< %3#$/&' EJ $ / /#!F9 # 2&':5.'# #2%&'&$/# 53# #3 '/%# )& 7 3 ' <#!#$/&' )# N $# 5%;#$# 5'#3 #' 8#%.#$/&' 2#)%1 & $1 2#)%1 %&!#/.8#' L 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# & # $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 %&'2&7/.8#3&$/&=

  # 2&':5.'#9 < %#3 #$#!.'#)#' W> '&$/&$0#' 2%&).7#/.8#' & YW )&''#' '&$/&$0#' #2%&'&$/#8#3 #' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 9 %&2%&'&$/#$) J*e )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &3 2 '.01 # ' ,Je )& $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#=

  ;%& ' <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 '9 # 2&':5.'# #2 $/ 5 :5& :5#$) '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 &'/1 '&2#%#) ' 2 % &!&3&$/ ' 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 .$/&$'.<.7#) %&'9 7 %%& 53# 3#. %

  Y> 2% ;#;.!.)#)& )& #2!.7#01 )# $1 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 7 3 $ &H&32! /.%#) )# %&<&%.)#

  • 3 $ (%#<.# ^E;bF as daqui '1 muito mais bonita Ø = X 9 39 $9 *,Z _ E 9 *++J9 2=
    • ,F= 3 %&!#01 # /.2 < %3#! ) '5A&./ 9 /.2 explícito com os elementos nominais

  

flexionáveis < . :5& &H&%7&5 3#. % .$<!5P$7.# 2#%# 5' )# 7 $7 %)@$7.# & :5& /&8& 3#. %

  $S3&% )& '&$/&$0#' $ corpus #$#!.'#) 9 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ $ &H&32! 9 ^EW#F As pessoas '& / %$#3 3#.' íntimas 53# )#' 5/%#'= X 9 <9 59 *+Z_ E 9 *++J9 2= *GF= ' 5/% ' /.2 ' sujeito nulo & sujeito explícito pronominal $1 < %#3 /1 #/5#$/&' $# #2!.7#01 )# 7 $7 %)@$7.#= 3 %&!#01 # /.2 3 %< !4(.7 )& 2%&).7#/.8 )& '5A&./ 9 :5& #2%&'&$/ 5 3#. % 2% ;#;.!.)#)& )& #2!.7#01 < . ) adjetivo9 '&(5.) 2&! ) particípio=

  #3;B3 < . #2 $/#) :5&9 &3 %&!#01 # ' 2% $ 3&' 2&'' #.' &H&%7&$) # <5$01 )& '5A&./ 9 ' 2% $ 3&' )& terceira pessoa '1 ' <#7.!./#) %&' )# 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ =

  5#$/ L' 8#%.R8&.' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7#'9 # 8#%.R8&! '&H $1 #2%&'&$/ 5 2#2&! 35./ '.($.<.7#/.8 9 53# 8&N :5& C 3&$' & 35!C&%&' $1 #2%&'&$/#%#3 /#$/# ).<&%&$0# &3 %&!#01 # 5' 9 &'/#' #2%&'&$/#$) JGe E+=I*F & #:5&!&' J*e E+=?WF )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#=

  8#%.R8&! &'7 !#%.)#)& < . /.)# 7 3 %&!&8#$/&9 '&$) ).8.).)# &3 ) .' (%52 '9 53 7 %%&'2 $)&$) # ^#/B ,* #$ ' )& &'7 !#%.N#01 _ & 5/% 9 # ^5$.8&%'./R%. _= ' %&'5!/#) ' &$7 $/%#) ' %&8&!#%#3 :5& ' 5$.8&%'./R%. ' #2%&'&$/#%#3 53 $S3&% 3&$ % )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# EYWe9 +=?*F9 &3 %&!#01 # ' $1 5$.8&%'./R%. ' EJ?e9 +=I>F=

  # <#!# ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3 < %#3 &$7 $/%#)#' '&$/&$0#' :5& #2%&'&$/#%#3 ' '&(5.$/&' 7 32 %/#3&$/ '9 7 3 2 )&3 '&% 8.'/ ' &3 E,GF

  • $53&%#01 ) ' &H&32! ' & 74).( &$/%& 7 !7C&/&' &'/1 )& #7 %) 7 3 :5& < . #2%&'&$/#)

    $ /%#;#!C 2&':5.'#) = ' 74).( ' &$/%& 7 !7C&/&' %&2%&'&$/#3 %&'2&7/.8#3&$/& .$.7.#! ) $ 3& )

  YY E,*F #= a maioria 2 tudo prima com primo X 9 9 ??Z

  ;= as casaØ 2 interessanteØ X 9 9 ,JZ 7= as crianças 5 tudo cheiaØ de osadia X 9 9 ??Z )= meus fioØ I quatro adotivoØ X 9 9 >GZ &= nóis donoØ )#:5. X

  9

  9 J?ZK :5#$) nóis criançaØ X 9 9 ??Z <= eles $1 2 quilombolaØ X 9 9 GIZ

  /# '& :5& CR 53# (%#$)& .$'/#;.!.)#)& &3 %&!#01 L 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& ' &!&3&$/ ' )&''# &'/%5/5%# )& 2%&).7#01 9 $1 C#8&$) 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! &3 E#F9 E7F9 E)F & E&F9 $1 C#8&$) 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 &3 E;F9 E7F9 E)F9 E&F & E<F & $1 C#8&$) 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ .$/&%. % ) '.$/#(3# $ 3.$#! '5A&./ 9 7 3 &3 E;F & E)F=

  #%# /&$/#% )&'7%&8&% ' 7 32 %/#3&$/ ' %&!#7. $#) ' L 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ &$7 $/%#) ' $# <#!# ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3 & &H&32!.<.7#) ' 2 % &''#' '&$/&$0#'9 &'/# ).''&%/#01 8#. / 3#% 7 3 ;#'& #' .$< %3#0O&' #2%&'&$/#)#' 2&! ' %&<&%.) ' #5/ %&'=

  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

  . 304 7 0

  8

  '/& 7#26/5! &'/R &'/%5/5%#) &3 :5#/% /42.7 '9 '&$) 2%.3&.% 7 $'/./56) )& #!(5$' #'2&7/ ' 3&/ ) !4(.7 ' )# 7. !.$(56'/.7# 5#$/./#/.8# :5& &'/1 %&!#7. $#) ' # &'/# ).''&%/#01 K '&(5$) 7 $'/./56) ) ' ;A&/.8 ' & )#' C.24/&'&' $ %/&#) %&'K /&%7&.% #2%&'&$/# .$< %3#0O&' ' ;%& corpus 5/.!.N#) $&'/& &'/5) 9 '&$) 7 $'/./56) )& /%P' '5;/42.7 ' # #3 '/%#9 # 7 !&/# ) ' )#) ' %#.' & # /%#$'7%.01 & # :5#$/.<.7#01 & S!/.3 /42.7 #; %)# # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& &3 &'/5) & '5#' 8#%.R8&.' .$)&2&$)&$/&'=

  &'/5) )# %&!#01 &$/%& &'/%5/5%# & <5$7. $#3&$/ )# !6$(5# & )# ' 7.&)#)& 2% 2 '/ 2&!# 7. !.$(56'/.7# %&/ 3# # .32 %/@$7.# ) &$/&$).3&$/ )& !6$(5# 7 3 53 <&$V3&$ ' 7.#! & /&$/# &'/#;&!&7&% 2% 2 '/#' /&4%.7 3&/ ) !4(.7#' :5& !&8&3 &3 7 $/# <#/ % ' 7.#! 2#%# &'/5) )# !6$(5# &3 5' =

  7. !.$(56'/.7# 5#$/./#/.8#9 /#3;B3 )&$ 3.$#)# )& 7. !.$(56'/.7# #%.#7. $.'/#9 :5& #2%&'&$/# 7 3 2%.$7.2#! /&4%.7 U.!!.#3 #; 89 &!#; %# 53# 2% 2 '/#

  3&/ ) !4(.7# 7 &%&$/& 7 3 # 2&%'2&7/.8# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7#9 2#%/.$) ) 2%&''52 '/ )& :5& / )#' #' !6$(5#' '1 C&/&% (P$&#' & '1 <#!#)#' 2 % 2&'' #' :5& 8.8&3 &3 ' 7.&)#)&= /& %.# )&'/#7# 2#2&! ) ' 2% 7&'' ' ' 7.#.' & C.'/4%.7 ' 2#%# # 7 $<.(5%#01 & &'/5) )#' !6$(5#'=

  #%# &''# /& %.#9 # ).8&%'.)#)& 5 # C&/&% (&$&.)#)& .$&%&$/& L' !6$(5#' B 2#''68&! )& '&% '.'/&3#/.N#)# 2&! <#/ )& &H.'/.%&3 <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' & &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 ' :5&

  YW 7 $).7. $#3 & :5& <#8 %&7&3 # &'7 !C# )& 53# )#' < %3#' 8#%.#$/&' &$7 $/%#)#' $#' 7 35$.)#)&' )& <#!#=

  #5''5%& E*++? X,W,>ZF #<.%3 5 :5& # !6$(5# &%# 53 2% )5/ ' 7.#!9 2 %/#$/ C 3 (P$&# & '.'/&3R/.7# & %&7 $C&7&5 :5& # <#!# &%# 5' .$).8.)5#! ) ' <#!#$/&'9 7 $'&:5&$/&3&$/&9 C&/&% (P$&# & #''.'/&3R/.7#= #%# &''& /&4%.7 9 &'/5) '.'/&3R/.7 )# !6$(5# $1 &H.(.%.# # 7 !&/# )& )#) ' 2 % 3&. )# <#!# )& 8R%. ' .$).86)5 '= %B39 /#! < %3# )& &'/5) (&%# :5& #; 8 )&$ 3.$# paradoxo saussuriano9 2 .' ^ #'2&7/ ' 7.#! )# !6$(5# B &'/5)#) 2&!# ;'&%8#01 )& :5#!:5&% .$).86)5 9 3#' #'2&7/ .$).8.)5#!9 ' 3&$/& 2&!# ;'&%8#01 )# !6$(5# &3 '&5 7 $/&H/ ' 7.#!_ E 9 *++J9 2= *,JF=

  #; 89 &$/1 9 3 '/%# :5& # !6$(5# B # 3&'3 /&32 53 2% )5/ ' 7.#! & .$).8.)5#! & :5& # %&(5!#%.)#)& ) ' <&$V3&$ ' !.$(56'/.7 ' 2 )& '&% 8.'5#!.N#)# 2 % 3&. )& #3 '/%#' %&2%&'&$/#/.8#' & ' <&$V3&$ ' !.$(56'/.7 ' 2 )&3 '&% #$#!.'#) ' :5#$/./#/.8#3&$/&9 53# 8&N :5& ^# #2!.7#01 )# /& %.# )& 2% ;#;.!.)#)& $ ' )#) ' $ ' 2&%3./& &H/%#.% %&(5!#%.)#)&' )&

  • ,

  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

  3&/ ) ! (.# 2% 2 '/# 2 % &''# /& %.#9 )&''& 3 ) 9 '& ;#'&.# &3 .$< %3#0O&' &326%.7#' 7 !&/#)#' &3 53# #3 '/%# %&2%&'&$/#/.8# )& .$< %3#$/&' )& 53# )#)# 7 35$.)#)&9 ;5'7#$) # $#/5%#!.)#)& E 5 &'2 $/#$&.)#)&F )&''&' .$< %3#$/&' 2#%# :5& 2 ''# '& ;'&%8#%

  J+ <&$V3&$ !.$(56'/.7 &'/5)#) 9 '&A# $# <#!# 5 $# &'7%./# 2#%#9 &$/1 9 #$#!.'R ! L !5N ) ' %&'5!/#) ' :5#$/./#/.8 '= :5#$/.<.7#01 ) ' )#) ' B %&#!.N#)# 2&! 2#7 /& )& 2% (%#3#' )& 7 325/#) % :5& 5/.!.N# 3 )&! &'/#/6'/.7 )&'&$8 !8.) .$.7.#!3&$/& 2 % 5''&#5 &

  • #$T << E,WYJF = 5%#$/& / ) 2% 7&'' 9 !.$(5.'/# 8#. !&8#$/#$) 2 ''68&.' <#/ %&' 7 $).7. $#$/&' !.$(56'/.7 ' & &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 ' :5& &'/&A#3 .$<!5&$7.#$) 5' )#' 8#%.#$/&'=

  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

  5%#$/& &'/# 2&':5.'# < %#3 2% 75%#) ' $ $'/./5/ .'/4%.7 & & (%R<.7 )& !#( #'9 $ %:5.8 5).7.R%. )& #7&.4 & &3 .$'/./5.0O&' 2S;!.7#' $ 35$.762. )& $.1 ** ) #!3#%&' ) 753&$/ ' &'7%./ ' #$/.( ' :5& 3 '/%#''&3 5' )&''#' 8#%.#$/&' 2&! ' #$/.( '

  ''& < . 2%.3&.% 3 )&! )&'&$8 !8.) 2 % 5''&#5 & #$T <<= )&! ' #/5#!.N#) ' AR < %#3 )&'&$8 !8.) ' 7 3 !)8#%; E c M 9 ,WW+F9 !)8#%; *++, E U

  9 J, 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3 5 )& )&'7&$)&$/&' #<%.7#$ ' $# %&(.1 )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'= #'9 .$<&!.N3&$/&9 &''& &'/5) &3 /&32 %&#! $1 < . 2 ''68&!9 53# 8&N :5& &''&' ) 753&$/ ' $1 < %#3 &$7 $/%#) '=

  #%# 8&%.<.7#% '& <&$V3&$ )# 8#%.#01 $#' &'/%5/5%#' 2%&).7#/.8#' 2%&'&$/& $# 7 35$.)#)& '& 7#%#7/&%.N# 7 3 53# 35)#$0# &3 75%' 5 53# 8#%.#01 &'/R8&!9 '&%R 5/.!.N#) 3B/ ) ) /&32 #2#%&$/&= & #7 %) 7 3 #; 89 &'/5) )# 35)#$0# &3 2% (%&'' )&8& 2&%#% 7 3 2%.$762. )# 5$.< %3.)#)&9 $&''& 2%.$762. 9 ^2 '/5!#3 ' :5& #' < %0#' :5& 2&%#3 2#%# 2% )5N.% # 35)#$0# !.$(56'/.7# C A& '1 ) 3&'3 /.2 & %)&3 )& (%#$)&N# )#' :5& 2&%#8#3 $ 2#''#) 9 CR 7.$7 5 )&N 3.! #$ '_ E*++J9 2= G,Y G,JF=

  &'/5) &3 /&32 #2#%&$/& B ;'&%8#) 7 32 %/#3&$/ )# 8#%.#01 $# <#!# ) ' .$< %3#$/&' ).'/%.;56) ' &3 8R%.#' <#.H#' &/R%.#'= %3#!3&$/&9 # <#!# ) ' .$< %3#$/&' 3#.' 8&!C ' B 7 32#%#)# 7 3 # ) ' 3#.' A 8&$' 2#%# 8&%.<.7#% '& %&#!3&$/& &'/R 7 %%&$) 53# 35)#$0# &3 2% (%&'' E 9 ,WW?9 2= ?I ?>F=

  )&!.3./#01 )# 7 35$.)#)& )& <#!# <#N 2#%/& ) ' 2%.3&.% ' 2% 7&).3&$/ ' #) /#) ' 2#%# # 2&':5.'# &3 7. !.$(56'/.7#= )&<.$.01 )& 7 35$.)#)& )& <#!# #) /#)# $&'/# 2&':5.'# B # #2%&'&$/#)# 2 % #; 8 E*++J X,WY*Z9 2= ,I+F

  7 35$.)#)& )& <#!# $1 B )&<.$.)# 2 % $&$C53# 7 $7 %)@$7.# 3#%7#)# $ 5' )& &!&3&$/ ' !.$(56'/.7 '9 3#' '.3 2&!# 2#%/.7.2#01 $53 7 $A5$/ )& $ %3#' 7 32#%/.!C#)#'K &'/#' $ %3#' 2 )&3 '&% ;'&%8#)#' &3 /.2 ' )& 7 32 %/#3&$/ #8#!.#/.8 :5& '1 .$8#%.#$/&' $ / 7#$/& # $68&.' 2#%/.75!#%&' )& 5' =

  7 35$.)#)& # '&% &'/5)#)# )&8& '&% &'/#;&!&7.)# #$/&' ) .$67. )# 7 !&/# )& )#) ' & )&8& 7 %%&'2 $)&% # ' ;A&/.8 ' ) &'/5) = 3 &'/# 2&':5.'# ;A&/.8# 8&%.<.7#% '& C 58& .$<!5P$7.# )& !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' $ 7 32 %/#3&$/ '.$/R/.7 & 3 %< !4(.7 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 9 # 7 35$.)#)& :5.! 3; !# )& 5:5B39 ! 7#!.N#)# &3

  $.1 ) ' #!3#%&' E'&)& ) 3#. % :5.! 3; ) %#'.!9 )& #!3#%&'F & '&!&7. $#)# 2&!

  J*

  • G

  2 ''68&! ).N&% :5& 5:5B3 '& &$:5#)%# $ 2&%<.! )& 7 35$.)#)& #2%&'&$/#)# 2 % #// ' & .!8# E*++?9 2=,WF 7 3 .32 %/#$/& )& '&% .$8&'/.(#)# 2#%# # ;/&$01 )& 2 ''68&.'

  %&'2 '/#' ' ;%& # 2 !P3.7# )& '&%&3 )&7 %%&$/&' # < $B/.7#9 # '.$/#H& & !BH.7 ) )& g.$<!5P$7.#' #<%.7#$#'b 5 )& g&8 !501 $#/5%#!b9 2 .' 7 3 #<.%3# # #5/ %# ^CR #.$)# 35./# 2&':5.'# # '&% <&./# $1 '4 &3 ) 753&$/#01 %&3#$&'7&$/& &3 #%:5.8 ' ) %#'.!9 3#' ' ;%&/5) /%#;#!C )& 7#32 &3 7 35$.)#)&' 2%&) 3.$#$/&3&$/& $&(%#' 2 % &''&' .$/&%. %&' ;%#'.!&.% '_=

  &$) #''.39 7 $'.)&%#$) ' 2%&''52 '/ ' /&4%.7 3&/ ) !4(.7 ' &H2 '/ '9 &'/# 2&':5.'# '& 5/.!.N# )& .$< %3#0O&' )& 75$C '47. C.'/4%.7 & )&3 (%R<.7 %&!#/.8 ' L 7 35$.)#)& &3 &'/5) & L 2 25!#01 &'7%#8# &3 !#( #' & )#) ' %#.' #/5#.' :5& 2 ''#3 7 $/%.;5.% 2#%# 53# 3#. % 7 32%&&$'1 ' ;%& # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $#' &'/%5/5%#' < 7#)#' $&'/& /%#;#!C & ' ;%& ' <#/ %&' #/5#$/&'=

  2.2 Constituição do corpus corpus 5/.!.N#) 2 % &'/# 2&':5.'# B 7 $'/./56) # 2#%/.% )& &$/%&8.'/#' %&#!.N#)#' $#

  7 35$.)#)& 5:5B3 2&! (%52 )& 2&':5.'# ) 2% A&/ O conhecimento da realidade

  

linguística e sociocultural da comunidade quilombola do povoado Muquém, da cidade de

  • G

  ' .$< %3#0O&' 3#.' )&/#!C#)#' )&''# 7 35$.)#)& < %#3 #2%&'&$/#)#' $ 7#26/5! ,9 /42.7 1.4.2 *? Aspectos gerais sobre a comunidade quilombola Muquém= 2% A&/ O conhecimento da realidade linguística e sociocultural da comunidade quilombola do

  JG '&(5.%9 #' :5&'/O&' :5& &$8 !8&3 7 !&/#9 %(#$.N#01 9 /%#$'7%.01 & :5#$/.<.7#01

  ) ' )#) ' '&%1 &$< 7#)#'9 '&(5.$) #; 8 E,WW?K *++J X,WY*ZF=

  • =*=, #3 '/%#

  #%# 7 32 % corpus '.$7%V$.7 9 7 $/&$) )#) ' )# <#!# #/5#! ) ' .$< %3#$/&' )& 5:5B39 &'/& /%#;#!C '&!&7. $ 5 .$< %3#$/&' :5& < ''&3 $#/5%#.' )&''# 7 35$.)#)& & :5&

  • I

  $1 /.8&''&3 2#''#) 53 ! $( 2&%6 ) E&:5.8#!&$/& # ) .' #$ ' 5 3#.'F < %# )&!# = #%# /#$/ 9 < . #2!.7#)# 53# <.7C# ' 7.#! &3 :5& '1 )&'7%./#' #' .$< %3#0O&' ' ;%& &'7 !#%.)#)&9 .)#)& & '&H ) ' 7 !#; %#) %&'=

  &(5.$) # C.24/&'& )& :5& <#/ %&' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 ' '1 '.($.<.7#/.8 ' 2#%# # &'7 !C# )& 53# )#' 8#%.#$/&'9 &'/%#/.<.7#3 ' # #3 '/%# '&(5$) ' <#/ %&' .)#)& & '&H =

  &8#$) &3 7 $/# <#/ % '&H 9 # #3 '/%# '& 7 $'/./5. )& '&.' 2&'' #' ) '&H <&3.$.$ & )& '&.' ) '&H 3#'75!.$ =

  ;%& <#/ % .)#)&9 # #3 '/%# < . '5;).8.).)# &3 /%P' <#.H#' &/R%.#'9 7 $/&$) ? .$< %3#$/&' &3 7#)# 53#9 '&$) &!#' )& ,+ # G+ #$ 'K )& G, # I+ #$ 'K & )& 3#.' )& I+ #$ '=

  %#3 '&!&7. $#) ' ) .' .$< %3#$/&' 2#%# 7#)# 7B!5!#9 7 $'/./5.$) 53 / /#! )& ,* .$< %3#$/&' )& 53# 2 25!#01 )& 3#.' 5 3&$ ' :5.$C&$/#' 2&'' #'= ).'/%.;5.01 ) ' .$< %3#$/&' '&(5$) ' <#/ %&' 7./#) ' 2 )& '&% 8.'5#!.N#)# $ :5#)% Distribuição dos

  

informantes segundo grupos de fatores extralinguísticos: sexo e faixa etária9 :5& '& &$7 $/%#

  $# #2%&'&$/#01 )&'/# 2&':5.'#=

  J?

  • =*=* 7 !&/# )& )#) '

  ' )#) ' 7 !&/#) ' $&'/& /%#;#!C '1 ) /.2 %#!= '&(5.% '&%1 #; %)#) ' #'2&7/ ' 3&/ ) !4(.7 ' :5& < %#3 ;#'&#) ' $# ;%# )& #; 8 E*++JX,WY*ZK ,WW?F & &%$#$)&N

  #32 " & !3&.)# E*++IF ' ;%& # 7 !&/# )&''& /.2 )& )#) =

  • =*=G #) ' %#.'

  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

  <.3 )& &'/.35!#% # <#!# &'2 $/@$&#9 $ %3#!3&$/& '& 2&)& 2#%# .$< %3#$/& %&!#/#% #!(53# &H2&%.P$7.# )& 8.)#9 2 .'9 $&''& /.2 )& %&!#/ 9 <#!#$/& '& < 7# $# .$< %3#01 # '&% 2#''#)#9 <&%&7&$) 53# 3#. % $#/5%#!.)#)& L <#!#9 & '& 2 !.7.# 3&$ ' &3 %&!#01 # 5' )# $ %3# 2#)%1 = 8&%$R75! 9 &''# <#!# $#/5%#!9 B :5& ' .$8&'/.(#) %&' ;5'7#3 $ ' )#) ' %#.' 7 !&/#) '9 2 .' B $&''& <#!#% :5& # !6$(5# &3 5' 2 )& '&% 3#.' ;&3 )&'7%./#=

  JI '/& /%#;#!C 5/.!.N# # &$/%&8.'/# 7 3 53 3&. )& 7 !&/#% ' )#) '= 3 #<.%3#

  &%$#$)&N #32 "9 &''# B # /B7$.7# 3#.' 7 $C&7.)# & 2%#/.7#)# $#' 2&':5.'#' 8#%.#7. $.'/#' E*++I9 2= ,GIF= .$'/%53&$/ 5/.!.N#) 2#%# # (%#8#01 )#' &$/%&8.'/#' < . 53 G 2 %/R/.!=

  • >

  . '&!&7. $#)# 2 % &'/# ).''&%/#01 # /B7$.7# )# &$/%&8.'/# 7 3 2&%(5$/#' &'/%5/5%#)#' 7 3 ;#'& &3 /&3#' %&!#7. $#) ' # ).# # ).# )# 7 35$.)#)& 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 ' ;%& # <#;%.7#01 )& 7&%@3.7#9 /%#;#!C $# !#8 5%#9 #' #/.8.)#)&' 75!/5%#.'9 # <&'/# &3 C 3&$#(&3 # a53;.9 & 5/%#' ;#'&#)#' $#' 2&%(5$/#' <&./#' $ 2% A&/ Serra da Barriga %&#!.N#) 9 $&''# 3&'3# 7 35$.)#)&9 2&! S7!& )& '/5) ' <% ;%#'.!&.% ' E F $ #$ )& ,WWY=

  )#' #' &$/%&8.'/#' 5/.!.N#)#' $&'/& &'/5) <#N&3 2#%/& ) ;#$7 )& )#) ' ) (%52 )& 2&':5.'#9 7 %)&$#) 2 % 5%#9 O conhecimento da realidade linguística e sociocultural

  

da comunidade quilombola do povoado Muquém, da cidade de União dos Palmares AL &

  7 $/#%#3 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& 7 3 # 3.$C# 2#%/.7.2#01 & # )& #%.#$# ) ' #$/ '= / /#!9 < %#3 7 !&/#) ' ,? )&2 .3&$/ '9 3#' ' 3&$/& ,* < %#3 5/.!.N#) ' $&'/#

  .$8&'/.(#01 2#%# 2% 2 %7. $#% # 3&'3# :5#$/.)#)& )& .$< %3#$/&' &3 7#)# 7B!5!#= #%# # %&#!.N#01 )#' &$/%&8.'/#' < %#3 $&7&''R%.#' 8R%.#' 8.'./#' # 2 8 #) :5& <.7# #2% H.3#)#3&$/& # J+ T3 )& #7&.4=

  $/&' )& &$/%#% &3 7 $/#/ 7 3 ' 3 %#) %&'9 < . <&./ #8.' & ' !.7./#)# # 2&%3.''1 L %&2%&'&$/#$/& )# 7 35$.)#)&= ' &$/%&8.'/#) ' /#3;B3 < %#3 #8.'#) ' )# (%#8#01 )#' &$/%&8.'/#' & '4 < %#3 %&#!.N#)#' #' #5/ %.N#)#' 2 % &!&'=

  2%.3&.% 7 $/#/ 7 3 # 7 35$.)#)& < . <&./ 2 % #%.#$# ) ' #$/ '9 .$/&(%#$/& ) %&<&%.) (%52 9 :5& B 3 %#) %# )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&' & 7 $C&7.)# )& #!(5$' C#;./#$/&' )&

  5:5B3 &3 7 $'&:5P$7.# )# %&#!.N#01 )& 53# 2&':5.'# $# 3&'3# 7 35$.)#)& 2#%# # 2% )501 )& '5# 3 $ (%#<.# &3 *++?= 3 '&(5.)#9 /#3;B3 2#%/.7.2&. )#' 8.'./#' L

  J> 7 35$.)#)&= ''&' 2%.3&.% ' 7 $/#/ ' '&%8.%#3 2#%# 53# 3#. % #2% H.3#01 &$/%& 2&':5.'#) %&' & 7 !#; %#) %&' & 2#%# 3.$.3.N#% # )&'7 $<.#$0# ) ' 3 %#) %&' &3 %&!#01 L' &$/%&8.'/#'= & 3 ) (&%#!9 #' (%#8#0O&' < %#3 <&./#' $#' 7#'#' ) ' 2%42%. ' 3 %#) %&'9 7 3 &H7&01 )& 53# :5& < . <&./# $ (#!21 )& #%/&'#$#/ =

  &''& 2%.3&.% 3 3&$/ 9 $ 3P' )& #;%.! )& *++W9 < %#3 %&#!.N#)#' #' &$/%&8.'/#' 7 3 > 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3 &9 $ ).# ? )& 3#. )& *++W9 7 3 , E53F 3 %#) % )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&' )&'7&$)&$/& )& #'.!.#$ #%3&$/ 9 :5& 2 )&%.# /&% '.) #$/.( 2% 2%.&/R%. )#'

  /&%%#' )& 5:5B3= &''&' > )&2 .3&$/ '9 #2&$#' 53 $1 < . 5/.!.N#) 2 % &'/# .$8&'/.(#01 9 7 %%&'2 $)&$) # %&!#/ ) A 8&3= ' 7%./B%. ' 5/.!.N#) ' 2#%# # &H7!5'1 < %#3 2 57 /&32 )& )5%#01 )# &$/%&8.'/# & # 2&:5&$# :5#$/.)#)& )& %&#!.N#0O&' )# &'/%5/5%# 2%&).7#/.8#= %&!#/ ) 3 %#) % )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&' < . 5/.!.N#) #2&$#' 2#%# # %&7 $'/%501 )# C.'/4%.# )# 7.)#)& )& $.1 = &''# < %3#9 #' &$/%&8.'/#' 7 $'.)&%#)#' 2#%# # #$R!.'& :5#$/./#/.8# E F '1 %&<&%&$/&' # I )&2 .3&$/ ' * C 3&$'9 '&$) 53 )# <#.H# &/R%.# & 5/% )# 9 & G 35!C&%&'9 7#)# 53# %&2%&'&$/#$) 53# <#.H# &/R%.#=

  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

  %&'2&./#)# # 7#%#7/&%6'/.7# 3#.' &H/% 8&%/.)# 5 3#.' .$/% 8&%/.)# )& 7#)# .$< %3#$/&9 3#' #

  3B).# 7 %%&'2 $)&$/& # / )#' #' &$/%&8.'/#' < . )& ,G 3.$5/ '=

  JY

  • =*=? /%#$'7%.01 & # :5#$/.<.7#01

  24' ' ) .' 3 3&$/ ' .$.7.#.'9 )& &'7 !C# )# 7 35$.)#)& & 7 !&/# )& )#) '9 '&(5& )# /%#$'7%.01 9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& 2#%# %&(.'/%#% :5& < . 7 !&/#) $# (%#8#01 = &'/# 2&':5.'# %&#!.N#)#9 < . <&./# # /%#$'7%.01 %/ (%R<.7#9 '&(5.$) #' %.&$/#0O&' & ' 2% 7&).3&$/ '

  • Y

  #) /#) ' 2&! % (%#3# )& '/5) ' .$(56'/.7 ' E F 9 7 %)&$#) 2&!# % <#= %#= #%.# &$.!)# 5%#=

  24' # /%#$'7%.01 & # '&!&01 )#' '&$/&$0#' :5& #2%&'&$/#%#3 <&$V3&$ !.$(56'/.7 &'/5)#) 2 % &'/# 2&':5.'#9 < . <&./# # 7 ).<.7#01 ) ' )#) ' )& #7 %) 7 3 / ) ' ' <#/ %&' '&!&7. $#) '= #)# <#/ % %&7&;&5 53 74).( & # #2#%&7&% $# '&$/&$0# < . %&(.'/%#) =

  :5#$/.<.7#01 ) ' )#) ' < . <&./# 2&! 2% (%#3# Variable Rule Analyses9 3#.' 7 $C&7.) 7 3 9 $# 8&%'1 !)8#%; `= '/& 3 )&! ! (6'/.7 9 # 8&%.<.7#% &<&./ %&!#/.8 )& 7#)# <#/ % )# 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&9 (&%# %&'5!/#) ' $53B%.7 ' 7 3 8#! %&' &3 2&%7&$/5#.' & 2% ;#;.!6'/.7 '9 )&$ 3.$#) ' 2&' ' %&!#/.8 '9 :5& '1 )& (%#$)& .32 %/@$7.# 2#%# # #$R!.'& !.$(56'/.7# ) ' %&'5!/#) ' E K 9 *++G9 2= ,>,F=

  2#7 /& )& 2% (%#3#' #2%&'&$/# #!(53#' 8&%'O&' 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 # 8&%'1 !)8#%; E c M 9 ,WW+F9 2#%# 7 325/#) %&' #7.$/ 'CK # 8&%'1

  !)8#%; *++, E U 9 c 9 *++,F9 #)#2/#)# 2#%# #3;.&$/& U.$) ['K &9 3#.' %&7&$/&3&$/&9 # 8&%'1 !)8#%; ` E M

  9 c 9 *++IF9 35./ 2#%&7.)# 7 3 # 8&%'1 #$/&%. %9 3#' 7 %%.(.)# & 7 32#/68&! 7 3 7 325/#) %&' #7.$/ 'C9 U.$) [' & .$5H=

  2&'#% )& 2% (%#3# #2%&'&$/#% &''#' 8&%'O&'9 )& 3 ) (&%#!9 / ) ' #2%&'&$/#3 #' <5$0O&' ) C&7T/ T & &#)/ T= % 3&. )# 7 ).<.7#01 9 &''#' <5$0O&' 2%&2#%#3 ' )#) '

  JJ 2#%# # #$R!.'&K #T&7&!! E 5 #T&G+++F 2% )5N %&'5!/#) ' 2&%7&$/5#.' & 2%&2#%# ' )#) ' 2#%# # #$R!.'& )& 2&' ' %&!#/.8 'K 8#%; E 5 #%;*+++F 2% A&/# ' 2&' ' %&!#/.8 ' )& #$R!.'&' ;.$R%.#'K & % ''/#; E 5 % ''G+++F &<&/5# ^# /#;5!#01 7%5N#)# )& )5#' 8#%.R8&.' .$)&2&$)&$/&' 2%&8.#3&$/& &'/#;&!&7.)#'_ E K 9 *++G9 2=,IWF=

  2#7 /& )& 2% (%#3#' B 53 .32 %/#$/& #5H6!. 2#%# .)&$/.<.7#01 ) ' <#/ %&' #/5#$/&' &3 53# 5 5/%# 8#%.#$/&9 3#' B .32 %/#$/& !&3;%#% :5& !.$(5.'/# B :5&3 8#. .$/&%2%&/#% ' %&'5!/#) ' & <&%&7&% &H2!.7#0O&' 2!#5'68&.' 2#%# <&$V3&$ &'/5)#) =

  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

  ''& 3&'3 #5/ % #<.%3# :5& $53 &'/5) ' 7. !.$(56'/.7 B 2%.3 %).#! &'/#;&!&7&% # %&!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.#01 !.$(56'/.7# &'/5)#)#9 5 '&A#9 # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&9 7 3 8#%.R8&.'

  • *J

  .$)&2&$)&$/&'9 '&A#3 &!#' .$/&%$#' 5 &H/&%$#' E.;.)=9 2= ,YF= 8#%.R8&! !.$(56'/.7# )&2&$)&$/&9 $&'/& /%#;#!C 9 B ) /.2 ;.$R%.#9 7 %%&'2 $)&$) L *J 8#%.#$/& 7 3 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ &3 E,GF9 & L 8#%.#$/& )& $1

  %%&!#/.$( !.$(5.'/.7 8#%.#/. $ #' /C& )&2&$)&$/ 8#%.#;!& [./C .$)&2&$)&$/ 8#%.#;!&' '57C #'

  JW 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 9 8.'/ &3 E,?F9 #3; ' /%&7C ' %&/.%#) ' ) ' )&2 .3&$/ ' ) ' .$< %3#$/&' )& 5:5B3

  E,GF #%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# ^===a mãe #.$)# era escrava_ X 9 9 ??Z E,?F 1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# ^#( %# os menino tão solto” X 9 9 ??Z

  .32 %/#$/& ).N&% :5& < . <&./ 53 %&7 %/& ) ' /.2 ' )& '&$/&$0#' 2%&).7#/.8#'9 '&$) &'/5)#)#' $&'/# 2&':5.'#' #2&$#' #' '&$/&$0#' )&7!#%#/.8#' <.$./#'= 3 < . #2 $/#) 2 %

  &%&!/'8#.( E*++,F & .((.$' E,WY>9 #25) 9 *++WF9 #' &'/%5/5%#' )& 7425!# 2 )&3 '&% )& 8R%.#' < %3#' 7 3 ! 7#/.8#9 2%&).7#/.8#9 &:5#/.8# E.)&$/.)#)&F & #5H.!.#%= %B39 $&'/# ).''&%/#01 < %#3 ;'&%8#)#' ' 3&$/& #' 2%&).7#/.8#'9 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ &3 E,?F & E,IF9 &

  • W

  #' &:5#/.8#'9 7 3 &3 ^a presidente B a Joana_ X 9 9 ,JZ= 7 %%&!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! !.$(56'/.7# )&2&$)&$/& & #' 8#%.R8&.' .$)&2&$)&$/&' '&%R <&./# 2 % 3&. ) ' <#/ %&' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 ' & ) ' <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 '=

  • =G=, ' 8#%.R8&.' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7#'

  8#%.R8&! <#.H# &/R%.# B )& (%#$)& .32 %/@$7.# 2#%# ' &'/5) ' )& 35)#$0# !.$(56'/.7# :5& 5/.!.N#39 2%.$7.2#!3&$/&9 3B/ ) )& /&32 #2#%&$/&9 2 .' 2&%3./& # .$8&'/.(#01 )# <#!# )& 2&'' #' 3#.' .) '#' & # )& 2&'' #' 3#.' A 8&$' )& 53# 3&'3# 7 35$.)#)&9 <#N&$) 7 32#%#01 &$/%& &''#' <#!#' & 8&%.<.7#$) #' ).<&%&$0#' !.$(56'/.7#' :5& 2 )&3 7 %%&'2 $)&% # ).<&%&$/&' 3 3&$/ ' ) /&32 =

  W+ '/# 2&':5.'# #7%&)./# :5& # .)#)& '&A# < %/& 7 $).7. $#$/& 2#%# 53# )#' < %3#'9 53#

  8&N :5& #' <#.H#' &/R%.#' 7 32#%/.!C#3 /%#0 ' !.$(56'/.7 ' 7 35$' &9 7 3 3 '/%# C#3;&%' E,WWI9 2= JF9 ' &'/R(. ' %&<&%&$/&' L .)#)& #2%&'&$/#3 7 $'&:5P$7.#' !.$(56'/.7#' '.($.<.7#/.8#'= &$) #''.39 &'/& /%#;#!C &'/#;&!&7&5 /%P' <#.H#' &/R%.#'9 /&$/#$) #2% H.3R !#' # :5& '& )&$ 3.$# <#'& A 8&39 #)5!/# & .) '#9 '&$) # 2%.3&.%# )& ,+ # G+ #$ 'K # '&(5$)# )& G, # I+ #$ 'K & # /&%7&.%# )& 3#.' )& I+=

  <#!#% )# 8#%.R8&! '&H 9 C#3;&%' E,WWI9 2= JF #<.%3# :5& &3 )&/&%3.$#) ' ! 7#.' $1 CR ).<&%&$0#' 7 $'.)&%R8&.' )& 5' !.$(56'/.7 &$/%& C 3&$' & 35!C&%&'=

  %#'.!9 )& 3 ) (&%#!9 2&':5.'#) %&' 7 3 #.8# E*++G9 2=GG ?*F 3 '/%# :5& $ 2!#$ !&H.7#! '& './5#3 #' ).<&%&$0#' 3#.' &8.)&$/&' &$/%& # <#!# )& C 3&$' & 35!C&%&'9 2 %B3 # ).<&%&$0# /#3;B3 7 %%& &3 5/% ' 2!#$ ' (%#3#/.7#.' & .'' /&3 '.) 8.'/ &3 &'/5) ' 7 3 )& #% & 7C&%%& E,WWJF9 75A ' %&'5!/#) ' 7 32% 8#3 :5& #' 35!C&%&' '& %&8&!#3 3#.' 7 $'&%8#) %#' & /&$)&3 # 5'#% #' 8#%.#$/&' 3#.' 2%&'/.(.#)#' ' 7.#!3&$/&=

  # 7 35$.)#)& !.$(56'/.7# .$8&'/.(#)# 2 % &'/& &'/5) 9 ; # 2#%/& ) ' C 3&$' 2#''# 35./ /&32 < %# )& 7#'# /%#;#!C#$) )5%#$/& ).# $#' !#8 5%#' 2%4H.3#' 5 8.8&$) 2 %

  8R%. ' 3&'&' &3 5/% ' &'/#) ' 2#%# /%#;#!C#% $ 7 %/& )& 7#$#= ' 35!C&%&'9 2 % '5# 8&N9 '1 #' %&'2 $'R8&.' 2&!# '&(5%#$0# ) !#%9 2&!# 7%.#01 ) ' <.!C ' &9 35./#' 8&N&'9 2&!# (&%#01 )& %&$)# &H/%# )# <#36!.# 2 % 3&. ) #%/&'#$#/ = #.' <#/ ' ;'&%8#) ' !&8#%#3 &'/# 2&':5.'# # 8&%.<.7#% '& &H.'/& ).<&%&$0# $ 5' !.$(56'/.7 &$/%& '&H 3#'75!.$ & <&3.$.$ =

  ;#.H &'/1 #!(5$' &H&32! ' )& 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 :5& 2 )&3 &'/#% '&$) 3 /.8#) ' 2 % &''#' )5#' 8#%.R8&.' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7#' E'&H & <#.H# &/R%.#F

  E,IF 5!C&% <#.H# &/R%.# E#F &!# B # 2%&'.)&$/& )# #'' 7.#01 X 9 9 *GZ

  W, E,>F 5!C&% <#.H# &/R%.#

  E#F &!# &%# 35./ #;5'#)# X 9 9 ??Z E;F &!&' $1 '1 :5.! 3; !#n X 9 9 GIZ

  E,YF 5!C&% <#.H# &/R%.# E#F &'/5) B ; 3 X 9 9 >*Z E;F #' 7#'# &%#n 7 $/#)#n X 9 9 >*Z

  E,JF 3&3 <#.H# &/R%.# E#F #!(53#' '1 !&(#.' X 9 9 ,JZ E;F #' 7#'#n '1 .$/&%&''#$/&n X 9 9 ,JZ

  E,WF 3&3 <#.H# &/R%.# E#F &!& &%# %&'2 $'#8& 2&!# #:5&!# R%&# X 9 9 ??Z E;F ' C 3&$' <.7#8#n '4 $# %&/#(5#%)# &'7 $).) n X 9 9 ??Z

  E*+F 3&3 <#.H# &/R%.# E#F &!& &%# 7#'#) X

  9

  9 J?Z E;F &!&' '1 ;&).&$/&n X 9 9 >GZ

  • =G=* ' 8#%.R8&.' !.$(56'/.7#'

  .!8# E*++G9 2=Y+F #2%&'&$/# 53 #2#$C#) C.'/4%.7 ' ;%& # %&!&8@$7.# )#' 8#%.R8&.' !.$(56'/.7#'9 %&< %0#$) :5&9 2#%# '& <#N&% 53 #)&:5#) &'/5) )& <&$V3&$ ' '.$/R/.7 '9 B $&7&''R%. 7 $'.)&%#% '&5 7 $/&H/ ).'75%'.8 9 $1 '& )&/&$) &3 ^'&$/&$0#' .' !#)#'_= #.' %.&$/#0O&' '1 #2!.7#)#' $&'/& /%#;#!C 7 3 ;#'& $# ;'&%8#01 ) ' )#) ' &$7 $/%#) ' $

  corpus & $# '&!&01 )& <#/ %&' 3 %< ''.$/R/.7 & '&3@$/.7 '= 3 ;#'& &3 &'/5) ' 8#%.#7. $.'/#' 7 3 )& 7C&%%& E,WW?F9 .!8# E*++YF9 577C&'.

  E*++JF & $ :5& < . ;'&%8#) $ ' )#) ' 7 !&/#) '9 < %#3 !&8#$/#) '9 .$.7.#!3&$/&9 7 3 2 ''68&.' (%52 ' )& <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' :5& 25)&''&3 &'/#% .$<!5&$7.#$) # &'7 !C# )#'

  W* 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 9 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#!9 .2 )& 8&%; 9 #/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 9 %)&3 ) ' 7 $'/./5.$/&' $# '&$/&$0#9 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ .$/#(3# 3.$#! E F '5A&./ 9 &<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& $ ).'75%' & #%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./ = %B39 # #$#!.'#% ' )#) ' '&!&7. $#) ' & #24' # 2%.3&.%# % )#)# $

  !)8#%; ` E8&%'1 3#.' #/5#! ) #%;%5!F9 < . $ /#)# # $&7&''.)#)& )& ^3 ).<.7#%_ & )& &H7!5.% #!(5$' )&!&'=

  ;#.H '&(5&3 #' .$< %3#0O&' ' ;%& &''&' <#/ %&' & #' %#NO&' 2&!#' :5#.' #' #!/&%#0O&' /.8&%#3 :5& '&% <&./#' 2#%# (#%#$/.% 53 %&'5!/#) 3#.' %&2%&'&$/#/.8 = <.3 )#' #2%&'&$/#0O&'9 &$7 $/%# '& 53 :5#)% %&'53.) ) ' <#/ %&' :5& < %#3 7 $'.)&%#) ' 2#%# # #$R!.'& <.$#! ) ' %&'5!/#) ' #2%&'&$/#) ' $53# '&(5$)# % )#)# ) !)8#%; `=

  • =G=*=, .2 ' )& '5A&./ (%52 )& <#/ % Tipos de sujeito B 5/.!.N#) &3 &'/5) ' ' 7. !.$(56'/.7 ' E

  9

  • GF 2#%# 8&%.<.7#% '& )&/&%3.$#) ' /.2 ' )& '5A&./ <#8 %&7&3 3#.' # 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# ) :5& 5/% '= &'/& /%#;#!C 9 # 2%.$762. 9 < %#3 &'7 !C.) '9 7 3 ;#'& &3 &'/5) ' ) /%#;#!C )&

  7C&%%& E,WW?F & )#' 7!#''.<.7#0O&' &$7 $/%#)#' $#' ;%#' )& #7#3;.%# E,WY+F & )& 5#%/& E*++GF

  E*,F E#F '5A&./ $5! 9 #:5&!& :5& B %&2%&'&$/#) 7 3 53 2% $ 3& '&3 %&#!.N#01 < $B/.7#9 3#' :5& 2 )& '&% .)&$/.<.7#) 2&!# <!&H1 8&%;#!

  .= Ø &%# 53 2 )&% ' X 9 9 ,IZ ..= #:5. Ø &%# 53# 3#/# <&7C#)# X 9 9 GIZ=

  WG E;F '5A&./ &H2!67./ 9 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.'9

  %&2%&'&$/#) 2 % 53 '.$/#(3# $ 3.$#! & :5& #2%&'&$/# <!&H1 )& $S3&% & )& (P$&% 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ &3 E.F .= As casaØ &%# 7 $/#)#n X 9 9 >*Z

  E7F '5A&./ &H2!67./ 2% $ 3.$#!9 7 $'/./56) )& 2% $ 3&' 2&'' #.'9 %&!#/.8 ' & 5/% '9 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ &3 E*GF=

  &!#7. $#) # (%52 )& <#/ % /.2 )& '5A&./ '5%(.5 .$/&%&''& )& &'2&7.<.7#% ' Tipos

  

de sujeito pronominal= ;A&/.8 < . 8&%.<.7#% # .$<!5P$7.# ) ' ).<&%&$/&' /.2 ' )& 2% $ 3&'

  &3 %&!#01 L' < %3#' 8#%.#$/&'9 53# 8&N :5& < %#3 &$7 $/%#) ' 2% $ 3&' 2&'' #.'9 %&!#/.8 '9 )&3 $'/%#/.8 ' & .$)&/&%3.$#) ' $# 2 '.01 '5A&./ 9 %&'2&7/.8#3&$/&9 8.'/ ' #;#.H

  E**F E#F nóis &%# ) $ )#:5. X

  9

  9 J?Z E;F ' 2 8 n que '1 &32%&(#) n ) ( 8&%$ X 9 9 ?YZ E7F Is’#:5. /5) &%# 5:5B3 X

  9

  9 J?Z E)F todos '1 <#36!.# X 9 9 GIZ

  ' 2% $ 3&' < %#3 '5;).8.).) ' &3 :5#/% (%52 '9 '&$) &!&' E#F 2% $ 3& 2&'' #! )& ,h 2&'' # E'.$(5!#% & 2!5%#!F9 E;F 2% $ 3& 2&'' #! )& Gh 2&'' # E'.$(5!#% & 2!5%#!F9 E7F 2% $ 3& %&!#/.8 9 E)F 2% $ 3&' )&3 $'/%#/.8 & .$)&/&%3.$#) =

  G+

  3 %&!#01 # ' 2% $ 3&' 2&'' #.' 9 '&%.#3 ;'&%8#) ' 2% $ 3&' )& ,h & Gh 2&'' #'9 AR :5& $1 < . 8.'/ $ corpus 5' )& 2% $ 3&' )& *h 2&'' # $# &'/%5/5%# '.$/R/.7# #$#!.'#)#=

  &'/5) ) 2% $ 3& %&!#/.8 '&%.# 5/.!.N#) 2#%# 8&%.<.7#% '& # 2%&'&$0# )&!& &3 #!(5$' )#) ' 7 !&/#) ' &'/#%.# 5 $1 .$<!5&$7.#$) # 7 $7 %)@$7.#= &! <#/ )& '5;'/./5.% /&%3 & )& 3#$/&% &''& #$/&7&)&$/& 3#.' #<#'/#) ) 2%&).7#/.8 9 /.$C# '& # C.24/&'& )& :5& # 2%&'&$0#

  W? ) 2% $ 3& %&!#/.8 .$<!5&$7.#%.# # $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#= ' 5/% ' /.2 ' )& 2% $ 3&' 7 $'/./5.%.#3 53 3&'3 (%52 2 %:5& .' !#) ' #2%&'&$/#%#3 2 57# <%&:5P$7.#=

  %&#!.N#% # 2%.3&.%# % )#)#9 $ / 5 '& :5& (%52 )& <#/ % tipos de sujeito & (%52 )& <#/ % tipos de sujeito pronominal < %#3 ' 2%.3&.% ' # '&% &!.3.$#) '= . #) /#)#9 &$/1 9 # 2% 2 '/# )& 5" c a.!&' E*++Y9 2= ,JJ ,JWF )& #3#!(#3#% ' ) .' <#/ %&' $ .$/5./ )& 8&%.<.7#% 53# 2 ''68&! 35)#$0# $ %&'5!/#) ) 2% (%#3# &'/#/6'/.7 9 &8./#$) 53# %&)5$)@$7.# $# #$R!.'& & 7 3;.$#$) <#/ %&' 7 3 '&3&!C#$0# !.$(56'/.7#=

  % 7 $/# )&''# 3 ).<.7#01 9 ' ) .' (%52 ' )& <#/ %&' < %#3 7 3;.$#) '9 %&'5!/#$) $ (%52 /.2 ' )& '5A&./ & '5;).8.).) ' &3 Sujeito explícito constituído de elementos

  

nominais flexionáveis no singular; Sujeito explícito constituído de elementos nominais

flexionáveis no plural; Sujeito pronominal singular; Sujeito pronominal plural. ' ) .'

  S!/.3 ' &'/1 .$7!56) ' ' 2% $ 3&' 2&'' #.' )& ,h & Gh 2&'' #9 ' %&!#/.8 '9 ' )&3 $'/%#/.8 ' & ' .$)&/&%3.$#) '=

  • =G=*=* .2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 8#%.R8&! Tipos de predicativo do sujeito /#3;B3 B 5/.!.N#)# $&'/& &'/5) 2#%#

  8&%.<.7#% '& CR /.2 ' )& 7!#''&' (%#3#/.7#.' :5& #2%&'&$/#3 3#. % .$<!5P$7.# $# #2!.7#01 )# 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 &3 )&/%.3&$/ )& 5/%#'= !#''&' (%#3#/.7#.' 8P3 '&$) /%#;#!C#)#' &3 &'/5) )# 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! 7 3 )& 7C&%%& E,WW?F & 577C&'. E*++JF= )&%.#3 7 $'/./5.% &''& (%52 ' 2%&).7#/.8 ' ) ' /.2 ' $ 3.$#!9 #)A&/.8#!9 2%&2 '.7. $#!9 #)8&%;.#! & 2#%/.7.2.#!= %B39 7 3 ' 3&$/& ' /.2 ' $ 3.$#!9 #)A&/.8#! &

  WI 2#%/.7.2.#!9 %&'2&7/.8#3&$/& &3 E*GF9 &'/#;&!&7&3 # %&!#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# 7 3 '5A&./ 9 #2&$#' &'/&' < %#3 '&!&7. $#) ' 2#%# # 3 $/#(&3 ) corpus

  E*GF E#F &5 'V presidente X 9 9 GIZ E;F R(5# B falsa X 9 9 >GZ E7F &5 /V sentada #!. X 9 9 >*Z

  • =G=*=G $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! 8#%.R8&! Concordância verbal /#3;B3 '&%R #$#!.'#)# 2#%# 8&%.<.7#% ^# C.24/&'& )&

  :5& &3 '&$/&$0#' &3 :5& CR 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#!9 /#3;B3 C#8&%R 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! &$/%& 2%&).7#/.8 & '5A&./ _ E 9 *++Y9 2= JYF=

  E*?F E#F 7 3 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! eles $1 são :5.! 3; !# X 9 9 *GZ E;F '&3 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! alguns ficaØ #3#%%#) n X 9 9 ,JZ

  &!#7. $#)# L 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#!9 < . 2&$'#)# # 2 ''.;.!.)#)& )& 8&%.<.7#% # #/5#01 ) (%52 )& <#/ % Tipos de verbo= %3#!3&$/&9 ' 8&%; ' ^'&%_ & ^&'/#%_ '1 ' 3#.' 5'#) ' 2#%# &''& /.2 )& 2%&).7#01 9 3#' #5/ %&' E 9 *++YK 9 *++WF #2 $/#3 :5& #2&'#% )# #2#%&$/& '&3&!C#$0# &$/%& &!&'9 CR %&'/%.0O&' &3 %&!#01 L <5$01 & L #/5#01 )&''&' 8&%; ' 2&! <#/ )& '&%&3 7 $'/./56) ' )& 2% 2%.&)#)&' '&3@$/.7#' ).<&%&$/&'9 ser #2%&'&$/# # 2% 2%.&)#)& ^2&%3#$&$/&_ & estar9 # ^/&32 %R%.#_9 7 3 2 )& '&% $ /#) $&'/&' &H&32! ' E,+F & E,,F9 )& 5%# E*++Y9 2= Y+F ^E,+F #5! B ) &$/& E2%&).7#) 2&%3#$&$/&FK E,,F

  #5! &'/R ) &$/& E2%&).7#) /&32 %R%. F_= %B39 $1 < . 2 ''68&! 8&%.<.7#% '& &''#' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' &'/#%.#3 .$<!5&$7.#$) # 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $&'/& &'/5) 9 <.7#$) 2#%#

  W>

  • =G=*=? #/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 8#%.R8&! Material interveniente entre o verbo e o predicativo /#3;B3 < .

  '&!&7. $#)# 2#%# 8&%.<.7#% '& # 2%&'&$0# )& &!&3&$/ ' &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 <#8 %&7& # $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 2 .'9 7 3 &'/#%.#3 3#.' #<#'/#) ' '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 9 3#. % '&%.# # /&$)P$7.# L $1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& &''&' ) .' &!&3&$/ '

  E*IF E#F 7 3 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &!# &%# muitcho 8#!&$/& X 9 9 GIZ E;F '&3 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& $4.' &%# ) $ )#:5. X

  9

  9 J?Z 8#%.R8&! Ordem dos constituintes na sentença < . #2 $/#)# 2 % #5/ %&' 7 3

  577C&'. E*++JF & .!8# E*++YF 7 3 .32 %/#$/& )& '&% ;'&%8#)#= %B39 < . )&'7 $'.)&%#)# $&'/# 2&':5.'# 2 %:5& $ ' )#) ' 7 !&/#) ' 2%#/.7#3&$/& / )#' #' '&$/&$0#' #$#!.'#)#' #2%&'&$/#8#3 # %)&3 '5A&./ 2%&).7#/.8 9 '&$) 2 57 ' ' 7#' ' )& %)&3 2%&).7#/.8 '5A&./ =

  • =G=*=I $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ '5A&./ 8#%.R8&! Concordância nominal de número no SN sujeito < . #2 $/#)# 2 % 577C&'.

  E*++JF 7 3 %&!&8#$/& 2#%# &'/5) )# 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &3 2%&).7#/.8 ' ) '5A&./ & &3 2#%/.762. ' 2#''.8 '= &(5$) #5/ %9 CR 53# /&$)P$7.# 3#. % )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $&''#' &'/%5/5%#' :5#$) CR 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ '5A&./ = &$) #''.39 '&%R ;'&%8#)# '& &''# 8#%.R8&! /#3;B3 '&%R %&!&8#$/& 2#%# &'/& &'/5) =

  WY E*>F E#F 7 3 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% $ .$/&%. % ) '5A&./ os homens

  <.7#8#n '4 $# %&/#(5#%)# &'7 $).) n X 9 9 ??Z E;F '&3 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% $ .$/&%. % ) '5A&./ os meninoØ /1 ' !/ n X 9 9 ??Z

  • =G=*=> &<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& $ ).'75%' & #%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./ ' 8#%.R8&.' Referência ao falante no discurso & Caracterização semântica do sujeito /#3;B3 < %#3 #$#!.'#)#' &3 577C&'. E*++J9 2= ,>+ ,>,F= # #$R!.'& ) #5/ %9 # 2%.3&.%# < . /.)# 7 3 &'/#/.'/.7#3&$/& %&!&8#$/&9 )&3 $'/%#$) :5& # %&<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& <#8 %&7& # 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& (P$&% 9 #''.3 7 3 /%#0 '&3@$/.7 Xo C53#$ Z9 2 %B3 &'/& $1 < . 7 $'.)&%#) %&!&8#$/& 2&! 2% (%#3# #%;%5!=

  3 .!8# E*++Y9 2= JW W+F9 &''#' 8#%.R8&.' /#3;B3 < %#3 #$#!.'#)#'9 3#' $&$C53# )#' )5#' < . '&!&7. $#)# 2&! 2% (%#3#=

  ;#.H '& &$7 $/%# 53 :5#)% %&'53.) 7 3 ' <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' 5/.!.N#) ' $# '&(5$)# % )#(&3 ) !)8#%;` & $# #$R!.'& <.$#! )&'/# .$8&'/.(#01 = ' &H&32! ' < %#3 /.%#) ' ) ' )&2 .3&$/ ' ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3

  WJ .'/%.;5.01 ) ' (%52 ' )& <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' '&(5$) # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

  

Concordância 8'= Não concordância &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

$ . ,/ -

  1. Tipos de sujeito

  5A&./ &H2!67./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' o estudo B ; 3 X 9 9 >*Z

  $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.' $ '.$(5!#%

  5A&./ &H2!67./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' as casaØ &%# 7 $/#)#n X 9 9 >*Z

  $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.' $ 2!5%#!

  5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! eu ' 5 $&(% 7 3 35./ %(5!C X 9 9 ??Z '.$(5!#% is’#:5. /5) &%# 5:5B3 X

  9

  9 J?Z

  

5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! 2!5%#! nóis &%# ) $ )#:5. X

  9

  9 J?Z todos '1 <#36!.# X 9 9 GI

  5A&./ $5! Ø &%# 53 2 )&% ' X 9 9 ,IZ

  2. Tipos de predicativo 3.$#! &!& &%# o líde X 9 9 ??Z do sujeito

  )A&/.8#! %. /R seco X 9 9 *GZ #%/.762.

  &5 /V sentada X 9 9 >*Z

  3.Concordância verbal $7 %)@$7.# 7#%% é 3#.' 7#% $B X 9 9 *GZ 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# $4.' era 7%.#$0#n X 9 9 ??Z

  4. Material %&'&$0# &!# &%# meia #%.'7# X 9 9 ??Z interveniente entre o

  5'P$7.# verbo e o predicativo ' 2#.' '1 3 %&$ X 9 9 *GZ

  5.Concordância $7 %)@$7.# os homens <.7#8#n '4 $# %&/#(5#%)# nominal de número no &'7 $).) n X 9 9 ??Z

  SN sujeito 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# as plantaØ #:5. /R 2 57# X 9 9 *GZ

  6. Referência ao &<&%P$7.# eu /V #!&A#) X

  9

  9 J?Z falante no discurso

  1 %&<&%P$7.# ele &%# 7#'#) X

  9

  9 J?Z

  7.Caracterização Xo C53#$ Z C A& ele B <#!&7.) X 9 9 *GZ semântica do sujeito

  X C53#$ Z as casaØ &%# 7 $/#)#n X 9 9 >*Z

  :5#$/.<.7#01 < . <&./# 7 $< %3& # 7 ).<.7#01 #;#.H #%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

  , 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# +

  WW #%.R8&.' .$)&2&$)&$/&'

  1. Sexo

  3#'75!.$ <&3.$.$

  2. Faixa etária

  #.H# E)& ,+ # G+ #$ 'F #.H# E)& G, # I+ #$ 'F

  #.H# E3#.' )& I+ #$ 'F

  3. Tipos de sujeito

  5A&./ &H2!67./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.' $ '.$(5!#%

  5A&./ &H2!67./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.' $ 2!5%#!

  5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! '.$(5!#%

  5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! 2!5%#!

  5A&./ $5!

  4. Tipos de predicativo do sujeito

  3.$#! )A&/.8#! #%/.762.

  5. Concordância verbal

  $7 %)@$7.# 1 7 $7 %)@$7.#

  6. Material interveniente entre o verbo e o predicativo

  %&'&$0# 5'P$7.#

  7. Concordância nominal de número no SN sujeito

  $7 %)@$7.# 1 7 $7 %)@$7.#

  8. Referência ao falante no discurso

  U &<&%P$7.# ` 1 %&<&%P$7.#

  9. Caracterização semântica do sujeito

  Xo C53#$ Z - a

  X C53#$ Z

  . 304 9 4 0 :4 /0 0 0 G

  )&7 %%&% )&'/& 7#26/5! 9 '&%1 #$#!.'#) ' ' )#) ' 7 3 ;#'& $ ' %&'5!/#) ' #2%&'&$/#) ' 2&! 2#7 /& )& 2% (%#3#' !)8#%; ` E F= '/& 3 )&! ! (6'/.7 9 # 8&%.<.7#% &<&./ %&!#/.8 )& 7#)# <#/ % )# 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& concordância vs. não

  

concordância entre sujeito e predicativo do sujeito9 (&%# %&'5!/#) ' $53B%.7 ' 7 3 8#! %&'

  &3 2&%7&$/5#.' & 2% ;#;.!6'/.7 '9 &'/&' )&$ 3.$#) ' 2&' ' %&!#/.8 ' :5& '1 )& (%#$)& .32 %/@$7.# 2#%# # #$R!.'& !.$(56'/.7# ) ' %&'5!/#) ' E c 9 *++G9 2= ,>,F=

  5/%# <5$01 .32 %/#$/& ) 2% (%#3# B <#N&% 53# 7 32#%#01 &$/%& ' (%52 ' )& <#/ %&' & #2%&'&$/#%9 $# <#'& )&$ 3.$#)# step up9 #:5&!&' 7 $'.)&%#) ' &'/#/.'/.7#3&$/& 7 3 < %/&' #/5#$/&' $# #2!.7#01 5 $1 #2!.7#01 )# 7 $7 %)@$7.# &9 $# <#'& step down, ' :5& $1 < %#3 &'/#/.'/.7#3&$/& 7 $'.)&%#) ' 7 3 %&!&8#$/&' 2#%# # 8#%.#01 =

  24' 2% 7&'' )& .)&$/.<.7#01 ) ' (%52 ' 3#.' #/5#$/&' $ <&$V3&$ &'/5)#) 9 :5&9 $&'/& 7#' 9 B )# 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 9 2% (%#3# 8#.

  #2%&'&$/R ! ' $# %)&3 )&7%&'7&$/& )& .32 %/@$7.#= &'/# 2&':5.'#9 ' /%P' (%52 ' '&!&7. $#) ' < %#3 Concordância verbal9 Tipos de sujeito & Referência ao falante no discurso.

  ,+, G=,=, $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#!

  2%.3&.% (%52 )& <#/ % '&!&7. $#) < . :5& '& %&<&%& L 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! E F= ' )#) ' $53B%.7 ' 3 '/%#3 :5&9 )#' ,JI '&$/&$0#' &3 :5& C 58& # 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#

  &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 9 ,Y? /#3;B3 #2%&'&$/#8#3 # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& &''&' ) .' &!&3&$/ ' & 8&%; 9 2% 2 %7. $#$) 53 8#! % 2&%7&$/5#! )& W?9,e & +=>> )& #2!.7#01 )# %&(%# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#= $:5#$/ .'' 9 ' 3&$/& G )#' *Y '&$/&$0#' #2%&'&$/#%#3 # #2!.7#01 )# 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 :5#$) $1 C#8.# # =

  #;&!# &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  . / K/ Fatores Frequência Peso relativo

  $7 %)@$7.# ,Y?D,JIlW?9,e +=>> 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# GD*Yl,,9,e +=+, /#! ,YYD*,*lJG9Ie +=WI EinputF

  ' &H&32! ' #;#.H 3 '/%#3 #!(5$' 7#' ' %&!#7. $#) ' L 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ & L 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#!

  E*YF E#F ^um pessoal daqui da comunidade 2 associado X 9 9 *GZ_ E;F eles não são :4 G X 9 9 GIZ

  & #7 %) 7 3 :5& < . #2%&'&$/#) 2 % 5%# E*++IK *++YK *++WF9 $ %3#!3&$/& '& &'2&%# :5& '5A&./ 9 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 7 $7 %)&39 2 .' # 7 $7 %)@$7.# '& )R 2&!# 7C&7#(&3 ) ' /%#0 ' &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 & 2 '/&%. %3&$/& &$/%& '5A&./ & <!&H1 8&%;#!9 3#' &3

  ,+* E*Y#F C 58& #2&$#' # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 & &3 E*Y;F9 #2&$#' # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 8&%; =

  ] &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  "#$%& (($"& %))& ()& +)& #)& %%$%& *)& '$"& )&

  • - , .
  • - !/0-1 , !/0-1

  $< %3& ' %&'5!/#) ' 8.'/ ' $# /#;&!# & $ (%R<.7 9 # 3#%7#01 )& &'/R %&!#7. $#)# L 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ & # $1 3#%7#01 )&

  9 L $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& ' 5/% ' ) .' &!&3&$/ ' )# &'/%5/5%# 2%&).7#/.8#= 2&'#% ) ' 7#' ' #2%&'&$/#) ' &3 E*YF )& $1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ 9 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 9 &<&./ )# 7 &'1 &'/%5/5%#! E3#%7#' !&8#3 # 3#%7#'F 2#%&7& &'/#% #/5#$) 7 $'.)&%#8&!3&$/& $&'/& (%52 )& <#/ %=

  G=,=* .2 ' )& '5A&./ 8#%.R8&! tipos de sujeito /#3;B3 '& 3 '/% 5 %&!&8#$/& 2#%# # :5&'/1 )# 8#%.#01

  #:5. &$< 7#)#= %&'5!/#) ) 2&' %&!#/.8 )& 7#)# <#/ % 3 '/% 5 :5& #2&$#' ' '5A&./ '

  ,+G '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 = &''& <#/ % /#3;B3 2 )&%.# '& A5$/#% )& '5A&./ ' 2% $ 3.$#.' $ '.$(5!#%9 3#' 7 3 $1 C 58& 8#%.#01 E,++e )& 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#F9 2 )& '& ).N&% :5& &!& $1 #/5# $&''& <&$V3&$ 8#%.R8&!= .$)# '&(5$) ' 2&' ' %&!#/.8 '9 ' 5/% ' <#/ %&' $1 #/5#3 $# 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& ' ) .' &!&3&$/ ' )# 2%&).7#01 7 25!#/.8#=

  #;&!# &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! /.2 ' )& '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  %

  4M 0 #/ %&' %&:5P$7.# &' %&!#/.8

  5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! '.$(5!#% >?D>?l,++e f

  5A&./ &H2!67./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ '

  IYDIWlW>9>e +=W> $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.' $ '.$(5!#%

  5A&./ $5! ,+YD,,?lWG9We +=?*

  5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! 2!5%#! ,,D*?l?I9Je +=+,J

  5A&./ &H2!67./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' *D,Il,G9Ge +=+,, $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.' $ 2!5%#! /#! ,YYD*,*lJG9Ie +=WI E.$25/F

  '5A&./ $5! <.7 5 3#.' 2%4H.3 )# N $# )& $&5/%#!.)#)&9 '&(5$) 2&' %&!#/.8 9 3#'9 ;'&%8#$) ' %&'5!/#) ' &3 2&%7&$/#(&39 '5A&./ $5! #2#%&7&5 /#3;B3 7 3 .$<!5&$7.#) % )# 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#=

  '/#;&!&7&$) 53# 7 32#%#01 &$/%& ' %&'5!/#) ' ) ' '5A&./ ' $# < %3# ^2!5%#!_ & ) ' '5A&./ ' $# < %3# ^'.$(5!#%_9 3#' &H7!5.$) ' %&'5!/#) ' ) ^'5A&./ $5! _ 2&! <#/ )& 2 )&% #2%&'&$/#% &3 #!(5$' 7#' ' # < %3# '.$(5!#% & &3 5/%#' # 2!5%#!9 &$7 $/%#%&3 ' ' '&(5.$/&' )#) '

  ,+? #;&!# 32#%#01 &$/%& ' '5A&./ ' $# < %3# '.$(5!#% & ' '5A&./ ' $# < %3# 2!5%#!

  ?4M 0 /84

  4 #/ %&' %&:5P$7.#

  5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! '.$(5!#% >?D>?l,++e

  5A&./ &H2!67./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.' $ '.$(5!#%

  IYDIWlW>9>e % 0 F

  9N B 9O

  5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! 2!5%#! ,,D*?l?I9Je

  5A&./ &H2!67./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.' $ 2!5%#!

  • D,Il,G9Ge

  % 0

  9F9 N99 9O

  ' %&'5!/#) ' #2 $/#%#3 :5& ' '5A&./ ' $# < %3# ^'.$(5!#%_ #2%&'&$/#3 WJ9Ge )& 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 9 C#8&$) #2&$#' ) .' 7#' ' )& $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ '5A&./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' $ 3.$#.'= ' %&'5!/#) ' %&!#/.8 ' # ' '5A&./ ' $# < %3# ^2!5%#!_ 3 '/%#%#3 :5& &'/&' #/5#3 < %/&3&$/& 2#%# # $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ <&$V3&$ &'/5)#) 2 % &'/# 2&':5.'#9 53# 8&N :5& #2&$#' GG9Ge )#' '&$/&$0#' 7 3 '5A&./ $ 2!5%#! #2%&'&$/#%#3 # 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#=

  ] &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! /.2 ' )& '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  "+$+& "2$"& %2$2& #'$(& 2$#& +$%& (+$3& '#$*& )& *)& #)& +)& ()& %))& %*)& , / ,/ , / 1 /

. !/0-1 , - !/0-1

  ,+I G=,=G &<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& $ ).'75%'

  /&%7&.% '&!&7. $#) < . (%52 )& <#/ %&' '&3@$/.7 ' referência ao falante no

  

discurso= ''.3 7 3 < . #2 $/#) 2 % 577C&'. E*++J9 2= ,>GF9 %&'5!/#) )&''& (%52 )&

  <#/ % 3 '/% 5 :5& CR 53# /&$)P$7.# )& 3#. % 3#%7#01 )# %&(%# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# 2&! <#!#$/& :5#$) &'/& <#!# )& '. 2%42%. 9 7 %%&'2 $)&$) # JJ9*e )& 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# & # +=WI )& .$<!5P$7.# $# #2!.7#01 = ;#.H '&(5& #!(5$' &H&32! '

  E*JF 1 %&<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& E#F $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A 2%&) ela &%# ;.'$&/# )# )# 84 )&!# X 9 9 J?Z E;F 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A 2%&) as casaØ &%# 7 $/#)#n X 9 9 >*Z

  E*WF &<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& E#F $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A 2%&) eu ' 5 #'' 7.#) X 9 = ?YZ E;F 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A 2%&) nóis $53 B 7 $C&7.) n X 9 9 ??Z

  #;&!# &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! %&<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  5 =/ 5 /0 /

  4 Fatores Frequência Peso relativo &<&%P$7.# ,ID,YlJJ9*e +=WI 1 %&<&%P$7.# ,>*D,WIlJG9,e +=?G

  /#! ,YYD*,*lJG9Ie +=WI EinputF

  ,+> ] &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! %&<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/&

  $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  %))& (($*& (2$%& ()& +)& #)& %+$"& %%$(& *)& )&

  

4 ,

  4 - .

  • - !/0-1 , !/0-1

  24' '&!&7. $#% ' (%52 ' )& <#/ %&' 3#.' #/5#$/&' $# 8#%.#01 &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 9 2% (%#3# <#N 5/%# 'B%.& )& 7 32#%#0O&' &9 &3 '&(5.)#9 #2%&'&$/# 53# %)&3 )& &!.3.$#01 ) ' 5/% ' (%52 '= 2&'#% )& $1 /&%&3 '.) '&!&7. $#) ' $# <#'& step up9 ' %&'5!/#) ' ) ' (%52 ' &!.3.$#) ' '&%1 8.'/ '9 2 .' &''&' %&'5!/#) ' /#3;B3 2 )&3 %&8&!#% 7 32 %/#3&$/ ' )# &'/%5/5%# 8#%.R8&!= '&(5.%9 '&%1 #2%&'&$/#) ' ' )#) ' 7 $< %3& # %)&3 )& &!.3.$#01 =

  G=*=, .2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 2%.3&.% # '&% &!.3.$#) < . (%52 )& <#/ % tipos de predicativo do sujeito= ' /%P'

  ,+Y #2%&'&$/&3 53# 3#. % <%&:5P$7.# $# 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 '&$) !.(&.%#3&$/& 3#.' <#8 %R8&!9 2&%7&$/5#!3&$/&9 /.2 $ 3.$#! EJYeF9 '&(5.) ) ' /.2 ' #)A&/.8#! EJGeF & 2#%/.7.2.#! EYIeF= 3 %&!#01 # 2&' %&!#/.8 9 # 3#. % #/5#01 L 3#%7# &'/R %&!#7. $#)# # /.2 $ 3.$#! E+=IIF9 C#8&$) 53# 2&:5&$# ).<&%&$0# &3 %&!#01 # ' 5/% ' ) .' /.2 '9 7 3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ $# /#;&!# #;#.H

  #;&!# &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! /.2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  %

  4M 0 Fatores Frequência Peso relativo

  3.$#! ,++D,,IlJYe +=II )A&/.8#! ??DIGlJG9+e +=?+ #%/.7.2.#! GGD??lYI9+e +=?J /#! ,YYD*,*lJG9Ie +=WI EinputF

  ] &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! /.2 ' )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  (3&

(2&

3'&

  %2& %3& *'& )& *)& #)& +)& ()& %))& ,

  1

  5

. !/0-1 , -. !/0-1

  ,+J G=*=* #%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./

  7#%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./ /#3;B3 $1 < . /.)# 7 3 '.($.<.7#/.8# 2#%# &''& <&$V3&$ 8#%.R8&!= ' ) .' /.2 ' )& 7#%#7/&%.N#01 9 CR 53 7 32 %/#3&$/ '&3&!C#$/& &3 %&!#01 L #2!.7#01 & L $1 #2!.7#01 )# 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 9 .$7!5'.8& #2%&'&$/#3 2&' ' %&!#/.8 ' 2%4H.3 ' # 7 $'.)&%#) $&5/% 9 # '#;&%

  • =I+=

  #;&!# &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7#%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  . P 12 GK/0

  4M 0 Fatores Frequência Peso relativo

  Xo C53#$ Z J+DWJlJ,9>e +=I?

  X C53#$ Z WYD,,?lJI9,e +=?I /#! ,YYD*,*lJG9Ie +=WI EinputF

  ] &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7#%#7/&%.N#01 '&3@$/.7# ) '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  (%$+& ('$%& %($#& %#$"& )& *)& #)& +)& ()& %))& 67 8/ 9 6- 8/

  9

  ,+W G=*=G #.H# &/R%.#

  3; %# # &H.'/P$7.# )& 35)#$0# &3 2% (%&'' &3 ).%&01 # 3#. % #2!.7#01 )# %&(%# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $# <#.H# &/R%.# 3#.' A 8&3 &3 )&/%.3&$/ ) ' 3#.' 8&!C ' /&$C# '.) #2%&'&$/#)# 7 3 C.24/&'& $&'/& /%#;#!C 9 ' %&'5!/#) ' $1 2&%3./.%#3 53# #<.%3#01 3#.' 7 $'.'/&$/& ' ;%& # &H.'/P$7.# )& /#! 35)#$0#9 3#' 7 $<.%3#%#3 :5& # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 B 53 <&$V3&$ 8#%.R8&!= 3 / )#' #' .)#)&' 8#! % 2&%7&$/5#! 3 '/% 5 53# 3#. % <%&:5P$7.# L #2!.7#01 )# 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# E/#;&!# ` & (%R<.7 F9 3#' &3 %&!#01 # 2&' %&!#/.8 )&''# #2!.7#01 E(%R<.7 F C 58& 53 7 32 %/#3&$/ ).<&%&$7.#) &$/%& #' /%P' <#.H#' &/R%.#'=

  #;&!# ` &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! <#.H# &/R%.# & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  • - H

  0J Fatores Frequência Peso relativo

  #.H# )& ,+ G+ E 8&3F ?YDIIlJI9Ie +=Y* #.H# )& G, I+ E )5!/ F >,DYWlYY9*e +=G? #.H# 3#.' )& I+ E ) ' F >WDYJlJJ9Ie +=?W /#! ,YYD*,*lJG9Ie +=WI EinputF

  ,,+ ] &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! <#.H# &/R%.# & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.#

  8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 2&%7&$/5#!

  

: /

('$'& 33$*& (($'& **$(& %%$'& %#$'& )& *)& #)& +)& ()& %))&

  

; / <

. !/0-1 , -. !/0-1

  3 2 )& '&% 8.'/ $ (%R<.7 #;#.H 9 $ /# '& :5& ' 3#.' A 8&$'9 7 3 2&' %&!#/.8 )& +=Y*9 /&$)&3 # #2!.7#% 35./ 3#.' #' %&(%#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) :5& ' #)5!/ '9 7 3 +=G?9 &$:5#$/ ' 3#.' .) ' ' #2%&'&$/#3 53 7 32 %/#3&$/ $&5/% E+=?WF &3 %&!#01 # &''# 3#%7#01 =

  ] &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! <#.H# &/R%.# & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ 2&' %&!#/.8

  : )$2# )$*( )$#" )$3* )$++ )$'% ) )$* )$# )$+ )$(

  

; / <

. !/0-1 , - !/0-1

  ,,, 2&'#% )& $1 /&% '.) 53 ) ' <#/ %&' &H/%#!.$(56'/.7 ' .$8&'/.(#) 2 % &'/#

  ).''&%/#01 9 CR < %/&' .$)67. ' )& :5& # &'7 !#%.)#)& 2 )& &'/#% #/5#$) $&''# 8#%.#01 & 3 /.8#$) ' A 8&$' # #2!.7#% #' %&(%#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# '&(5$) # $ %3# 2#)%1 = % 3&.

  )# <.7C# ' 7.#!9 < . ;'&%8#) :5& (%#5 )& &'7 !#%.)#)& B 3#.' #!/ $# <#.H# &/R%.# 9 7#.$) 2#%# # 3&/#)& $# <#.H# & 2%#/.7#3&$/& .$&H.'/.$) $# <#.H# = !B3 ).'' 9 8#!& %&''#!/#% :5& ' A 8&$' '1 ' :5& 3#.' .$/&%#(&3 7 3 ' 3 %#) %&' )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'9 2 .' # &'7 !# )# 7 35$.)#)& '4 <&%&7& #' 2%.3&.%#' 'B%.&' ) $'.$ 5$)#3&$/#!9 /&$) ' #!5$ ' )& <%&:5&$/#%&3 #' &'7 !#' )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'=

  G=*=? $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ '5A&./ (%52 )& <#/ % 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ '5A&./ 3 '/% 5 53

  %&'5!/#) 75%. ' = 2&'#% ) #2#%&$/& &<&./ )# 7 &'1 &'/%5/5%#!9 &3 :5& CR # /&$)P$7.# )& 3#. % 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ ' 2%&).7#/.8 ' :5#$) CR 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ '5A&./ E

  9

  • J9 2= ,>GF9 $ ' %&'5!/#) ' &3 2&%7&$/5#! E %R<.7 F9 ' 8#! %&' ) ' 2&' ' %&!#/.8 ' 3 '/%#%#3 :5& # 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ .$/&%. % ) '5A&./ /&$)& # $1 <#8 %&7&% # #2!.7#01 )# 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 E+=,*F & # $1 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ .$/&%. % )

  '5A&./ #2%&'&$/# 53 2&' )& +=IW $# #2!.7#01 )# 3#%7#01 &$/%& ' ) .' &!&3&$/ ' )# &'/%5/5%# 2%&).7#/.8#=

  ,,* #;&!# ` &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ '.$/#(3# $ 3.$#!

  '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8'= $1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  

. / K/ / G / /LG / ?> 4M 0

Fatores Frequência Peso relativo

  $7 %)@$7.# $ '5A&./ I?D>+lW+9+e 0 12

  1 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ '5A&./ *D,,l,J9*e 0 34 ,*,D,?,lJI9Je +=>J

  5/% ' /.2 ' )& '5A&./

  /#! ,YYD*,*lJG9Ie +=WI EinputF

  ] &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! )& $S3&% $ .$/#(3# 3.$#! '5A&./ & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ &

  2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  ")& %))& (%$(& ()& +)& #)&

  %($*& %)& *)& )&

!, /0 , !, /0 -

  • - . !/0-1 , !/0-1

  G=*=I #/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 ''.3 7 3 < . 8.'/ &3 #!(#) E*++JF9 '&(5$) 8#! % ) 2&' %&!#/.8 9 # 2%&'&$0#

  ,,G E+=>>F9 2 %B3 $ ' %&'5!/#) ' &3 2&%7&$/5#!9 $ /# '& 53 7 32 %/#3&$/ '&3&!C#$/& :5#$) CR 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& EJI9YeF & :5#$) $1 CR &''& 3#/&%.#! EJ*9WeF9 C#8&$) #2&$#' 53# 2&:5&$# 8#$/#(&3 ) <#/ % 2%&'&$0# ) 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& 2#%# # $1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 =

  #;&!# ` &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'= 1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  7 0 /0 / /0 /0 Fatores Frequência Peso relativo

  %&'&$0# G>D?*lJI9Ye +=>> 5'P$7.# ,?,D,Y+lJ*9We +=?I /#! ,YYD*,*lJG9Ie +=WI EinputF

  ] ` &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8'= $1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  %))& ('$3& (*$"& ()& +)& #)& %3$%& %#$2& *)& )&

  

1 / 4

  • - . !/0-1 , !/0-1

  ,,? G=*=> &H

  8#%.R8&! sexo < . # S!/.3# # '&% &!.3.$#)# 2&! 2% (%#3# &'/#/6'/.7 = ' %&'5!/#) ' /#3;B3 < %#3 .$/&%&''#$/&'9 53# 8&N :5& CR 53# 2 '.01 &$/%& ' %&'5!/#) ' &3 2&%7&$/5#! & &3 2&' %&!#/.8 = 2%.3&.% 3 '/% 5 53# /&$)P$7.# !&8&3&$/& 3#. % ) '&H 3#'75!.$ #2%&'&$/#% 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& ' ) .' &!&3&$/ ' )# &'/%5/5%# 2%&).7#/.8# EJ?9WeF &3 %&!#01 # '&H <&3.$.$ EJ,9YeF9 3#' ' %&'5!/#) ' &3 2&' %&!#/.8 )&3 $'/%#%#3 :5& <#/ % '&H <&3.$.$ #2%&'&$/# 53 2&' 3#. % $# #2!.7#01 )# 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# E+=>>F ) :5& <#/ % '&H 3#'75!.$ E+=G>F=

  #;&!# ` &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! '&H & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'=

  1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  

? H

Fatores Frequência Peso relativo

  &3.$.$ Y>DWGlJ,9Ye +=>> #'75!.$ ,+,D,,WlJ?9We +=G> /#! ,YYD*,*lJG9Ie +=WI EinputF

  ] ` &!#01 &$/%& # 8#%.R8&! '&H & # 8#%.R8&! )&2&$)&$/& $7 %)@$7.# 8'=

  1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./

  %))& (#$"& (%$3& ()& +)& #)& %($2& %'$%& *)& )&

  /

  ,,I 2&'#% )& /&%&3 '.) &'7 !C.)#' 2%&8.#3&$/& '&/& 8#%.R8&.' !.$(56'/.7#' 7 3 2 ''68&.' 7 $).7. $#$/&' )& 53# )#' < %3#' 8#%.#$/&'9 ' 3&$/& /%P' < %#3 /.)#' 7 3 < %/&'

  #/5#$/&' $# &'/%5/5%# 8#%.R8&! 2&! 2% (%#3# &'/#/6'/.7 ) !)8#%; `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`= #'9 ' %&'5!/#) ' &3 2&' %&!#/.8 )# 8#%.R8&! '&H #2 $/#%#3 :5& #' 35!C&%&' <#N&3 3#. % 5' )# 8#%.#$/& 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# & ' %&'5!/#) ' &3 2&' %&!#/.8 )# 8#%.R8&! <#.H# &/R%.# 3 '/%#%#3 :5& E#F ' A 8&$' '1 ' :5& 3#.' <#N&3 5' )# 8#%.#$/& 7 3 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#K E;F ' #)5!/ ' /#3;B3 /&$)&3 # 5'#% # 8#%.#$/& 7 3 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 2 %B3 &3 3&$ % (%#5 :5& ' A 8&3 & E7F ' .) ' ' #2%&'&$/#3 53# 2 '/5%# $&5/%# &3 %&!#01 #' )5#' 8#%.#$/&'=

  ,,>

  . / 1< 5 /

  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

  % 3&. )&''# .$8&'/.(#01 9 < . 8.'/ :5& ' #<%.7#$ ' 2 )&3 '&% 7 $'.)&%#) ' 7 3 ' #(&$/&' 2%.$7.2#.' )# &H2#$'1 )&3 (%R<.7# &3 / ) /&%%./4%. ;%#'.!&.% & )# 2% 2#(#01 )# !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#9 2 %B39 $53# 3 )#!.)#)& :5& #// ' & .!8# )&$ 3.$# )& %/5(5P'

  &%#! %#'.!&.% E F9 ).<&%&$/& ) 2 %/5(5P' <#!#) 2&!# &!./& 2 %/5(5&'# & #$/&7&'' % ) %/5(5P' 25!#% %#'.!&.% E F= 3 $S3&% 9 # 2 25!#01 #<%.7#$# & #<% )&'7&$)&$/& < .

  '52&%. % # )& 2 %/5(5&'&' E& '&5' )&'7&$)&$/&'F & # )& 6$). ' :5& < %#3 &3 (%#$)& 2#%/& &H/&%3.$#) ' )5%#$/& 2&%6 ) 7 ! $.#!= 3 !#( #'9 # 2%&'&$0# #<%.7#$# /#3;B3 < . '.($.<.7#/.8# $ ' &$(&$C ' )& #0S7#% & $#' <#N&$)#' )& (#) &9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/&9 $ 5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&'=

  ,,Y & #7 %) 7 3 ' %&!#/ ' ) ' 3 %#) %&'9 53 7#'#!9 2% 8#8&!3&$/& #!< %%.#) 9 < . %&'2 $'R8&! 2&!# %.(&3 )& 5:5B3= &''& 7#'#! E &N&%%#F & )& 3#.' :5#/% <#36!.#' :5& 8.&%#3 3 %#% $ 2 8 #) E &%&.%#9 &%%&.%#9 .!8.$ & 5$&'F #.$)# 2&%3#$&7& 7 '/53& )& 7#'#3&$/ &$/%& 2%.3 ' & /%#;#!C 3#$5#! 7 3 ;#%% 2#%# <#;%.7#01 )& 2% )5/ ' 5/.!./R%. ' &9 3#.' #/5#!3&$/&9 )& 2% )5/ ' %$#3&$/#.'= ''& /%#;#!C #%/&'#$#! B .$7!5'.8& %&!#/#) 2 % C.'/ %.#) %&' E 9 ,WW>F 7 3 /62.7 ) ' C#;./#$/&' ) ' :5.! 3; ' 2#!3#%.$ '=

  ;%& # :5&'/1 !.$(56'/.7#9 < %#3 #; %)#)#' ).'75''O&' <&./#' 2 % 8R%. ' #5/ %&'9 &$/%& &!&' 5%# E*++IK *++Y & *++WF9 .;#!) E*++WF & 577C&'. E*++JF &H2!.7#01 ) ' 2% 7&'' ' )& 7C&7#(&3 )& /%#0 ' 2#%# # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 & &$/%& '5A&./ & <!&H1 8&%;#!9 7 3 #2%&'&$/#) 2 % 5%# E*++IK *++YK *++WF 2 )& '&% .32 %/#$/& 2#%# 7 32%&&$)&% 2 %:5P )& #!(53#' '&$/&$0#' &$7 $/%#)#' $# <#!# ) ' 3 %#) %&' )&

  5:5B39 L' 8&N&'9 #2%&'&$/#% 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 & $1 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 8&%; &9 &3 5/% ' 7#' '9 #2%&'&$/#% 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 8&%; 9 3#' $1 &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 =

  % 3&. )# ).'75''1 /%#N.)# 2 % .;#!) E*++WF9 < . 8.'/ 9 &$/%& 5/%#' 7 .'#'9 :5& CR

  8R%. ' /.2 ' )& &'/%5/5%# )& 7425!# ! 7#/.8#9 2%&).7#/.8#9 &:5#/.8# & #5H.!.#%= '' 2&%3./.5 53# )&!.3./#01 )#' '&$/&$0#' # '&%&3 #$#!.'#)#' $&'/# ).''&%/#01 &3 ) .' /.2 ' 2%&).7#/.8# & &:5#/.8#=

  ''.3 7 3 < . 8.'/ 2 % 577C&'. E*++JF & 5/% ' #5/ %&' #; %)#) ' $&'/# 2&':5.'#9 /#3;B3 < . 7 $<.%3#) :5& # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ $# <#!# #/5#! ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3 B 53 <&$V3&$ 8#%.R8&! &9 $&''& 7#' 9 3 /.8#) 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& 2 % <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 '= %B39 )#' *,* '&$/&$0#'9 $ / /#!9 ,YY #2%&'&$/#%#3 #' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 7 %%&'2 $)&$) # 53 8#! % 2&%7&$/5#! )& 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& JGe9 3#. % ) :5& 8.'/ 2 % #!(#) E*++JF $# <#!# 5%;#$# )# 7.)#)& )& #7&.4 EJ*eF=

  ,,J 2&'#% )&''& 8#! % 2&%7&$/5#! )& 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# /&% '.) 3#. %9 2 )& '& ).N&%

  :5& &''& %&'5!/#) < . .$<!5&$7.#) 2&! (%#$)& $S3&% )& '&$/&$0#' 7 3 '5A&./ $ '.$(5!#% E7<= /#;&!# Relação entre a variável tipos de sujeito e a variável dependente

  

concordância vs. não concordância entre sujeito e predicativo do sujeitoF= &3 7 $/#% #'

  '&$/&$0#' &$:5#)%#)#' $ /.2 )& '5A&./ $5! 9 / /#! )& '&$/&$0#' $ '.$(5!#% < . )& ,*G & C 58& # 3#%7#01 &3 ,*, )&''#' '&$/&$0#'9 %&2%&'&$/#$) WJ9Ge )& #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#= R / /#! )& '&$/&$0#' 7 3 '5A&./ $# < %3# 2!5%#! < . )& GW & C 58& # 3#%7#01 &3 #2&$#' ,G )&!#'9 %&2%&'&$/#$) 53 2&%7&$/5#! )& #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#' )& GGe9 ;&3 3#.' ;#.H ) :5& < . 8.'/ $#' '&$/&$0#' $ '.$(5!#%=

  $/%& ' '&/& (%52 ' )& <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' !&8#$/#) ' 7 3 2 ''68&.' 7 $).7. $#) %&' )& 53# )#' < %3#' 8#%.#$/&'9 ' 3&$/& /%P' < %#3 /.) ' 7 3 < %/&' #/5#$/&' $# &'/%5/5%# 8#%.R8&! 2&! 2% (%#3# &'/#/6'/.7 ) !)8#%; ` E F 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#!9 /.2 ' )& '5A&./ & %&<&%P$7.# # <#!#$/& $ ).'75%' =

  ;%& 2%.3&.% 9 concordância verbal9 ' 2&' ' %&!#/.8 ' 3 '/%#%#3 :5& &<&./ ) 2#%#!&!.'3 < %3#! < . $ /R8&! $&''# &'/%5/5%#9 53# 8&N :5& C 58& 53# /&$)P$7.# L 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 :5#$) C#8.# 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! E+=>>F & L $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& ' '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 :5#$) $1 C#8.# # 7 $7 %)@$7.# 8&%;#! E+=+,F= 3 %&!#01 # (%52 tipos de sujeito9 #2&$#' ' '5A&./ ' &H2!67./ ' 7 $'/./56) ' )& $ 3.$#.' $ '.$(5!#% #2%&'&$/#%#3 53 2&' %&!#/.8 #!/ 2#%# # #2!.7#01 )# 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# E+=W>F9 ' 5/% ' <#/ %&' $1 <#8 %&7&3 # 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& ' ) .' &!&3&$/ ' )# 2%&).7#01 7 25!#/.8#9 #2%&'&$/#$) ' '&(5.$/&' 2&' ' %&!#/.8 ' '5A&./ $5! E+=?*F9 '5A&./ 2% $ 3.$#! 2!5%#! E+=+,JF & '5A&./ &H2!67./ 7 $'/./56) )& &!&3&$/ ' $ 3.$#.' <!&H. $R8&.' $ 2!5%#! E+=+,,F= ' %&'5!/#) ' 3 '/%#%#3 /#3;B3 :5&9 )& 3 )

  ,,W (&%#!9 ' '5A&./ ' $# < %3# 2!5%#! <#8 %&7&%#3 # $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 #2%&'&$/#$) 53 2&%7&$/5#! )& >Ye )& $1 #2!.7#01 &3 2 '.01 # ' GGe )& #2!.7#01 =

  S!/.3 (%52 )& <#/ % '&!&7. $#) < . referência ao falante no discurso= ''& <#/ % 3 '/% 5 :5& CR 53# /&$)P$7.# 3#. % ) <#!#$/& #2!.7#% # 3#%7# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# :5#$) <#!# )& '. 3&'3 = ''& <#/ % /#3;B3 < . 7 $'.)&%#) %&!&8#$/& 2#%# # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &3 2%&).7#/.8 ' ) '5A&./ 9 & /#3;B3 &3 2#%/.762. ' 2#''.8 '9 $# 2&':5.'# %&#!.N#)# 2 % 577C&'.

  E*++J9 2= ,>GF= ' 5/% ' :5#/% (%52 ' )& <#/ %&' !.$(56'/.7 ' $1 < %#3 '&!&7. $#) ' 7 3

  &'/#/.'/.7#3&$/& %&!&8#$/&' 2#%# &''& <&$V3&$ 8#%.R8&!9 3#' '&5' %&'5!/#) ' 2 )&3 &'7!#%&7&% #!(53#' :5&'/O&' %&!#7. $#)#' L &'/%5/5%# 2%&).7#/.8# & 2 )&3 '&%8.% 2#%# 5/% ' &'/5) ' ' 7. !.$(56'/.7 '=

  8#%.R8&! tipos de predicativo do sujeito #2 $/ 59 '&(5$) 8#! % 2&%7&$/5#!9 /.2 $ 3.$#! 7 3 <#8 %&7&) % )# 8#%.#$/& 2#)%1 )& #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 7 3 JYe9 '&(5.) ) /.2 #)A&/.8#!9 7 3 JGe9 & ) 2#%/.7.2.#!9 7 3 YIe= #'9 '&(5$) 2&' %&!#/.8 9 #2&$#' /.2 #)A&/.8#! 2#%&7& &'/#% #/5#$) & <#8 %&7&$) 5' )# 8#%.#$/& %&!#7. $#)# L $1 #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# 7 3 2&' %&!#/.8 +=?+= ' 5/% ' ) .' #2%&'&$/#%#3 %&'5!/#) ' )&$/% )# &'7#!# $&5/%# &3 %&!#01 # 53# )#' 8#%.#$/&'9 $ 3.$#! 7 3 2&' %&!#/.8 +=II9 & 2#%/.7.2.#!9 7 3 2&' +=?J=

  ' %&'5!/#) ' )# 8#%.R8&! caracterização semântica do sujeito 3 '/%#%#3 :5& ' <#/ %&' XoC53#$ Z & X C53#$ Z $1 #/5#3 $&''# 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 #2%&'&$/#$) 2&' %&!#/.8 $# &'7#!# )& $&5/%#!.)#)&9 %&'2&7/.8#3&$/&9 +=I? & +=?I=

  ' <#/ %&' ) (%52 concordância no interior do SN sujeito #2%&'&$/#%#3 %&'5!/#) ' 7 $/%R%. ' # 2%.$762. )# 7 &'1 &'/%5/5%#!9 53# 8&N :5& # $1 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ '5A&./ #/5# 2#%# # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 9 7 3 2&' %&!#/.8 )& +=IW9 & #

  ,*+ 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ '5A&./ #/5# < %/&3&$/& 2#%# $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 7 3 2&' )&

  • =,* 2#%# # #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#'= 3 %&!#01 # (%52 )& <#/ % material interveniente entre verbo e predicativo, #''.3 7 3 < . 8.'/ &3 #!(#) E*++JF9 8#! % ) 2&' %&!#/.8 ) <#/ % 2%&'&$0# )& 3#/&%.#! .$/&%8&$.&$/& &$/%& 8&%; & 2%&).7#/.8 .$<!5&$7.# # $1 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# E+=>>F= 3 8#%.R8&.' &H/&%$#' 2#%# &'/# 2&':5.'# < %#3 '&!&7. $#)#' sexo & faixa etária=

  %B39 '&(5$) 2% (%#3# !)8#%; `9 $&$C53# )#' )5#' < . 7 $'.)&%#)# &'/#/.'/.7#3&$/& %&!&8#$/& 2#%# # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ = 3; %# $1 /&$C#3 '.) '&!&7. $#)#' 2&! 2% (%#3#9 ' %&'5!/#) ' :5#$/./#/.8 ' )&''#' )5#' 8#%.R8&.' '&%1 7 3&$/#) '=

  ;%& # 8#%.R8&! sexo9 8#!& # 2&$# !&3;%#% :5& < . # S!/.3# # '&% &!.3.$#)# 2&! 2% (%#3# &'/#/6'/.7 = ' %&'5!/#) ' 7 $<.%3#%#3 3#.' 53# 8&N :5& #' 35!C&%&' /&$)&3 # 5'#% 3#.' # 8#%.#$/& /.)# 7 3 )& 3#. % 2%&'/6(. :5&9 $&''& 7#' 9 '&%.# # )& #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 9 7 3 2&' %&!#/.8 +=>>= #%# ' C 3&$'9 2&' %&!#/.8 )& #2!.7#01 < . +=G>9 <#8 %&7&$) 3#.' # 8#%.#$/& /.)# 7 3 2 25!#%9 # )& $1 #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#= #'9 '&(5$) ' %&'5!/#) ' &3 2&%7&$/5#! E#2!.7#01 F9 #3; ' ' '&H ' <#8 %&7&3 3#.' # 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& ' ) .' &!&3&$/ ' )# &'/%5/5%# 2%&).7#/.8# ) :5& # $1 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 ' C 3&$' #2%&'&$/#%#3 2&%7&$/5#! )& J?9We & #' 35!C&%&'9 J,9Ye=

  (%52 )& <#/ % faixa etária &'/R %&!#7. $#) # 3B/ ) ) /&32 #2#%&$/& 2#%# 8&%.<.7#% '& &'/#%.# C#8&$) 53# 35)#$0# &3 2% (%&'' &3 ).%&01 # 3#. % 3#%7#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# &$/%& '5A&./ & 2%&).7#/.8 $# <#!# ) ' C#;./#$/&' )& 5:5B3= ''& (%52 )& <#/ % < . '&(5$) # '&% &!.3.$#) 2&! !)8#%; ` & #2%&'&$/# %&'5!/#) ' .32 %/#$/&'9 2 %B3 $1 2&%3./& 53# 7 $<.%3#01 3#.' 7#/&(4%.7# ' ;%& # 35)#$0#= 2&' %&!#/.8 )& 7#)# <#/ % 3 '/% 5 :5& ' A 8&$' #2!.7#3 7 3 3#.' .$/&$'.)#)& #' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#

  ,*, E+=Y*F ) :5& ' #)5!/ ' E+=G?F &$:5#$/ ' .) ' ' #2%&'&$/#3 53 7 32 %/#3&$/ $&5/% &3 %&!#01 L #2!.7#01 5 L $1 #2!.7#01 E+=?WF9 7 3 2V)& '&% 8.'/ $# Tabela VIII – Relação

  

entre a variável faixa etária e a variável dependente Concordância vs. Não concordância

entre sujeito e predicativo do sujeito= %B39 $ %&'5!/#) &3 2&%7&$/5#!9 $1 < . 8.'/# 35./#

  ).<&%&$0# )& 7 32 %/#3&$/ &$/%& #' /%P' <#.H#' &/R%.#' #2%&'&$/#$) ' A 8&$' JI9Ie )& #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.#9 ' #)5!/ ' YY9*e9 & ' .) ' ' JJ9Ie=

  ;'&%8#$) ' 8#! %&' #2%&'&$/#) ' 2#%# # #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#' )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% )& GGe $&'/& &'/5) &3 :5&'/1 & ' )&'7%./ ' 2 % 5/% ' #5/ %&'9 <.7# $ /4%. :5& &''& %&'5!/#) B .$<&%. % &3 %&!#01 # ' ?Ie )& #2!.7#01 )# %&(%# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% $# <#!# 5%;#$# #2%&'&$/#) 2 %

  7C&%%& E,WW,F & .#' E,WW>F9 3#' '52&%. % # ' ?e )& #2!.7#01 )# %&(%# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% $# <#!# %5%#! '&3 )&<.$.01 B/$.7#9 #2%&'&$/#) 2 % .!8# E*++YF9 & # ,e )& #2!.7#01 )# %&(%# )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% &3 7 35$.)#)&' %5%#.' .' !#)#' #<% ;%#'.!&.%#' &'/5)#)#' 2 % 577C&'. E*++JF= 3 < . #2%&'&$/#) $ )&7 %%&% )&'/# 2&':5.'#9 '&(5$) &''& S!/.3 #5/ %9 (%#5 )& 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $#' &'/%5/5%#' 3 '/%# $68&! )& .$<!5P$7.# %&7&;.)# $ 7 $/#/ &$/%& #' !6$(5#'9 ' ;%&/5) #' ' & 2 %/5(5P'9 < %3#$) 53 continuum &$/%& 2 %/5(5P' 2 25!#% & 2 %/5(5P' 75!/ =

  (%#5 )& 8#%.#01 9 &3 GGe9 $# &'/%5/5%# 2%&).7#/.8# #:5. &'/5)#)# 2 % 3&. )# <#!# ) ' 3 %#) %&' &3 5:5B3 2&%3./& ).N&% :5& # <#!# )# 7 35$.)#)& 8&3 '&$) 3 ).<.7#)# & 7#3.$C# 2#%# $.8&!#3&$/ !.$(56'/.7 9 &3 ).%&01 L 3 )#!.)#)& 2#)%1 = &(5$) 577C&'.

  E*++JF9 $.8&!#3&$/ 2 )& '&% 7#5'#) 2&!# #01 )# 36).# & )# &'7 !#9 &'/&' #(&$/&' /#3;B3 2 )&%.#3 &'/#% #/5#$) $# <#!# ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B3= 2&'#% )&''& %&'5!/#) 9 B 2 ''68&! ).N&% :5& #.$)# CR %&':567. ' )& &!&3&$/ ' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7 ' )# !6$(5# <#!#)# 2&! ' '&5' #$/&2#''#) ' #<% )&'7&$)&$/&'9 7 3 9 2 % &H&32! 9 53# 3&$ % #2!.7#01 )#' 3#%7#' <!&H. $#.' E^&% '1 )# 3 %< ! (.# <!&H. $#!_F9 2%.$7.2#!3&$/& $ :5& '& %&<&%& L 7 $7 %)@$7.#

  ,** )& $S3&% 9 :5& 2 )& '&% 7 353&$/& 8.'/# $# 3 )#!.)#)& 2 25!#% ) 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% 9 7 3 2#%&7& '&% &$:5#)%#)# # <#!# )# 7 35$.)#)& 5:5B3=

  2&'#% )& &''&' %&'5!/#) ' AR #2%&'&$/#%&3 53# 2&:5&$# & .$.7.#! 7 $/%.;5.01 2#%# 7 $C&7.3&$/ )# %&#!.)#)& 75!/5%#! & !.$(56'/.7# )& 5:5B39 5/%#' .$8&'/.(#0O&' 2%&7.'#3 '&% <&./#'= 3 '5(&'/O&' 2#%# &'/5) ' <5/5% ' ' ;%& # /&3R/.7# )# 2%&).7#01 7 25!#/.8# &'/#%.#3 E#F 53# #32!.#01 ) ' /.2 ' )& '&$/&$0#' 2%&).7#/.8#' # '&%&3 #$#!.'#) '9 53# 8&N :5& < . <&./ 53 %&7 %/&9 #$#!.'#$) #2&$#' #' '&$/&$0#' )&7!#%#/.8#' <.$./#'K E;F 53# #$R!.'& 7 32#%#/.8# &$/%& ' %&'5!/#) ' #2 $/#) ' 2&!#' &'/%5/5%#' 2%&).7#/.8#' ) /.2 &:5#/.8# & 2%&).7#/.8#K E7F 53 &'/5) ).#7%V$.7 )&''# &'/%5/5%# !.$(56'/.7# 2#%# %&#<.%3#% 5 %&<5/#% # 2 ''68&! .$<!5P$7.# #<%.7#$# 2#%# # 7#%#7/&%.N#01 )# 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $&''# 7 35$.)#)& & E)F 53 &'/5) '.$7%V$.7 7 32#%#/.8 )&''# 2%&).7#01 &3 !6$(5#' 7%. 5!#' )& ;#'& 2 %/5(5&'#=

  & 3 ) (&%#!9 &'/# 2&':5.'# '& )&/&8& &3 &'/5)#% # 8#%.#01 )& 7 $7 %)@$7.# $#' &'/%5/5%#' 2%&).7#/.8#' $# <#!# ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B39 #' 7#%#7/&%6'/.7#' '47. 75!/5%#.' & !.$(56'/.7#' )&''# 7 35$.)#)& & # 2#%/.7.2#01 )#' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' $ %/5(5P' %#'.!&.% =

  )& '& ).N&% :5& &'/& &'/5) < . 2% )5/.8 9 53# 8&N :5& #' 7 $/%.;5.0O&' /%#N.)#' < %#3 '.($.<.7#/.8#' 2#%# #' :5&'/O&' %&<&%.)#' #7.3#= . )#) 2#'' .$.7.#! 2#%# :5& 5/%#' 2&':5.'#' !.$(56'/.7#' ' ;%& 5:5B3 '&A#3 <&./#'9 /&$) 7 3 ;#'& corpus 7 $'/./56) ) ' )&2 .3&$/ ' ) ' 3 %#) %&' )& 5:5B39 & # 2#%/.% ) ' %&'5!/#) '9 5/%#' 2&':5.'#' ' 7. !.$(56'/.7#' 2 ''#3 '&% )&'&$8 !8.)#'=

  ,*G

  5 =/

  M 9 = = 7. !.$(56'/.7#= $ 9 = E %(=F= Introdução à linguística: 36$. ' & <% $/&.%#'= 1 #5! %/&N9 *++,9 2= *, ?Y= 9 = )&= História da civilização das Alagoas= #7&.4 )5<#!9 ,WJJ=

  9 = = Sociolinguistics= $)%&' = = #/'< %) /)9 ,WY>= 9 = 6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' & 2 %/5(5P' <#!#) $ %#'.!= $ 9 =K 9 =

  = África no Brasil: # < %3#01 )# !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#= 1 #5! $/&H/ 9 *++J9 2= ,I >*= \\\\\\= ' 8 7R;5! ' )& %.(&3 #<%.7#$# $# 7 $'/./5.01 ) 2 %/5(5P' <#!#) $ %#'.!= $ 9 =K 9 = = África no Brasil: # < %3#01 )# !6$(5# 2 %/5(5&'#= 1 #5!

  $/&H/ 9 *++J9 2= ,+, ,??= U 9 = C& "$/#H < %&).7#/. $= Linguistic Inquiry9 8 != *?9 $= ?9 ,WWG= 22= IW, >I>=

  = .$.'/B%. )# 5!/5%#= 5$)#01 5!/5%#! #!3#%&'= Quilombos. .'2 $68&! &3 C//2 DD[[[=2#!3#%&'=( 8=;%D++ID++I+*++,=A'2i// \ l,++= 7&'' **D+ID*++W=

  9 U= ' ).3&$'O&' )# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7#= $ 9 = = =K 9 = E %('=F= Sociolinguística= . )& #$&.% !) %#) 9 ,WY?= d 9 = = História e Estrutura da Língua Portuguesa= . )& #$&.%

  #)%1 9 ,WYI= 9 = História do português= .'; # #3.$C 9 *++>= 9 = = )&= Palmares como espaço de sonhos: #$R!.'& ) ).'75%' #%:5& !4(.7

  ' ;%& # &%%# )# #%%.(#= #32.$#'9 X'=$=Z9 *++I= 9 = M= Sociolinguistic theory. H< %) !#7T[&!!9 ,WWI= M-9 = Lectures on Government and Binding. %)%&7C/ %.'9 ,WJ,=

  ,*? 9 = $A&7/5%#' ' ;%& 35)#$0# !.$(56'/.7#= Interdisciplinar &8.'/# )& &'/5) ' )&

  !6$(5# & !./&%#/5%#= 8= ?9 *++Y9 2= W *,= 9 = 7. !.$(5.'/.7'= $ 9 = &/ #! E&)'F= The handbook of Linguistics=

  !#7T[&!! 5;!.'C.$(9 *++*9 2= = 9 = = )& = %&'&$0# & 7 $/%.;5.01 )#' !6$(5#' $&(% #<%.7#$#' $# 7 $'/./5.01 ) 2 %/5(5P' ) %#'.! # #!&(#)# %.(&3 7%. 5!# & # 8#%.&)#)& 2 25!#% )# !6$(5# <#!#)# $#' /&%%#' )& 2%&/ = Anais da Abanne9 1 56'9 #%#$C1 9 *++G#= .'2 $68&! &3 C//2 DD[[[=<<!7C=5'2=;%D)!D(&!#D) [$! #)'D 5$C#D *++G=2)<= 7&'' &3 *, )& 3#. )& *++W= \\\\\\= % 7&'' ' )& E)&'F7%. 5!.N#01 ) 2 %/5(5P' <#!#) $ ' :5.! 3; ' ) #%#$C1 =

  Associação de Crioulos de Base Lexical Portuguesa e Espanhola9 '2#$C#9 *++G;=

  9 = = = A Concordância de Número nos Predicativos e Particípios Passivos na Fala

  

da Região Sul Um Estudo Variacionista= ,WW>= .''&%/#01 E3&'/%#) &3 .$(56'/.7#F

  $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! )& #$/# #/#%.$#9 ,WW>= MM 9 #%7&! )&$= Relators and Linkers /C& "$/#H < %&).7#/. $9 %&).7#/& $8&%'. $9

  #$) 25!#'= #3;%.)(&9 #''= C& %&''9 *++>= 9 = Sociolinguistics= E/%#)= )& %.(= #!&31 )& ,WYGF= $)%&' )[#%) %$ !)9 ,WJ,= 9 == &!#0O&' (%#3#/.7#.'9 &':5&3#' %&!#7. $#.' & %)&3 )& 2#!#8%#'. $

  9 = = &/ #!= Gramática da Língua Portuguesa= I &)=9 8&%= & #53= .'; # )./ %.#!

  #3.$C 9 *++G9 2= *YI G*?= 9 = Sociolinguística: 53# .$/% )501 = . )& #$&.% #)%1 9 ./&%4. $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! !53.$&$'&D D 9 ,WJY= 9 = = Muquém: 53# 7 35$.)#)& 8.'68&!i M5!B M5!B= #7&.4

  9

  • >= 9 = República de Palmares: 2&':5.'# & 7 3&$/R%. ' &3 ) 753&$/ ' C.'/4%.7 ' )

  'B75! ` = #7&.4 9 *++?=

  ,*I 9 = O escravo nos anúncios dos jornais brasileiros do século XIX= - 1 #5!

  #7. $#!9 ,WYW9 2= *W= 9 = = #%:5& ! (.# )& #!3#%&' '5# 7 $/%.;5.01 2#%# 7 $C&7.3&$/ )# 75!/5%# #<% #3&%.7#$#= $ 9 = =K 9 = = E %('F= Liberdade por um fio: C.'/4%.# ) ' :5.! 3; ' $ %#'.!= 1 #5! .# )#' &/%#'9 ,WW>= 9 = = = $#'7.3&$/ ) 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% =

  1 #5! 9 ,WW*9 ,I 2=9 3.3& E7 35$.7#01 L &5$.1 $5#! )# F= 9 = Palmares &'7%#8.)1 & !.;&%)#)& $ #/!@$/.7 '5!= 1 #5! $/&H/ 9 *++I=

  • =K =9 E&)F= Ethnologue #$(5#(&' < /C& U %!)= ,I= &)= #!!#' E &H#'F $/&%$#/. $#!= $!.$& 8&%'. $' kC//2 [[[=&/C$ ! (5&=7 3=m= *++I=
  • 9 = =K a 9 = Sociolinguística quantitativa .$'/%53&$/#! )& #$R!.'&=

  1 #5! #%R; !# )./ %.#!9 *++Y= a -9 = =K = &/ ) ! (6# 2#%# &! &'/5). )& !# 8#%.#76 $

  3B/ ) ' )& 7#32 = $ \\\\\\= Metodología de la investigación sociolinguística= R!#(# )./ %.#! 3#%&'9 *++I= 9 = = The Pseudo Cleft Construction in English= C .''&%/#/. $ $).#$#

  $.8&%'./" .$(5.'/.7' !5;9 ,WY>= 9 = O português do Brasil= . )& #$&.% D 9 ,WJI= 9 = C& &/C$ (%#2C" < '2&#T.$(= $ U - 9 =K

  E %('=F=

  

Anthropology and human behavior= U#'C.$(/ $9 = = $/C% 2 ! (.7#! 7.&/" <

  U#'C.$(/ $9 ,W>*= $'/./5/ %#'.!&.% )& & (%#<.# & '/#/6'/.7# $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'= % :5. 5:5B3 7 35$.)#)& :5.! 3; !#= 'B #%! ' &%%&.%# )# .!8#9 ,W )& 3#%0 )& *++W=

  9 U= The social history of a sound change on the island of Martha’s Vineyard,

  Massachusetts= .''&%/#01 )& 3&'/%#) !53;.# $.8&%'./"9 ,W>*=

  ,*> \\\\\\= Padrões sociolinguísticos= 1 #5! #%R; !# &)./ %.#!9 *++J E,WY*F=

  U 9 =K 9 = =K 9 = Goldvarb 2001: # 35!/.8#%.#/& #$#!"'.' #22!.7#/. $ < % U.$) ['= 5!C )& *++,= $B)./ = 9 -=K

  9 = 5.$C&$/ ' #$ ' )& !6$(5#' .$)6(&$#' $ %#'.!= $ 9 = = &/ #! E %('=F= Quinhentos anos de história linguística do Brasil= #!8#) % &7%&/#%.# )# 75!/5%# & /5%.'3 ) &'/#) )# #C.#9 *++>= 9 = -= Novo descobrimento do grande rio Amazonas= %&<R7. # %.'/4;#! )&

  75p# E,>?,F= %#)= &!&$# &%%&.%#= . )& #$&.% (.%9 ,WW?= 9 = A variação na concordância de gênero em uma comunidade de fala afro

  

brasileira: $ 8 ' &!&3&$/ ' ' ;%& # < %3#01 ) 2 %/5(5P' 2 25!#% ) %#'.!= *+++= &'&

  E 5/ %#) &3 .$(56'/.7#F . )& #$&.% $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! ) . )& #$&.% = \\\\\\= .32 %/@$7.# )& '& &'/5)#% # <#!# )#' 7 35$.)#)&' %5%#.' #<% ;%#'.!&.%#'= $ ` `

  %$#)# #7. $#! )& '/5) ' .$(56'/.7 '9 *++*= % (%#3#' c &'53 '= %/#!&N# $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! ) &#%R9 *++*9 2= ,GY ,GY=

  \\\\\\= 7 $7 %)@$7.# $ 3.$#! &3 &'/%5/5%#' 2#''.8#' & )& 2%&).7#/.8 ) '5A&./ &3 7 35$.)#)&' %5%#.' .' !#)#' #<% ;%#'.!&.%#' $ 7 $/&H/ )# C.'/4%.# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# ) %#'.!= $ 9 = =K 9 = E %(=F = Anthony Julius Naro e a linguística no Brasil:

  uma homenagem acadêmica== ,= &)= . )& #$&.% Y &/%#'D 9 *++J= 8= ,= ?++ 2=

  \\\\\\K ` 9 = % 7&'' ' )& 7%. 5!.N#01 $# C.'/4%.# ' 7. !.$(56'/.7# ) %#'.!= $ 9 = = &/ #! E %('=F= Quinhentos anos de história linguística do Brasil= #!8#) % &7%&/#%.# )# 75!/5%# & /5%.'3 ) &'/#) )# #C.#9 *++>9 2= ,>G *,J= 9 = == A estrutura morfo sintática do português: #2!.7#01 ) &'/%5/5%#!.'3

  !.$(56'/.7 . %/#!&N# 32%&$'# $.8&%'./R%.# ) &#%R9 ,WY+= 9 = = %.&$/#0O&' #/5#.' )# .$(56'/.7# .'/4%.7# ;%#'.!&.%#= DELTA.

  

Documentação de Estudos em Linguística Teórica e Aplicada9 1 #5! 9 $= ,I9 2= ,?Y ,>>9

  • = \\\\\\= Ensaios para uma sócio história do português brasileiro=

  1 #5! #%R; !#

  ,*Y \\\\\\= O português arcaico: < $ ! (.#9 3 %< ! (.# & '.$/#H&= 1 #5! $/&H/ 9 *++>#= \\\\\\ &/ #! E %('=F= Quinhentos anos de história linguística do Brasil= #!8#) % &7%&/#%.# )# 75!/5%# & /5%.'3 ) &'/#) )# #C.#9 *++>;= \\\\\\= Três sócio histórias /%P' !6$(5#'= $(%&'' $/&%$#7. $#! )& '/5) ' #!&( ' E F9 )& ,* # ,I )& '&/&3;% )& *++>7= E 2%&'&$/#01 3&'# %&) $)# '2&7/ ' C.'/4%.7 ' ) (#!&( 2 %/5(5P'F= .'2 $68&! &3 C//2 DD[[[=2% C2 %=5<;#=;%D/%&'=2)<= 7&'' &3 ,Y )& 5/5;% )& *++W=

  9 M= Ser escravo no Brasil. G= &)= 1 #5! %#'.!.&$'&9 ,WW+ E,WYWF= 9 = Linguistique historique et linguistique générale= * &)= #%.' $ %B C#32. $9 ,W*>= 9 = A influência africana no português do Brasil= . )& #$&.% 9 ,WGG=

  9 = =K 9 = = E %('F= Introdução à sociolinguística: /%#/#3&$/ )# 8#%.#01 = 1 #5! $/&H/ 9 *++G= 9 = = Para compreender Labov= &/%42 !.' N&'9 *+++=

  9 = = #%.#01 &3 '.$/#H&= $ =K 9 = E %('=F= Reflexões sobre a

  sintaxe do português= #7&.4 9 *++I9 8= ,9 2= ?Y Y,=

  \\\\\\= 2%&).7#01 7 25!#/.8# &3 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% & &3 &'2#$C != $ Revista do

  

GELNE %52 )& '/5) ' .$(56'/.7 ' ) %)&'/&= 8= J= $= q= 1 &'' # )B.#9 *++Y

  E25;!.7#)# &3 *++JF= \\\\\\\= 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& #)A&/.8 ' #/%.;5/.8 ' & 2%&).7#/.8 ' $ 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% =

  2%&'&$/#01 $ D 9 *++W E$ 2%&! F= 9 = O papel das línguas africanas na história do português do Brasil= ,WW,= .''&%/#01 E3&'/%#) &3 &/%#'F= . )& #$&.% $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! ) . )& #$&.% 9

  3.3& 9 ,WW,=

  ,*J 9 = =K 9 = = = Origens do português brasileiro= 1 #5! #%R; !#

  &)./ %.#!9 *++Y= \\\\\\ = ;%& #' %.(&$' ) 2 %/5(5P' 2 25!#% ) %#'.!= DELTA9 8= W9 $= &'2&7.#!9 ,WWG= 9 = )# = )&= 8#%.R8&! (P$&% D '&H = $

  9 #%.# &76!.#K 9 #%.#

  5.N# E %('F= Introdução à sociolinguística: /%#/#3&$/ )# 8#%.#01 = 1 #5! $/&H/ 9

  • G= 9 -= .$<!5P$7.# )#' !6$(5#' #<%.7#$#' $ 2 %/5(5P' ;%#'.!&.% = $

  &7%&/#%.# 5$.7.2#! )& )57#01 %&<&./5%# )# .)#)& ) #!8= E %(=F= Pasta de textos da

  

professora e do professor= #!8#) % &7%&/#%.# 5$.7.2#! )& )57#01 9 *++I= .'2 $68&! &3

  C//2 DD[[[='3&7='#!8#) %=;#=( 8=;%D) 753&$/ 'D!.$(5#' #<%.7#$#'=2)<= 7&'' &3 *> )& A5$C )& *++W= 9 = On the Nature of Intra Clausal Relations /5)" < 25!#% &$/&$7&' .$ 5''.#$ #$) /#!.#$= C .''&%/#/. $ 7 .!! $.8&%'./"9 *++,= 9 = #!3#%&' 7 3 2 )&%.# /&% '.) = $ 9 = =K

  9 = = E %('F= Liberdade

  por um fio: C.'/4%.# ) ' :5.! 3; ' $ %#'.!= 1 #5! .# )#' &/%#'9 ,WW>9 2= I* IW=

  9 = O elemento afro negro na língua portuguesa= . )& #$&.% &$#'7&$0#9 ,WGG= 9 =K M

  9 = GoldVarb version 2: # 8#%.#;!& %5!& #22!.7#/. $ < % /C& #7.$/ 'C= $/%&#! &$/%& )& %&7C&%7C&' 3#/CB3#/.:5&'9 $.8&%'./B )& $/%&#!9 ,WW+= $B)./ =

  e

  9 U= = = L’ancien royaume du Congo des origines à la fin du XIX siècle= #%.'D # #"& 5/ $9 ,W>J= &8.'/# ) $'/./5/ .'/4%.7 & & (%R<.7 )& !#( #'= 8= ?+= 5&%%# ) ' #!3#%&'

  753&$/ ' %&!#/.8 ' # ' '57&'' ' )& ,>>J # ,>J+= #7&.4= ,WJI ,WJY9 2= ,Y, ,JY= 9 = O povo brasileiro: # < %3#01 & '&$/.) ) %#'.!= 1 #5! .# )#' &/%#'9 ,WWI= 9 = = )& = A origem do português culto: &'7 !#%.N#01 = #!8#) %9 ,WWW E3.3& F= E 35$.7#01 $7 $/% )& F=

  ,*W 9 = Línguas brasileiras= 1 #5! " !#9 ,WJ>= 9 = = Os africanos no Brasil= &8.'1 & 2%&<R7. )& 3&% .%&'= /#'

  ;. ;.;!. (%R<.7#' )& &%$#$) #!&'= 1 #5! #7. $#!9 ,WYY E,JW+ ,W+IF= 9 =K M 9 = )8#$7&' .$ 8#%.#;!& %5!& 3&/C ) ! ("= $ \\\\\\= E %('=F

  Linguistic variation: 3 )&!' #$) 3&/C )'= &[ - %T 7#)&3.7 %&''9 ,WYJ9 2= IY >W=

  9 = = Concordância entre sujeito e predicativo do sujeito no português falado em

  

Maceió= *++J= %#;#!C )& $7!5'1 )& 5%' #75!)#)& )& &/%#'9 $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! )&

  !#( #'9 *++J= M 9 =K 9 =K 9 = Goldvarb X: 8#%.#;!&

  %5!& #22!.7#/. $ < % #7.$/ 'C #$) U.$) ['= &2#%/3&$/ < .$(5.'/.7'9 $.8&%'./" < % $/ 9 *++I= 9 = = O uso da variante /e/ no final das palavras monossilábicas Deus e mais por

  

falantes da comunidade Muquém= *++?= %#;#!C )& 7 $7!5'1 )& 75%' #75!)#)& )& &/%#'9

  $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! )& !#( #'9 *++?= 9 = )&= Curso de linguística geral= -9 =K - 9 = E %('=F= /%#)= $/V$. C&!.$9 'B #5! #&' & N.) % !.T'/&.$= 1 #5! 5!/%.H9 *++? X,W,>Z= 9 = = = 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% $ ' 2%&).7#/.8 ' & $ ' 2#%/.762. ' 2#''#) '.

  Organon #%.#01 $ %/5(5P' ) %#'.!9 8= ,J9 $= I9 2= I* Y+9 ,WW,=

  \\\\\\= '2&7/ ' )# 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% $ 2 %/5(5P' ) %#'.!= Revista Internacional

  

de Língua Portuguesa (RILP) %3# & #%.#01 ) %/5(5P'= '' 7.#01 )#'

  $.8&%'.)#)&' )& 6$(5# %/5(5&'#= ,* GY ?W= )&N= )& ,WW?= \\\\\\=K 9 = = ;%& # 7 $7 %)@$7.# )& $S3&% $ 2 %/5(5P' <#!#) ) %#'.!. $

  5<<.$ 9 . 8#$$. E %(=F= Dialettologia, geolinguística, sociolinguística. (Atti del XXI

  

Congresso Internazionale di Linguistica e Filologia Romanza) Centro di Studi Filologic e

Linguistici Siciliani, Universitá di Palermo= r;.$(&$ #H .&3&"&% &%!#(9 ,WWJ9 I9 2=I+W

  I*G= \\\\\\K 9 = = $R!.'& :5#$/./#/.8# & /42.7 ' )& .$/&%2%&/#01 ) #%;%5!= $ 9 = =K

  9 = = E %('F= Introdução à sociolinguística: /%#/#3&$/ )#

  ,G+ 9 = = A sintaxe das small clauses livres do português brasileiro= *++W= &'&

  E) 5/ %#) &3 &/%#' & .$(56'/.7#F $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! )& !#( #'= #75!)#)& )& &/%#'= % (%#3# )& 4' %#)5#01 &3 &/%#' & .$(56'/.7#= #7&.49 *++W= 9 = = = A cerâmica utilitária do povoado histórico Muquém # &/$ 3#/&3R/.7# ) '

  %&3#$&'7&$/&' ) :5.! 3; ) ' #!3#%&'= *++I= .''&%/#01 E3&'/%#) &3 )57#01 #/&3R/.7#F= $/.<67.# $.8&%'.)#)& #/4!.7# )& 1 #5! 9 *++I= 9 = )#= E %(F= História da língua portuguesa= . )& #$&.% .8% ' )&

  %/5(#!9 ,WI+= \\\\\\= A língua portuguesa no Brasil: problemas= . )& #$&.% 7#)P3.7#9 ,W>+= 9 = = )#= A concordância nominal em predicativos do sujeito e em estruturas

  

passivas no português popular do interior do estado da Bahia= *++Y= .''&%/#01 E3&'/%#)

  &3 .$(56'/.7#F= $.8&%'.)#)& &)&%#! )# #C.#9 *++Y= 9 = = = &!&8@$7.# )#' 8#%.R8&.' !.$(56'/.7#'. $ 9 = =K 9 = =

  E %('F= Introdução à sociolinguística: /%#/#3&$/ )# 8#%.#01 = 1 #5! $/&H/ 9 *++G9 2=>Y Y,= a 9 = )& = &= África e Brasil africano. 1 #5! ]/.7#9 *++>

  9 = Intransitive Predication= H< %) H< %) $.8&%'./" %&''9 ,WWY=

  /C

  9 = 5%$.$( .<<&%&$/ #/ /C& 5%$ < /C& &$/5%" ,W &$/5%" %#N.!.#$ %/5(5&'&= $ -9 =K 9 = 9 9 9 = E %('=F= ,WW> =Towards a

  

Social Science of Language #2&%' .$ $ % < U.!!.#3 #; 8 7.#! $/&%#7/. $ #$)

  .'7 5%'& /%57/5%&'= 3'/&%)#3 C.!#)&!2C.# C$ &$A#3.$' 5;!.'C.$( =9 ,WW,= \\\\\\= %/5(#! & %#'.! # C.'/4%.#= $ 9 = Tempos linguísticos= 1 #5! ]/.7#9 ,WW+9 2= J* W,= U 9 %.&!K

  9 U.!!.#3K a 9 #%8.$= Fundamentos empíricos para

  

uma teoria da mudança linguística. /%#)= #%7 ' #($ = 1 #5! #%R; !# &)./ %.#!9 *++>

  X,WYIZ=

  ,G, \\\\\\= 32.%.7#! 5$)#/. $' < % # C& %" < #$(5#(& C#$(&= $

  9 U= = c M- 9 = E %('=F= Directions for Historical Linguistics= 5'/.$ $.8&%'./" < &H#'

  %&''9 ,W>J= 2= WY ,WI=

  ,G*

  # / 4 0

  = As culturas Negras no Novo Mundo= . .8.!.N#01 %#'.!&.%# D )./ %#9 ,WGY9 2=YJ?= 9 =K 9 = = = Nova gramática do português contemporâneo= *= &)= . )&

  #$&.% 8# <% $/&.%#9,WJI= 9 = A guerra dos Palmares '5;'6). ' 2#%# # '5# C.'/4%.#= 1 #5! 32#$C.#

  )./ %# #7. $#!9 ,WGJ9 2= ,GG ? E) 753&$/ $= ,F= 9 -= Falares africanos na Bahia: 53 8 7#;5!R%. #<% ;%#'.!&.% = .

  )& #$&.% 7#)&3.# %#'.!&.%# )& &/%#'D 2; T'9 *++,= 9 = = = !.$(5#(&3 ) #<5$)4 7%. 5! 5 #$/.7%. 5! i $ M a = E %(=F= Lenguas criollas de base lexical española y portuguesa= &%85&%/

  ;&% #3&%.7#$#9 ,WWW9 8= ,9 2= ,+, ,,J= b 9 = = )&= A queima de documentos da escravidão= #7&.4 &7%&/#%.# )&

  35$.7#01 7.#!9 ,WJJ= 9 = = #; !.7. $.'3 &3 !#( #'= Revista do Instituto Histórico de Alagoas= 8= ` `9 ,WG> GY9 2= >,=

  ,GG ` / ' )& 5:5B3 & % :5. )

  / (%#<.# '7 !# )& $'.$ 5$)#3&$/#! &)% &%&.%# )# .!8#=

  !"#$" #!(#)

  / (%#<.# !5$ ' )& 5:5B3 $# S$.7# '#!# )& #5!# )# '7 !# &)% &%&.%# )# .!8#=

  ,G? / (%#<.# #'# )& <#%.$C# & '#!# )& #5!# ) $'.$ #/&%$#! E2%.3&.%# )# &':5&%)# 2#%#

  ).%&./#F=

  

!"#$" #!(#)

  / (%#<.# %$ &!B/%.7 2#%# <#;%.7#01 )# <#%.$C#=

  ,GI / (%#<.# . 5$)#S9 2%4H.3 L 7 35$.)#)& 5:5B3=

  !"#$" #!(#)

  / (%#<.# . 5$)#S & 2!#$/#01 )& 7#$# )& #0S7#% )& '.$#'=

  ,G> / (%#<.# &2%&'&$/#01 ) < %$ 2#%# :5&.3# )#' 2&0#' )& ;#%% 9 $ #!21 )&

  %/&'#$#/ =

  !"#$" #!(#)

  / (%#<.# %/&'1 ) 8 #) 9 $# #%.$#!8#=

  ,GY / (%#<.# ` %/&'1 ) 8 #) 9 &5 )' $=

  7#% #%8#!C

  / (%#<.# ` %/&'1 ) 8 #) 9 $# %.$B.# & '5# $&/#=

  ,GJ % :5. )& 5:5B39 <&./ 2&! )& $.1 ) ' #!3#%&'

  ,GW ` .7C# ' 7.#!

  ?#& ' # $>-# 7">%'

  ,F 3&

  • F $)&%&0 GF &H X Z <&3.$.$

  X Z 3#'75!.$ ?F )#)&

  #F X Z #.H# ,+ # G+ ;F X Z #.H#

  G, # I+

  7F X Z #.H# )& I, #$ ' #$ ' #$ ' &3 ).#$/&

  IF )57#01 #F

  X Z !<#;&/.N#) ;F X Z 1 #!<#;&/.N#)

  7F %#5 )& &'7 !#%.)#)& 3#.' #!/

  ,?+ ` /&.% )& $/%&8.'/#

  ' 2&%(5$/#' < %#3 &!#; %#)#' # 2#%/.% ) ' '&(5.$/&' /&3#'

  74:4IG

  ,F Muquém $C&7& # %.(&3 )& 5:5B3i % :5& /&3 &''& $ 3&i

  • F Opinião sobre a comunidade

  7C# :5& 5:5B3 B 53 !5(#% ; 3 5 %5.3 )& 3 %#%i :5& /&3 )& ; 3 & :5& 2%&7.'# 3&!C %#%i E&)57#01 9 '#S)&9 '&(5%#$0#9

  &!&/%.7.)#)&9 R(5#9 '#$&#3&$/ F GF Sugestões sobre melhorias :5& <#%.# 2#%# 3&!C %#%i ?F Opinião sobre os membros da comunidade ' 2&'' #' '1 #3.(#' 5 7 '/53# C#8&%

  ;%.(#' &$/%& <#36!.#'i

  IF A associação de moradores '/53# <%&:r&$/#% #' %&5$.O&' )# #'' 7.#01 )& 3 %#) %&'i % :5Pi >F História do Quilombo :5& '#;& ' ;%& # C.'/4%.# ) 5.! 3; )& #!3#%&'i &3

  #!(53# C.'/4%.# 2#%# 7 $/#%i '/53# .% L' <&'/#' )& C 3&$#(&3 # a53;.i

  7P '& 7 $'.)&%# '&% )&'7&$)&$/& ) ' #$/.( ' C#;./#$/&' ) 5.! 3; i YF Tempo de moradia R :5#$/ /&32 3 %# #:5.i JF Muquém '/# )& 3 %#% &3 5:5B3i WF Infância 3 < . # .$<@$7.#i :5& 7 '/53#8# <#N&% 2#%# '& ).8&%/.%i ,+F Escola '/#E8#F )& .% 2#%# # &'7 !#i % :5Pi ,,F Fase adulta $)& /%#;#!C#i E<#;%.7#01 )& 7&%@3.7#9 /%#;#!C $# !#8 5%#F :5& <#N

  & :5& #7C# ) /%#;#!C i :5& ( '/#%.# )& <#N&% '& 25)&''& /%#;#!C#% &3 5/% !5(#%i

  . 04G

  ,*F Costumes R #!(53 7 '/53& /62.7 )#:5.9 :5& $1 '& <#N &3 $.1 ) #!3#%&'i E)#$0#9 #%/&'#$#/ 9 7 3.)#9 ;&;.)#9 <&'/#F

  3 Bi ,GF Nascimento :5& 7 '/53# <#N&% :5#$) #!(5B3 $#'7&i ,?F Morte :5& 7 '/53# <#N&% :5#$) #!(5B3 3 %%&i E;&;P & #)5!/ F $)& '& 7 '/53#

  &$/&%%#%i

  ,?, ` $8&$0O&' )& %#$'7%.01

  X Z .$< %3#$/&K

  X Z &$/%&8.'/#) %K

  X Z 2#5'# 75%/#K

  X Z 2#5'# 3B).#K

  X Z 2#5'# ! $(#K X \\ Z 7%5N#3&$/ )& 8 N&'K

  X Z #! $(#3&$/ )& 53# 8 (#!K

  XHZ '6!#;# .$7 32%&&$'68&!K

  XHHHZ '&:5P$7.# )& '6!#;#' .$7 32%&&$'68&.'K

  X E D F Z )S8.)# &3 %&!#01 L 2#!#8%# 58.)#= !(5$' #'2&7/ ' )# <#!#9 7 $< %3& #2%&'&$/#) 2 % 5%# E3.3& F9 < %#3 3#$/.) '

  ,= ^ ' 2#!#8%#' H6/ $#' /&%3.$#)#' &3

  9

  9 5 9 :5#$) # 7 $' #$/& ^ _ $1 B 2% $5$7.#)#9 &''# 3#%7# B '5;'/./56)# 2&! #7&$/ #(5) 5 7.%75$<!&H :5#!:5B E:5#!:5&%F9 A (R EA (#%F9 <#NP E<#N&%F9 '#6 E'#.%F9 7V E7 %F_K

  • = ^ ' )./ $( ' & 9 :5#$) $1 %&#!.N#) 9 < %#3 %&2%&'&$/#) ' 7 3 53 #7&$/

  7.%75$<!&H 9 $ 2%.3&.% 7#' 9 5 7 3 # #5'P$7.# ) ^._ $ '&(5$) 7#' 8V E8 5F9 7 3&0V E7 3&0 5F9 ;%.(#)&% E;%.(#)&.% F_K G= ^ ' 35)#$0#' )& !&/%#' :5& 7#%#7/&%.N#3 53# 2% $S$7.# ^%&(. $#!_ < %#3 3#$/.)#' $#

  /%#$'7%.01 3&%3 E3&'3 F9 35./7C E35./ F_K ?= ^ 2 $/ )& .$/&%% (#01 < . 3#$/.) $#' <%#'&' .$/&%% (#/.8#' ==='4 B 2 $/ :5#$) B

  ( ! $Bi_K I= ^ ' < %3#' 8#%.#$/&' ) (&%S$). < %#3 /%#$'7%./#'9 '&(5$) ' ' $' 2% )5N.) '

  #$)#$ E#$)#$) F9 ;%.$7#$ E;%.$7#$) F_K >= ^ ' %&)50O&' )& 2#!#8%#' < %#3 /%#$'7%./#' '&(5$) #' 8#%.#$/&' 5/.!.N#)#' /#8#

  E&'/#8#F9 /R E&'/#%F_= ;#$7 )& )#) ' ) 2 )& '&% 8.'/ &3 C//2 DD[[[=<#!&=5<#!=;%D2% A&/ D2%&!.$D

Novo documento

Tags

Documento similar

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE UBERLÂNDIA INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E LINGUÍSTICA PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO MESTRADO PROFISSIONAL LETRAS
0
0
242
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE UBERLÂNDIA INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E LINGUÍSTICA PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM ESTUDOS LINGUÍSTICOS
0
0
9
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE UBERLÂNDIA INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E LINGUÍSTICA PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS MESTRADO EM TEORIA LITERÁRIA
0
0
122
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARÁ INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E COMUNICAÇÃO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS ÁREA DE CONCENTRAÇÃO: TEORIA E ANÁLISE LINGUÍSTICA
0
0
143
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARÁ INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E COMUNICAÇÃO FACULDADE DE LETRAS PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS MESTRADO PROFISSIONAL EM LETRAS
0
0
161
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARÁ INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E COMUNICAÇÃO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS MESTRADO EM LINGUÍSTICA
0
0
132
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARÁ INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E COMUNICAÇÃO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS MESTRADO EM LINGUÍSTICA
0
0
191
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARÁ INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E COMUNICAÇÃO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS CURSO DE MESTRADO EM LINGUÍSTICA
0
0
118
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARÁ INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E COMUNICAÇÃO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS MESTRADO EM LINGUÍSTICA
0
0
122
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARÁ INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E COMUNICAÇÃO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LINGUÍSTICA
0
0
110
INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E COMUNICAÇÃO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS MESTRADO EM LINGUÍSTICA
0
0
174
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE UBERLÂNDIA INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E LINGUÍSTICA PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS MESTRADO EM TEORIA LITERÁRIA
0
0
100
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE UBERLÂNDIA INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E LINGUÍSTICA PROGRAMA DE MESTRADO PROFISSIONAL EM LETRAS
0
0
119
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE UBERLÂNDIA INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E LINGUÍSTICA PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM ESTUDOS LINGUÍSTICOS
0
0
202
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE UBERLÂNDIA INSTITUTO DE LETRAS E LINGUÍSTICA PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM LETRAS MESTRADO EM ESTUDOS LITERÁRIOS
0
0
116
Show more