Aquatic Oligochaeta (Annelida: Clitellata) from State of Sa˜o Paulo, Brazil: Diversity and Occurrence review

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  Biota Neotropica 15(1): e20140063, 2015 inventory

  

Aquatic Oligochaeta (Annelida: Clitellata) from State of Sa˜o Paulo, Brazil: Diversity

and Occurrence review

1,4

  2

  3 Guilherme Gorni , Douglas Fernando Peiro´ & Nathalie Sanches

  1 Programa de Po´s Graduac¸a˜o em Desenvolvimento Regional e Meio Ambiente, Centro Universita´rio de

Araraquara, Rua Volunta´rios da Pa´tria, 1309, CEP 14801-320, Araraquara, SP, Brazil.

  2 Departamento de Cieˆncias Biolo´gicas e da Sau´de, Centro Universita´rio de Araraquara, Rua Volunta´rios da

Pa´tria, 1309, CEP 14801-320, Araraquara, SP, Brazil.

  3 Centro Universita´rio de Araraquara, Rua Volunta´rios da Pa´tria, 1309, CEP 14801-320, Araraquara, SP,

Brazil.

  4 Corresponding author: Guilherme Gorni, e-mail: grgorni@gmail.com

  GORNI, G., PEIRO ´ , D.F., SANCHES, N. Aquatic Oligochaeta (Annelida: Clitellata) from State of Sa˜o Paulo, Brazil: Diversity and Occurrence review.

  

  Abstract: More than 5.000 species are described to Class Oligochaeta, and approximately 1650 aquatic species are recognized around the world. Knowledge regarding abundance and composition of limnic oligochaetes can be used as an indicator of water and sediment quality. Thus, this paper aims to summarize all published data on aquatic Oligochaeta from State of Sa˜o Paulo (Brazil), in order to establish a cheklist of microdrili from the State. The list emphasizes the diversity of limnic oligochaetes and provides a general overview of their distribution and also ecological aspects. Were examined the bibliographical data on Sa˜o Paulo aquatic Oligochaeta, including species catalogs and taxonomic and ecological literature. Were analyzed a total of 34 academic researches, 32 journal papers and two taxonomic catalogs. This analysis resulted in a list of 75 valid species, distributed in 24 genera and five families. This amount of taxa corresponds to 4.5% of the aquatic Oligochaeta worldwide valid species, and about 87% of the Brazilian species. Keywords: Limnic oligochaetes, Species list, Occurrence, Sa˜o Paulo.

  GORNI, G., PEIRO ´ , D.F., SANCHES, N. Oligochaeta aqua´tico (Annelida: Clitellata) do Estado de Sa˜o Paulo: Revisa˜o da Diversidade e Ocorreˆncia.

  

  Resumo: Mais de 5.000 espe´cies sa˜o descritas para a Classe Oligochaeta e aproximadamente 1650 espe´cies aqua´ticas sa˜o reconhecidas em todo o mundo. O conhecimento sobre a composic¸a˜o e abundaˆncia de oligoquetos lı´mnicos pode ser um indicador de qualidade da a´gua e/ou sedimento. Assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo reunir todas as informac¸o˜es publicadas sobre Oligochaeta aqua´tico do Estado de Sa˜o Paulo (Brasil), a fim de estabelecer uma lista de ta´xons de microdrili registrados. A lista destaca a diversidade de oligoquetos lı´mnicos e fornece uma visa˜o geral de sua distribuic¸a˜o e aspectos ecolo´gicos. Para isso, foram examinados dados bibliogra´ficos de Oligochaeta aqua´ticos em Sa˜o Paulo, incluindo cata´logos de espe´cies, bem como artigos sobre taxonomia e de ecologia. Foram analisados ??o total de 34 trabalhos acadeˆmicos, sendo 32 artigos e dois cata´logos taxonoˆmicos. Esta ana´lise resultou em uma lista de 75 espe´cies va´lidas, distribuı´das em 24 geˆneros e cinco famı´lias. Este montante corresponde a 4,5% das espe´cies de Oligochaeta aqua´tico registradas no mundo, e aproximadamente 87 % das espe´cies brasileiras. Palavras-chave: Oligoquetos lı´mnicos, Lista de espe´cies, Ocorreˆncia, Sa˜o Paulo. relatively low the number of freshwater, semi terrestrial or

Introduction

  marine forms (microdrile). Approximately 1650 aquatic The Class Oligochaeta is included into the Phylum Annelida, Oligochaeta are recognized as valid species around the world together with Hirudinea and Polychaeta. The main characteristic (Martin et al. 2008). In Brazil the number of valid species is of the phylum is the metameric body construction. It means the around 86, excluding the Enchytraeidae Family (Christoffersen body is subdivided in similar segments (or ‘‘rings’’) arranged 2007). In continental aquatic environments the abundance and along the antero-posterior axis of the body (Righi 2002). composition of Oligochaeta can be an indicator for water and

  More than 5.000 species are described to Oligochaeta. The sediment quality (Lafont 1984, Marchese & Drago 1999, Alves majority of them are terrestrial earthworms (megadrile). Being & Strixino 2000). The knowledge about the Brazilian freshwater Oligochaeta is very fragmented and incomplete, even these organisms being very common in continental aquatic environments (Timm et al. 2001). However, the publication of books in the eighties - specifically focused on the identification of oligochaetes in Brazil and South America (Righi 1984, Brinkhurst & Marchese 1989, respectively) – – encouraged researches as Takeda (1999, 2001), Montanholi-Martins & Takeda (1999, 2001), Alves & Lucca (2000), Alves & Strixino (2000), Pamplin et al. (2005), Alves et al. (2006, 2008), Gorni & Alves (2008a, 2008b, 2012), Martins & Alves (2010) and Rodrigues et al. (2013a, 2013b), which have broadened the knowledge on taxonomic and ecological aspects of these worms in Brazil.

  The objective of this paper is to summarize all published data on aquatic Oligochaeta from State of Sa˜o Paulo (Brazil), in order to establish a checklist of known microdrili taxa from the State. The list emphasizes the diversity of limnic oligo- chaetes and provides a general overview of their distribution and also ecological aspects.

  Records: Sa˜o Paulo (Righi 1984). Allonais chelata (Marcus, 1944) Records: ecological remarks Ame´rico Brasiliense: Anhumas Stream Dam, sediment

  Biota Neotrop

Gorni G. et al.

  et al. 2000). Araraquara: Pinheirinho and Santa Clara Streams, sediment (Alves & De Lucca 2000). Ame´rico Brasiliense: Anhumas Stream Dam, sediment (Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and

  cubensis (Correia & Trivinho-Strixino 1998, Trivinho-Strixino

  Pirassununga: Mogi-Guac¸u River and Cachoeira de Emas Reservoir, sediment (Marcus 1943). Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi- Guac¸u River, associated with the aquatic macrophyte Scirpus

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros River tributaries, sediment and

  Allonais lairdi, Pamplin et al. 2005: 67.

  41; Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000: 533; Alves & De Lucca 2000: 115; Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002: 38; Pamplin et al. 2005: 67; Janke & Trivinho-Strixino 2007: 112; Gorni & Alves 2008b: 163; Gorni & Alves 2012: 107.

  Allonais paraguayensis, Correia & Trivinho-Strixino 1998:

  Allonais paraguayensis paraguayensis (Michaelsen, 1905) Nais paraguayensis, Marcus 1943: 23-31.

  Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007), and in Lagoa Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a).

  Pomacea bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006). Brotas and Ame´rico

  2006), and Cruzes Stream, associated with the gastropod

  Allonais inaequalis (Stephenson, 1911) Records: ecological remarks Araraquara: Pinheirinho Stream, sediment (Alves et al.

  (Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007).

  Naididae Allodero lutzi (Michaelsen, 1926) Dero (Allodero) lutzi, Righi 1984: 26-27.

  Material and methods

  (Alves & De Lucca 2000). Ame´rico Brasiliense: Anhumas Stream Dam, sediment (Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, sediment of Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams (Pamplin et al. 2005). Araraquara: Pinheirinho Stream, sediment (Alves et al. 2006).

  Alluroididae Brinkhurstia americana (Brinkhurst, 1964) Records: ecological remarks Araraquara: Pinheirinho and Santa Clara Streams, sediment

  Aelosoma viride Stephenson, 1911 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros River tributaries, sediment and associated with the Bromeliaceae (Marcus 1944).

  Aelosoma travancorense Aiyer, 1926 Records: Sa˜o Paulo, Mogi das Cruzes and Pirassununga (Marcus 1944).

  Aelosoma sawayai Marcus, 1944 Records: Sa˜o Paulo and Mogi das Cruzes (Marcus 1944).

  Aelosoma hemprichi Ehrenberg, 1831 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: University of Sa˜o Paulo Campus associated with the Bromeliaceae (Marcus 1944).

  Aelosoma headleyi Beddard, 1888 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: associated with the aquatic macrophyte Eichhornia crassipes (Marcus 1944).

  Aelosoma gertae Marcus, 1944 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: associated with the aquatic macrophyte Eichhornia crassipes (Marcus 1944). Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Sa˜o Carlos: Fazzari Stream, leaf litter (Janke & Trivinho-Strixino 2007). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada Stream, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Aelosoma evelinae Marcus, 1944 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros River, sediment (Marcus 1944).

  Aelosoma corderoi Du Bois Reymond Marcus, 1944 Records: Sa˜o Paulo: Tieteˆ River (Du Bois Reymond Marcus 1944).

  Aelosomatidae Aelosoma aerum Marcus, 1944 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Serra da Cantareira streams associated with the bryophyte Dumortiera sp. (Marcus 1944).

  A total of 34 studies about Sa˜o Paulo aquatic Oligochaeta were analyzed, including 32 journal papers and 2 taxonomic catalogs. The list of taxa includes 75 valid species, distributed in 24 genera and five families. This amount of species corresponds to 4.5% of the aquatic Oligochaeta worldwide valid species, and about 87% of the Brazilian species (Christoffersen 2007, Martin et al. 2008). This checklist is shown below, divided into families, genera and species, following alphabetical order.

  Results and discussion

  Were examined the bibliographical data on Sa˜o Paulo aquatic Oligochaeta, including species catalog, and taxonomic and ecological literature. The literature was surveyed by searching academic databases (Scopus, Scielo, and Google Scholar), and the scientific publications with reports of limnic oligochaetes. Aiming covering the greatest number of publica- tions, were consulted academic papers published from 1942 through 2014.

Checklist and classification

  Amphichaeta leydigi Tauber, 1879 Records: Ribeira˜o Grande: Intervales State Park Streams (Alves et al.

  Bothrioneurum americanum Beddard, 1894 Records: ecological remarks Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005).

  Pereira Barreto: Tieteˆ River, Treˆs Irma˜os Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Aulophorus lodeni (Brinkhurst, 1986)

  Dero (Aulophorus) lodeni, Correia & Trivinho-Strixino

  1998: 41; Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000: 533; Corbi & Trivinho- Strixino 2002: 38; Pamplin et al. 2005: 67; Suriani et al. 2007: 420-421.

  Records: ecological remarks Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, associated with the aquatic macrophyte Scirpus cubensis (Correia & Trivinho-

  Strixino 1998, Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000). Ame´rico Brasiliense: Anhumas Stream Dam, sediment (Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005).

  Barra Bonita: Tieteˆ River, Barra Bonita Reservoir, sediment. Ibitinga: Tieteˆ River, Ibitinga Reservoir, sediment. Promissa˜o: Tieteˆ River, Promissa˜o Reservoir, sediment. Buritama: Tieteˆ River, Nova Avanhandava Reservoir, sediment. Pereira Barreto: Tieteˆ River, Treˆs Irma˜os Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Aulophorus superterrenus Michaelsen, 1912 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo and Campinas: associated with the epiphytic Vriesea sp. (Bromeliaceae) (Marcus 1943).

  Bothrioneurum iris Beddard, 1901 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: leaf litter of Tieteˆ River (Marcus 1942).

  Pomacea bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006). Barra Bonita: Tieteˆ River, Barra Bonita Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Bothrioneurum vejdovskyanum Stolc, 1886 Bothrioneurum pyrrhum, Marcus 1942: 201-205. Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Tieteˆ River, sediment (Marcus 1942). Branchiura sowerbyi Beddard, 1892

  Branchiura sowwerbyi, Alves & Strixino 2003: 4; Dornfeld

  et al. 2006: 193; Fusari & Fonseca-Gessner 2006: 93; Pamplin et al. 2006: 126.

  Records: ecological remarks Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, sediment (Alves &

  Strixino 2000, Alves & Strixino 2003). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Americana: Atibaia River, Salto Grande Dam, sediment (Dornfeld et al. 2006). Americana: Americana Dam, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2006). Sa˜o Carlos: Monjolinho Dam, sediment (Fusari & Fonseca-Gessner 2006). Barra Bonita: Tieteˆ River, Barra Bonita Reservoir, sediment; Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Bariri Reservoir, sediment; Ibitinga: Tieteˆ River, Ibitinga Reservoir, sediment; Promissa˜o: Tieteˆ River, Promissa˜o Reservoir, sediment; Buritama: Tieteˆ River, Nova Avanhandava Reservoir, sediment and Pereira Barreto: Tieteˆ River, Treˆs Irma˜os Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Chaetogaster diaphanus (Gruithuisen, 1828) Records: ecological remarks Araraquara: Cruzes Stream, associated with the gastropod

  Pomacea bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006). Brotas: Lagoa

  Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a).

  Chaetogaster diastrophus (Gruithuisen, 1828) Records: ecological remarks

  Aulophorus hymanae (Naidu, 1962) Dero (Aulophorus) hymanae, Suriani et al. 2007: 420-421. Records: ecological remarks Promissa˜o: Tieteˆ River, sediment of Promissa˜o Reservoir, Buritama: Tieteˆ River, Nova Avanhandava Reservoir, sediment.

  Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Araraquara: Cruzes Stream, associated with the gastropod

  2008).

  Aulophorus carteri Stephenson, 1931

  Aulodrilus limnobius Bretscher, 1899 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros River, sediment (Marcus 1944).

  Ribeira˜o Grande: Intervales State Park Streams (Alves et al. 2008). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada and Serrote Streams, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Aulodrilus pigueti Kowalewski, 1914 Records: ecological remarks Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, sediment (Alves &

  Strixino 2000). Luiz Antonio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, sediment (Alves & Strixino 2003).

  Aulophorus borellii (Michaelsen, 1900)

  Dero (Aulophorus) borellii, Correia & Trivinho-Strixino

  1998: 41; Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000: 533; Alves & De Lucca 2000: 115.

  Records: ecological remarks Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, associated with the aquatic macrophyte Scirpus cubensis (Correia & Trivinho-

  Strixino 1998, Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000). Araraquara: Pinheirinho and Santa Clara Streams, sediment (Alves & De Lucca 2000).

  Dero (Aulophorus) carteri, Correia & Trivinho-Strixino 1998: 41; Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000: 533.

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: sediment of Pinheiros and Tieteˆ Rivers tributaries (Marcus 1943). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River,

  Records: ecological remarks Pirassununga: Mogi-Guac¸u River, Cachoeira de Emas

  Reservoir, sediment (Marcus 1943). Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi- Guac¸u River, associated with aquatic macrophytes, Scirpus

  cubensis (Correia & Trivinho-Strixino 1998, Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000).

  Aulophorus costatus Du Bois-Reymond Marcus, 1944

  Dero (Aulophorus) costatus, Alves & Gorni 2007: 409; Gorni & Alves 2008a: 262.

  Records: ecological remarks Ame´rico Brasiliense: Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Brotas: Lagoa

  Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a).

  Aulophorus furcatus (O. F. Mu¨ller, 1774)

  Dero (Aulophorus) furcatus, Pamplin et al. 2005: 67; Gorni & Alves 2006: 1060; Suriani et al. 2007: 420-421.

  Biota Neotrop

Review of Aquatic Oligochaeta from Sa˜o Paulo

  Sa˜o Paulo and Campinas: Tieteˆ River sediment and associated with Bromeliaceae (Marcus 1943). Ipeu´na: Cantagalo and Lapa Streams, associated with the Odonata larvae Elasmothemis cannacrioides and Mnesarete sp. (Corbi et al. 2004). Brotas: Lagoa Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada and Serrote Streams, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  1943). Araraquara: Pinheirinho and Santa Clara Streams, sediment (Alves & De Lucca 2000). Ame´rico Brasiliense: Anhumas Stream Dam, sediment (Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Araraquara: Cruzes Stream, associated with the gastropod Pomacea bridge-

  Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000: 533; Alves & Strixino 2000: 177; Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002: 38; Pamplin et al. 2005: 67; Gorni & Alves 2006: 1060; Suriani et al. 2007: 420-421; Alves & Gorni 2007: 409; Gorni & Alves 2008a: 262.

  Records: ecological remarks Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, associated with the aquatic macrophyte Scirpus cubensis (Correia & Trivinho-

  Strixino 1998, Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000), and sediment (Alves & Strixino 2000). Ame´rico Brasiliense: Anhumas Stream Dam, sediment (Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Araraquara: associated with the gastropod Pomacea bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006). Barra Bonita: Tieteˆ River, Barra Bonita Reservoir, sediment; Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Bariri Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Brotas: Lagoa Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a).

  Dero obtusa D’Udekem, 1855

  Dero (Dero) obtusa, Alves & De Lucca 2000: 115; Corbi &

  Trivinho-Strixino 2002: 38; Pamplin et al. 2005: 67;Gorni & Alves 2006: 1060; Suriani et al. 2007: 420-421; Alves & Gorni 2007: 409; Gorni & Alves 2008a: 262.

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros River tributaries, sediment (Marcus

  sii (Gorni & Alves 2006). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense:

  Dero nivea Aiyer, 1930

  Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Barra Bonita: Tieteˆ River, Barra Bonita Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007). Brotas: Lagoa Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a).

  Dero pectinata Aiyer, 1930 Dero (Dero) pectinata, Pamplin et al. 2005: 67; Suriani et al. 2007: 420-421.

  Records: ecological remarks Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri

  Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Ibitinga: Tieteˆ River, Ibitinga Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Dero plumosa Naidu, 1962 Dero (Dero) plumosa, Alves & Strixino 2000: 177. Records: ecological remarks Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, sediment (Alves & Strixino 2000). Dero raviensis (Stephenson, 1914)

  Dero (Dero) raviensis, Alves et al. 2006: 434; Gorni & Alves

  2006: 1060; Alves & Gorni 2007: 409; Gorni & Alves 2008a: 262.

  Records: ecological remarks Araraquara: Pinheirinho Stream, sediment and associated with the gastropod Pomacea bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006).

  Dero (Dero) nivea, Correia & Trivinho-Strixino 1998: 41;

  (Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Bariri Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Chaetogaster langi Bretscher, 1896 Chaetogaster parvus, Marcus 1943: 15.

  et al. 2005: 67; Gorni & Alves 2006: 1060; Alves & Gorni 2007: 409; Suriani et al. 2007: 420-421.

  Chaetogaster spongillae, Marcus 1943: 16.

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros River, sediment. A ´ guas de Sa˜o Pedro:

  Piracicaba River Basin, Araqua´ River sediment and Southern State of Sa˜o Paulo: Ribeira de Iguape River, associated with the sponge Ephydatia crateriformis (Marcus 1943).

  Chaetogaster limnaei limnaei K. Von Baer, 1827 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: associated with the gastropod Australorbis sp.

  (Du Bois-Reymond Marcus 1947).

  Dero botrytis Marcus, 1943 Dero (Dero) botrytis, Pamplin et al. 2005: 67. Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Sa˜o Paulo University Campus (Marcus 1943). A ´ guas de Sa˜o Pedro: Piracicaba River Basin, sediment of Limoeiro Dam (Marcus 1944). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005).

  Dero digitata (O.F. Mu¨ller, 1773)

  Dero (Dero) digitata, Alves & De Lucca 2000: 115; Pamplin

  Records: ecological remarks Araraquara: Pinheirinho and Santa Clara Streams, sedi- ment (Alves & De Lucca 2000). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ

  Records: ecological remarks Ame´rico Brasiliense: Anhumas Stream Dam, sediment

  River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005) Araraquara: associated with the gastropod Pomacea

  bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense:

  Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Bariri Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Dero evelinae Marcus, 1943

  Dero (Dero) evelinae, Correia & Trivinho-Strixino 1998: 41;

  Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000: 533; Pamplin et al. 2005: 67; Fusari & Fonseca-Gessner 2006: 93; Suriani et al. 2007: 420- 421; Alves & Gorni 2007: 409.

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: University of Sa˜o Paulo Campus (Marcus 1943). Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, associated with the aquatic macrophyte Scirpus cubensis (Correia & Trivinho-Strixino 1998, Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Sa˜o Carlos: Fazzari Dam, sediment (Fusari & Fonseca-Gessner 2006). Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Bariri Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007).

  Dero multibranchiata Stieren, 1892

  Dero (Dero) multibranchiata, Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002: 38; Pamplin et al. 2005: 67; Suriani et al. 2007: 420-421.

  Biota Neotrop

Gorni G. et al. Sa˜o Carlos: Monjolinho River, sediment (Alves et al. 2006). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Brotas: Lagoa Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a).

  Dero sawayai Marcus, 1943

  Nais pardalis Piguet, 1906 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros River tributaries, sediment (Marcus

  1943). Sa˜o Paulo: Tieteˆ River and Pinheiros River tributaries, sediment (Marcus 1943). Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Trivinho-Strixino et al. 2000). Araraquara: Pinheirinho and Santa Clara Streams, sediment (Alves & De Lucca 2000), and associated with the gastropod Pomacea bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006). Sa˜o Carlos: Jacare´-Guac¸u River, associated with the sponge Radiospongilla

  amazonensis (Corbi et al. 2005), and Monjolinho River,

  sediment (Alves et al. 2006). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Brotas: Jacare´- Pepira River, associated with the bryophytes Fissidens sp. and

  Philonotis sp. (Gorni & Alves 2007), and Lagoa Dourada Dam,

  associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a). Ribeira˜o Grande: Intervales State Park Streams (Alves et al. 2008). Campos do Jorda˜o: Campo do Meio and Galharada Streams, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Nais elinguis O. F. Mu¨ller, 1774 Records: ecological remarks Araraquara: associated with the gastropod Pomacea bridge- sii (Gorni & Alves 2006).

  1943). Araraquara: associated with the gastropod Pomacea bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006).

  Monopylephorus parvus Ditlevsen, 1904 Records: ecological remarks Canane´ia: mangrove sediment (Marcus 1965).

  Nais variabilis Piguet, 1906 Records: ecological remarks Ipeu´na: Cantagalo and Lapa Streams, associated with the Odonata larvae Elasmothemis cannacrioides and Mnesarete sp.

  (Corbi et al. 2004). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada Stream, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni and Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Paranais evelinae (Marcus, 1965) Wapsa evelinae, Marcus 1965: 63. Records: ecological remarks Canane´ia: mangrove sediment (Marcus 1965). Pristina aequiseta aequiseta Bourne, 1891

  Pristina aequiseta, Marcus 1943: 104-106, Alves et al. 2006: 434, Gorni & Alves 2008a: 262. Pristina evelinae, Marcus 1943: 112-125.

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜ o Paulo: Pinheiros River tributaries, sediment;

  Pirassununga: Mogi-Guac¸u River, Cachoeira de Emas Reservoir, sediment and A ´ guas de Sa˜o Pedro: Piracicaba River Basin, Araqua´ River, sediment (Marcus 1943). Southern

  Biota Neotrop

Review of Aquatic Oligochaeta from Sa˜o Paulo

  Nais communis Piguet, 1906 Nais communis f. magenta, Marcus 1943: 23. Records: ecological remarks Southern State of Sa˜o Paulo: Ribeira de Iguape River, associated with the sponge Ephydatia crateriformis (Marcus

  Pereira Barreto: Tieteˆ River, Treˆs Irma˜os Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Dero (Dero) sawayai, Gorni & Alves 2006: 1060; Alves & Gorni 2007: 409; Gorni & Alves 2008a: 262.

  Jolydrilus jaulus Marcus, 1965 Records: ecological remarks Canane´ia and Cubata˜o: mangrove sediment (Marcus 1965).

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros River tributaries, sediment (Marcus

  1943). Araraquara: associated with the gastropod Pomacea

  bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense:

  Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Brotas: Lagoa Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a).

  Haemonais waldvogeli Bretscher, 1900 Records: ecological remarks Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005, Suriani et al. 2007).

  Araraquara: Pinheirinho Stream, sediment (Alves et al. 2006), and associated with the gastropod Pomacea bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006).

  Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri Clapare`de, 1862 Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri f. divergens, Marcus 1942: 169-174.

  Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Sa˜o Carlos: Monjolinho River, sediment (Alves et al. 2006). Buritama: Tieteˆ River, Nova Avanhandava Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

  Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri f. parva, Marcus 1942: 167-169.

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Tieteˆ River, sediment (Marcus 1942). Pirituba

  (Mendes et al. 1951). Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, sediment (Alves & Strixino 2000, Alves & Strixino 2003). Araraquara: Pinheirinho, Santa Clara and a`gua Branca Streams, sediment (Alves & De Lucca 2000, Alves et al. 2006). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Sa˜o Carlos: Monjolinho River, sediment (Alves et al. 2006, Fusari & Fonseca-Gessner 2006). Ribeira˜o Preto: Pardo River, sediment of Monte Alegre Lake (Cleto-Filho & Arcifa 2006). Americana: Atibaia River, Salto Grande Dam, sediment (Dornfeld et al. 2006). Americana: Americana Dam, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2006). Barra Bonita: Tieteˆ River, Barra Bonita Reservoir, sediment; Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Bariri Reservoir, sediment. Ibitinga: Tieteˆ River, Ibitinga Reservoir, sediment; Promissa˜o: Tieteˆ River, Promissa˜o Reservoir, sediment; Buritama: Tieteˆ River, Nova Avanhandava Reservoir, sediment and Pereira Barreto: Tieteˆ River, Treˆs Irma˜os Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007). Ribeira˜o Grande: Intervales State Park Streams (Alves et al. 2008). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada and Serrote Streams, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Limnodrilus neotropicus C ˇ ernosvitov, 1939

  Records: ecological remarks

Araraquara: A ´ gua Branca Stream, sediment (Alves et al

  2006). Sa˜o Carlos: Gouveia Stream, sediment (Alves et al. 2006). Ribeira˜o Grande: Intervales State Park Streams (Alves et al. 2008).

  Limnodrilus udekemianus Clapare`de, 1862 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜ o Paulo: Tieteˆ River, sediment (Marcus 1942). State of Sa˜o Paulo: Ribeira de Iguape River, associated with the sponge Ephydatia crateriformis (Marcus 1943). Araraquara: A ´ gua Branca Stream, sediment (Alves et al. 2006). Brotas: Lagoa Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a).

  Pristina americana Cernosvitov, 1937

  Pristina rosea (Piguet, 1906) Naidium roseum, Marcus 1943: 130-132; Marcus 1944: 50.

  2008: 71.

  Pristinella minuta, Gorni & Alves 2008b: 163. Pristina (Pristinella) minuta, Gorni & Alves 2012: 107.

  Records: ecological remarks A ´ guas de Sa˜o Pedro: Piracicaba River Basin, Araqua´ River, sediment (Marcus 1943). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense:

  Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Ribeira˜o Grande: Intervales State Park Streams (Alves et al. 2008). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada Stream, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Pristina proboscidea Beddard, 1896 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Carlos: Jacare´-Guac¸u River, associated with the sponge

  Radiospongilla amazonensis (Corbi et al. 2005). Araraquara:

  A ´ gua Branca Stream, sediment (Alves et al. 2006). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007). Brotas: Lagoa Dourada Dam, associated with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada Stream, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Pristinella jenkinae, Alves et al. 2006: 434; Fusari &

  Pristina osborni (Walton, 1906) Naidium minutum, Marcus 1943: 129-130.

  Fonseca-Gessner 2006: 93; Gorni & Alves 2007: 519; Gorni & Alves 2008b: 163; Gorni & Alves 2012: 107.

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: University of Sa˜o Paulo Campus, and Pinheiros

  River tributaries, sediment (Marcus 1943), Tieteˆ River, associated with the plant Calathea sp. (Marcus 1944). Araraquara: Pinheirinho and A

  ´ gua Branca Streams, sediment (Alves et al. 2006). Sa˜o Carlos: Gouveia Stream, sediment (Alves et al. 2006), and Monjolinho Dam, sediment (Fusari & Fonseca-Gessner 2006). Brotas: Jacare´-Pepira River, associated with the bryophytes Fissidens sp. and Philonotis sp. (Gorni & Alves 2007). Campos do Jorda˜o: Campo do Meio Stream, Galharada and Serrote Streams, leaf litter and sediment (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Pristina sima (Marcus, 1944) Naidium simum, Marcus 1944: 68-69.

  Pristinella sima, Gorni & Alves 2008b: 163. Pristina (Pristinella) sima, Gorni & Alves 2012: 107.

  Records: ecological remarks

  Pristinella osborni, Alves & Gorni 2007: 409; Alves et al.

  Serrote Streams, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Pristinella longidentata, Alves & Strixino 2000: 177; Gorni & Alves 2008b: 163. Pristina (Pristinella) longidentata, Gorni & Alves 2012: 107.

  Pristina leidyi, Alves & Strixino 2003: 4; Gorni & Alves

  Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros and Tieteˆ Rivers, sediment (Marcus

  1943). Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, sediment (Alves & Strixino 2000). Araraquara: Pinheirinho and Santa Clara Streams, sediment (Alves & De Lucca 2000). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Sa˜o Carlos: Monjolinho River, sediment (Alves et al. 2006). Barra Bonita: Tieteˆ River, Barra Bonita Reservoir, sediment; Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Bariri Reservoir, sediment; Ibitinga: Tieteˆ River, Ibitinga Reservoir, sediment; Promissa˜o: Tieteˆ River, Promissa˜o Reservoir, sediment; Buritama: Tieteˆ River, Nova Avanhandava Reservoir, sedi- ment and Pereira Barreto: Tieteˆ River, Treˆs Irma˜os Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada Stream, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b).

  Pristina biserrata Chen, 1940 Records: ecological remarks Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and

  Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007), and with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada Stream, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b).

  Pristina breviseta Bourne, 1891 Naidium breviseta, Marcus 1943: 128-129. Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Tieteˆ River, sediment (Marcus 1943). Ame´rico

  Brasiliense: Anhumas Stream Dam, sediment (Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002). Sa˜o Carlos: Fazzari Dam, sediment (Fusari & Fonseca-Gessner 2006).

  Pristina longiseta Ehrenberg, 1828

  2006: 1060; Alves & Gorni 2007: 409; Gorni & Alves 2008a: 262; Gorni & Alves 2008b: 163; Gorni & Alves 2012: 107.

  Records: ecological remarks Campos do Jorda˜o: Campo do Meio, Galharada and

  Records: ecological remarks Southern State of Sa˜o Paulo: Ribeira de Iguape River, associated with the sponge Ephydatia crateriformis, and A ´ guas de Sa˜o Pedro: Piracicaba River Basin, Araqua´ River, sediment (Marcus 1943). Luiz Antonio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, sediment (Alves & Strixino 2003). Araraquara: associated with the gastropod Pomacea bridgesii (Gorni & Alves 2006). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007), and with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada Stream, sediment and leaf litter (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Pristina macrochaeta Stephenson, 1931 Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Paulo: Pinheiros River, sediment (Marcus 1943).

  Campinas: Atibaia River, sediment (Marcus 1944). Brotas and Ame´rico Brasiliense: Lagoa Dourada and Anhumas Stream Dams, associated with aquatic macrophytes (Alves & Gorni 2007), and with the sponge Metania spinata (Gorni & Alves 2008a).

  Pristina menoni (Aiyer, 1929)

  Pristinella menoni, Alves et al. 2006: 434; Gorni & Alves 2007: 519.

  Records: ecological remarks Araraquara: Pinheirinho Stream, sediment (Alves et al. 2006). Brotas: Jacare´-Pepira River, associated with the bryo- phytes Fissidens sp. and Philonotis sp. (Gorni & Alves 2007).

  Pristina notopoda C ˇ ernosvitov, 1937 Pristinella notopora, Gorni & Alves 2008b: 163.

  Pristina (Pristinella) notopora, Gorni & Alves 2012: 107.

  Biota Neotrop

Gorni G. et al. Sa˜o Paulo: associated with the bryophyte Dumortiera sp. (Marcus 1944). Luiz Antoˆnio: Mogi-Guac¸u River, sediment (Alves & Strixino 2000). Campos do Jorda˜o: Galharada and Serrote Streams, leaf litter and sediment (Gorni & Alves 2008b, Gorni & Alves 2012).

  Pristina synclites Stephenson, 1925 Records: ecological remarks Araraquara: Pinheirinho Stream, sediment (Alves et al.

  2006). Sa˜o Carlos: Monjolinho River, sediment (Alves et al. 2006, Fusari & Fonseca-Gessner 2006).

  Slavina appendiculata (D’Udekem, 1855) Records: ecological remarks Sa˜o Carlos: Gouveia Stream, sediment (Alves et al. 2006).

  Biota Neotrop

Review of Aquatic Oligochaeta from Sa˜o Paulo

  Dam, sediment (Corbi & Trivinho-Strixino 2002). Saleso´polis and Bariri: Tieteˆ River, Ponte Nova and Bariri Dams, sediment (Pamplin et al. 2005). Americana: Atibaia River, Salto Grande Dam, sediment (Dornfeld et al. 2006), and in Americana Dam (Pamplin et al. 2006). Barra Bonita: Tieteˆ River, Barra Bonita Reservoir, sediment; Ibitinga: Tieteˆ River, Ibitinga Reservoir, sediment; Buritama: Tieteˆ River, Nova Avanhandava Reservoir, sediment; Pereira Barreto: Tieteˆ River, Treˆs Irma˜os Reservoir, sediment (Suriani et al. 2007).

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