Youth And Adult Education
The mode of action of spatial repellents and their impact on vectorial capacity of Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto.
... volunteers had been paired with the control and treatment once, which resulted into a four – day block. Six distances (0.3 m, 1 m, 5 m, 10 m, 15 m, 20 m and 30 m) were randomly allocated to each four – day block. In this set up, one coil was placed equidistant on the left hand side and another coil on the right hand side of the volunteer at the designated ... s.s. aged between 3 and 8 days and previously starved for 6 hours were released from cages placed inside the tunnel by a pulley system (Figure 3) and operated from outside the tunnel. Mosquitoes were left to acclimatize for 20 minutes and a volunteer entered the tunnel. Volunteers collected mosquitoes that landed on the bare legs and feet for 2 hours ... allowed mosquitoes to fly through. The pulley comprised a rope and lever located 10 meters from the boxes. The boxes were raised 15 cm from the floor and the wooden stands were placed inside plastic cups that contained water and grease. This prevented ants from reaching the mosquitoes. Experimental design A fully randomized study was conducted. The study involved
Selectivity Profiling and Biological Activity of Novel β-Carbolines as Potent and Selective DYRK1 Kinase Inhibitors.
... of the phosphorylated upper band and the lower band. B, HEK293 cells with constitutive expression of GFP-tau and regulatable expression of GFP-DYRK1A were treated with doxycyclin and the indicated inhibitors for 18 h. Phosphorylation of tau on Thr212 was detected with a phosphospecific antibody. Expression levels of GFP-tau and GFP-DYRK1A were assessed ... for DYRK1A and selectivity for DYRK1A and DYRK1B over the related kinases DYRK2 and HIPK2. An optimized inhibitor, AnnH75, inhibited CLK1, CLK4, and haspin/GSG2 as the only off-targets in a panel of 300 protein kinases. In cellular assays, AnnH75 dose-dependently reduced the phosphorylation of three known DYRK1A substrates (SF3B1, SEPT4, and tau) without ... permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Data Availability Statement: All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. Funding: This work was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG grants BE 1967/3-1 to WB and BR 1034/6-1 to FB; www.dfg.de). Competing
Description and implementation of a MiXed Layer model (MXL, v1.0) for the dynamics of the atmospheric boundary layer in the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy)
... simultaneously and interactively calculate the exchange of energy (sensible heat flux), water (latent heat flux), wind (momentum flux) and chemical species (emission and deposition) between the land surface and the ABL. In that way, a fully online coupled land surface-ABL chemistry model is obtained, in which all exchanges between the land surface and the ... chemistry and gas/particle partitioning take place in both ABL and FT. The chemical production and loss of a species is calculated in the MECCA submodel (Sander et al., 2011), which uses the Kinetic PreProcessor (KPP; Sandu and Sander, 2006) for the numerical integration of the chemical reaction mechanism. MECCA uses photolysis rates calculated by JVAL (Sander et ... possibilities. On one hand, MXL/MESSy offers the possibility to use interactive emission (via the ONEMIS (Kerkweg et al., 2006b) and MEGAN (Guenther et al., 2006) submodels), dry deposition (DDEP; Kerkweg et al., 2006a) and land surface parametrizations (Sect. 2.7). In these submodels, land surface-ABL exchange is calculated as function of land surface and ABL characteristics,
Relationship between Interleukin-6 gene polymorphism and hippocampal volume in antipsychotic-naive schizophrenia: evidence for differential susceptibility?
... might provide highest ities of hippocampal structure, morphology and function during adulthood . On the other hand, in absence of inflammatory response, IL-6 can act as neuropoietic cytokine and neurotrophic agent , plays critical role in neurite outgrowth, survival, proliferation and gene expression . Further, pathological increase or complete deficiency ... Sherborn, MA, USA). Standard routines and default parameters of the VBM 8 toolbox were applied. After setting the image origin to the anterior commissure, images were bias corrected, pre-registered to standardized International consortium for brain mapping (ICBM- East Asian brains) space using affine transformation with regularization and segmented using ... were treated with protease and then with WBC lysis buffer by incubating the mixture at 56 C for 10 min. Later, digested samples were treated with ethanol and then, subjected to spin column for isolation of genomic DNA. The columns were washed twice and then DNA is eluted in elution buffer. Extracted DNA was checked on agarose gel and stored at -80 C for
Off-line signature verification based on hus moment invariants and zone features using support vector machine
... pattern was used in different sub-bands; a Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) method  that works by extracting the vertical projection feature from signature images and by comparing reference and probe feature templates with elastic matching; an off-line Arabic signature verification system based on statistical and local features and multistage classifiers has ... measure of handwritten curves modeling of dynamic signature forgery”, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, vol. 23, pp. 400–413 , 1995. E.J.R. Justino,F. Bortolozzi, R. Sabourin,” Off-line signature verification using HMM for random, simple and skilled forgeries”, In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, ... This database consists of 300 signatures (30 signatures each of the 10 signers) and 200 forged signatures (20 signatures each of the 10 users). This database of signatures has further been divided randomly into training database and testing database as shown in Table-1. Table 1. Training and Testing Databases. Training Set Testing Set Total Genuine Signatures 240 60 300 Forged
Detection/Removal of Cooperative Black and Gray Hole Attack in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks
... operations, and terrorism response where no pre deployed infrastructure exits for communication. Due to its intrinsic nature of lacking of any centralized access control, secure boundaries (mobile nodes are free to join and leave and move inside the network) and limited resources mobile ad-hoc networks are vulnerable to several different types of passive and ... detecting and removing malicious node by aggregating the response from the monitoring nodes and the network. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. In section II, we discuss the related work. Network model and assumptions are discussed in section III. We present the methodology and relevant algorithms in section IV. Finally, the conclusion and discussion ... Engineering and Computer Science 2008 WCECS 2008, October 22 - 24, 2008, San Francisco, USA Detection/Removal of Cooperative Black and Gray Hole Attack in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks Sukla Banerjee Abstract—The inherent features (such as-open medium, dynamically changing network topology, lack of centralized monitoring and management point, and lack of
Understanding the connection between epigenetic DNA methylation and nucleosome positioning from computer simulations.
... | e1003354 DNA Methylation and Nucleosome Positioning Figure 3. Methylated and non-methylated DNA elastic deformation energies. (A) Distribution of deformation energies for 147 bplong random DNA sequences with CpG steps positioned every 10 base steps (one helical turn) in minor (red and dark red) and major (light and dark blue) grooves respectively. ... energy difference between the best and the worst sequence that could form a nucleosome is 0.7 kj/mol per base (a minimum of 1 kJ/mol and maximum of around 1.7 kJ/mol per base, the first best and the last worst sequences are displayed in Table S3 in Text S1). We repeated the same calculation for one million random sequences and we obtained equivalent results. ... 200 ns of MD simulation, and we used the last structure to introduce different number of CpG and methylated CpG steps in positions described in Table S1 in Text S1. After energy minimization and initial thermalization, we performed MD for 100 ns for the selected single mutations and 200 ns for the multiple mutations (see table 1 and the next section),
La educación en medios en Francia: difícil consolidación, perspectivas futuras Media education in France: a hard consolidation with good prospects
... integration of media education into the educational system can be observed, so it is now when redefinition and deep reflection on media education are needed. DESCRIPTORES/KEY WORDS Educación en medios, formación continua, textos oficiales, sistema educativo, prácticas mediáticas. Media education, teacher training, official texts, educational system, ... Y es en este preciso momento, cuando el conjunto de prácticas mediáticas está en proceso de redefinición, cuando urge una reflexión a fondo sobre los modos de conocimiento en la era de la sociedad de la información. For at least one century, France has played a relevant role in media education using an innovative and even fighting spirit model. Research ... (2001): Education aux médias. Les controverses fécondes. Paris, Hachette Education/ CNDP. SAVINO, J.; MARMIESSE, C. et BENSA, F. (2005): L’éducation aux médias de la maternelle au lycée. Direction de l’Enseignement Scolaire. Paris, Ministère de l? ?Education Nationale, Sceren/CNDP, Témoigner. BEVORT, E. et FREMONT, P. (2001): Médias, violence et education.
Expression of fibroblast growth factor-21 in muscle is associated with lipodystrophy, insulin resistance and lipid disturbances in patients with HIV.
... pg/ml and the interassay coefficient of variation was 3.9%. All samples and standards were run as duplicates and the mean of duplicates was used in the statistical analyses. RNA analysis and quantitative PCR analysis RNA was extracted from 20–30 mg of skeletal muscle biopsies using TriZol (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) and reverse transcribed using random ... (Fig. 1H). Relationships between muscle FGF-21 mRNA, and fat distribution and lipids We found a strong negative association between muscle FGF-21 mRNA and the amount of subcutaneous fat (limb fat mass) (r = 20.46; p = 0.0038) and positive association with trunk-limbfat-ratio (r = 0.51; p = 0.001) and triglycerides (r = 0.56; p = 0.0003). FGF-21 mRNA ... during Nan oral glucose tolerance test (F), and negatively correlated to the incremental rate of disappearance of glucose (G), and fractionel velocity of glycogen synthesis (H) in healthy (e) and HIV subjects with lipodystrophy ( ). In the dot plots data for each subjects are given and the line represent means. * P,0.05 and ***P,0.001 for healthy vs HIV-lipodystrophy
HLA-Cw Allele Frequency in Definite Meniere’s Disease Compared to Probable Meniere’s Disease and Healthy Controls in an Iranian Sample
... possible relation between the severity of the disease and HLA-Cw presence. Materials and Methods Type of study: descriptive analytical study using a control group. Dabiri S, et al Patients Twenty three patients (13 males and 10 females) with definite Meniere’s disease and twenty four patients (17males and7 females) with probable Meniere’s were selected ... disease patients, and healthy controls has been appraised in this study. A significant association between HLA-Cw*04 and HLA-Cw*16 alleles with both probable and definite Meniere’s disease was observed in our patients. This was in agreement with the study of Koyama and colleagues in which they found significant association between HLA-Cw4 and HLADRB1*1602 ... association between HLA-Cw Alleles in patients with definite Meniere’s disease and patients with probable Meniere’s disease and a control group. Materials and Methods: HLA-Cw genotyping was performed in 23 patients with definite Meniere’s disease, 24 with probable Meniere’s disease, and 91 healthy normal subjects, using sequence specific primers polymerase
Development of Information Technologies in Slovak Small and Medium Enterprises From the Point of View of a Learning Organization
... health and social care it is mostly applications for financial and material help, forms of medical and social insurance and other forms used in financial transactions. In the manufacturing industry it is mainly forms and orders for suppliers and buyers, product offer and other documents. This is a very important function of company’s website and it ... essential for a company to not only make information available and update it on a regular basis, but also – and mainly – provide clear and understandable information. Managers need to focus on the simplicity of the company’s website, which should have a simple and clear design and graphics, and be substantially colorful, which helps the website visitors ... on tools which support cooperation and communication. It can be communication between employees themselves, employees and the management of the organization, communication between the employee and the customer or, generally, communication among public or communication between the organization and the public. Bureš and Hájek (Kelemen, 2008) emphasize
Governance and Civil Society at the EU Level
... rules and institutional norms but also the performance of democratic institutions and their agents. As stated by March and Olsen (1995, 44), ‘democratic governance is more than the management of eﬃcient political coalition building and exchange within prior constraints [. . .] It involves moulding social and political life – shaping history, an understanding ... Participation and opposition. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ———. 1989. Democracy and its critics. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ———. 1998. On democracy. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ———. 1999. Can international organisation be democratic? A sceptic’s view. In Democracy’s edges, ed. I. Shapiro and C. Hacker-Cordon, ... Democracy in the European Union: Why and how to combine representation and participation? In Civil society and legiti- Managing Global Transitions Governance and Civil Society at the eu Level 419 mate European governance, ed. S. Smismans, 23–42. Aldershot: Elgar. Maloney, W., and S. Rossteutscher. 2007. Social capital and associations in European democracies:
Government borrowing and the long-term interest rate: Application of an extended loanable funds model to the Slovak Republic
... interest rates (Hoelscher, 1986; Tran and Sawhney, 1988; Thomas and Abderrezak, 1988; Cebula, 1988, 1994, 1997a, 1997b, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2005; Correia-Nunes and Stemitsiotis, 1995; García and Ramajo, 2004; Quayes and Jamal, 2007; Barnes, 2008). Hoelscher (1986) develops a closed-economy loanable funds model, and Cebula (1988, 1994, 1997a, 1997b, ... employed in empirical work, and the results would have more policy implications. The paper is organized in the following manner. The theoretical model is presented in the next section. Data sources, the definition and measurement of variables, and empirical results are described and analyzed in the third section. The summary and conclusions are made in ... expenditures, and hinder economic growth. Previous studies suggest that more government deficit may or may not lead to a higher interest rate. Feldstein (1982), Hoelscher (1986), Wachtel and Young (1987), Zahid (1988), Thomas and Abderrozak (1988), Miller and Russek (1991), Raynold (1994), Cebula (1989, 1991, 1993, 1997, 1999, 2003), Vamvoukas (1997), Ewing and
Seasonal distribution of dissolved inorganic carbon and net community production on the Bering Sea shelf
... and summer is consumed by copepods and ultimately exported to benthic regions, although this export and the higher trophic levels it supports has a slightly diﬀerent character in each do10 main (e.g., Cooney, 1981; Cooney and Coyle, 1982; Springer et al., 1989; Vidal and Smith, 1986; Wyllie-Escheveria and Wooster, 1998; Walsh and McRoy, 1986; Hunt and ... Discussion Stabeno et al., 1999; Whitledge and Luchin, 1999; Sambrotto et al., 1986; Schumacher and Reed, 1992; Stabeno and van Meurs, 1999; Schumacher and Stabeno, 1994, 1998; Mizobata et al., 2002; Bond and Overland, 2005; Rho et al., 2005; Whitledge et al., 1986). 5 2.2 Primary production, the 14C method, and annual rates of PP for the Bering Sea ... 1986; Rho et al., 2005; Bond and Overland, 2005; Sambrotto and Goering, 1983; Sambrotto et al., 1986; Hansell et al., 1993; Springer and McRoy, 1993). 2.2.2 Other physical and biogeochemical controls on PP 15 Primary production in the Bering Sea tends to occur in two phases. Early in the season, the melting of sea-ice and decreased wind mixing forces
The multi-seasonal NO<sub>y</sub> budget in coastal Antarctica and its link with surface snow and ice core nitrate: results from the CHABLIS campaign
... the snowpack, so again, is a likely candidate as a snowpack nitrate source. NO and NO2 on the other hand, with their relatively low solubility are not likely to be direct sources of snowpack nitrate. Henry’s Law coeﬃcients for PAN and the alkyl nitrates are 15 only an order of magnitude smaller than for HONO (Kames and Schurath, 1992, 1995), so some ... Environmental Science and Technology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Ascot, UK 3School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK *now at: Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, UK **now at: Inst. for Energy and Sustainable Development, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK ***now at: Earth And Space ... (Chemistry of the Antarctic Boundary Layer and the Interface with Snow) and 5 cover over half a year, from austral winter 2004 through to austral summer 2005. They are the longest duration and most extensive NOy budget study carried out to date in polar regions. Results show clear dominance of organic NOy compounds (PAN and MeONO2) during the winter months,
Introduction: Observations and Modeling of the Green Ocean Amazon (GoAmazon2014/5)
... distribution, and liquid water content (Dandin et al., 1997; Liu and Daum, 2002; Rotstayn and Liu, 2003). Cloud microphysical properties, cloud cover, precipitation, lightning, and regional climate over the Amazon basin can be signiﬁcantly affected by aerosol particles (Andreae et al., 2004; Lin et al., 2006; Rosenfeld et al., 2008, 2014; Martins and Silva ... convection, with comparison and understanding between tropical and other environments. 3. (a) effects of aerosol particles on clouds, precipitation, and lightning across a range of clean and polluted conditions; (b) the connections to aerosol direct, semi-direct, and indirect radiative effects. 4. (a) identities, amounts, and seasonal patterns of emissions ... 2015. chemistry, and aerosol production and their connections to aerosols, clouds, and precipitation. It sought to understand how aerosol and cloud life cycles were inﬂuenced by pollutant outﬂow from a large city in the tropical rain forest, particularly the susceptibility of the biosphere and atmosphere to human activities, for a wide range of synoptic and environmental
The effects of backward adjustable thoracic support in wheelchair on spinal curvature and back muscle activation for elderly people.
... Wilkins. 39. Andersson BJ, Ortengren R (1974) Lumbar disc pressure and myoelectric back muscle activity during sitting. II. Studies on an office chair. Scand J Rehabil Med 6: 115–121. 40. Newman AB, Lee JS, Visser M, Goodpaster BH, Kritchevsky SB, et al. (2005) Weight change and the conservation of lean mass in old age: the health, aging and body composition ... Support and lower back muscle activation, which may help maintain a better sitting posture and reduce the risk of back pain. Introduction Elderly adults with lower limb disorders must use wheelchairs to improve their mobility. Back pain is a common complication among wheelchair users [1, 2]. Clinical observation shows that wheelchair-bound elderly adults ... [11, 12]. Therefore, lumbar curvature, pelvic tilt, back muscle activation, and hamstring tightness are correlated and all influence the maintenance of sitting posture. Regarding seating systems, the most frequently used system in the clinical care is the standard sling seat and back upholstery, which pose limitations on the maintenance of optimal posture
Exploring a vocabulary test and a judgment task as diagnoses of early and late bilinguals' L2 proficiency
... Spanish as the only language while interacting with parents, relatives, and/ or nannies. As she grows up and goes to school, she gets to speak in English while studying and interacting with teachers and colleagues. When she becomes an adult, English is her 18 first language and Spanish becomes the second (as a matter of use). Due to this inversion, ... Portuguese-English speakers’ and Spanish Heritage Language (HL) speakers’ capacity to access grammatical representations when using their non-dominant language. Considering the scenario with two types of bilinguals (L2 learners and HL), two types of knowledge (implicit and explicit), and two types of proficiency measures (vocabulary size and sentence judgment), ... tests and sentence types ..............95 Table 10: Sample of Cut-off point values, Sensitivity and Specificity of VLT and OPT scores for Experiment 2...................................................................................................97 Table 11: Sample of Cut-off point values, Sensitivity and Specificity of AJ task (Ungrammatical and
Microbial contamination of disinfectants and antiseptics in four major hospitals in Trinidad
... disinfectants and antiseptics in four major hospitals in Trinidad Tswana Gajadhar,1 Alicia Lara,1 Patricia Sealy,1 and Abiodun A. Adesiyun 2 1 2 ABSTRACT Objective. To assess the microbial contamination of disinfectants and antiseptics in major hospitals on the Caribbean island of Trinidad. Methods. For this cross-sectional study, disinfectants and antiseptics ... St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago; e-mail: abiodunadesiyun@ hotmail.com Disinfectants and antiseptics of different preparations and concentrations have been used universally on animate and inanimate surfaces in hospitals (1–4). The observed increase in the resistance of a number of bacterial pathogens to some disinfectants and antiseptics has resulted ... agents. Trinidad and Tobago, a twin-island republic in the Caribbean, has a population of 1.3 million people. Its health care system, which is currently undergoing structural reform, consists of a combination of public establishments (government hospitals, health centers, 194 and other health institutions) and private establishments (hospitals, clinics, and nursing
The regulation of privacy and data protection in the use of electronic health information: an international perspective and reference source on regulatory and legal issues related to person-identifiable health database
... Communication Technologies in Healthcare addresses basic rights? ?and? ?responsibilities of users, providers, and? ?data subjects. Freedom of access to information and? ? expression and? ? the protection of users' data security and? ? privacy are especially critical topics. Decisions and? ? initiatives related to cyberspace law and? ? ethics issues in health? ?and? ?healthcare must necessarily involve experts from a variety ... to assess data related to a patient under his/her care. 2.4. Standardization and? ?Personal Data The design of information? ?and? ?telecommunication systems? ?and network technology influences which personal health data are collected, stored, and? ?maintained and? ?who should or could have access to them. One main effect of the development of such technologies is the globalization of standards and? ? ... diagnosis and? ?treatment. Standards and? ?protocols can serve as tools for good practice ? ?and constitute an important component of quality assurance. The collection of standardized data and? ? the use of such protocols require, however, that the practitioner/patient interaction must be structured according to a preset format. Standards are not neutral
Epidemiology and leadership in public health
... service which involves the cooperative effort of a score of different disciplines. The fact that doctors and dentists and nurses and engineers and health educators and microbiologists and statisticians and nutritionists sit together in our schools and take the same degree is of incalculable importance. It is based on bold assumptions; but it has worked. ... current concepts: Public health is the science and the art of preventing illness and disability, prolonging life, and promoting physical and mental health and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment, the control of infectious and noninfectious diseases as well as injuries, the education of the individual in principles ... noninfectious diseases and injuries, and second, prevention of the major infectious diseases. A third major task is health promotion, the achievement of positive health in terms of ability to function, through improved nutrition, better working and living conditions, greater opportunities for rest and recreation, higher levels of education, and other social changes.
CD26.R36: Emergency preparedness and disaster relief coordination program in the Americas
... Region, and that the ministries of health should play a leading role, within the civil defense system, in emergency preparedness and relief activities related to health; and Convinced that the most valuable contribution of the Organization in the wake of a disaster may be the speedy provision of technical cooperation. RESOLVES 1. To thank and commend ... development of the Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief Coordination Program and for the technical cooperation and assistance provided to Member Countries during emergency situations since its inception. 2. To urge Member Governments to establish a high-level multisectoral group to coordinate all relief measures and an ongoing program to update emergency ... measures and an ongoing program to update emergency plans, train health personnel, and promote research and case studies to improve disaster management. 3. To urge Member Governments and funding agencies to contribute to the Natural Disaster Relief Voluntary Fund (PD) and promptly to provide the Organization with technical cooperation immediately following
Proposed program and budget estimates of the WHO for the region of the Americas for 1978-79
... Program and Budget Estimates of the World Health Organization for the Region of the Americas for 1976 and 1977; and needs Recognizing the advisability into future years, of projecting probable program RESOLVES: To recommend to the Director General that he include in the Program and Budget Estimates of the World Health Organization for 1978 and 1979 ... 1974 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH PROPOSED PROGRAM AND BUDGET ESTIMATES OF THE WORLD THE REGION OF THE AMERICAS FOR 1978-79 HEALTH ORGANIZATION FOR The Director-General of the World Health Organization has requested that the Regional Committee for the Americas recommend a tentative program projection in global terms for 1978 and 1979, within a planning ceiling of US$12,744,000 and $13,445,000, respectively. The ... planning ceiling of US$12,744,000 and $13,445,000, respectively. The tentative projections, summarized in the annexed table, have been made taking into account trends in programs and priorities for such additional resources as may become available in this Region. The Regional Committee may wish to recommend this distribution to the Director-General of the
Symposium on Education in Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine Education in veterinary public health and preventive medicine, St. Paul, Minnesota, 18-22 March 1968
... and disease) 1. Natality, growth, and mortality of normal and abnormal populations; age, sex, breed, etc. 2. Rates and ratios Incidence and prevalence rates Case fatality, attack rates-apparent and inapparent 3. Adjustment of rates and standardization of rates 4. Comparison of rates 5. Life tables and life table methods-life expectancy 6. Sampling and ... Health and Preventive Medicine presented an Award of Recognition to Dr. Gaylord W. Anderson for his outstanding leadership and contribution to the education of veterinarians in public health. Dr. Anderson is Mayo Professor and Director of the School of Public Health, University of Minnesota. OBJECTIVES OF THE SYMPOSIUM PEDRO N. ACHA, D.V.M., M.P.H.,* AND ... should encompass: research; legislation; inspection standards; enforcement; incentives; systems analysis and evaluation; demography and land usage; sociological and aesthetic considerations; and forensic medicine. Teaching methods and techniques for presenting this material should include: lectures; field and laboratory exercises; demonstrations; visual
Second International Conference on Live Poliovirus Vaccines. Papers presented and discussions held
... reinvestigated by Martins da Silva et al,'7 Horstmann and Paul,' Dick and Dane,` Gelfand and Fox, 22 and by Plotkin et al.2 3 The extent of virus spread to susceptible persons in contact with vaccinated persons depends on the strain employed, the age of the vaccinated person, and the prevailing social and economic conditions. The route of transmission ... Conference, and all members of the Committee are with us. Thus, they will have the rare advantage of hearing all the latest data and opinions immediately prior to their deliberations, and this can only be of incalculable value to them in coming to their conclusions and making their recommendations. As last year, the Pan American Health Organ- ization and the ... Neutralization Test, in Young Adults Fed with 100,000 TCD,, of Type 3 Attenuated Virus-V. Vonka, E. Skrídlovská, J. Jelínek, and J. Duben .... . 228 2. Virologic and Serologic Investigations of Children Immunized with Trivalent Live Vaccine from A. B. Sabin's Strains-M. K. Voroshilova, V. 1. Zhevandrova, E. A. Tolskaya, G. A. Koroleva, and G. P. Taranova ........................ 240 Discussion