Spinal Cord Injury

Long-term follow-up of patients after acute kidney injury: patterns of renal functional recovery.

... | e36388 Renal Recovery after Acute Kidney Injury Figure 2. Progression of the glomerular filtration rate from reference to 60 months after acute kidney injury for patients in groups G1 to G4. GFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate; m: months; ref: reference; AKI: lowest value during the acute kidney injury episode; discharge: hospital discharge. ... with acute kidney injury. N Engl J Med 359: 7–20. Ishani A, Xue JL, Himmelfarb J, Eggers PW, Kimmel PL, et al. (2009) Acute kidney injury increases risk of ESRD among elderly. J Am Soc Nephrol 20: 223–228. Coca SG, Yusuf B, Shlipak MG, Garg AX, Parikh CR (2009) Long-term risk of mortality and other adverse outcomes after acute kidney injury: a systematic review ... and to 7 in G3 (46%), and Figure 1. Flowchart of patients included in the analysis. AKI: acute kidney injury; sCr: serum creatinine. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036388.g001 2 May 2012 | Volume 7 | Issue 5 | e36388 Renal Recovery after Acute Kidney Injury Table 1. Main characteristics of the four groups: demographic and clinical data. All N = 84 G1
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Burn injury reduces neutrophil directional migration speed in microfluidic devices.

... burn injury, with potential implications for the development of sepsis [16–23]. Flow cytometry analysis of neutrophils reveals impairments in phagocytosis, bactericidal activity, phago-lysosomal activity, and the oxidative burst within two weeks post -injury [24]. Neutrophils demonstrate impaired adhesion and complement receptor expression after burn injury PLoS ... device to document the impairment of neutrophil migration speed after burn injury with a degree of precision previously unattainable. We found that neutrophil motility is depressed as early as 24 hours after the burn injury and is inhibited the most at three to five days after injury. We found that the degree of neutrophil directional migration speed ... neutrophil migration speed compared to healthy volunteers (dashed gray line) were recorded as early as 24 hours after burn injury for the majority of the patients. Insert shows the changes in average neutrophil migration speed for all patients, with respect to the time of injury. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011921.g007 preceding the first blood draw, with
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Factors That Influence a Mother's Willingness to Preserve Umbilical Cord Blood: A Survey of 5120 Chinese Mothers.

... 3:273–283. doi: 10.1586/ehm.10. 24 PMID: 20835351 16. Kurtzberg Joanne. Update on umbilical cord blood transplantation. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2009; 21: 22–29. PMID: 19253461 17. Hernández J, Torres-Espín A, Navarro X. Adult stem cell transplants for spinal cord injury repair: current state in preclinical research. Curr Stem Cell Res Ther. 2011; 6: 273–287. ... 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06509.x PMID: 22901266 9. Pawson R. Banking on cord blood. Midwives. 2014; 17:50–51. 10. Elmoazzen H, Holovati JL. Cord blood clinical processing, cryopreservation, and storage. Methods Mol Biol. 2015; 1257:369–379. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2193-5_18 PMID: 25428018 11. Han MX, Craig ME. Research using autologous cord blood—time for a policy change. Med ... Benefits of cord blood collection in the prevention of post-partum hemorrhage: a cohort study. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2014; 14:1–4. 5. Ali H, Bahbahani H. Umbilical cord blood stem cells—potential therapeutic tool for neural injuries and disorders. Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars). 2010; 70: 316–324. 6. Ballen KK. New trends in umbilical cord blood
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Oligodendrogenesis after Cerebral Ischaemia and Traumatic Brain Injury

... oligodendrocyte damage after TBI, although traumatic axonal injury has been intensively investigated.3,27,28 Loss of myelinating oligodendrocytes exacerbates traumatic axonal injury, because myelinated axons are less vulnerable to damage compared to non-myelinated axons, following fluid percussion injury in the rat.29 Injured oligodendrocytes no longer ... brain injury. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2003;23:263-74. 2. Cui X et al. Chemokine, vascular and therapeutic effects of combination Simvastatin and BMSC treatment of stroke. Neurobiol Dis. 2009;36:35-41. 3. Johnson VE et al. Axonal pathology in traumatic brain injury. Exp Neurol. 2013;246:35-43. 4. Smith DH et al. Therapy development for diffuse axonal injury. ... are required to form myelin sheaths for sprouting axons during brain repair processes after brain injury, because mature oligodendrocytes do not proliferate in the adult brain and injured oligodendrocytes no longer form new myelin sheets.7,12-16 Brain injury induces OPC proliferation, leading to a substantial increase in the number of OPCs. However,
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Hyper-activated pro-inflammatory CD16 monocytes correlate with the severity of liver injury and fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B.

... substrate followed by counterstaining with hematoxylin for single staining according to previously described protocols [5–7]. (KX-21N, Sysmex) according to our previously reported protocols [26]. Liver biopsy specimens were homogenized for isolation of intrahepatic leukocytes (LILs) according to our previously described protocols [7], and then LILs were washed ... antibodies. Serum HBV DNA assays The serum HBV DNA assays was performed according to our recent description [5–7,26]. The cut-off value was 100 IU/ml. CFSE-based proliferation assay and stimulation Carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE)-based proliferation assays were performed according to our previously described protocols [26]. Cells were then stimulated ... (Figure 3D). These data suggest that the frequency of peripheral CD16+ monocytes is closely associated with liver injury as indicated by the correlation with ALT levels and that the expression of CD16 on liver macrophages is associated with liver injury as indicated by the correlation with HAI scores in IA patients. Neutrophils are reduced in peripheral
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BIRTH INJURY RELATED UNILATERAL ANTERIOR NARES PARTIAL FIBROUS ATRESIA: A RARE CASE REPORT

... partial atresia caused by fibrous bands as a result of birth injury due to instrumental delivery. Rhinoplasty performed to open-up left nostril and patient relieved of his symptoms and also on cosmetic appearance. KEYWORDS Nasal obstruction, Anterior nares atresia, Nasal atresia, Choanal atresia, Birth injury, Congenital nostril atresia. HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: ... Prabakaran J, Venkataramanan R, Jayagar S, et al. Birth injury related unilateral anterior nares partial fibrous atresia: a rare case report. J. Evid. Based Med. Healthc. 2016; 3(14), 522-523. DOI: 10.18410/jebmh/2016/119 INTRODUCTION: Nasal septal deformities are more commonly reported following birth injury happening during the second stage of labour. ... second stage of labour. In our case an instrumental forceps delivery has caused injury to the nose, resulting in fibrous bands due to healing that has caused left nostril partial fibrous atresia. This case is reported here for its rarity. There is no report of a similar birth injury causing unilateral partial nares atresia in the literature so far. CASE
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Semaphorin-1a is required for Aedes aegypti embryonic nerve cord development.

... longitudinals [33,34]. At 56 hrs. of development, the mature ventral embryonic nerve cord of A. aegypti (Fig. 3A) resembles that of the mature ventral nerve cord found in a St. 16 D. melanogaster embryo (Fig. 4A, [16]). The impact of sema1a knockdown on A. aegypti embryonic nerve cord development was assessed through anti-acetylated tubulin staining at 56 hrs. ... aegypti embryos. Knockdown of sema1a during A. aegypti development results in a number of nerve cord phenotypes, including thinning, breakage, and occasional fusion of the longitudinal connectives, thin or absent commissures, and general distortion of the nerve cord. Although analysis of Drosophila melanogaster sema1a loss-of-function mutants uncovered ... is required for development of the insect ventral nerve cord, but that the developmental roles of this guidance molecule have diverged in dipteran insects. Citation: Haugen M, Flannery E, Tomchaney M, Mori A, Behura SK, et al. (2011) Semaphorin-1a Is Required for Aedes aegypti Embryonic Nerve Cord Development. PLoS ONE 6(6): e21694. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021694 Editor:
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Biomarker evidence of axonal injury in neuroasymptomatic HIV-1 patients.

... indicates ongoing axonal injury in many neuroasymptomatic patients. Treatment decreases NFL, but treated patients retain higher levels than controls, indicating either continued virus-related injury or an aging-like effect of HIV infection. NFL correlates with neopterin and albumin ratio, suggesting an association between axonal injury, neuroinflammation ... HIV-related neurodegeneration is unclear. We examined axonal injury in HIV-1 patients by measuring the light subunit of neurofilament protein (NFL) in CSF with a novel, sensitive method. Methods: With a cross-sectional design, CSF concentrations of neurofilament protein light (NFL) (marker of neuronal injury) , neopterin (intrathecal immunoactivation) and ... permeability. NFL appears to be a sensitive biomarker of subclinical and clinical brain injury in HIV and warrants further assessment for broader clinical use. Citation: Jessen Krut J, Mellberg T, Price RW, Hagberg L, Fuchs D, et al. (2014) Biomarker Evidence of Axonal Injury in Neuroasymptomatic HIV-1 Patients. PLoS ONE 9(2): e88591. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088591 Editor:
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Doxycyclin induced esophageal injury: A Case series

... Dicle Tıp Dergisi / Dicle Medical Journal İ. Demiryılmaz et al. Doxycyclin induced esophageal injury 2013; 40 (2): 281-2813 doi: 10.5798/diclemedj.0921.2013.02.0270 CASE REPORT / OLGU SUNUMU Doxycyclin induced esophageal injury: A Case series Doksisikline bağli özefagus hasarları: Olgu serisi İsmail Demiryılmaz1, İsmayil Yılmaz2, ... anti-inflammatory medication: case reports andreview of the literature on pill-induced esophageal injury. South Med J 1986;79:1094-1097. 6. Arısı DS, Göze F, Akbayır N. Doxycyline-induced esophagitis. Turk J Gastroenterol 1999;10:1-3. 7. Bott S. Medication-induced esophageal injury: survey of the literature. Am J Gastroenterol 1987;82:758-763. 8. Akbayır N, Alkım ... drugs without sufficient water and sleeping after medication are more frequent [2,7-11]. The patients in our study had history of taking dugs with less amount of water. Esophagus injury due to these drugs occurring at the middle one third part is known [12-14]. In 4 patients of our study, ulcers were serious and at the middle part and in one at the lower
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Podocyte expression of membrane transporters involved in puromycin aminonucleoside-mediated injury.

... transporter families in maintaining podocyte homeostasis and in the pathogenesis of podocyte injury. Citation: Zennaro C, Rastaldi MP, Pascolo L, Stebel M, Trevisan E, et al. (2013) Podocyte Expression of Membrane Transporters Involved in Puromycin Aminonucleoside-Mediated Injury. PLoS ONE 8(6): e66159. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066159 Editor: Hendrik W. van ... Podocyte Expression of Membrane Transporters Involved in Puromycin Aminonucleoside-Mediated Injury Cristina Zennaro1, Maria Pia Rastaldi2, Lorella Pascolo6, Marco Stebel3, Elisa Trevisan3, Mary Artero4, Claudio Tiribelli1,5, Vittorio Di Maso1, Michele Carraro1* 1 Department ... antibiotic, which is the substrate of several transporter families that have been fully characterized in other cellular models [5]. The antibiotic was used in the context of podocyte injury by puromycin aminonucleoside (PA), a small molecule that uses membrane transporters to enter the cell [6], and induces podocyte damage which mimics lesions of PLOS ONE
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Making human neurons from stem cells after spinal cord injury.

... NSCs from embryonic spinal cord, two from rat [9,10], and one from human [3]. When we consider the dearth of spinal cord NSC studies, especially in humans, it is perhaps premature to view the adult injured cord as lacking crucial differentiation instructions. Filling the Gap with Human Spinal Cord Stem Cells The need for human spinal cord stem cell studies ... adult human spinal cord stem cells can be expanded in adherent culture without genetic modification to generate large numbers of cells sufficient for transplantation, and the first NSC study to find significant neuron generation in the injured adult spinal cord. The authors conclude that the adult spinal cord environment can in fact encourage spinal cord stem ... transplantation, and what is the best time-course after injury? Embryonic Spinal Cord Stem Cells Are Closest to the Goalpost Embryonic stem cells can be pushed to generate cells with characteristics of spinal cord neurons and oligodendrocytes, and studies are ongoing to establish the breadth of spinal cord cell types that can be produced, their long-term
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Systemic down-regulation of delta-9 desaturase promotes muscle oxidative metabolism and accelerates muscle function recovery following nerve injury.

... authors on this work. Introduction In mammals, the contraction of voluntary skeletal muscles is under the control of motor neurons whose cell bodies are located in the spinal cord and the brainstem. These so-called lower motor neurons directly communicate with muscle fibers through the neurotransmitter acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions. ... collected per day and mouse. The respiratory quotient was the ratio of CO2 production over O2 consumption. Electromyography Recordings were obtained with a standard electromyography apparatus (Dantec, Les Ulis, France), in accordance with the guidelines of the American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine. Mice were anesthetized as indicated above ... A, Lequeu T, Rene F, et al. (2013) Systemic Down-Regulation of Delta-9 Desaturase Promotes Muscle Oxidative Metabolism and Accelerates Muscle Function Recovery following Nerve Injury. PLoS ONE 8(6): e64525. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064525 Editor: Antonio Musaro, University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy Received January 28, 2013; Accepted April 16, 2013;
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Is there an association between traumatic dental injury and social capital, binge drinking and socioeconomic indicators among schoolchildren?

... DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0118484 February 26, 2015 5 / 12 Association between Traumatic Dental Injury and Social Capital Table 1. Distribution of 588 12-year-old students according to traumatic dental injury and independent variables, Brazil, 2014. Independent variables Traumatic dental injury Sex Male Female Overjet ≤ 5 mm > 5 mm Lip protection Adequate Inadequate Monthly ... preparation of the manuscript. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Results The prevalence of traumatic dental injury was 29.9% (176/588). Traumatic dental injury was more prevalent among male adolescents (p = 0.010), those with overjet greater than 5 mm (p < 0.001) and those with inadequate lip protection (p ... 1.93 PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0118484 February 26, 2015 1 / 12 Association between Traumatic Dental Injury and Social Capital (95% CI: 1.21–3.06), p = 0.005] remained significantly associated with traumatic dental injury. Conclusions The present findings suggest that a high level of total social capital and trust are not associated
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Does Dexpantenol Protect the Kidney from Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury?

... Anabilim Dalı, Aydın, Türkiye Abstract ObjectIves: Tissue injury occurs following reperfusion after creation of ischemia. Plenty of chemical agents have been shown to protect from such an injury. We planned to evaluate the protective effect of dexpanthenol (dxp) in ischemia-reperfusion injury. MaterIal and methods: 24 adult rats were used and divided ... scavengers to prevent reperfusion injury. J Surg Res 1991; 51: 60-65 2. Furuichi K, Gao JL, Murphy PM: Chemokine receptor CX3CR1 regulates renal interstitial fibrosis after ischemia-reperfusion injury. Am J Pathol 2006; 169: 372-387 3. Sadis C, Teske G, Stokman: Nicotine protects kidney from renal ischemia/reperfusion injury through the cholinergic ... Attenuation of reperfusion injury by renal ischaemic preconditioning: the role of nitric oxide. BJU Int 2000; 85: 1007-1013 15. Akgur FM, Kilinc K, Aktug T: Reperfusion injury after detorsion of unilateral testicular torsion. Urol Res 1993; 21: 395-399 16. Liu X, Chen H, Zhan B, Xing B, Zhou J, Zhu H, Chen Z: Attenuation of reperfusion injury by renal ischemic
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CRANIOROFACIAL AND HEAD INJURY MANAGEMENT :A RESIDENTS PERSPECTIVE

... abuse, and poor general condition and unknown pre-existing conditions. Indecisiveness is a hanging sword in the way of courage to face head injury and facial injury patients. The prognosis of head injury with facial injury patients depends largely on the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative care of the patient and decision making at the right ... ISSUE II CRANIOROFACIAL AND HEAD INJURY MANAGEMENT :A RESIDENTS PERSPECTIVE SURYAPRATAP SINGH TOMAR1 MOHAMMAD AKHEEL2 www.acofs.com ABSTRACT Everyday, men, women and children suffer head injuries. A car accident, a fall from height or sports injury can range in severity from concussion to coma. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) can be fatal,dangerous ... because of the little creeping knowledge gained from immediate www.acofs.com 19 ACOFS CRANIOROFACIAL AND HEAD INJURY MANAGEMENT - RESIDENT'S PERSPECTIVE VOL I ISSUE II seniors. There is no proper training of head injury management. The clerical filework and the overwork takes a toll on the residents ability. For residents working continuously
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Development of an Arthroscopic Joint Capsule Injury Model in the Canine Shoulder.

... joint capsule injury model in the canine shoulder using arthroscopy, without frank injury to the overlying rotator cuff tendons. We propose use of an all arthroscopic technique in order to minimize the extent of soft tissue injury PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0147949 January 25, 2016 2 / 15 Arthroscopic Joint Capsule Injury Model in ... injury presented herein has the potential to allow investigators to study the role of joint capsule injury, tendon/muscle unloading, and nerve injury? ??in isolation or combination—on the development of rotator cuff pathologies. The data reported here are intended to demonstrate technical feasibility and proof-ofconcept for an isolated joint capsule injury ... that an isolated joint capsule injury model will be associated with pathologic changes in the shoulder joint. We anticipate that a joint capsule injury model can be used in future studies to investigate biochemical and pathologic changes to the shoulder joint and rotator cuff in the setting of a long-standing rotator cuff injury that does not involve
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SB203580 Modulates p38 MAPK Signaling and Dengue Virus-Induced Liver Injury by Reducing MAPKAPK2, HSP27, and ATF2 Phosphorylation.

... which SB203580 protects against liver injury during DENV infection in vivo, within the complex immune response, need further investigation. Therefore, we further investigated the role of SB203580 in controlling the symptom of DENV-induced liver injury and clarified the molecular mechanism by which SB203580 controls liver injury in a Balb/c mouse model of ... a high viral load. The molecular mechanism of DENV-induced liver injury is still under investigation. The mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including p38 MAPK, have roles in the hepatic cell apoptosis induced by DENV. However, the in vivo role of p38 MAPK in DENV-induced liver injury is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the ... modulation of downstream signaling to p38 MAPK by SB203580 reduces the DENV-induced liver injury. Discussion Balb/c mice are susceptible to DENV infection and offer a convenient in vivo model of it [11– 13]. An intravenous injection of DENV was used to study liver injury in Balb/c mice [11–13] because it produces prominent symptoms compared to DENV-infected
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Myocardial Ablation of G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 2 (GRK2) Decreases Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury through an Anti-Intrinsic Apoptotic Pathway.

... at least after ischemic injury. Whether this is actually a GPCR-dependent process remains to be addressed. However it is clear that the loss of GRK2 expression can lead to increased Akt activation after I/R injury and this limits ischemic injury in the heart. It is well documented that Akt improves myocardial survival after I/R injury by inhibiting apoptotic ... of Cardiomyocyte GRK2 Reduces Post-I/ R Myocardial Injury To determine whether reduced GRK2 levels improve cardiac function by directly protecting heart against myocardial I/R injury PLOS ONE | www.plosone.org 4 June 2013 | Volume 8 | Issue 6 | e66234 Lowering GRK2 Protects Heart against I/R Injury Figure 4. Cardiac GRK2 KO Mice have Reduced ... GRK2 Protects Heart against I/R Injury Figure 3. Loss of Cardiac GRK2 Expression Improves Post-I/R Hemodynamic Function. (A) Representative original LV dP/dt data tracing acquired from a Sham animal. Data was recorded at baseline (B) and upon isoproterenol treatment (0.1–1.0 ng/mouse). (B–E) Hemodynamic data (mean6SEM) recorded B and after cumulative
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A rare cause of progressive paraparesis and urinary retention: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula- Case report

... retention and paraparesis after lifted a heavy object. Spinal magnetic resonance images (MRI) showed diffuse hyper intense lesion from midthoracic spinal cord segment to conus medullaris in T2A sequance. Spinal angiography revealed a long segmental dorsal AVF on the right side of T 7-8 level in spinal cord. Because of the low flow and a small AVF neurosurgical ... operation for spinal AVF. We should keep in mind spinal AVF, in which prognosis is well after prompt and appropriate theraphy, as a differential diagnosis in patients presented with progressive spinal symptoms. Key Words: Spinal arteriovenous fistula, progressive paraparesis, spinal angiography, urinary retention. GİRİŞ En sık karşılaşılan spinal arteriovenöz tümörler ... T4-12 seviyesinde spinal kordda diffüz sinyal artışı ve operasyona bağlı değişiklikler görülmekteydi (Resim III). TARTIŞMA Spinal arterio venöz fistüller tedavi edilmediği zaman önemli morbiditeye yol açabilen nadir görülen spinal vasküler malformasyondur. Bu patolojiyi anlamak için spinal kordun kanlanmasını iyi bilmek gerekir. Spinal kord, vertebral
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Abnormal chloride homeostasis in the substancia nigra pars reticulata contributes to locomotor deficiency in a model of acute liver injury.

... glycine were performed in the spinal cord of control and TAA-treated C57BL/6 mice (see Methods S3 and S4). Immunoreactivity for KCC2 (Figure S4) was found in the perikarya of the glycinergic neurons mainly at the spinal dorsal horn. It is worth noting that, after TAA injection, the intensity of KCC2 immunoreactivities in the spinal cord did not change significantly ... previous data the relative expression of KCC2 in the plasma membrane compared to cytoplasmic compartments was quantified by western blot in tissue obtained from the lumbar spinal cord of untreated control and TAA-treated transgenic mice (see Methods S1). TAA caused a significant reduction in the relative amount of plasmalemmal versus cytoplasmic KCC2 ... Li J-J, Ji R, Wei Y-Y, Chen J, et al. (2013) Abnormal Chloride Homeostasis in the Substancia Nigra Pars Reticulata Contributes to Locomotor Deficiency in a Model of Acute Liver Injury. PLoS ONE 8(5): e65194. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065194 Editor: Weidong Le, Baylor College of Medicine, Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, United States of America Received
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A brain-machine-muscle interface for restoring hindlimb locomotion after complete spinal transection in rats.

... locomotion (controllers) are located in the spinal cord, rather than in the cortex [34]. After spinal transection, the efferent copy from these limb controllers (spinal network) could not reach the brain [35]. Nonetheless, the identification of different locomotive states (standing vs. walking) after spinal cord transection could still be utilised for ... Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 72: 119–121. 4. Waters RL, Adkins RH, Yakura JS (1991) Definition of complete spinal cord injury. Paraplegia 29: 573–581. 5. Fouad K, Pearson K (2004) Restoring walking after spinal cord injury. Progress in Neurobiology 73: 107–126. 6. Hochberg LR, Serruya MD, Friehs GM, Mukand JA, Saleh M, et al. (2006) Neuronal ... healthy and spinal subjects. (A) Spike rate of 12 cortical neurons from a single rat recording during walking on a treadmill before spinal cord transection (SCT). The top panel illustrates the time raster of each unit, and the bottom panel illustrates the total spike counts per 50 ms time bin. (B) Spike rate of eight cortical neurons recorded from a
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Using of Tendinous Plasty in Treatment of Patients with Flexor Tendons of 2–5 Fingers Injury in “Critical” Zone

... M.A. Shcerbakov, A.V. Zaretskov, et al. Using of Tendinous Plasty in Treatment of Patients with Flexor Tendons of 2–5 Fingers Injury in “Critical” Zone. Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research, 2009, vol. 5, № 2, p. 248–250. Injury of both superficial and deep tendons of fingers flexors needs to carry out tendinous plasty with excision of distal ... кафедра травматологии и ортопедии, кандидат медицинских наук. E-mail: obeydik@yandex.ru USING OF TENDINOUS PLASTY IN TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH FLEXOR TENDONS OF 2–5 FINGERS INJURY IN “CRITICAL” ZONE O.V. Beidik — Saratov State Medical University, Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Professor, Doctor of Medical Science; M.A. Shcerbakov —
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ACCUMULATION OF SELECTED METALS IN UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD OF NULLIPAROUS AND MULTIPAROUS WOMEN AND CORRELATION WITH THE NEWBORN´S PARAMETERS

... and iron in umbilical cord blood of the newborns depending on the number of pregnancies. It was established correlations between average concentrations these metals in cord blood and newborn’s parameters. The study material was collected immediately after delivery from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Bytom. The cord blood was taken from ... umbilical cord blood than in multiparous mothers. It was noted some statistically significant correlation between iron, copper and newborn’s 358 JMBFS / Kozikowska et al. 2012: 2 (1) 358-367 parameters. Parity influences the concentration of cadmium in umbilical cord blood with higher level found in multiparous women. Average content of iron in cord ... analyzed metals in umbilical cord blood, was noticed, that contents of Cd, Mg, Cu and Fe were disparate. We did not find statistically significant differences between the average contents of Mg, Fe and Cu in the umbilical cord blood of newborns depending on the number of pregnancies. The contents of cadmium in umbilical cord blood are lower in nulliparous
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The effects of backward adjustable thoracic support in wheelchair on spinal curvature and back muscle activation for elderly people.

... outcomes for persons with recent spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85: 1146–1150. PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0113644 November 26, 2014 12 / 14 Backward Adjustable Thoracic Support 19. Hastings JD, Fanucchi ER, Burns SP (2003) Wheelchair configuration and postural alignment in persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil ... was set at P,0.05. Results All the participants completed the spinal curvature and back muscle activation measurements using the experimental wheelchair in the SS, NS, LSS, and BTS postures. None reported adverse reactions to the experimental protocol. Spinal Curvature The results of the spinal curvature measurements are shown in Figure 5. In contrast ... postures until they could easily perform all of them. The posture test sequence was randomized, and each sitting posture was maintained for 5 seconds. Spinal Curvature Measurement Spinal curvature was recorded by using an ultrasound-based motion analysis system (CMS20S Measuring System; zebris Medical GmbH, Isny im Allga¨u, Germany). It has shown high
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SEGMENTS OF SPINAL CORD HARBORING MOTOR NEURON SOMATA OF RADIAL NERVE OF RABBIT

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