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Red Algae

Amyloid β levels in human red blood cells.

... therapeutic application of astaxanthin as an Ab-lowering agent in RBCs could be considered as a possible anti-dementia agent. Trial Registration: Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN42483402 Citation: Kiko T, Nakagawa K, Satoh A, Tsuduki T, Furukawa K, et al. (2012) Amyloid b Levels in Human Red Blood Cells. PLoS ONE 7(11): e49620. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0049620 Editor: ... supplementation period (weeks zero and 12), blood samples were collected from the subjects. From the blood samples, RBC and plasma were prepared, and their PLOOH and antioxidants (carotenoids and tocopherols) were measured by HPLC techniques [9,12–16]. Discussion The brain is generally regarded as the origin of the Ab that is deposited in plaques of AD ... were compared using Student’s t-test or Welch’s t-test for equal or unequal variances; the Mann-Whitney U test was used when the distribution was skewed. For correlation analysis, Pearson’s correlation coefficient test for normal data or Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient test for nonparametric data was used. A difference was considered significant
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System responses to equal doses of photosynthetically usable radiation of blue, green, and red light in the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum.

... organellar functions to the new light conditions [16]. The reduction/oxidation (redox) state of certain electron transport chain (ETC) components and redox-active soluble compounds have been found to function as signaling parameters involved in adjustment of the photosystem stoichiometry in plants and algae [17, 18, 19, 20, 21]. Several other plastidial signals ... LHCR: red algal-like proteins; LHCX: LI818-like proteins; LHCZ: unknown function antenna protein, LHC#: LHCY proteins, previously unclassified light harvesting proteins, numbers refer to protein ID in JGI; PSB: PSII proteins; PETH: Ferredoxin-NADP reductase; HCF: high Chl fluorescence; FTSH: Filamentation temperature sensitive H; GLRXC: glutaredoxin; ... RL, compared with the other wavebands. ROS scavenging system genes were boosted in blue light while remaining at dark-level in green and red light. Photosynthetic organisms have developed efficient scavenging systems to handle ROS generated by the light reactions of photosynthesis [57, 58, 59]. The genes encoding peroxiredoxin Q (PRXQ), glutaredoxin
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How does a carnivore guild utilise a substantial but unpredictable anthropogenic food source? Scavenging on hunter-shot ungulate carcasses by wild dogs/dingoes, red foxes and feral cats in south-eastern Australia revealed by camera traps.

... activity occurred after dusk and before dawn. Neither wild dogs nor foxes remained at carcasses for long periods and the amount of feeding activity by either species was a less important predictor of the loss of edible biomass than season. Reasons for the low impacts of wild dogs and foxes on sambar deer carcass biomass include the spatially and temporally unpredictable distribution ... species and the suppression of smaller carnivores (‘mesopredators’), both of which may influence ecosystem structure and function [124]. Where carnivores and humans overlap, carnivores may kill humans and humans may kill carnivores [4,5]. Another impact of carnivores on humans is predation on livestock reducing the economic viability of farming enterprises ... dogs was expected to result in reduced activity of wild dogs and increased activity of foxes at deer carcasses at the farm-forest interface (i.e. spatial partitioning). We predicted that there would be temporal partitioning of feeding at carcasses, with foxes avoiding wild dogs and feral cats avoiding foxes. We also predicted that carcasses would remain
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ASSOCIATION OF TRYPANOSOME INFECTION WITH SPERM ANTIBODIES PRODUCTION IN RED SOKOTO (MARADI) GOATS

... collected from adult male goats (bucks) of the Red Sokoto (Maradi) breed at diagnostic laboratories in the subhumid south western parts of Nigeria were used for this study. The sera were stored in deep freezer at -20oC until used for sperm antibody 30 31 antibodies. The results of the trypanosome screening were compared to the results of the sperm antibody assay. Statistical ... antibodies compared to 222(37.88%) that were negative, whereas in the group of 435 goats that was negative for trypanosome infection, 118(27.13%) were positive for sperm antibodies compared to 317(72.87%) that were negative. In the group that were positive for sperm antibodies (482 goats), 364(75.52%) were positive for trypanosome infection compared to 118(24.48%) ... 7.6 at 250C) and 3% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The slides were washed in PBS, mounted in 10% glycerol in PBS, covered with cover slip and examined under a light microscope. Slides showing dark-brown staining of the sperm membrane were considered positive for sperm INTRODUCTION Goats are among the important domestic farm animals in the world (Lloyd, 1982).
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Successful implementation of a packed red blood cell and fresh frozen plasma transfusion protocol in the surgical intensive care unit.

... protocol and were required to be stored and subsequently disposed of in a HIPAA compliant manner (as they were not official parts of the patients chart) after weekly review by the ICU performance group. Feedback was given to those physicians who tried to order blood off protocol, as well as nursing staff who administered the blood ordered off protocol. Future ... The mean per patient units transfused for PRBC (0.7 vs. 1.2, p = 0.03) and FFP (0.3 vs. 1.2, p = 0.007) units were lower in the POST compared to the PRE cohort (Table 2). This represents a 41% reduction of PRBC and 75% reduction of FFP units transfused per patient, adjusted for patient volume differences, between the PRE and POST periods. After excluding ... Implementation of a Transfusion Protocol Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. units transfused per patient were lower for both packed red blood cells (0.7 vs. 1.2, p=0.03) and fresh frozen plasma (0.3 vs. 1.2, p=0.007) in the POST compared to the PRE cohort, respectively. There was no difference in inpatient mortality
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Red cell distribution width in relation to incidence of stroke and carotid atherosclerosis: a population-based cohort study.

... distribution width (RDW) describes the variation in red blood cell size (anisocytosis), and is routinely used in the clinical work-up of anemia. Red cell distribution width can be increased in conditions causing a higher proportion of either large or small red blood cells, compared to the individual’s average red cell volume.[1] Increased RDW has been associated ... The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Conclusions Red cell distribution width in the highest quartile was associated with increased incidence of total stroke and cerebral infarction. There was no significant association between RDW and incidence of intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage. Introduction The red blood cell distribution ... examination, height, weight, and waist circumference were measured with standard methods. Blood pressure was measured after 10 minutes of rest in the supine position. Information about physical activity, use of tobacco and alcohol, medical history, and current medication was assessed in a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was handed out at
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Temporal physiological and biochemical changes in Hippeastrum vittatum ‘Red Lion’ bulbs stored at different temperatures

... soluble sugar content of exterior scale and interior scale of H. vittatum ? ?Red Lion’ bulb stored at different temperatures 117 Maejo Int. J. Sci. Technol. 2014, 8(02), 114-121 Figure 2. Changes in starch content of exterior scale and interior scale of H. vittatum ? ?Red Lion’ bulb stored at different temperatures Starch degradation and α-amylase activity ... 114-121 Figure 4. Changes in soluble protein content of exterior scale and interior scale of H. vittatum ? ?Red Lion’ bulb stored at different temperatures CONCLUSIONS Temperature and storage time induce the biochemical changes in the bulb of Hippeastrum vittatum ? ?Red Lion’. Starch concentrations in both the interior and exterior scales decrease with storage time ... vittatum, ? ?Red Lion’ bulbs, low-temperature sweetening, α-amylase activity, bulb dormancy ________________________________________________________________________________ INTRODUCTION Hippeastrum vittatum Herbert inhabits the lightly-forested Bolivian slopes at 610-1830 m, where conditions are cool and shady. It has 2-6 large, white-and -red striped,
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Glycogen and glucose metabolism are essential for early embryonic development of the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum.

... ovarioles also appear reduced when compared to the control, although the germarium in some ovarioles seem not to be affected like in B’. (B’) Arrowheads highlights the germarium in Tc-HexA1 dsRNA ovaries, which appears similar to the control in some ovarioles. (C) Tc-HexA1 dsRNA injection largely reduces oviposition when compared to the WT. (D) Analysis ... Hexokinase A1 (Tc-HexA1) and 778 bp for Tc-GSK-3. For Tc-HexA1 the dsRNA construct cover the 4711192 nucleotide positions of a predicted transcript of 1434 bp. For Tc-GSK-3 the dsRNA construct cover the 406-1184 nucleotide positions of a predicted transcript of 1485 bp. Unrelated dsRNA (LacZ) was used as a negative control during injections. Another construct ... NAD+ and 2 mM glucose. Hex catalytic activity was measured by adding Leuconostoc mesenteroides glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (Sigma-Aldrich Chemicals) (Worthington Code: ZF or ZFL) dissolved at a concentration of 1 UI/mL in the above Tris-MgCl2 buffer [40]. The production of b-NADH was monitored at 340 nm in a Shimadzu spectrophotometer using a molar
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Transcranial red and near infrared light transmission in a cadaveric model.

... infrared light. The penetrance of near infrared and red light through human blood was measured in petri dishes. A Macam R203 Radiometer was fixed in place 1.84 cm above a non-mobile Omnilux New-U hand held light source. The passage of red light and near infrared light across this distance was measured. Then, the penetration of red light and near infrared ... vivo penetration of near infrared and red light through human tissue, the penetrance through two human hands was measured. First, the passages of near infrared and red light across 25 mm and 30 mm were measured. Following this, the passage of near infrared and red light across two different hands at midpalm level was measured. The first hand was 25 mm in ... the infrared spectrum, there are five distinct categories: near infrared (IR-A, 750–1400 nm), shortwavelength infrared (IR-B, 1.4–3 micrometers (mm)), mid-wavelength infrared (IR-C, 3–8 mm), long-wavelength infrared (also referred to as IR-C, 8–15 mm), and far infrared region (15 mm to 1 mm) [2]. Recent studies have suggested the use of infrared light
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Combined Value of Red Blood Cell Distribution Width and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events Risk Score for Predicting Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

... with the GRACE risk scoring system is better able to predict future cardiovascular events in patients with ACS as compared to the use of either measure alone [4–7]. Recently, considerably large clinical datasets have found that increased red blood cell distribution width (RDW) was a strong independent predictor of cardiovascular events in patients with ... (0.352, p < 0.001) and the integrated discrimination (0.023, p = 0.002) of subjects compared to GRACE score system (Table 5). These results revealed that the predictive value of adding RDW to the GRACE score was superior to the predictive value of the GRACE score alone in predicting MACEs. Discussion The prognostic value of GRACE risk score for making treatment ... long-term cardiovascular events in ACS patients who underwent PCI as compared to each measure alone. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0140532 October 15, 2015 1 / 13 RDW and GRACE Score for Predicting MACEs in ACS Introduction Accurate risk stratification of patients
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Red Queen Processes Drive Positive Selection on Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) Genes.

... arms race (Red Queen process). Our simulations revealed that levels of MHC polymorphism were high and driven mostly by the Red Queen process at a high pathogen mutation rate, but were low and driven mostly by heterozygote advantage when the pathogen mutation rate was low. We found that novel mutations at ABSs are strongly favored by the Red Queen process, ... the MHC: heterozygote advantage and host-pathogen coevolution (Red Queen process), following the framework of Ejsmond et al. [12]. Here we modeled four scenarios: Red Queen process and heterozygote advantage acting together (HA+RQ); heterozygote advantage without Red Queen process (HA); the Red Queen process only (RQ); and, genetic drift as the only forceacting ... pathogen-derived antigens. In contrast, our simulations showed that novel mutations in MHC are strongly favored by frequency-dependent selection arising from hostpathogen coevolution (the Red Queen process), but not by heterozygote advantage. Our results challenge the predominating view on the processes driving the evolution of MHC genes. Introduction Major histocompatibility
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Polarisation in the auroral red line during coordinated EISCAT Svalbard Radar/optical experiments

... polarisation of the thermospheric atomic oxygen red line at 630 nm Correspondence to: M. Barthélémy (mathieu.barthelemy@obs.ujfgrenoble.fr) has been ignored in the geophysics field for fifty years. It has been recently re-investigated (Lilensten et al., 2006) and measured by Lilensten et al. (2008). The red line emission at 630 nm is due to the transition ... observations at KHO. 6 Discussion and conclusion In our first two articles (Lilensten et al., 2006, and Lilensten et al., 2008), we predicted and discovered that the auroral red line is partially polarised. We made some predictions and raised one possible artefact that could explain the polarisation measurement. This new set of observations fully confirms ... front lenses and band pass interference filters centred around 630.0 nm with a width of 1 nm. A linear polarisation filter rotates in front of the first channel referred to as the “polarised channel” with a 4.02 s period and with a sampling rate of 20 points per second. Since the polarisation is measured between 0 and 180 degrees, the time between two
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PRESENCE OF RED KNOT (CALIDRIS CANUTUS) IN ITE WETLANDS, TACNA, PERU

... (CALIDRIS CANUTUS) EN LOS HUMEDALES DE ITE, TACNA, PERÚ PRESENCE OF RED KNOT (CALIDRIS CANUTUS) IN ITE WETLANDS, TACNA, PERU Jhonson K. Vizcarra Av. 28 de Agosto 1645, Urb. Leoncio Prado, Tacna jhonsonvizcarra@yahoo.es The Biologist (Lima), 10 (1), jan-jun: 76-78. ABSTRACT The presence of Red Knot (Calidris canutus, Linnaeus 1758) in Ite Wetlands, Tacna, ... las aves en los Humedales de Ite, suroeste del Perú. Boletín Chileno de Ornitología, 14: 59-80. Vizcarra, J. K. 2010. Nuevos registros ornitológicos en los Humedales de Ite y alrededores, Tacna, Perú. The Biologist (Lima), 8: 1-20. Vizcarra, J. K.; Hidalgo, N. & Chino, E. 2009. Adiciones a la avifauna de los Humedales de Ite, costa sur de Perú. Revista
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Survey of Red Fluorescence Proteins as Markers for Secretory Granule Exocytosis.

... statistical significance using Students t-test for two-tailed, paired or unpaired samples, as appropriate. SigniFIcant difference is indicated by asterisks (Ãp < 0.05, ÃÃp < 0.01, ÃÃÃp < 0.001). Results Brightness and bleaching of red fluorescent granule markers We targeted a panel of ten red FPs or EGFP/pHluorin to insulin granules with the goal of ... neuronal exocytosis. However, red FP’s were originally developed to lack the often undesirable pH dependence [5,38,67], although some pH dependent variants have appeared (mOrange, mApple) [5]. Only recently, several novel pH-sensitive red FP’s have been specifically developed for imaging of endo- and exocytosis, including pHred [42], pHtomato [43] and ... red FPs and 491 nm (10 mW) for green FPs present throughout. The two color channels (Figs 3 and 4) were acquired sequentially, first with cells exposed to 491 nm (1 mW) for 1 s (50x20 ms average), immediately followed by 561 nm (0.5 mW) for 100 ms. In Fig 5 excitation was 100 ms per frame in stream mode at 561 nm (0.2 mW; 0.5 mW for NPY-pHuji) for red
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Ratiometric analysis of fura red by flow cytometry: a technique for monitoring intracellular calcium flux in primary cell subsets.

... that are unaffected by changes to Fura Red emission following calcium flux. Primary human T cells were loaded with Fura Red, AM, stimulated with ionomycin, and changes to mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) over time was measured on all available channels on an LSRII SORP. Ratiometric detection of Fura Red was monitored off the Violet and Green lasers, ... analysis of Fura Red was measured by excitation by the Violet laser (406 nm) and the Green laser (532 nm). Emission was detected by two different filter sets: increases in emission were monitored off the Violet laser (630LP and 660/20 BP), while a decrease in emission was detected off the Green laser (685LP and 710/50 BP). The ratiometric, ‘Fura Red Ratio’ ... Calibration was performed using CaliBRITE Beads (BD, CA, USA). Stimulant was prepared at 10X the final desired concentration in HEPES Buffered Saline Solution. Background, non-specific calcium flux was recorded for 25 seconds; the sample was removed, 180 μl of cell suspension was transferred to 20 μl of 10X stimulant and immediately replaced for recording. Recording
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The competitor release effect applied to carnivore species: how red foxes can increase in numbers when persecuted

... hunting grounds where predator control was practised, the abundance of red fox was almost twice as high as in non–hunting areas (Beja et al., 2009), which appears to bear out Predictions 1 and 2. Moreover, other species of predators tended to be more abundant in uncontrolled areas, supporting Prediction 3 in our study. Similarly, predator control on badgers ... was maximal. Predictions of the theoretical model Based on the results of the numerical analysis and due to the CRE, we made the following set of three predictions: i) populations of red fox showing maximal abundances (or those of other generalist predators showing a high intrinsic growth rate) will be present in areas subjected to predator control ... data obtained in the field. In general, these predictions are based on the fact that red fox populations (in our case scenario) will increase or maintain their numbers despite the implementation of predator control efforts (Predictions 1 and 2), while other species of carni� vores will become less abundant (Prediction 3). It is expected that the most sensitive
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KINETIC MODELING AND ISOTHERM STUDIES ON A BATCH REMOVAL OF ACID RED 114 BY AN ACTIVATED PLANT BIOMASS

... mechanical shaker at 200 rpm for 24 h. The samples were filtered and rinsed with distilled water, until the pH was neutral. The treated material was dried in sunlight and sealed in plastic bags and stored in desiccators for further use. 2.3. Preparation of aqueous dye solutions The dye, Acid red 114(C37H28N4O10S3Na2), was purchased from Sigma-Aldrich ... coloured glass bottles. The physical and chemical characteristics of the dye were presented in Table 1. Table 1. Physico-Chemical Characteristics of the Dye. Generic Name Abbreviation Commercial name Dye type Chromophore Chemical formula Molar mass(g/mol) λ max(nm) Color Colour Index number Physical state C.I. Acid Red 114 AR 114 Acid Red 114 ... Anionic Diazo C37H28N4O10S3Na2 830 524 Dark red 23,635 Dry powder Journal of Engineering Science and Technology December 2013, Vol. 8(6) Kinetic Modeling and Isotherm Studies on A Batch Removal of Acid Red 114 781 2.4. Kinetic parameters The kinetic studies were conducted to estimate the contact time required for the attainment of equilibrium
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Viabilidade econômica da terminação de novilhos Nelore e Red Norte em confinamento na região de Lavras-MG .

... óxido crômico, foram coletadas amostras do volumoso e concentrado. Tabela 1 – Composição percentual da dieta, preços dos ingredientes na matéria seca e custo total da dieta fornecida. Ingredientes1 (%) Preço dos Ingredientes (R$) em kg de MS Sub-total Silagem de milho 50,0 0,15 0,08 Milho 23,0 0,44 0,10 Polpa Cítrica 11,5 ... respectivamente, para o grupo Red Norte) tiveram pouco impacto sobre o custo final da arroba, o que demonstra que em um sistema como este, o empresário deve se preocupar principalmente com os custos de alimentação e Tabela 2 – Renda Bruta, Custos de Produção e Indicadores Financeiros do confinamento de novilhos Red Norte e Nelore. Red Norte Nelore Especificação Total ... e 19,74/arroba para os animais Red Norte e Nelore, respectivamente. Os resultados negativos obtidos nessas condições ocorreram porque o custo operacional efetivo foi maior que o preço de venda da arroba. Em um cenário com a aquisição de animais a atividade de confinamento apresentou resíduo próximo de zero para o grupo Red Norte. A prática do confinamento
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Características andrológicas e do sêmen de touros do composto Red Norte (Nelore x Tabapuã x Red Angus x Sinepol).

... Med. Vet. Zootec., v.61, n.6, p.1297-1301, 2009 Características andrológicas e do sêmen de touros do composto Red Norte (Nelore x Tabapuã x Red Angus x Sinepol) [Andrological and semen characteristics of cross-bred Red Norte (Nelore x Tabapuã x Red Angus x Sinepol) young bulls] R.O.D.S. Rossi, J.B. Barreto Filho*, P.H.A. Carvalho, E. Lopes, T.M. Gonçalvez Universidade ... características seminais e a biometria testicular de touros jovens do composto Red Norte (Nelore x Tabapuã x Red Angus x Sinepol) e avaliar o estádio de desenvolvimento sexual desses animais. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS Foram utilizados 70 tourinhos do composto Red Norte (Nelore x Tabapuã x Red Angus x Sinepol) em fase final de prova de ganho de peso, classificados ... puberdade ABSTRACT Reproductive traits of cross-breed Red Norte (Nelore x Tabapuã x Red Angus x Sinepol) young bulls averaging of 13.9±0.8 month-old were evaluated, in order to determine the puberty onset and semen quality in these animals. Scrotal circumference (SC), body weight (BW), and semen parameters of 70 bulls were measured. Animals were allotted in three groups
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Paralytic shellfish poisoning (Red Tide)

... effects of red tide. This initiative includes even the participation of fishing cooperatives and fishermen's unions. (Source: Boletín EpidemiológicoNacional Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare, Guatemala, Vol. 24, 1989.) Editorial Note Red tide is the popular term for sudden abundant growth of unicellular organisms in the sea. Red tides are ... positive for saxitoxins in concentrations of over 10,000 mouse units/100g. In Mexico 99 cases were registered, four of which died. In Guatemala, despite preventive measures, 7 cases of poisoning were reported in Las Lisas, Santa Rosa, all of which recovered without sequelae. In all the countries of the isthmus the population had been alerted; in Guatemala ... them. The toxic dinoflagellates include the following genera: Gonyaulax, Protogonyaulax, Ptysodiscus, and Pyrodinium. Red tides are not necessarily toxic, nor do they always stain the water around them. When it occurs as a natural phenomenon, red tide also incurs heavy economic losses. There can be mass mortality in fish and other marine species. It is necessary
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Red Regional Colaborante en Epidemiología Ambiental

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Calidad de la baciloscopia de esputo en la red de laboratorios de la Argentina

... efficiency of the country’s laboratories. RE SUMO QUALIDADE DA BACILOSCOPIA DE ESPUTO NA REDE DE LABORA’TÓRIOS DA ARGENTINA tl w -4 . s sv 8 8 .2 $ Cr, 3 G 4 632 Em 1983 realizou-se na Argentina urna pesquisa sobre os exames baciloscópicos de esputo que se praticam na rede de laboratórios do pa&. Seu objetivo era conhecer a qualidade dos exames para o ... programa internacional para conocer ’ Instituto Nacional de Epidemiología “Emilio Coni”. Dirección postal: Casilla de Correo 106, 3000 Santa Fe, Argentina. la calidad de las redes de laboratorios de tuberculosis en América Latina y el Caribe. El mismo fue coordinado por el Centro de Laboratorios para el Control de Enfermedades de Ottawa y, en la Argentina, ... el Instituto Nacional de Epidemiología “Emilio Coni” de Santa Fe (1). Su objetivo fue conocer la calidad actual de los exámenes baciloscópicos de esputo que se practican en la red de laboratorios de la Argentina, relacionar la calidad técnica con los antecedentes de supervisión, motivar a los responsables de programas para que establezcan sistemas permanentes
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La Red Internacional de Epidemiología Clínica

... débiles desde el punto de vista académico, faltos de prestigio, ajenos a la corriente principal de actividad médica y, a menudo, de no ser pertinentes. La Red Internacional de Epidemiología Clínica La Red Internacional de Epidemiología Clínica (INCLEN), fundada en Honolulú, Hawai, en febrero de 1983, difiere en concepto y organización de los dos intentos ... país será medido por la manera en que trata a sus ciudadanos y a los demás países. La epidemiología, en convicción y práctica, es la clave de la justicia social universal. La Red Internacional de Epidemiología Clínica Antecedentes Los logros alcanzados en las investigaciones biomédicas y psicosociales han suscitado nuevas esperanzas; sin embargo, muchos ... entre los clínicos y los epidemiólogos. En la INCLEN se usan como modelo las estrategias iniciadas por Abraham Flexner para introducir las ciencias naturales en la medicina. La Red procura incorporar a la corriente principal de la medicina científica las ciencias basadas en la población, cuyo prototipo en la medicina es la epidemiología, y formar miembros
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Distribution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers in blood donors of 13 Western Hemisphere countries: proceedings of the Red Cross Latin American hepatitis B workshop

... results of that study. Introduction and the American Red Cross Blood Services Laboratories on 19-20 May 1977. The workshop, which was held at the University The Red Cross Latin American Hepatitis of Puerto Rico, fulfilled two primary obB Workshop was sponsored by the Puerto Rican chapter of the American Red Cross jectives. The first was that of demonstrating ... methqds used to detect hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in blood. The second was that of ‘Until her death, American Red Cross Blood Services Laboratories, Bethesda, Md., United States. defining the magnitude of the hepatitis B %uezo Rico Red &o&Blood Service, -San Juan; problem among donor populations of the Puerto Rico. various participating countries and ... Bull PanAm Health Organ 14(l), 1980 DISTRIBUTION OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS (HBV) M.ARKF.RS IN BLOOD PROCEEDINGS OF DONORS OF 13 WESTERN HEMISPHERE COUNTRIES: THE RED CROSS LATIN AMERICAN HEPATITL5 B WORKSHOP S. Mazzur,’ N. Nath,’ C. Fang,’ M. J. Bastiaans,l J. L. Molinaris,2 M. S. Beker G.,4 E. A. Brunings, 5 A.R.E. Cameron,6 V. Farrell,” 0.
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NIH concensus statement on perioperative red cell transfusions

... Estado de SBo Paulo. Folleto No. 80, 1986. 6. Boletims de ProduqZolCIS. Secretaria de Satide de SBo Paulo, 1986. 444 NIH Consensus Statement on Perioperative Red Cell Transfusions Transfusion of red blood cells is a lifesaving measure in the management of a variety of medical and surgical conditions. The AIDS epidemic has recently raised levels of apprehension among health ... protozoans such as babesia and plasmodia. Therefore, the number of transfusions should be kept to a minimum. Although ways are being found to make red cell transfusions safer, transfusions should not be considered substitutes for good surgical and anesthetic techniques. Progress in anesthesia has allowed more time for surgeons to be fastidious about controlling bleeding, ... some applications. ln addition, pharmacological approaches to reducing the need for transfusion are promising. For example, bleeding may be controlled more effectively with the use of desmopressin (a synthetic analog of vasopressin), and use of recombinant erythropoietin (r-HuEPO) to stimulate red cell production may increase the amount of blood available
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