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Physical Fitness

Study of dynamics of level of physical preparedness of students.

... dynamics of level of physical preparedness of students. The dynamics of level of physical preparedness of students is studied in the article. A tendency is marked to the decline of level of physical preparedness of students of 1-3 courses. Methodical recommendations are presented on the improvement of the system of organization of physical education of ... national university. The dynamics of indexes of physical preparedness of students 1, 2, 3 courses of different years of teaching is studied. Principal reasons of decline of level of physical preparedness of students are certain. There are recommendations the department of physical education in relation to physical preparedness of students. студенты, ... часи кількість публікацій з вивчення проблеми організації фізичного виховання студентів ВНЗ зросла, проте залишається багато наукових і © Коваленко Ю.О., 2010 56 dynamics, physical практичних питань, вирішення яких може мати суттєве значення для розуміння механізмів підвищення рівня здоров’я юнаків та дівчат, і як наслідок рівня їх фізичної підготовленості. Робота
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THE CONSTRUCTION OF PHYSICAL REHABILITATION PROGRAMS IN THE PREOPERATIVE PERIOD FOR PATIENTS THAT WILL REMOVE OF INTERVERTEBRAL DISC’ PROLAPSE IN THE LUMBAR SPINE

... THE CONSTRUCTION OF PHYSICAL REHABILITATION PROGRAMS IN THE PREOPERATIVE PERIOD FOR PATIENTS THAT WILL REMOVE OF INTERVERTEBRAL DISC’ PROLAPSE IN THE LUMBAR SPINE Lazarieva Elena1, Kormiltsev Vladimir1, Prusik Krzysztof2, Cieślicka Mirosława3 National University on Physical Education and Sport of Ukraine 1 Academy of Physical Education and Sports, ... expand the range of physical activity of patients after surgery and reduce the risk of neurological complications. Stabilization of the lumbar spine was performed on the basis of the formation of a new motor stereotype, precluding bending, straightening of the lumbar spine in all planes, as well as twisting, by performing a set of physical exercises ... the preoperative period in patients with low back pain aimed at the removal of intervertebral disc herniations. References: 1 Chevan J., Clapis P. Physical Therapy Management of Low Back Pain (Contemporary Issues in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Medicine). Burlington, JBLearing, 2011, 22 p. 2 Dagenais S., Haldeman S. Evidence-Based Management of Low
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Selective effect of physical fatigue on motor imagery accuracy.

... was to examine the effect of physical fatigue occurring during an intense sport training session on MI ability. We postulated that MI quality might be affected by physical fatigue from which athletes do not recover rapidly. We further investigated the selective effect of physical fatigue on IVI and EVI, as we considered that physical fatigue might differently affect ... studies examining the effect of physical fatigue on subsequent motor imagery performance are sparse and yielded divergent findings. Here, we investigated whether physical fatigue occurring during an intense sport training session affected motor imagery ability. Twelve swimmers (nine males, mean age 15.5 years) conducted a 45 min physically-fatiguing protocol ... highly automated after physical rehearsal. We assessed MI accuracy using a validated set of psychometric, behavioral and physiological tests [39]. As expected, warm-up did not elicit physical fatigue based on moderate IHR increase and from self-reports, i.e. participants estimated that the warm-up was ‘‘very easy’’. In other words, the physical practice
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Use of outdoor games in physical rehabilitation of children with a cerebral paralysis.

... основной группы здоровья. Доказано, что специально организованные подвижные игры на занятиях содействуют росту этих показателей. Vindiuk P.A., Volkova S.S. Use of outdoor games in physical rehabilitation of children with a cerebral paralysis. We considered the estimation of energy in children’s organism with cerebral paralysis. 16 children of secondary school
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The effect of aquatic plyometric training with and without resistance on selected physical fitness variables among volleyball players

... Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® - JPES, 11(2), Art # 31, pp.205-210, 2011 E- ISSN 2066-2483 P-ISSN 1582-8131 © JPES Original Article The effect of aquatic plyometric training with and without resistance on selected physical fitness variables among volleyball players K. KAMALAKKANNAN1 , DR. KAUKAB AZEEM2, DR. C. ARUMUGAM3 1 Director of Physical ... 2011) ES Abstract The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of aquatic plyometric training with and without the use of weights on selected physical fitness variables among volleyball players. To achieve the purpose of these study 36 physically active undergraduate volleyball players between 18 and 20 years of age volunteered as participants. The participants were ... ARUMUGAM3 1 Director of Physical Education, Arunai Engineering College, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil nadu, India. 2Lecturer, Physical Education Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, S.A 3 Asst Prof Dept of sports coaching, Tamilnadu Physical Education and Sports University, Chennai, India. Published online:: June 30 2011 (Accepted for publication
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Cardiopulmonary fitness correlates with regional cerebral grey matter perfusion and density in men with coronary artery disease.

... associated with fitness at baseline and with greater fitness gains with exercise. This study identifies new neurobiological correlates of fitness and demonstrates the utility of multi-modal MRI to evaluate the effects of exercise in CAD patients. Citation: MacIntosh BJ, Swardfager W, Crane DE, Ranepura N, Saleem M, et al. (2014) Cardiopulmonary Fitness Correlates ... www.plosone.org 6 March 2014 | Volume 9 | Issue 3 | e91251 Fitness Correlates with Perfusion and Grey Matter 13. Ahlskog JE, Geda YE, Graff-Radford NR, Petersen RC (2011) Physical exercise as a preventive or disease-modifying treatment of dementia and brain aging. Mayo Clin Proc 86: 876–884. 14. Lee CD, Folsom AR, Blair SN (2003) Physical activity and stroke risk: a metaanalysis. ... provides complementary structural and perfusion findings, illustrating that CBF was uniquely associated with cardiopulmonary fitness in cortical structures like the sensorimotor and premotor cortices, as well as the anterior cingulate. By contrast, cardiopulmonary fitness was associated with increased GM density in subcortical structures, the hippocampus, caudate and temporal
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Genotype to phenotype mapping and the fitness landscape of the E. coli lac promoter.

... untangle. One approach is to measure the fitness of many different genotypes, and build a fitness landscape, a high dimensional map from genotype/phenotype to reproductive fitness. This concept was first introduced by Sewell Wright in 1932 [2]. Evolutionary dynamics and adaptation depend crucially on features of the fitness landscape, and many studies have ... sequences and their in vitro fitnesses, built a fitness landscape defined on different amino acids of certain HIV genes, and then investigated large scale properties of the ensuing Introduction Many aspects of evolution, such as selection, recombination, and speciation, depend on the relationships between genotype, phenotype, and fitness. These relationships ... still tricky, and only a few large fitness landscapes have been quantified. For example, Pitt et al. measured the fitness landscape of *107 RNA sequences with an in vitro selection protocol [23]. Similarly, Mora et al. studied frequencies of genetic sequences of IgM molecules in zebrafish B cells (which are related to fitnesses), but they imposed a translational
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Associations of sedentary behaviour, physical activity, blood pressure and anthropometric measures with cardiorespiratory fitness in children with cerebral palsy.

... cardiorespiratory fitness. Information is required about the association between habitual physical activity, sedentary behaviour and cardiorespiratory fitness in children with CP in order to optimise physical activity recommendations to increase and maintain fitness in children with CP. In the general population increased time in physical activity and ... levels of physical activity. Poor cardiorespiratory fitness may contribute to increased cardiometabolic risk. Purpose The aim of this study was to determine the association between sedentary behaviour, physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in children with CP. An objective was to determine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness, ... with cardiorespiratory fitness [13]. Only three studies have investigated the relationship between physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in children and adults with CP, respectively [14–16]. All three studies failed to find an association. This may be because total physical activity or total walking activity, rather than physical activity intensity
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Effectiveness of 14-15 years old tennis players’ competition functioning considering correction of their psychological fitness

... coordination skills. Physical Education of Students, 2014, vol.6, pp. 17-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2014.0604 17. Makuts TB, Vysochina NL. Factorial analysis of tennis players’ psychological and technical-tactic fitness at the stage of specialized basic training. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and ... author: Makuts T.B.; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2329-7527; tmakuts@mail.ru; Lvov State University of Physical Culture; Kostyushko str. 11, Lvov, 79007, Ukraine. Cite this article as: Makuts T.B. Effectiveness of 14-15 years old tennis players’ competition functioning considering correction of their psychological fitness. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 2015;10:39-44. ... EFFECTIVENESS OF 14-15 YEARS OLD TENNIS PLAYERS’ COMPETITION FUNCTIONING CONSIDERING CORRECTION OF THEIR PSYCHOLOGICAL FITNESS Makuts T.B. Lvov State University of Physical Culture Abstract. Purpose: to determination influence of individualized psychological training on effectiveness of 14-15 years old tennis players’
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Formation of personality’s acme-qualities as a component of physical education specialists’ acmeological competence

... ACME-QUALITIES AS A COMPONENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION SPECIALISTS’ ACMEOLOGICAL COMPETENCE Dereka T.Hr. Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University Abstract. Purpose: to determine characteristics of acme-qualities’ formation in physical education specialists and determine correlations between components. Material: in the research students of ? ?Physical education” specialty ... modern approaches to physical education specialists’ training on acme-principles. The author’s conception of physical education specialists’ continuous training on the base of acme-principles is realized in educational process of higher educational establishment. Professional training is oriented on formation of acme-competence of physical education specialists. ... acmeology of administrating and acmeology of higher education should be added. It is worth to mark out within professional acmeology such directions as sport and physical culture acmeology. In the center of physical culture acmeology there will be adult and mature person as well as dynamic of his (her) personality’s progress and growth as subject of professional
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Is physiological performance a good predictor for fitness? Insights from an invasive plant species.

... extend to estimates of fitness such as survival or fecundity, increased assimilation rates should confer an increased fitness. In natural populations, plant growth and other morphological traits have positive correlations with components of fitness [8-10]. Nonetheless, direct relationships between physiological traits and fitness are seldom found ... predictors for plant fitness. We suggest that rapid measurements, such as those obtained from the maximum quantum yield, could provide a straightforward proxy of individual’s fitness in changing environments. Citation: Molina-Montenegro MA, Salgado-Luarte C, Oses R, Torres-Díaz C (2013) Is Physiological Performance a Good Predictor for Fitness? Insights ... Chile Abstract Is physiological performance a suitable proxy of fitness in plants? Although, several studies have been conducted to measure some fitness- related traits and physiological performance, direct assessments are seldom found in the literature. Here, we assessed the physiology -fitness relationship using second-generation individuals of the
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Climate-relevant physical properties of molecular constituents relevant for isoprene-derived secondary organic aerosol material

... discussion paper is/has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP if available. Climate-relevant physical properties of molecular constituents relevant for isoprene-derived secondary organic aerosol material M. A. Upshur1, B. F. Strick1, V. F. McNeill2, R. J. Thomson1, and ... behalf of the European Geosciences Union. 17197 Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | ACPD 14, 17197–17223, 2014 Climate-relevant physical properties of molecular constituents M. A. Upshur et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions References Tables Figures Back Close Full ... decrease the overall aerosol surface tension and therefore influence their propensity to act as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Here, we synthesize and measure some climate-relevant physical properties of SOA particle constituents consisting of the isoprene oxidation products α-, δ-, and cis- and trans-β-IEPOX (isoprene epox10 ide), as well as syn- and anti-2-methyltetraol.
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THE MORPHOBATHYMETRIC FEATURES OF THE CUCIULAT LAKES (SĂLAJ COUNTY) AND THEIR WATERS’ PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

... bathymetry and also in some of their physical characteristics. The identification of the lakes’ morphobathymetric features and of the waters’ physical characteristics relied on measurements taken in the summer of 2009 (August 17). In the field, we used a Hannah HI 9828 multiparameter instrument to measure the waters’ physical characteristics and a GPS ... both natural and anthropic. 145 The determination of the lakes’ bathymetric elements and of their waters’ physical features was achieved on the basis of the measurements carried out on August 17, 2009. In order to measure the depth and the physical characteristics of the lakes’ waters we used a Hannah HI 9828 multiparameter instrument, and in order ... To capture the best possible spatial variation of the mentioned characteristics, we used interpolation as modeling method. Keywords: lake bathymetry, Cuciulat quarry, waters’ physical characteristics 1. Introduction The two lake units (Cuciulat I and Cuciulat II) are situated in the area of the lime quarry from Cuciulat, in between the localities
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Quantitative Analysis of Torso FDG-PET Scans by Using Anatomical Standardization of Normal Cases from Thorough Physical Examinations.

... RESEARCH ARTICLE Quantitative Analysis of Torso FDG-PET Scans by Using Anatomical Standardization of Normal Cases from Thorough Physical Examinations Takeshi Hara1*, Tatsunori Kobayashi1,2, Satoshi Ito3, Xiangrong Zhou1, Tetsuro Katafuchi4, Hiroshi Fujita1 1 Department of Intelligent Image Information, ... Hara T, Kobayashi T, Ito S, Zhou X, Katafuchi T, Fujita H (2015) Quantitative Analysis of Torso FDG-PET Scans by Using Anatomical Standardization of Normal Cases from Thorough Physical Examinations. PLoS ONE 10(5): e0125713. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0125713 Academic Editor: John A D Aston, University of Cambridge, UNITED KINGDOM Received: September
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Home free? The (After)Effects of Imprisonment on Women's Bodies, Physical and Mental Health and Identity

... Women’s Bodies, Physical and Mental Health and Identity Laura shantz & sylvie frigon Introduction The number of women imprisoned in Canada and elsewhere in the world has grown significantly in recent years.[1,2,3] As such, increasing numbers of women are exposed to carceral practices which rely on disciplinary routines to regulate physical activities, ... town square. The physical location of punishment has changed, as well as its ultimate goal, but punishments are still situated on the body, and continue to have real and lasting effects on prisoners’ corporeality. As forms of punishment changed, so too did individual responses to it. The condemned had no recourse in the face of early physical punishments; ... detrimental to an individual’s physical and mental health, it can provide a refuge for women who have been homeless, addicted to drugs or victimized. Prison provides a warm place to sleep and access to regular meals, medical services and dental care, all of which women might not have otherwise. The prison also protects women from the physical violence of families,
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Chikungunya viral fitness measures within the vector and subsequent transmission potential.

... apparent in these figures is the lack of any clear delineation in viral fitness among the genotype/sub-lineages of CHIKV. The scatter along the y-axis (proportion of tested mosquitoes reported with a disseminated infection) does not support the supposition of a significant increase in fitness of the ECSA-V sub-lineage in Ae. albopictus, nor does it indicate ... potential in the U.S. requires urgent assessment. The La Reunion-associated sub-lineage of chikungunya (with a valine substitution in the envelope protein) was shown to increase viral fitness in the secondary vector, Ae. albopictus. Subsequently, a majority of experimental and modeling efforts focused on this combination of a sub-lineage of the EastCentral-South ... to be largely overstated. However, there is strong evidence supporting the role of Ae. albopictus in the expansion of chikungunya that our R0 calculations cannot attribute to fitness increases in one vector over another. This suggests other ecological factors associated with the Ae. albopictus-ECSA-V cycle may drive transmission intensity differences.
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Using means and methods of general physical training in education of bowlers

... дитячо-юнацьких спортивних школах. засоби, методи, тренування, боулінг. Fanigina O.U. Using means and methods of general physical training in education of bowlers. There were discovered the main directions of bowlers education. The means and methods of physical education, which insure the formation of high quality moves being the part of main skill, are discovered. ... principles of choosing general developing exercises and main direction of influence on developing different abilities are represented. It’s created the scientific-methodic support of physical education in teaching-training process for children who play bowing in sport schools. means, methods, workouts, bowling. Введение. 1В последнее десятилетие уровень
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O fim da comida: suplementação alimentar e alimentação entre frequentadores assíduos de academias de musculação e fitness do Rio de Janeiro.

... comida O fim da comida: suplementação alimentar e alimentação entre frequentadores assíduos de academias de musculação e fitness do Rio de Janeiro The end of food: dietary supplementation and diet among avid members of workout and fitness centers in Rio de Janeiro César Sabino Professor visitante do Departamento de Políticas e Instituições de Saúde/Instituto ... alimentação entre frequentadores assíduos de academias de musculação e fitness do Rio de Janeiro. História, Ciências, Saúde – Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, v.17, n.2, abr.-jun. 2010, p.343-356. Resumo Aborda a singularidade alimentar de um grupo de frequentadores assíduos de academias e fitness da cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Destaca a relação do alimento ... the particular diet of a group of avid members of workout and fitness centers in Rio de Janeiro. It shows how diet is related to keeping in shape and to the prevailing type of sociability. Using direct and participatory ethnographic observation and open interviews, research was conducted at 12 fitness clubs on the North and South sides of Rio for three
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Physical characteristics of semen from male broiler breeders.

... Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec., v.53, n.6, p.683-685, 2001 COMUNICAÇÃO [Communication] Características físicas do sêmen de galos de matriz pesada com 35 e 68 semanas de idade [Physical characteristics of semen from male broiler breeders] J.M. Rocha Júnior¹, N.C. Baião² 1Rua Irmã Eufêmia, 549/102 31255-810 - Belo Horizonte, MG 2Escola de Veterinária
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Assessment of Myocardial Ischemia in Obese Individuals Undergoing Physical Stress Echocardiography (PSE).

... mortalidade. Abstract Background: Physical stress echocardiography is an established methodology for diagnosis and risk stratification of coronary artery disease in patients with physical capacity. In obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) the usefulness of pharmacological stress echocardiography has been demonstrated; however, has not been reported the use of physical stress ... group. Objective: To assess the frequency of myocardial ischemia in obese and non-obese patients undergoing physical stress echocardiography and compare their clinical and echocardiographic differences. Methods: 4,050 patients who underwent treadmill physical stress echocardiography were studied according to the Bruce protocol, divided into two groups: ... Committee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism. Obesity and cardio-vascular disease: pathophysiology, evaluation, and effect of weight loss: an update of the 1997 American Heart Association Scientific Statement on Obesity and Heart Disease from the Obesity Committee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism.
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Physical Stress Echocardiography: Prediction of Mortality and Cardiac Events in Patients with Exercise Test showing Ischemia.

... demonstrated the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of physical stress echocardiography in coronary artery disease. However, the prediction of mortality and major cardiac events in patients with exercise test positive for myocardial ischemia is limited. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of physical stress echocardiography in the prediction of ... is a retrospective cohort in which 866 consecutive patients with exercise test positive for myocardial ischemia, and who underwent physical stress echocardiography were studied. Patients were divided into two groups: with physical stress echocardiography negative (G1) or positive (G2) for myocardial ischemia. The endpoints analyzed were all-cause mortality ... independent predictors of mortality were: age, diabetes mellitus, and positive physical stress echocardiography (hazard ratio: 2.69; 95% confidence interval: 1.20 – 6.01; p = 0.016). The independent predictors of major cardiac events were: age, previous coronary artery disease, positive physical stress echocardiography (hazard ratio: 2.75; 95% confidence interval:
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Physical and psychological stress have similar effects on gastric acid and pepsin secretions in rat

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Obesity, diet, and physical activity

... term and that the promotion of healthy diet and physical activity should not exclusively focus on obesity control but on changing inadequate dietary and physical activity patterns, as well. Promotion of Physical Activity as an Everyday Lifestyle The New Paradigm in Physical Activity Promotion: Moderate Physical Activity 33. Sedentary lifestyles are not ... energy intake. Physical Inactivity 12. Physical activity, defined as “any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in a substantial increase over the resting energy expenditure,” ranges from the performance of occupational work and household chores to recreational physical activity, such as sports and exercise. Decreased physical activity ... from performing physically arduous tasks and otherwise discouraged simple activities such as walking, bicycle–riding, and stair– climbing. Moreover, leisure time is now increasingly dominated by television–viewing and other physically inactive choices. Social Class and Education 19. By adopting healthy dietary practices and engaging in more physically active living,
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Parenting and physical punishment: primary care interventions in Latin America

... regret after using physical punishment. They voiced concern that the results of physical punishment were unpredictable and could cause children to get “off track” when they reached adolescence. Why do parents use physical punishment? Parents cited frustration with children and irritation with partners as primary reasons they resorted to physical punishment. ... be physically punished. Providers at an urban clinic labeled any form of physical punishment as “aggression” that could generate a violent or rebellious response. Providers who supported physical punishment gave a variety of reasons, including their own experience as children. Like the parents, some felt that most people of their generation had been physically ... said they hit often or frequently. How strongly do parents endorse physical punishment? In the surveys and focus groups, parents consistently emphasized that with children they preferred using positive interactions (complements, rewards), explanations, and nonphysical punishments rather than physical punishment. As one parent from the more affluent of the
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The role of PAHO in housing and physical planning

... resources); and (3) Physical planning (introduced with the aim of improving the region’s physical infrastructure and manpower resources). Among the physical planning aspects covered is zoning of residential, industrial, agricultural, and recreational activities in accord with optimal use of water resources. The increased emphasis on physical planning ... is hampered by misconceptions. The other is rural development, where expertise in physical planning is very scarce. If institutional initiative is to improve health and general well-being, these two sides of the problem must be dealt with effectively. Both urban and rural physical planning are thus indispensable to any general program aimed at reconciling ... All three areas actually Maos . PAHO ROLE IN HOUSING AND PHYSICAL embrace large parts of the human habitat and so have an important bearing on health and well-being. They are, however, unique in the sense that they require an interdisciplinary approach in which matters of housing and physical planning play important roles. Metropolitan Planning Basically,
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