Long-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Metabolic Syndrome in Adults.
... Metabolic Syndrome Table 1. (Continued) Characteristic (%) MetS-Wa MetS-Ib MetS-Ac No MetSd 10-year NO2 (μg/m3) 29.9(11.4) 27.6(11.6) 27.5 (11.8) 27.2 (11.3) MetS-W: World Health Organization-deﬁned metabolic syndrome. MetS-I: International Diabetes Federation-deﬁned metabolic syndrome. MetS-A: Adult Treatment Panel III-deﬁned metabolic syndrome. ... DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0130337 June 23, 2015 7 / 19 Ambient Air Pollution and Metabolic Syndrome Fig 2. Effect modification by smoking status. MetS-W: Metabolic syndrome according to World Health Organization. MetS-I: Metabolic syndrome according to International Diabetes Federation. MetS-A: Metabolic syndrome according to Adult Treatment Panel-III criteria. Fully ... DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0130337 June 23, 2015 8 / 19 Ambient Air Pollution and Metabolic Syndrome Fig 3. Effect modification by diabetes status. MetS-W: Metabolic syndrome according to World Health Organization. MetS-I: Metabolic syndrome according to International Diabetes Federation. MetS-A: Metabolic syndrome according to Adult Treatment Panel-III criteria. Fully
IL-2 regulates SEB induced toxic shock syndrome in BALB/c mice.
... IL-2 Regulates SEB Induced Toxic Shock Syndrome in BALB/c Mice Aslam Ali Khan1*, Shilpee Priya2, Bhaskar Saha2 1 Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America, 2 National Centre for Cell Science, Pune, India Abstract Background: Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is characterized by fever, rash, hypotension, ... was recorded at different times. We tested Interleukin-12, IFNc, and IL-2 deficient mice (IL-22/2), but only the IL-2 deficient mice were resistant to SEB induced toxic shock syndrome. More importantly reconstitution of IL-2 in IL-2 deficient mice restored the shock. Interestingly, SEB induced IL-2 production from T cells was dependent on p38MAPK activation ... explored and it also shows that regulating macrophages function can regulate T cells and TSS. Citation: Khan AA, Priya S, Saha B (2009) IL-2 Regulates SEB Induced Toxic Shock Syndrome in BALB/c Mice. PLoS ONE 4(12): e8473. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0008473 Editor: Jacques Zimmer, Centre de Recherche Public de la Santé (CRP-Santé), Luxembourg Received
Differential selection on carotenoid biosynthesis genes as a function of gene position in the metabolic pathway: a study on the carrot and dicots.
... were shown to be of particular relevance for explaining the evolution of metabolic pathways: node connectivity and the position of the gene in the pathway or network. Enzymes acting directly downstream from metabolic nodes and therefore controlling metabolic allocation to subsequent metabolic branches are expected to experience more selective constraints than ... controlling metabolic fluxes and to their epistatic role on following steps of metabolic pathways, upstream 8 June 2012 | Volume 7 | Issue 6 | e38724 Selection in Carotenoid Biosynthesis Pathway high differentiation between color groups shown at CRTISO, LCYB1 and LCYE. Similarly, genes involved in channeling metabolic fluxes downstream from metabolic ... a Metabolic Node In addition to the upstream, central or downstream position of genes in the metabolic pathway, the position of the genes with respect to metabolic nodes has been postulated to influence their selection patterns . Our results in the cultivated carrot evidence particular signatures of selection in genes surrounding the lycopene, a metabolic
Circulating microRNAs in patients with Shiga-Toxin-producing E. coli O104:H4 induced hemolytic uremic syndrome.
... colitis associated with hemolytic–uremic syndrome (HUS) first developed in Northern Germany and spread to 15 other countries in Europe. The outbreak-strain O104:H4, which combined virulence factors of typical enteroaggregative and Shiga-Toxin–producing E. coli was associated with an unusual high rate of hemolytic uremic syndrome. Also an unexpected high rate ... (2009) Eculizumab for congenital atypical hemolyticuremic syndrome. N Engl J Med 360(5): 544–546. 17. Manuelian T, Hellwage J, Meri S, Caprioli J, Noris M, et al. (2003) Mutations in factor H reduce binding affinity to C3b and heparin and surface attachment to endothelial cells in hemolytic uremic syndrome. J Clin Invest 111(8): 1181–1190. 18. Stahl AL, ... dysfunction in patients with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome contributes to complement deposition on platelets and their activation. Blood 111(11): 5307–5315. 19. Thurman JM, Marians R, Emlen W, Wood S, Smith C, et al. (2009) Alternative pathway of complement in children with diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 4(12): 1920–1924. 20.
Síndrome de Sjögren: relato de caso = Sjögren’s syndrome: case report
... et al. Impact of sjögren’s syndrome on oral health-related quality of life in southern Chinese. J Oral Rehabil. 2004;31:653-9. 11. Fox, PC. Sjögren’s syndrome: a model for dental care in the 21st century. J Am Dent Assoc. 1998;129:719-28. 12. Boutsi EA, Paikos S, Dafni UG, et al. Dental and periodontal status of Sjogren’s syndrome. J Clin Periodontol. ... Sjögren’s Syndrome comprises abnormalities in several aspects of the body, including the saliva, which plays important roles in the physiology and biology of the human being. Therefore, the interdisciplinary management, with involvement of the surgeon dentist, is of extreme importance for the therapeutic success of this disease. KEY WORDS: SJÖGRENS’S SYNDROME/ THERAPY; MOUTH ... de Sjögren. Medellín (Colômbia): Corporación para Investigaciones Biológicas; 2001. 2. Al-hashimi I. The management of Sjögren’s syndrome in dental practice. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001;132:1409-17. 3. Thomas E, Hay EM, Hajeer A, et al. Sjögren’s syndrome: a community-based study of prevalence and impact. Br J Rheumatol. 1998;37:1069-76. 4. Neville BW, Allen CM, Damm
Impact of metabolic syndrome on the prognosis of ischemic stroke secondary to symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis in Chinese patients.
... Carotid atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease in the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes care 26: 1251–1257. 8. Bang O, Kim J, Lee J, Lee M, Lee P, et al. (2005) Association of the metabolic syndrome with intracranial atherosclerotic stroke. Neurology 65: 296–298. 9. Ovbiagele B, Saver JL, Lynn MJ, Chimowitz M (2006) Impact of metabolic syndrome on prognosis of symptomatic ... Giles WH, Dietz WH (2002) Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association 287: 356–359. Grundy S (2008) Metabolic syndrome pandemic. Arteroscler Thromb Vasc Biol 28: 8. Wu G, Wu Z, Liu J, Wang W, Zhao D, et al. (2002) The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a 11 provinces cohorts in China. ... 340–346. 13. Alberti K, Zimmet P, Shaw J (2006) Metabolic syndrome? ??a new world-wide definition. A Consensus Statement from the International Diabetes Federation. Diabetic Medicine 23: 469–480. 14. Grundy S, Cleeman J, Daniels S, Donato K, Eckel R, et al (2005) Diagnosis and Management of the Metabolic Syndrome: An American Heart Association/ PLOS ONE
Association of mast cell-derived VEGF and proteases in Dengue shock syndrome.
... Association of Mast Cell-Derived VEGF and Proteases in Dengue Shock Syndrome Takahisa Furuta1*, Lyre Anni Murao2, Nguyen Thi Phuong Lan3, Nguyen Tien Huy4, Vu Thi Que Huong3, Tran Thi Thuy5, Vo Dinh Tham6, Cao Thi Phi Nga6, Tran Thi Ngoc Ha4, Yasukazu ... Chi Minh City, and Vinh Long Province Hospital, Vietnam from 2002 to 2005. Study patients included 103 with Dengue fever (DF), Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), and Dengue shock syndrome (DSS), as diagnosed by the World Health Organization criteria. There were 189 healthy subjects, and 19 febrile illness patients of the same Kinh ethnicity. The levels ... markers of Dengue disease severity. Citation: Furuta T, Murao LA, Lan NTP, Huy NT, Huong VTQ, et al. (2012) Association of Mast Cell-Derived VEGF and Proteases in Dengue Shock Syndrome. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6(2): e1505. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001505 Editor: Maria G. Guzman, Tropical Medicine Institute Pedro Kourı́ (IPK), Cuba Received May 9, 2011; Accepted
A Case with Cramp-Fasciculation Syndrome
... cramp-fasciculation syndrome and Morvan syndrome. Cramp fasciculation syndrome indentifies a disorder characterized by a less prominent PNH than is shown in Isaac’s syndrome . These disorders may come from the effects of auto-antibodies against voltage gated potassium channels (VGKC). We presented a case diagnosed as cramp-fasciculation syndrome and discussed ... cramp-fasciculation syndrome. The aim of this paper was to present a rare case of cramp-fasiculation syndrome and discuss if the syndrome is benign or pioneer of a severe pathological process. Anahtar Kelimeler Kramp Fasikülasyon Sendromu; Periferik Sinir Hipereksitebilite; Fasikülasyon; Kramp; Isaac’s Sendromu Keywords Cramp Fasciculation Syndrome; Peripheral ...  defined the fasciculation-cramp syndrome as being characterized by cramps, fasciculation, and muscle aches which frequently become more intense with exercise, and which might be accompanied by muscle weakness and muscular atrophy. In 1978 Hudjon et al.  described this syndrome as muscular pain-fasciculation syndrome, whereas Blexrud et al. 
RESPIRATORY SYNDROME: A MAJOR THREAT TO THE LIVESTOCK FARMERS AND ITS ECONOMIC IMPACT
... Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad; Pakistan ABSTRACT Epidemiology of a respiratory syndrome was studied at Landhi Dairy Colony (LDC), Karachi, Pakistan and its economic impact was estimated. Among 5889 buffaloes examined, 2.3% animals were suffering from this syndrome. From some of the sick animals, Pasteurella multocida, the causative agent of ... present in LDC and other dairy colonies in Karachi were Rs. 225.6 and Rs. 1128.1 million, respectively. Key words: Respiratory syndrome, haemorrhagic septicemia, epidemiology, economic impact. INTRODUCTION Respiratory syndrome has emerged as a new health hazard, affecting cattle and buffaloes. It is progressively increasing in intensity particularly ... 189-193. Data analysis The data were analyzed by partial budget technique for assessment of financial losses due to respiratory syndrome at Landi Cattle Colony, Karachi (Ellis, 1993). RESULTS Animals suffering from respiratory syndrome showed clinical signs including high fever (upto 107°F) during initial stages of the disease, followed by normal or
Caloric restriction alters the metabolic response to a mixed-meal: results from a randomized, controlled trial.
... email@example.com Introduction Caloric restriction provides metabolic benefits in a variety of nonhuman animal species (reviewed in ). There is great interest in determining whether these metabolic benefits translate to humans and whether caloric restriction induces favorable changes in metabolic indicators of enhanced longevity. The NIHsponsored ... of longevity and metabolic adaptation, the secondary aims of CALERIE were to evaluate the impact of caloric restriction on risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. In this analysis of data from the Pennington-site CALERIE, we sought to understand if caloric restriction could improve metabolic flexibility. Metabolic flexibility ... indicator of (metabolic) health [2,3]. In its most general sense, metabolic flexibility refers to the efficient variation of energy substrate utilization depending on substrate availability and energy demand, or the capacity to adapt PLoS ONE | www.plosone.org 1 April 2012 | Volume 7 | Issue 4 | e28190 Calorie Restriction and Metabolic Response fuel
Age-related changes of adaptive and neuropsychological features in persons with Down Syndrome.
... ARTICLE Age-Related Changes of Adaptive and Neuropsychological Features in Persons with Down Syndrome OPEN ACCESS Citation: Ghezzo A, Salvioli S, Solimando MC, Palmieri A, Chiostergi C, et al. (2014) Age-Related Changes of Adaptive and Neuropsychological Features in Persons with Down Syndrome. PLoS ONE 9(11): e113111. doi:10.1371/journal.pone. 0113111 Editor: ... of Persons with Down Syndrome these signs can be alarm bells for incipient dementia, and that neuro-cognitive rehabilitation and psycho-pharmacological interventions must start as soon as the fourth decade (or even earlier) in DS persons, i.e. at an age where interventions can have the greatest efficacy. Introduction Down Syndrome (DS) is the most ... (ISOF), Bologna, Italy, 14. National Research Council of Italy, CNR, Institute of Molecular Genetics, Unit of Bologna, Bologna, Italy *firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract Down Syndrome (DS) is characterised by premature aging and an accelerated decline of cognitive functions in the vast majority of cases. As the life expectancy of DS persons is rapidly
Molecular fingerprint of high fat diet induced urinary bladder metabolic dysfunction in a rat model.
... HJ, Lee SW (2008) Bladder dysfunction in rats with metabolic syndrome induced by long-term fructose feeding. J Urol 179: 2470– 2476. 18. Lee WC, Chuang YC, Chiang PH, Chien CT, Yu HJ et al. (2011) Pathophysiological studies of overactive bladder and bladder motor dysfunction in a rat model of metabolic syndrome. J Urol 186: 318–325. 19. Rahman NU, Phonsombat ... compared to chow diet. We primarily focused on metabolic alterations in the bladder tissue of obesity rat model. Moreover, the pathophysiology of obesity related bladder dysfunctions is multifactorial, including neuronal, urothelial, and detrusor smooth muscle alterations . Therefore, general alterations in metabolic conditions may be a key event in ... Therefore, general alterations in metabolic conditions may be a key event in the induction of bladder dysfunction. Urinary bladder dysfunction has been studied in rats with metabolic syndrome previously [17–19]. Interestingly, obesity but not diabetes alone impaired voiding function in female rats. Voiding dysfunction such as voiding frequency, residual
Relationships between inflammation, adiponectin, and oxidative stress in metabolic syndrome.
... key feature of a cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome. Diabetologia 34: 416–422. 3. Ford ES, Giles WH (2003) A comparison of the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome using two proposed definitions. Diabetes Care 26: 575–581. 4. Park YW, Zhu S, Palaniappan L, Heshka S, Carnethon MR, et al. (2003) The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and associated risk ... I (2004) Adiponectin and Metabolic Syndrome. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24: 29–33. 19. Das UN (2004) Metabolic syndrome X: an inflammatory condition? Curr Hypertens Rep 6: 66–73. 20. Choi KM, Ryu OH, Lee KW, Kim HY, Seo JA, et al. (2007) Serum adiponectin, interleukin-10 levels and inflammatory markers in the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes Res Clin ... Med 163: 427–436. 5. Kolovou GD, Anagnostopoulou KK, Salpea KD, Mikhailidis DP (2007) The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in various populations. Am J Med Sci 333: 362–371. 6. Yeh CJ, Chang HY, Pan WH (2011) Time trend of obesity, the metabolic syndrome and related dietary pattern in Taiwan: from NAHSIT 1993–1996 to NAHSIT 2005–2008. Asia Pac J Clin
Syndrome de Leopard, distúrbio da crista neural: relato de um caso.
... appeared because of the complexity of the syndrome e»26. The acronym "Leopard syndrome" has then been used as a mnemonjc aid although only a minority of patients present all the salient features of the syndrome. The adjective "little" has been added to emphasize the short stature of the probands 2 1 . The syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited ... abundance of the dermatologic lesions. "Touraine's centrofacial lentiginosis"8 and "multiple lentigenes syndrome" 26 also only emphasize the cutaneous aspect of the syndrome neglecting its other important features. In the 1960s the term "cardiocutaneous syndrome" was employed to describe patients with the association of generalized lentigenes and electro ... broadened concept of Leopard Syndrome such as macroglossia, multiple dental anomalies, basilar impression and platybasia, megacolon, hypertrophy of clitoris and anal ectopy. When one considers the possible pathogenesis of the syndrome some of these new features are expected to be found. It has been suggested1^23 that Leopard Syndrome results from an anomaly
FACTORES DE RIESGO EN PACIENTES CON SÍNDROME CORONARIO AGUDO REMITIDOS PARA CORONARIOGRAFÍA / Risk factors in patients with acute coronary syndrome referred for coronary angiography
CSP26.R12: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)in the Americas
... 2002 RESOLUTION CSP26.R12 ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS THE 26th PAN AMERICAN SANITARY CONFERENCE, Recalling Resolution CD32.R12, which requested the Director to provide annual reports on the situation of HIV/AIDS in the Region; Having seen Document CSP26/7 "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas"; Recognizing
CD43.R16: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas
... REGIONAL COMMITTEE Washington, D.C., USA, 24-28 September 2001 RESOLUTION CD43.R16 ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS THE 43rd DIRECTING COUNCIL, Having analyzed and discussed the report on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas (Document CD43/6); Considering the trends in the HIV/AIDS/STI epidemic in the Americas
CE128.R16: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas
... OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Washington, D.C., 25-29 June 2001 RESOLUTION CE128.R16 ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS THE 128th SESSION OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, Having analyzed the report on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas (Document CE128/9 and Add. I), RESOLVES: To recommend that the Directing Council ... recommend that the Directing Council adopt a resolution along the following lines: THE 43rd DIRECTING COUNCIL, Having analyzed and discussed the report on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas (Document CD43__/); Considering the trends in the HIV/AIDS/STI epidemic in the Americas and their present and future impact on young people, women,
CD42.R13: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas
... SESSION OF THE REGIONAL COMMITTEE Washington D.C., 25-29 September 2000 RESOLUTION CD42.R13 ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS THE 42nd DIRECTING COUNCIL, Having considered the report on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas (Document CD42/7); Acknowledging the strong relationship between the sexual and vertical
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas
... COMMITTEE Washington, D.C., 21-25 June 1999 CD41/9 (Eng.) Annex RESOLUTION CE124.R3 ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS THE 124th SESSION OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, Having analyzed the report on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas (Document CE124/12 and Add. I), RESOLVES: To recommend to the Directing Council ... ORGANIZATION 41st DIRECTING COUNCIL San Juan, Puerto Rico, 27 September-1 October 1999 Provisional Agenda Item 4.4 CD41/9 (Eng.) 7 July 1999 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS This document is an updated version of that presented to the 124th Session of the Executive Committee on the HIV/AIDS situation in the Americas. ... recommend to the Directing Council the adoption of a resolution along the following lines: THE 41st DIRECTING COUNCIL, Having reviewed the report on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas (Document CD41/9); Taking into account the characteristics and trends of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Americas, which is affecting larger numbers
CSP25/13, Add. 1: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas
... REGIONAL COMMITTEE Washington, D.C., 21-25 September 1998 Provisional Agenda Item 4.7 CSP25/13, Add. 1 (Eng.) 23 September 1998 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH-SPANISH ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS The Director is pleased to present to the Conference, for its consideration, an updated report on the epidemiological surveillance of AIDS in the
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas
... AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION 122th Meeting Washington, D.C. June 1998 Provisional Agenda Item 4.9 CE12215 (Eng.) 1 May 1998 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS The HIVAIDS epidemic in most of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean is still concentrated in specific at-risk groups. This situation
CD39.R5: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas
... SESSION OF THE REGIONAL COMMITTEE Washington D.C., 23-27 September 1996 RESOLUTION CD39.R5 ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS THE 39th DIRECTING COUNCIL, Having reviewed the report on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas (Document CD39/17); Considering that, while the spread of HIV/AIDS in the Americas has
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas
... the OF THE reviewed Americas EXECUTIVE (Eng.) COMMITTEE, the report on acquired immunodeficiency (Document CEI05/7 and ADD. I), syndrome RESOLVES: To adoption THE recommend of a XXIII to resolution PAN the AMERICAN Having reviewed syndrome (AIDS) in the XXIII along the SANITARY Pan American following Sanitary Conference the lines: CONFERENCE, the report on Americas (Document acquired CSP23/12); immunodeficiency Noting the ... SANITARYWORLD CONFERENCE XLII REGIONAL COMMITTEE MEETING WASHINGTON, D.C. SEPTEMBER 1990 Provisional ACQUIRED Agenda CSP23/12 (Eng.) 29 July 1990 ORIGINAL: SPANISH Item 5.10 IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS In view of the fact that HIV infection and AIDS are placing an increasing burden on social and health services in the Member Countries, and given ... national level. in the adequate efficient participation in Director of the PASB, in coordination with the regional managerial and resource in support of national AIDS prevention CSP23/12 ANNEX ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS (Eng.) CONTENTS Page i. INTRODUCTION ......................... 1 2. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF AIDS IN THE AMERICAS ............. 1 2.1 Transmission of
CD33.R9: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas
... SESSION OF THE REGIONAL COMMITTEE Washington D.C., 26-30 September 1988 RESOLUTION CD33.R9 ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IN THE AMERICAS THE 33rd DIRECTING COUNCIL, Having reviewed the report on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas (Document CD33/21); Recalling Resolution XII, adopted by the XXXII Meeting of the Directing