Infectious Diseases

Clinical and electrodiagnostic findings in a cohort of 61 dogs with peripheral nervous system diseases - a retrospective study

... Electrodiagnostic Findings in A Cohort of 61 Dogs with Peripheral Nervous System Diseases - A Retrospective Study EG Giza*, JE Nicpon and MA Wrzosek Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinic of Diseases of Horses, Dogs and Cats, Grunwaldzki Sq. 47, 50-366 Wroclaw, Poland *Corresponding ... neurological examination, as well as a blood test (serum biochemical analysis and complete blood count). A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination was performed in 9/61 cases, infectious diseases testing (Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Ehrlichia canis) in 17/61 and diagnostic imaging ... tetraparesis (14/20), tetraplegia (5/20), (8/20), nonregenerative anemia (5/20), ↑CK (4/20) muscle atrophy (12/20), vestibular signs (6/20), facial paralysis (1/20) mild ↑CK (1/10); Infectious diseases titers: negative acute tetraparesis to tetraplegia with decreased spinal reflexes (10/10), dys- or 2 (10/10); CSF: mild ↑protein level (7/10), mild aphonia (9/10)
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Immune Response to Killed Very Virulent Infectious Bursal Disease Virus by Water-Catholyte-Anolyte in Specific-Pathogenic-Free Chickens

... and could provide 100% protection against vvIBDV challenged with titer of 107.8 EID50/ 0.1 mL. Keywords: Electrolysed water-Catholyte-Anolyte (ECA), Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) INTRODUCTION Infectious bursal disease (IBDV) virus is the causative agent of IBD a highly contagious disease of young chickens. The virus infects and multiplies in immature ... Ning, N. 2006. Immunogenicity of formaldehyde and binary ethylenimine inactivated infectious bursal disease virus in broiler chicks. Journal of Zhejiang University Science., 7(8):660-664. Hair-Bejo, M., Salina, S., Hafiza, H. and Julaida, S. 2000. In ovovaccination against infectious bursal disease in broiler chickens. Journal Veterinary Malaysia., 12:63-69. Hassan, ... and Saif, Y. 1996. MInfluence of the host system on the pathogenecity, immunogenecity and antigenecity of infectious bursal disease virus. Avian Disease., 40:553-561. Howie, R. and Thorsen, J. 1981. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for infectious bursal disease virus. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine., 45(1):51–55. Hsieh, M.K., Wu,
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Production of infectious genotype 1b virus particles in cell culture and impairment by replication enhancing mutations.

... genomes with REMs do not support production of infectious virus particles. In this study we show that except for one mutation in non-structural protein 4B, REMs interfere with the assembly of infectious virus particles, whereas an unaltered HCV genome supports production of cell culture–derived virus that is infectious in vitro and in vivo. Our observations ... efficient production of infectious HCV in cell culture so far has only been achieved with a genotype 2a HCV isolate (designated JFH-1) that replicates to very high levels without requiring REMs [28,29]. Employing transient replication and virus release assays in this study we demonstrate that REMs interfere with the production of infectious HCV particles. ... Con1/K1846T transfected Huh-7 cells release infectious HCV particles. Their production is blocked by various REMs, most notably those residing in the NS3 helicase. Thus, save for the single substitution in NS4B tested here, mutations that enhance RNA replication interfere with virus assembly. Discussion Production of infectious HCV in cell culture so far
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Selection of the member state from the Region of the Americas Entitled to designate a person to server on the join coordinating board of the UNDP/World Bank/WHO special program for researrch and training in tropical diseases (TDR), on the expiration of th

... Tropical Diseases (TDR) is a global program of international technical cooperation managed by the World Health Organization and cosponsored by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the World Bank, to develop new tools for the prevention and control of tropical diseases and to strengthen the research capabilities of the affected countries. The diseases ... tropical diseases and to strengthen the research capabilities of the affected countries. The Joint Coordinating Board is the most important administrative body of the Special Program. It consists of 30 members. Twelve government representatives are selected by the WHO Regional Committees from among those countries directly affected by the diseases dealt ... ON THE JOINT COORDINATING BOARD OF THE UNDP/WORLD BANK/WHO SPECIAL PROGRAM FOR RESEARCH AND TRAINING IN TROPICAL DISEASES (TDR) ON THE EXPIRATION OF THE PERIOD OF OFFICE OF BOLIVIA The Special Program for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) is a global program of international technical cooperation, managed by the World Health Organization
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Non-communicable diseases

... ENGLISH NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES At its 119th Meeting (September 1996) the Executive Committee requested that the subject of noncommunicable diseases be taken up by the Governing Bodies in 1997. The Director is pleased to present to the Subcommittee on Planning and Programming a review of the history and work of the PAHO Program on Noncommunicable Diseases. The ... remaining 32.3% are due to communicable, maternal, and perinatal causes. Within NCDs, cardiovascular diseases account for 45.4%, malignant neoplasms, 19.7%, and diabetes, 4.9% (for a total of 70%). The ratio of deaths from chronic to infectious and parasitic diseases was 1×5 in 1985, projected at 3×4 in 2000, and rising to 6×7 in 2015.11 Disability: NCDs ... indicator of social development. However, just as with infectious diseases, the incidence of most NCDs of public health importance, and the prevalence of their major risk factors, are generally higher in lower socioeconomic groups. Myth: NCDs are degenerative. Facts: The term ”chronic degenerative diseases? ?? is outdated, implying irreversibility not consistent
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Years of productive life lost to premature mortality from cardiovascular diseases

... Cardiovascular Diseases1 INES LESSA* 444 Cardiovascular diseases exact a major toll in both developed and developing countries in terms of death, ill health, and premature incapacitation. This presentation concerns itself with the economic cost-expressed in terms of years of economically active life lost to premature mortality-imposed by cardiovascular diseases ... data, as a result of premature mortality caused by cardiovascular diseases. Two decades ago these diseases were the leading cause of death in Brazil (1, 2). Since then the morbidity and mortality picture has changed; and while the nation’s infrastructure for prevention and control of diseases typical of underdevelopment is still weak, Brazil is starting ... percentage of 1985 mortality ascribed to cardiovascular diseases in each region (bold type), and the economically active years of life lost to cardiovascular diseases in 1985 (both uncorrected and corrected for age distribution) (7). NorthernRegion 19.8% 22,240.O 15,792.5 % mortalityascribedto cardiovasculardiseases,1985 MfGERIALS AND METHODS Using the
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Diseases subject to the International Health Regulations : Total cholera, yellow fever, and plague cases and deaths reported in the Region of the Americas in 1986

... Diseases Subject to the International Health Regilations Total cholera, yellow fever, and plague cases and deaths reported in the Region of the Americas in 1986. Country and administrative
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CD29.R20: Selection of one government entitled to designate a person to serve on the Joint Coordinating Board of the UNDP/WB/WHO Special Program for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR)

... TRAINING IN TROPICAL DISEASES (TDR) THE 29th DIRECTING COUNCIL, Bearing in mind that the composition of the Joint Coordinating Board of the UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Program for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases includes 12 members selected by the WHO Regional Committee from among those countries directly affected by the diseases about which
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Diarrheal diseases

... all aspects of diarrheal diseases. These diseases are critically important and developments in epidemiology, clinical aspects, research findings, and efforts aimed at their control should be emphasized. The PAHO Epidemiological Bulletin provides a forum whereby developments in the aforementioned areas are highlighted for all diseases; contributions in ... Bulletin provides a forum whereby developments in the aforementioned areas are highlighted for all diseases; contributions in the specific area of diarrheal diseases are welcome. 7 Mata, L. J. Diarrhoeal diseases. How Costa Rica won. World Health F)lrum 2:141-142, 1981. 8 See PAHO EpiderniologicalBulletin 1: 2, 1980. I Reports of Meetings and Seminars Meeting ... rates and overall diarrheal disease mortality in Costa Rica. 7 e (Source. DiarrhoeaDialogue, Issue 7, 1981.) Editorial Comment This article focuses on two aspects of diarrheal diseases which constitute a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children in Latin America and the Caribbean. 8 The PAHO Diarrheal Disease Prevention and Control Program carries
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Acute comumunicable diseases in Chile, 1980

... the Institute of Health and Tropical Diseases. Source: Department of Epidemiology. (Source: Boletín de Epidemiología, Vol. 1 (4), 1 April, 1981. Department of Epidemiology, Under-Secretariat of Health, Mexico.) I Acute Communicable Diseases in Chile, 1980 O The epidemiological characteristics of the communicable diseases customarily observed in Chile ... Indians)-it could mean that there are more than 100,000 Table 1. Morbidity from the major communicable diseases in Chile, 1980.a Metropolitan Area Disease Typhoid and paratyphoid fever Diphtheria Whooping cough Meningococcal infection Anthrax Tetanus Measles Infectious hepatitis Syphilis Gonorrhea Rheumatic fever No. of cases 6,782 102 2,067 72 11 1,895 1,974 2,868 5,149 69 aProvisional ... in the past five years. Since final statistics on the number of deaths are not yet available the following comments refer exclusively to morbidity from the major communicable diseases in 1980 (Table 1). Future corrections as a result of elimination or late reporting of cases may change the totals somewhat, but will have no effect on the study. Typhoid
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CD26.R18: Program for the control of non-communicable diseases

... COMMITTEE Washington D.C., 24 September – 5 October 1979 RESOLUTION CD26.R18 PROGRAM FOR THE CONTROL OF NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES THE 26th DIRECTING COUNCIL, Considering that noncommunicable chronic diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, the chronic bronchopneumopathies, and others are becoming increasingly important as public
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Immunopathologic processes in chronic viral diseases

... Science 188: 436-438, 1975. (6) Zeman, W., and E. H. Lennette, eds. Slow Virus Diseases. Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins, 1974. PROCESSES IN CHRONIC VIRAL DISEASES 1 E.C. J. Norrby 2 com$Eex disease is often associated with chronic virus infections. Several human and animal diseases are known to involve deposition of immune com@lexes; ones affecting ... VIROLOGY ’ Norrby l CHRONIC VIRAL DISEASE IMMUNOPATHOLOGY 161 REFERENCES (I) Diener, T. 0. Viroids: The smallest known agents of infectious disease. Ann Rev Microbial 28: 23-40, 1974. (2) Fucillo, D. A., J. E. Kurent, and J. L. Sever. Slow virus diseases. Ann Rev Microbial 28: 231-264, 1974. (3) Gibbs, C. J. Jr., and C. Gajdusek. Cell-virus interactions in slow ... former type of reaction has not been clarified, but there are several human and animal diseases in which deposition of immune complexes has been shown to occur (1). The primary sites for deposition of immune complexes are the ‘Working paper, WHO Scientific Group on Virus Diseases (Geneva, l-5 September 1975) ZProfessor, Department of Virology, Karolinska Institute
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Diarrheal diseases of infancy in Cali, Colombia: study design and summary report on isolated disease agents

... Specific infectious and parasitic day, or when there was obvious presence of diseases were judged to be the main blood, mucus, or pus in any stool. By this underlying cause in over a third of the cases definition, if a child had diarrhea on any day (6.9 deaths per 1,000 children), with deaths during the week, a fecal specimen was taken caused by diarrhea1 diseases ... describes the design of 'Also appearing in Spanish in Bol Of Sand Panam 8, (1):28-43, 1976. ‘This study was supported by Grant AI-10050 from the Institute of AIlergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health. U.S. Public Health Service, to the International Center for Medical Research of Tulane University (New Orleans. U.S.A.) and Valle ... 25, and 26 were obtained from a commercial source. Coxsackievirus A-20a antiserum was obtained from the Research Resources Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Antisera vs. adenovirus types l-18. prepared in horses , were obtained through the courtesy of Dr. R. G. Robinson, U.S. Center for Disease Control. Atlanta, Georgia. Antisera against
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CD23.R24: Non-communicable chronic diseases

... 1975 RESOLUTION CD23.R24 NON-COMMUNICABLE CHRONIC DISEASES THE 23rd DIRECTING COUNCIL, Bearing in mind that, as a result of the control of communicable diseases, the increases recorded in life expectancy at birth, and the environmental changes taking place in some countries of the Region, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and cancer are among ... to programs for the control of these diseases; and Bearing in mind the relevant goals contained in the Ten-Year Health Plan for the Americas, RESOLVES 1. To request the Director of PASB to collaborate with the countries in epidemiological studies that will enable them to define the extent of the problem of chronic diseases and to identify the risk factors ... risk factors involved in their pathogenesis, in order to provide guidance for control programs. 2. To recommend to the countries that they establish technical units for noncommunicable diseases at the central level of health administrations with a view to programming and coordinating control activities on a national scale, as part of regionalized national health
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Noncommunicable chronic diseases

... accelerated urbanization and burgeoning industrialization are contributing to a sharp rise in chronic diseases in most of the countries of the Region. Foremost among these diseases are cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, and cancer. Deaths due to cardiovascular diseases in fourteen countries of the Region, which contain 60 per cent of the population (excluding ... SPANISH Provisional Agenda Item 34 NONCOMMUNICABLE CHRONIC DISEASES At its 74th Meeting (23 June to 2 July 1975), the Executive Committee adopted the following Resolution X: NONCOMMUNICABLE CHRONIC DISEASES THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, Bearing in mind the present status of noncommunicable diseases in the Hemisphere, RESOLVES: To recommend to the Directing ... control of these diseases and, in most of them, data on the prevalence and distribution of the various entities that make up the group of noncommunicable chronic diseases are not available. 4 CD23/8 (Eng.) Page 3 The Bureau has been assisting the countries in defining the magnitude of the problem, in particular cardiovascular diseases, diabetes
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The problem of venereal diseases in the Americas

... Related to Changing Behavior Patterns Venereal diseasesare typical of the so-called behavioral diseases; they continue to spread, despite the adequate control methods and treatment available, because they are rooted in individual and community behavior. With human conduct playing a predominant role in these diseases, they are closely inter- 81 related ... 1969. The selection of the topic “Venereal Diseases as a National and International Health Problem” for the Technical Discussions at the XVIII Pan American Sanitary Conference clearly reflects the Governments’ great concern over the problem and their desire to ascertain the facts and to find solutions. Venereal diseases are widespread in all coun- tries ... English in Sczentific Publication PAHO 220 (1971), 20-49. 2Regional Adviser in Epidemiological Surveillance, Department of Communicable Diseases, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, D.C. 62 Llopis . VENEREAL DISEASES IN THE AMERICAS 20 million in the world population over 15 years of age. Taking into account population growth since 1948,
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The role of public health laboratories in the diagnosis of venereal diseases

... THE ROLE OF PUBLIC HEALTH LABORATORIES DIAGNOSIS Dr. Antonio OF VENEREAL M. Vilches’ IN THE DISEASES? ?? % The Jight against venereal diseases in Latin America demandsthat physicians and the public be better informed about the nature of those diseases. New laboratories must be established, the existing ones must be equipped, specialists must ... corollary, patients should always be subjected to a complete examination of skin and mucous membranes. Physicians’ knowledge of venereal diseases is at present deficient, for reasons linked to the recent history of these diseases and their impact on medical education. Because of this defect in his education, which has its counterpart in the ignorance of ... cannot be carried out and acceptable control of communicable diseases is literally impossible. This is the first obvious need: to set up or 1 Published in Spanish in Boletiin de la Oficina Sanitaria Paname~icana Vol. LX, No. 4 (April 1966), pp. 328-334. Presented at the Seminar on Venereal Diseases (Washington, D.C., 24-30 October 19651, convoked by
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CD15.R43: Programs for the eradication of communicable diseases

... COMMITTEE Washington D.C., August 31 – 11 September 1964 RESOLUTION CD15.R43 PROGRAMS FOR THE ERADICATION OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES THE 15th DIRECTING COUNCIL, Considering that programs for the eradication of communicable diseases which are implemented through special campaigns are exposed to serious risks of failure as they enter the phases of consolidation ... of consolidation and vigilance, owing to the lack of health infrastructure capable of maintaining their activities; and bearing in mind that it is precisely these communicable diseases that are the main causes of infant mortality in rural areas, which contain over 50 per cent of the population of Latin America, RESOLVES 1. To instruct the Director
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Treatment as a factor in the control of the venereal diseases

... CONTROL DISEASES? ?? OF THE ROBERT D. WRIGHT, Surgeon, and FRANCIS P. NICHOLSON, Senior Assistant Surgeon U. X. Public Health Xervice”* This discussion of the control of the venereal diseases will limit itself to a consideration of the role of treatment in the control of syphilis and gonorrhea in particular, with a few comments about the other venereal diseases. More ... City, Mexico, October 4, 1948. ** Venera1 Disease Research Laboratory and the U. S. Marine Hospital, Staten Island, N. Y. 462 VENEREAL DISEASES 463 In a less spectacular way this is also true of the mínor venereal diseases. Chancroid responds quickly to the sulfonamides, and in the few cases where the patient cannot tolerate that drug, streptomycin ... been devised that has proved practica1 for civilian populations. The burden of control rests heavily on effective treatment. The Ameritan plan for the control of the venereal diseases, as set forth in the 1936 report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General, is in essence a program for getting antisyphilitic drugs to syphilis. Later, when drugs
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Evaluation of new drugs in the treatment of Rickettsial diseases

... TREATMENT RICKIXTTSIAL DISEASES* By J. E. i%ADEL, 1 OF M.D. Department of Virus and Rickettsial Diseases, Army Medical Department, Research und Graduate Xchool, Army Medical Center, Washington, D. C. The treatment of the rickettsial diseases of man was thoroughly reviewed by Dr. J. C. Snyder at the Symposium on Rickettsial Diseases held under the ... signs of illness; the untreated control animals which received the same dilution of infectious material died between the 14th and 18th days. In this same experiment the daily administration of single doses of 0.75 mg. per mouse was suflicient W.91 ‘. RICKETTSIAL ll DISEASES to save the majority of the animals even when treatment was delayed until ... unremitting search for an effective specific therapeutic agent for the treatment of rickettsial diseases has yielded a number of promising leads. Until this year, however, only one drug, namely, para-aminobenzoic acid, has proved of value in the treatment of this group of diseases. While para-aminobenzoic acid was useful, it left much to be desired. Recent work
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Prevalences of tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases among people over age 15 in the northeast sector of Medellín, Colombia

... Prevalences of Tuberculosis and Other Respiratory Diseases among People over Age 15 in the Northeast Sector of Medellin, Colombia1 Luz ZULUAGA,~ CENEIDA BETANCUR,~ MYRIAN ABAUNZA,~ & JAIME LONDO~O~ A survey was conducfed in 2988 ... facilitate exposure (poor sanitary habits, overcrowding, inadequate dwellings); immune conditions increasing host vulnerability (including age, malnutrition, and accompanying diseases) (23-17). Table 4. Likelihood of respiratory disease symptoms being detected members of high-risk groups in the population studied. Risk factor Present No. of subjectsa No. ... 1984;59: 76-81. 19. El Rahman H. Atencion primaria de salud y control de la tuberculosis. Bol Union Inf Lucka contra Tuberc. 1986;61:38-39. of tuberculosis 2.3. and other respiratory diseases, Number of windows per bedroom (number of windows divided by number of bedrooms) 3. Clinical picture: 3.1. Cough present during two or more weeks (yes, no, no information) 3.2.
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PUBLIC HEALTH IMPACT OF ARTHROPOD- AND RODENT-BORNE VIRAL DISEASES IN THE AMERICAS

... of these diseases was prepared for the Meeting of the WHO Scientific Group on Arthropod- and Rodent-borne Viral Diseases, held in Geneva 28 February-5 March 1983. lPrepared by Francisco P. Pinheiro, Meeting of the WHO Scientific Group on Arthropod- and Rodent-borne Viral Diseases (Geneva, 28 February-5 March 1983). Arthropod-borne Viral Diseases The ... V Vol. 4. No. 3. 1983 Public Health Impact of Arthropod- and Rodent-borne Viral Diseases in the Americas' Several arthropod- and rodent-borne viral diseases cause significant public health problems in the Americas. Their impact varies greatly: some are responsible for severe mortality, while ... best example of an important arbovirus disease of focal IN THIS ISSUE... * Public Health Impact of Arthropod- and Rodent-borne Viral Diseases in the Americas * Program for Diarrheal Disease Control in Cali, Colombia · Diseases Subject to the International Health _ Regulations * The Tuberculosis Situation in Argentina * Infections due to Penicillinase-producing
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DISEASES SUBJECT TO THE INTERNATIONAL HEALTH REGULATIONS. CHOLERA, YELLOW FEVER, AND PLAGUE CASES AND DEATHS REPORTED IN THE REGION OF THE AMERICAS UP TO 31 DECEMBER 1980

... Diseases Subject to the International Health Regulations Cholera, yellow fever, and plague cases and deaths reported in the Region of the Americas up to 31 December 1980 Yellow
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Reported cases of EPI Diseases

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Reported cases of EPI Diseases

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