The scars of childhood adversity: minor stress sensitivity and depressive symptoms in remitted recurrently depressed adult patients.
... stress and depressive symptoms at follow-up is actually reverse, i.e. baseline depressive symptoms cause baseline daily stress and depressive symptoms at follow-up. However, in this study we were interested in the prediction of depressive symptoms from daily stress and we leave the possibility that the relationship is partially explained by baseline depressive ... and depressive symptom levels at follow-up. Therefore, we did not control for baseline depressive symptoms, or equivalently partial them out, because this would result in examining the extent to which daily stress predicts future depressive symptoms on top of current depressive symptoms, i.e. daily stress as a predictor of three month change in depressive ... depressive symptoms in remitted recurrently depressed patients was explained by the variables in Regression analyses Depressive symptoms at baseline and three month follow-up, did not significantly differ in participants with,-and without the experience of childhood adversity (Table 2). Childhood adversity did not significantly predict depressive symptoms
Psychosocial Interventions in Depressive Disorders
... review of randomized controlled trials. Gen Hosp Psychiatry, 30:293–302. Bowman V, Ward LC, Bowman D, Scogin F (1996) Self-examination therapy as an adjunct treatment for depressive symptoms in substance abusing patients. Addict Behav 21:129-133. Burke L (2003) The impact of maternal depression on familial relationships. Int Rev Psychiatry, 15:243–255. Cain ... be handled with utmost care for health care workers. The purpose of this literature review is to examine psychosocial interventions and effectiveness of these interventions for depressive disorders shows a gradual increase in prevalence worlwide. Key words: Depression, psychosocial interventions, nursing. DEPRESYON toplum sağlığını en çok tehdit eden ... ve yineleyici depresyonda kişilerarası ilişkiler terapisi. Turkiye Klinikleri J Int Med Sci, 3(29):5259. APA (2010) Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Major Depressive Disorder, 3rd ed. Arlington, American Psychiatric Association. Beck AT (1976) Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders. New York, International Universities Press. Beck
Augmentation of antipsychotics with glycine may ameliorate depressive and extrapyramidal symptoms in schizophrenic patients – a preliminary 10-week open-label study
... (SAS). Results. In the studied group after 6 weeks of administration of glycine a significant improvement in depressive symptoms (reduced scores by 25.8% in HDRS, p
Cognitive manic symptoms in bipolar disorder associated with polymorphisms in the DAOA and COMT genes.
... was found with the combined symptoms of talkativeness, distractibility, and thought disorder, considered a cognitive manic symptoms (CMS) factor. 488 patients were genotyped, out of which 373 (76%) had talkativeness, 269 (55%) distractibility, and 372 (76%) thought disorder. 215 (44%) patients were positive for all three symptoms, thus showing CMS (Table ... associations between cognitive manic symptoms in bipolar 1 disorder and SNPs in the COMT and DAOA genes. Results: The finding of this study was that cognitive manic symptoms in patients with bipolar 1 disorder was associated with genetic variants in the DAOA and COMT genes. Nominal association for DAOA SNPs and COMT SNPs to cognitive symptoms factor in bipolar ... mood symptoms including major depressive and manic episodes. Mania is a state of abnormally elevated mood and a defining criteria for bipolar 1 disorder diagnosis. During the manic episodes, many patients show cognitive dysfunction. However, there is also evidence for PLOS ONE | www.plosone.org 1 July 2013 | Volume 8 | Issue 7 | e67450 Cognitive Symptoms
Association between Sleep Duration, Insomnia Symptoms and Bone Mineral Density in Older Boston Puerto Rican Adults.
... based on the NIH’s description of insomnia . In a review by Ohayon , the prevalence of insomnia related symptoms was 30–48%. However, the prevalence dropped to 12–16% when frequency modifiers were added to symptoms such as presence of symptoms “often” or “always”. This is consistent with our observations. In the present study, men who slept 9h ... duration (5 h, 6 h, 7 h, 8 h, or 9 h/d) and insomnia symptoms (difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, early-morning awaking, and non-restorative sleep) were assessed by a questionnaire. Multivariable regression was used to examine sex-specific associations between sleep duration, insomnia symptoms and BMD adjusting for standard confounders ... the association between insomnia symptoms and BMD. Furthermore, people with insomnia disorder are more likely to have short sleep duration. Therefore, sleep duration and insomnia disorder may have joint effects on BMD, though no previous study has examined this.Hence, the information on whether sleep duration or insomnia symptoms can influence BMD remains
Relationships between the circadian system and Alzheimer's disease-like symptoms in Drosophila.
... [15,17], the severity of symptoms was proportional to the pathogenicity of the expressed human Ab fragments. However, within each genotype, symptoms in clockdeficient flies were similar to those in clock-competent flies. While our data show that disruption of the clock via removal of the core clock repressor PER does not exacerbate AD symptoms, we cannot ... transgenic Drosophila expressing various Amyloid-b (Ab) peptides, which are prone to form aggregates characteristic of AD pathology in humans. We compared development of AD-like symptoms in adult flies expressing Ab peptides in the wild type background and in flies with clocks disrupted via a null mutation in the clock gene period (per01). No significant ... central clock mechanism. Citation: Long DM, Blake MR, Dutta S, Holbrook SD, Kotwica-Rolinska J, et al. (2014) Relationships between the Circadian System and Alzheimer’s Disease-Like Symptoms in Drosophila. PLoS ONE 9(8): e106068. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0106068 Editor: Nicolas Cermakian, McGill University, Canada Received May 16, 2014; Accepted July 28, 2014;
Neuronal antibody biomarkers for Sydenham's chorea identify a new group of children with chronic recurrent episodic acute exacerbations of tic and obsessive compulsive symptoms following a streptococcal infection.
... ARTICLE Neuronal Antibody Biomarkers for Sydenham’s Chorea Identify a New Group of Children with Chronic Recurrent Episodic Acute Exacerbations of Tic and Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms Following a Streptococcal Infection Harvey S. Singer1*, Adda Mascaro-Blanco2, Kathy Alvarez2, Christina Morris-Berry1, Ivana Kawikova3, Hilla Ben-Pazi4, Carol B. Thompson5, ... (2015) Neuronal Antibody Biomarkers for Sydenham’s Chorea Identify a New Group of Children with Chronic Recurrent Episodic Acute Exacerbations of Tic and Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms Following a Streptococcal Infection. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0120499. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120499 Academic Editor: Markus Reindl, Medical University of Innsbruck, AUSTRIA Received: ... neuron-specific and non-neuronal enolase, and aldolase C) have been reported [26, 27], but could not be duplicated [14, 28]. No correlation was identified between exacerbation of symptoms and changes in anti-neuronal antibodies against caudate, putamen, or frontal cortex (BA 10) , and the results of immunofluorescent histochemical studies on brain tissues
Aktuelles: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) und hyperaktive Blase beim Mann
... paradigm for the further understanding, evaluation, and treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms in men: focus on the bladder. Eur Urol 2006; 49: 651–9. 4. Kaplan SA, Roehrborn CG, Rovner ES et al. Tolterodine and Tamsulosin for treatment of men with lower urinary tract symptoms and overactive bladder. A randomized control trial. JAMA 2006; 296: 2319–28. 2. ... Kinderurologie Datum 28. Januar 2017 Tagungsort Mercure Hotel Elfrather Weg 5 Am Golfplatz D-47802 Krefeld zum Programm bitte hier klicken Aktuelles Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) und hyperaktive Blase beim Mann C. Reinke Symptome des unteren Harntrakts, kurz LUTS genannt, sind vor allem bei älteren Männern weit verbreitet und umfassen Speicher- ... Aktuelles: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) und hyperaktive Blase beim Mann Reinke C Homepage: Journal für Urologie und www.kup.at/urologie Urogynäkologie 2008; 15 (4) (Ausgabe für Schweiz), 30-31 Online-Datenbank
Effects of ginger and expectations on symptoms of nausea in a balanced placebo design.
... the development of the so-called Coriolis effect during which participants experience an illusionary tumbling movement of their body that leads to nausea symptoms . If head movements are stopped symptoms do not increase further. Therefore, the number of head movements (HM) performed as well as the total rotation time (RT) were noted as separate behavioral ... antiemetic ginger preparation or placebo, and half of each group was told to have received drug or placebo. They were exposed to 562 min body rotations to induce nausea. Subjective symptoms and behavioral (rotation tolerance, head movements) and physiological measures (electrogastrogram, cortisol) were recorded. Groups were balanced for sex of participants ... variables of participants and experimenters in reports of nausea. Citation: Weimer K, Schulte J, Maichle A, Muth ER, Scisco JL, et al. (2012) Effects of Ginger and Expectations on Symptoms of Nausea in a Balanced Placebo Design. PLoS ONE 7(11): e49031. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049031 Editor: Richard Fielding, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Received
Children with ADHD symptoms have a higher risk for reading, spelling and math difficulties in the GINIplus and LISAplus cohort studies.
... between ADHD symptoms and reading/spelling difficulties, we also investigated association between ADHD symptoms and math difficulties. 6.8% of children with ADHD symptoms also presented with math difficulties. Children with ADHD symptoms showed a higher risk of also being affected with math difficulties as compared to children without ADHD symptoms (Table ... interpretation of these results, it has to be noted that we do not have information on which symptoms children presented with first – ADHD or dyslexia/dyscalculia symptoms, i.e. we can neither infer causality nor the chronology of symptoms. To diagnose a child with comorbid ADHD ADHD -symptoms need to be present before reading/spelling or arithmetic problems arised ... between ADHD and reading/spelling difficulties. The scale used for assessment of ADHD symptoms in our study combines hyperactivity and inattention symptoms and is not validated for a separate analysis of these two symptoms. When Willcutt et al.  investigated the ADHD core symptoms inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity stratified by gender, they found
Association of Baseline Depressive Symptoms with Prevalent and Incident Pre-Hypertension and Hypertension in Postmenopausal Hispanic Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative.
... depression. The CES-D items measured current depressive symptoms at baseline and were scored from 0 to 3, with a score of 0 indicating the participant never or rarely experienced the depressive symptoms and a score of 3 indicating the symptom was experienced most or all of the time. A summary measure of current depressive symptoms at baseline summed the responses ... follow-up. Baseline current depressive symptoms and past depression history were measured as well as important correlates of depression—social support, optimism, life events and caregiving. Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate prevalent and incident prehypertension and hypertension in relation to depressive symptoms. Results Prevalence ... depression plays a mediating role in elevated blood pressure among adult women. [5–10] Depression and depressive symptoms are risk factors for hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However the pathophysiologic mechanisms linking depressive symptoms to cardiovascular outcome has yet to be understood among Hispanic women. [11–14] Depression
Symptoms, the nature of fibromyalgia, and diagnostic and statistical manual 5 (DSM-5) defined mental illness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia.
... is not the symptoms? ??as almost everyone with any severe symptom will qualify; it is that the symptoms are ‘‘disproportionate’’ or ‘‘excessive.’’ In rheumatic diseases, all patients have symptoms. Patients under the burden of rheumatic illnesses can be overwhelmed and report disproportionate or excessive symptoms. Or they could report severe symptoms that ... the idea of ‘‘unexplained’’ physical symptoms was not intellectually tenable and it became clear that ‘‘medically unexplained symptoms? ??’ and ‘? ?symptoms unaccounted for by pathological findings’’ implied inauthenticity (‘‘It’s all in your head)’’ . In addition, ‘somatization’ criteria couldn’t adequately handle symptoms that were not unexplained but ... Symptom Severity Score is the sum of the severity (0–3) of the 3 symptoms (fatigue, waking unrefreshed, cognitive symptoms) plus the sum of the number of the following symptoms occurring during PLOS ONE | www.plosone.org 2 February 2014 | Volume 9 | Issue 2 | e88740 Fibromyalgia, Somatic Symptoms and Mental Illness the previous 6 months: headaches,
Symptoms of Eating Disorders and Depression in Emerging Adults with Early-Onset, Long-Duration Type 1 Diabetes and Their Association with Metabolic Control.
... severe depressive symptoms among women (βwomen 3.8, p
Influence of Natural Lung Surfactant Inhalations on Clinical Symptoms and Pulmonary Function Parameters in Patients with Bronchial Asthma. Communication 1
... (2016) 255-258 doi: 10.21103/Article6(4)_OA1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Pulmonology INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICINE Influence of Natural Lung Surfactant Inhalations on Clinical Symptoms and Pulmonary Function Parameters in Patients with Bronchial Asthma. Communication 1 O.V. Stepanova¹; E.A. Akulova¹; A.A. Kochneva¹; A.A. Seiliev, PhD²; A.Ed. Shulga²;
Berberine Improves Intestinal Motility and Visceral Pain in the Mouse Models Mimicking Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS-D) Symptoms in an Opioid-Receptor Dependent Manner.
... states, and MOR agonists were found to produce analgesia, alleviate depression symptoms, and relieve stress and anxiety .Furthermore, genetic deletion of MOR and delta opioid receptor (DOR), but not kappa opioid receptor (KOR)as shown to increase anxiety symptoms and depressive- like behavior . On the other hand, opioid receptor agonists were ... DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0145556 December 23, 2015 1 / 14 Berberine Improves IBS-D Symptoms Depending on Opioid Receptor Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Conclusion Berberine significantly improved IBS-D symptoms in animal models, possibly through muand delta- opioid receptors. Berberine may ... DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0145556 December 23, 2015 10 / 14 Berberine Improves IBS-D Symptoms Depending on Opioid Receptor In this study, we explored the therapeutic potential of berberine in treating IBS-D using mouse models mimicking physiological conditions and disease symptoms. We found that berberine prolonged the whole gut transit time; of note,
Mindfulness-based interventions for people diagnosed with a current episode of an anxiety or depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
... participants who met full diagnostic criteria for a current episode of a DSM-IV (or later version) or ICD-10 anxiety or depressive disorder. Specifically, participants were required to meet full diagnostic criteria for a DSM-IV depressive disorder (Major Depressive Disorder not in full or partial remission) or anxiety disorder (Generalised Anxiety Disorder, Panic ... p,.01). Effect of MBI on depressive and anxiety symptom severity (irrespective of diagnosis). Given the high comorbidity between anxiety and depression , meta-analyses were also conducted on depressive and anxiety symptom severity, irrespective of primary diagnosis (see Figure 5 and Figure 6 respectively). All the studies included a measure of depressive symptom ... a post-intervention between-group effect in favour of MBI on depressive symptom severity with a medium effect size (Hedges g = 20.64, 95% CI = 21.00 to 20.28) Figure 5. Forest Plot of the effect of MBIs in comparison to control conditions on depressive symptom severity for people with depressive disorder and anxiety disorder diagnoses. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096110.g005 PLOS