# Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy

### Two generalized (2+1)-dimensional hierarchies and Darboux transformations

... 629
Two

**generalized**(2+1)-dimensional hierarchies and Darboux transformations Baiying He School of Mathematics and Statistics, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China Lili Ma School of Science, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, China Abstract Based on the TAH scheme, we construct the**generalized**(2+1)dimensional S-mKdv hierarchy and the**generalized**... above S-mKdv hierarchy (5) has the following Hamiltonian form R(Bn+1 + Cn+1 ) R(−Bn+1 + Cn+1 ) utn = J1 3 ! (1) = J1 δHn+1 . δu The**generalized**(2+1)-dimensional Levi hierarchy and Dardoux transformations 3.1 The**generalized**(2+1)-dimensional Levi hierarchy We consider the following Lax matrices U= 0 −q −1 (λ + ξ) − r ! , V = A B C D ! = X m≥0 Am ... equations becomes more and more meaningful. There are some ways for generating Darboux transformations of soliton equations by starting from isospectral problems [5,6]. 2 The**generalized**(2+1)-dimensional S-mKdv hierarchy and its Hamiltonian structure We consider the isospectral problems ϕx = Uϕ, U = ! λ+ξ q+r , q − r !−(λ + ξ) ! P Am 0 3 7

### Congenital cholesteatoma of mastoid origin: A multicenter case series

... komplikacije.
Key words:
cholesteatoma;

**congenital**abnormalities; diagnosis, differential; otologic surgical procedures; recurrence. Kljuÿne reÿi: holesteatom; anomalije; dijagnoza, diferencijalna; hirurgija, otološka, procedure; recidiv. Introduction**Congenital**cholesteatoma (CC) is an epidermoid cyst arising from**congenital**remnants of keratizing squamous ... L, Lenzi A, Lecce S, et al.**Congenital**cholesteatoma of the mastoid region. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2002; 127(4): 346î8. 2. Lee JH, Hong SJ, Park CH, Jung SH.**Congenital**cholesteatoma of mastoid origin. J Laryngol Otol 2007; 121(11): e20. 3. Warren FM, Bennett ML, Wiggins RH 3rd, Saltzman KL, Blevins KS, Shelton C, et al.**Congenital**cholesteatoma of ... Milutinovic Z. Giant destructive**congenital**mastoid cholesteatoma with minimal clinical presentation.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2011; 144(5): 821î2. 6. Thakkar KH, Djalilian HR, Mafee MF.**Congenital**cholesteatoma isolated to the mastoid. Otol Neurotol 2006; 27(2): 282î3. 7. Giannuzzi AL, Merkus P, Taibah A, Falcioni M.**Congenital**mastoid cholesteatoma: 0 5 4

### How do we treat generalized anxiety disorder?

... cost of

**generalized**anxiety disorder in primary care settings: results of the ANCORA study. Community Ment Health J. 2012; 48(3):372-83. Baldwin DS, Waldman S, Allgulander C. Evidence-based pharmacological treatment of**generalized**anxiety disorder. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2011; 14:697-710. Garfinkle EJ, Behar E. Advances in psychotherapy for**generalized**anxiety ... Berglund P, Wittchen HU. Impairment in pure and comorbid**generalized**anxiety disorder and major depression at 12 months in two national surveys. Am J Psychiatry. 1999; 156(12):1915-23. Revicki DA, Travers K, Wyrwich KW, Svedsäter H, Locklear J, Mattera MS, et al. Humanistic and economic burden of**generalized**anxiety disorder in North America and Europe. ... Broadening the definition of**generalized**anxiety disorder: effects on prevalence and associations with other disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. J Anxiety Disord. 2007; 21(5): 662-76. Kessler RC, Andrade LH, Bijl RV, Offord DR, Demler OV, Stein DJ. The effects of co-morbidity on the onset and persistence of**generalized**anxiety disorder 0 3 9

### Generalized analytical solution for advection-dispersion equation in finite spatial domain with arbitrary time-dependent inlet boundary condition

... Zlotnik, 1995, 1996). In the present study we attempt
to derive the

**generalized**analytical solution for ADE in finite spatial domain subject to arbitrary time-dependent inlet boundary condition. The Laplace transform in combination with**generalized**integral transform is used to obtain the**generalized**analytical solution. Laplace transform is applied to ... developed**generalized**analytical solution serves as a useful tool for development of the analytical solution for some specified 4109 Discussion Paper 4.3 Evaluation of the**generalized**analytical solution using numerical integration HESSD Full Screen / Esc Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion 5 Conclusions HESSD 8, 4099–4120, 2011**Generalized**analytical ... analytical solutions of the special cases derived in this study have practical applications. Moreover, the derived**generalized**solution which consists an integral representation is evaluated by the numerical integration to extend its usage. The developed**generalized**solution offers a convenient tool for further development of analytical solution of specified 0 3 22

### Normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism due to TAC3/TACR3 mutations: characterization of neuroendocrine phenotypes and novel mutations.

... Normosmic

**Congenital**Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Due to TAC3/TACR3 Mutations: Characterization of Neuroendocrine Phenotypes and Novel Mutations Bruno Francou1,2,3., Jérôme Bouligand1,2,3., ... Croissance, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France, 6 Service d’Endocrinologie, Hôpital Bretonneau, Tours, France Abstract Context: TAC3/TACR3 mutations have been reported in normosmic**congenital**hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nCHH) (OMIM #146110). In the absence of animal models, studies of human neuroendocrine phenotypes associated with neurokinin B and NK3R ... ratio. This ratio might be useful for pre-screening nCHH patients for TAC3/TACR3 mutations. Citation: Francou B, Bouligand J, Voican A, Amazit L, Trabado S, et al. (2011) Normosmic**Congenital**Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Due to TAC3/TACR3 Mutations: Characterization of Neuroendocrine Phenotypes and Novel Mutations. PLoS ONE 6(10): e25614. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025614 Editor: 0 8 11

### Generalized Finite Sequence of Fuzzy Topographic Topological Mapping

... Journal of Mathematics and Statistics 6 (2): 151-156, 2010
ISSN 1549-3644
© 2010 Science Publications

**Generalized**Finite Sequence of Fuzzy Topographic Topological Mapping 1,2 Tahir Ahmad, 2Siti Suhana Jamian and 2Jamalludin Talib 1 Faculty of Science, ESciNano Research Alliance, Ibnu 0 2 6

### Markov Property of the Solution of the Stochastic Generalized Equations

... the Stochastic

**Generalized**Equations Khaldi Khaled Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences Boumerdes University, 35000, Boumerdes, Algeria Abstract: Some models of probabilities are described by**generalized**stochastic equations. These models (like that prediction) lead to the resolution of boundary problems for random distributions**(generalized**... Markov property In first, we are interested in the properties of the solution ξ ( t ) of the boundary problem (3) that we INTRODUCTION The Markov property can for stochastic**generalized**equations be studied from several different angles, see, e.g. Levy (1956), Kallianpur and Mandrekar (1974), Rozanov (1981, 1987), Khaldi (1989, 2000). In this paper ... solution x ∈ W in S. REFERENCES Brzezniak, Z. and T. Zastawniak, 1999. Basic Stochastic Processes. Springer-Verlag. 2. Kallianpur, G. and U. Mandrekar, 1974. The Markov property for**generalized**Gaussian random fields. Ann. Inst. Fourier, 2: 143-167. 3. Khaldi, K., 1989. Boundary problems for local limited operators in Hilbert's spaces. Stochastic processes, 0 2 3

### Differential Protein Expression in Congenital and Acquired Cholesteatomas.

... study shows
that protein expression patterns are completely different in

**congenital**cholesteatomas, acquired cholesteatomas, and skin. Moreover, non-epithelial proteins, including FKH 5–3 and titin, were unexpectedly expressed in**congenital**cholesteatoma tissue. Our data indicates that**congenital**cholesteatoma origins may differ from those of acquired cholesteatomas, ... exist. Introduction A**congenital**cholesteatoma is a keratinized squamous epithelial middle ear lesion that usually presents in young children who do not have a history of otitis media, middle ear surgery, or trauma. The presentation and progress of**congenital**cholesteatoma are quite different from those of acquired cholesteatoma.**Congenital**cholesteatomas ... between**congenital**and acquired cholesteatoma by mass screening of proteins in each tissue, largely because of the lack of an ideal animal model and a limited number of specimens, which restricted basic molecular and biochemical research on**congenital**cholesteatoma pathogenesis. Here, we investigate differences in protein expression between congenital 0 3 11

### Traveling Wave Solutions to the K(m,n) equation with generalized evolution Using the First Integral Method

... equation with

**generalized**evolution [32, 33], (un)t + a(um)ux + b(un)xxx = 0, where m , n are positive integrs and a, b are free constants. This paper is organized as follows: Section 2 is a brief introduction to the ﬁrst integral method. In section 3, we apply the ﬁrst integral method to ﬁnd exact solutions of the K(m, n) equation with**generalized**... of an ideal of k[X1, , Xn], it is necessary and sufﬁcient that there exists an integer m > 0 such that Qm ∈ γ. 3. The K(m, n) Equation with**Generalized**Evolution Let us consider the K(m, n) equation with**generalized**evolution (un)t + a(um)ux + b(un)xxx = 0 where m , n are positive integrs and a, b are free constants. (14) Assume that equation ... concerned with the K(m, n) equation with**generalized**evolution for seeking their traveling wave solutions. We ﬁrst transform each equation into an equivalent two-dimensional planar autonomous system then use the ﬁrst integral method to ﬁnd one ﬁrst integral which enables us to reduce the K(m, n) equation with**generalized**evolution to a ﬁrst-order integrable 0 3 7

### Expression of fibroblast growth factor-21 in muscle is associated with lipodystrophy, insulin resistance and lipid disturbances in patients with HIV.

... in muscle is not well understood. Patients with HIV-infection and

**lipodystrophy**are characterised by various degree of lipid-driven insulin resistance. We hypothesized that muscle FGF-21 mRNA would be altered in HIV patients with**lipodystrophy.**Design: Twenty-five HIV-infected men with**lipodystrophy**(LD) and 15 age-matched healthy controls, received ... e55632 Muscle FGF-21,Insulin Resistance and**Lipodystrophy**Figure 1. FGF-21 mRNA are increased in muscle from subjects with HIV**-lipodystrophy**and correlates to several measurement of insulin resistance. (A) Fasting plasma levels of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 are increased 2-fold in HIV subjects with**lipodystrophy**compared to healthy men; (B) ... nucleoside analogues (NA) [13].**Lipodystrophy**is associated with severe metabolic side effects, including dyslipidemia, hepatic insulin resistance, and lipid-driven impaired insulinstimulated glucose uptake in muscle [14–16]. Recently, circulating FGF-21 was observed in HIV-infected patients, and especially those with**lipodystrophy**(11). This increase 0 46 7

### Identification of Novel Variants in LTBP2 and PXDN Using Whole-Exome Sequencing in Developmental and Congenital Glaucoma.

0 2 9

### Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung-Rare Case Report

... Dysgenesis
Introduction:

**Congenital**Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation (CCAM) of lung is rare and is most common cause of neonatal death and cause of respiratory tract infection and development of pulmonary blastomas and adenocarcinomas in older children and adults [1]. CCAM is associated with other**congenital**malformations like intestinal atresia,**congenital**heart ... WeinKlimWochenschr 1897;10:25-31. 4. Ch'in KY, Tang MY.**Congenital**adenomatoid malformation of one lobe of a lung with general anasarca. Arch Pathol (Chic) 1949; 48(3):221-9. 5. van Dijk C, Wagmvoort CA. The various types of**congenital**adenomatoid malformation of the lung. J Pathol 1973; 110(2):113-4. 6. Chambers HM.**Congenital**acinar dysplasia. An extreme form ... Vandeberghe K et al. Pathogenesis of**congenital**cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung. Histopathology 1992; 21(4):1255-9. 11. Sood M, Sharma S.**Congenital**cystic adenomatoid malformation of lung.-A case report. Currt Pediatr Res 2011; 15(1):61-3. 12. Benjamin DR, Cahill JL. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma of the lung and**congenital**cystic adenomatoid malformation. 0 8 5

### Multidirectional Vector Excision Leads to Better Outcomes than Traditional Elliptical Excision of Facial Congenital Melanocytic Nevus

... Traditional Elliptical Excision of Facial

**Congenital**Melanocytic Nevus Seung Il Oh, Yoon Ho Lee Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea Background The elliptical excision is the standard method of removing benign skin lesions, such as**congenital**melanocytic nevi. This technique ... length of elliptical design. Fig. 5.**Congenital**melanocytic nevus on the right cheek (A) Preoperative photograph (37 mm × 21 mm). (B) Photograph at 3 months postoperatively with a linear scar of 51 mm, showing no dog-ear deformity and a reasonable scar length. AB Length difference = (b-a)/b Fig. 4.**Congenital**melanocytic nevus on the left ... Surg 1998;25:1121-6. 3. Jo SH, Kim JW, Jung JH, et al. Serial Reconstruction Considerating the Aesthetic Unit on**Congenital**Giant Nevus in Periorbital Area. J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg 2010;37: 465-8. 4. Arneja JS, Gosain AK. Giant**congenital**melanocytic nevi. Plast Reconstr Surg 2007;120:26e-40e. 5. Bennett RG. Fundamentals of cutaneous surgery. 0 2 5

### A NEW FRACTIONAL MODEL OF SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEM, BY USING GENERALIZED DIFFERENTIAL TRANSFORM METHOD

... SCIENCE, 2016, VOLUME 6, ISSUE 1, p.93-105
A NEW FRACTIONAL MODEL OF SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEM, BY USING

**GENERALIZED**DIFFERENTIAL TRANSFORM METHOD HASHEM SABERI NAJAFI, ELYAS ARSANJANI TOROQI, ARASH JAFARZADEH DIVISHALI Abstract.**Generalized**diﬀerential transform method (GDTM) is a powerful method to solve the fractional diﬀerential equations. ... 0. The**generalized**diﬀerential transform of the ﬁrst case, by setting α = 1 and β = 2, will be (3.22) X1(i + 2) = −c Γ(i Γ(i + + 2) 3) X1(i + 1) − Γ(i Γ(i + + 1) 3) X1(i). Regarding to the transformed initial conditions (3.8) and (3.22), we consider i = 0, 1, 2, · · · , n, the ﬁrst components of the**generalized**... Fractional Calculus and Fractional Diﬀerential Equations, John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York, 1993. [21] Z. Odibat, N. Shawagfeh,**Generalized**Taylor’s formula, Appl. Math. Comput. 186, (2007), 286-293. [22] Z. Odibat, S. Momani, V. S. Erturk,**Generalized**diﬀerential transform method: Application to diﬀerential equations of fractional order, Appl. Math. Comput. 0 2 13

### Generalized Liver- and Blood-Derived CD8+ T-Cell Impairment in Response to Cytokines in Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection.

... counterparts in HCV infection. Therefore,

**generalized**CD8+ T-cell impairment in HCV infection is characterized, in part, by impaired IL-7-mediated signalling and survival, independent of CD127 expression. This impairment is more pronounced in the liver and may be associated with an increased potential for apoptosis. This**generalized**CD8+ T-cell impairment ... Department of Biology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada * acrawley@ohri.ca OPEN ACCESS Citation: Burke Schinkel SC, Carrasco-Medina L, Cooper CL, Crawley AM (2016)**Generalized**Liverand Blood-Derived CD8+ T-Cell Impairment in Response to Cytokines in Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection. PLoS ONE 11(6): e0157055. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0157055 Editor: ... Treatment Network (OHTN). This research was funded by the OHTN, Canadian Foundation for AIDS Research and the J.P. Bickell Foundation. The funders had no role in study Abstract**Generalized**CD8+ T-cell impairment in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the contribution of liver-infiltrating CD8+ T-cells to the immunopathogenesis of this infection 0 4 18

### ON WEIGHTED GENERALIZED FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED WITH QUADRATIC FORMS

... functionals u ∈ D+(Ω+) will be called singular weighted functionals.
2.Weighted

**generalized**functions concentrated on the part of the cone. In this section we consider weighted**generalized**functions δγ(P ) concentrated on the part of the cone and give formulas for their derivatives.**Generalized**function δγ is deﬁned by equality (by analogy with [12] p. 247) (δγ, ... 2 these integrals must be understood in the sense of their regularizations. 2.Weighted**generalized**function Pγλ,+. Let n=p+q, p>1, q>1 and P (x) = x21 + ... + xp2 − xp2+1 − ... − xp2+q. Here and further let ϕ ∈ D+(R + n ). We deﬁne the weighted**generalized**function Pγλ,+ by (Pγλ,+, ϕ)γ = P λ(x)ϕ(x)xγdx, {P (x)>0}+ (10) where {P (x) > 0}+ = {x ∈ Rn+ : P (x) > 0}, λ ∈ C. Weighted**generalized**... Vol. 5 (23), No. 2, 2016, pp. 52–68 DOI: 10.15393/j3.art.2016.3390 UDC 517.548 E. L. Shishkina ON WEIGHTED**GENERALIZED**FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED WITH QUADRATIC FORMS Abstract. In this article we consider certain types of weighted**generalized**functions associated with nondegenerate quadratic forms. Such functions and their derivatives are used 0 2 17

### Dynamic generalized linear model via product partition model

... Introduction
1
2

**Generalized**Linear Models 2.1 Exponential Family of Distributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 The**Generalized**Linear Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6 9 3 Dynamic Linear Models 3.1 The Normal Dynamic Linear Model . . . 3.1.1 Linear Bayes’ Optimality . . . . . 3.2 The Dynamic**Generalized**Linear ... the class of dynamic**generalized**linear models in Chapter 5, by proposing the dynamic**generalized**linear model via product partition model. At last, in Chapter 6 we illustrate the usefulness of the proposed model by using two real time series data series, and comparing the inference with the traditional DGLM inference. 4 Chapter 2**Generalized**Linear ... Dynamic**Generalized**Linear Model via Product Partition Model Jéssica da Assunção Almeida Departamento de Estatı́stica - ICEx - UFMG Fevereiro de 2016 Dynamic**Generalized**Linear Model via Product Partition Model Jéssica da Assunção Almeida Orientador: 0 2 70

### Congenital infection by Mycoplasma agalactiae in goat kids.

... http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-41626625 Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec., v.66, n.2, p.631-634, 2014
Comunicação
[Communication]
Infecção congênita em cabritos por Mycoplasma agalactiae

**[Congenital**infection by Mycoplasma agalactiae in goat kids] N.S. Silva1, E.O. Azevedo2, A.C. Campos3, A.A. Cordeiro1, A.G. Mamede1, R.B.S. Silva1, R.S. Castro4, E. Rosendo Nascimento5, ... linfático (Doenças Multissistêmicas). In: PUGH, D.G. (Ed). Clínica de ovinos e caprinos. São Paulo: Roca, 2005. p.401-439. FILIOUSSIS, G.; GIADINIS, N.D.; PETRIDOU, E.J. et al.**Congenital**polyarthritis in goat kids attributed to Mycoplasma agalactiae. Vet. Record, v.169, p.364, 2011. LIMA, A.L.; PAULETTI, P.; SUSIN, I.; MACHADO-NETO, R. Flutuação das 0 6 4

### Espessura corneana central e suas correlações com outros dados biométricos oculares em pacientes portadores de glaucoma congênitoCentral corneal thickness and its correlations with other ocular biometric data in patients with congenital glaucoma.

... study the distribution of the central corneal thickness and its correlations with other biometric data in patients with

**congenital**glaucoma. Methods: Patients had been divided into two groups: group “A”, composed of patients with**congenital**glaucoma, being subdivided in two sub-groups: with Haab striae (A1) and without Haab striae (A2), and group”B” ... outros dados biométricos oculares em pacientes portadores de glaucoma congênito Central corneal thickness and its correlations with other ocular biometric data in patients with**congenital**glaucoma MARCIO HENRIQUE MENDES1, LISANDRO SAKATA2, ALBERTO JORGE BETINJANE1 RESUMO Objetivo: Estudar a distribuição da espessura corneana central e suas correlações ... and axial diameters was positive in both groups. The correlation between corneal diameter and mean keratometric values was negative in both groups. Conclusions: Patients with**congenital**glaucoma presented greater mean of axial diameter and smaller mean keratometric values compared to the controls. No statistical significant difference of the central 0 2 3

### Congenital sensorineural deafness in Australian stumpy-tail cattle dogs is an autosomal recessive trait that maps to CFA10.

0 5 9

### Sustaining immunization programs: elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)

... COMMITTEE
Washington, D.C., USA, 22-26 September 2003
Provisional Agenda Item 4.8
CD44/11 (Eng.)
17 July 2003
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH
SUSTAINING IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMS–ELIMINATION OF RUBELLA
AND

**CONGENITAL**RUBELLA SYNDROME (CRS) Important breakthroughs in the fight against infectious diseases that can be prevented through vaccination have occurred in the past 25 years. ... maintain high vaccination coverage and timely surveillance. The Executive Committee also requested that Member States elaborate within a year national plans of action for rubella and**congenital**rubella syndrome elimination fro 2010. The Directing Council is requested to review this document and consider the Resolution CE132.R7 in the Annex. CD44/11 (Eng.) Page ... available information and technology in the Region. Surveillance networks developed initially for polio and measles have been adapted for use with bacterial meningitis, pneumonia,**congenital**rubella syndrome, and rotavirus. These networks have aided countries in generating useful data on disease burden for decisionmakers in order to prioritize new or underused 0 4 16

### Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome: global update

... Biologicals, World Health
Organization, Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27
Switzerland; e-mail: robertsons@who.int
306
serious

**congenital**birth defects. The**congenital**rubella syndrome (CRS) is an important cause of blindness, deafness,**congenital**heart disease, and mental retardation. The worldwide pandemic of rubella in 1962–1965 highlighted the importance ... list “b.” List “a” is: cataract(s),**congenital**glaucoma,**congenital**heart disease, loss of hearing, or pigmentary retinopathy. List “b” is: purpura, splenomegaly, microcephaly, mental retardation, meningoencephalitis, radiolucent bone disease, or jaundice that begins within 24 hours after birth. TABLE 1. Incidence of**congenital**rubella syndrome (CRS) ... laboratoryconfirmed cases (21). Among infants with CRS, 60% had hearing impairment, 45%**congenital**heart disease, 27% microcephaly, 25% cataract(s), 23% low birth weight (< 2 500 grams), 17% purpura, 19% hepatosplenomegaly, 13% mental retardation, and 10% meningoencephalitis.**CONGENITAL**RUBELLA SYNDROME SURVEILLANCE In 1998 the WHO Department of Vaccines and 0 4 10

### Costa Rica embarks on accelerated rubella and congenital rubella syndrome program

... countries have highlighted the importance of improving measles
immunization coverage throughout the world.

**Congenital**rubella syndrome (CRS) is an important cause of deafness, blindness and mental retardation. It is estimated that more than 100,000 cases of**congenital**rubella syndrome occur each year worldwide. Mumps is an acute infectious disease. Although ... cases (Figure 1). The endemicity of rubella in Costa Rica and the fact that recent outbreaks (1998-1999) had affected primarily women of childbearing age suggested that cases of**congenital**rubella syndrome (CRS) were occurFigure 1 ring. However, the Number of rubella cases by age group and vaccination strategies countrys compulCosta Rica, 1977 to 1999 sory ... the differences since the introduction of the vaccine. The 1998records hinted to any suspicion of rubella, and the main In this issue: Costa Rica Embarks on Accelerated Rubella and**Congenital**Rubella Syndrome Program .............................................................................. 1 March of Dimes Foundation Renews Support to PAHO ......................... 0 1 8

### Elimination of congenital syphilis in the Americas

... ELIMINATION OF

**CONGENITAL**SYPHILIS**Congenital**syphilis is a serious but preventable condition which could be eliminated in the Latin American and Caribbean countries by utilizing existing health services. This document presents the technical background for**congenital**syphilis prevention as well as the regional proposal for the eventual elimination of**congenital**... Regional Efforts to Prevent**Congenital**Syphilis In 1991, PAHO supported the Pan American Seminar on**Congenital**Syphilis, which was convened in Buenos Aires by the Argentine chapter of the Latin American Union against Sexually Transmitted Diseases. The purpose of the meeting was to establish the basis for an epidemiological study of**congenital**syphilis in ... professionals considered initiatives to target maternal and**congenital**syphilis in developing countries, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention responded to a resurgence of**congenital**syphilis in the United States by rewriting its guidelines for the prevention and treatment of**congenital**syphilis, including a new, more sensitive case definition 0 11 19

### CD38.R8: Elimination of congenital syphilis in the Americas

... REGIONAL COMMITTEE
Washington D.C., 25-30 September 1995
RESOLUTION
CD38.R8
ELIMINATION OF

**CONGENITAL**SYPHILIS IN THE AMERICAS THE 38th DIRECTING COUNCIL, Having reviewed and discussed Document CD38/14, containing the plan of action for elimination of**congenital**syphilis as a public health problem in the Americas; Noting with satisfaction that most ... effective treatments are available; Observing that, in spite of the efforts taking place at national and local levels, preventable cases of**congenital**syphilis continue to occur in every country; Realizing that**congenital**syphilis surveillance will serve to assess both the quality of prenatal care services and syphilis control in the community, and ... surveillance; Recognizing that elimination of**congenital**syphilis must be done as an integrated component of programs for reproductive health and control of other sexually transmitted diseases; and Bearing in mind the level of funding needed to implement the plan between now and the year 2000, RESOLVES 1. To note the plan of action for elimination of**congenital**syphilis in 0 8 2