Dance type and flight parameters are associated with different mushroom body neural activities in worker honeybee brains.
... activity of a mushroom body neuron subtype in the brains of forager honeybees. PLoS ONE 2: e371. 9. Mobbs P (1982) The brain of the honeybee Apis mellifera. I. The connections and spatial organization of the mushroom bodies. Phil Trans R Soc Lond B 298: 309–354. 10. Strausfeld NJ (2002) Organization of the honey bee mushroom body: representation of ... sources to their nestmates using dance communication. We previously used a novel immediate early gene, termed kakusei, to demonstrate that the neural activity of a specific mushroom body (MB) neuron subtype is preferentially enhanced in the forager brain. The sensory information related to this MB neuron activity, however, remained unclear. Methodology/Principal ... experience during foraging are associated with different MB neural activities. Citation: Kiya T, Kubo T (2011) Dance Type and Flight Parameters Are Associated with Different Mushroom Body Neural Activities in Worker Honeybee Brains. PLoS ONE 6(4): e19301. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019301 Editor: Daniel Osorio, University of Sussex, United Kingdom Received January
Map Building and Localization of a Robot Using Omnidirectional Image Sequences
... two 2D gray scaled images . The image I will be referenced as the first image, and the image J as the second image. Consider an image point u on the first image. The goal of feature tracking is to find the location v on the second image J such as the intensities are ‘similar’. The vector d describes the relative motion is the image velocity at the ... not take part in the forming of the panoramic annular image; it serves only to ensure undisturbed passing through of the image forming rays; 4) objects to the front of the optic are imaged to the interior of the annular image, and objects to the rear of the optic appear on the outer rim of the annular image; 5) a collimated light beam entering the PAL-optic ... the robot automatically using the images gained from the camera as its only input. – 106 – Acta Polytechnica Hungarica Vol. 4, No. 3, 2007 Figure 1 The mounted PAL on the Model RC 4 Map Building from the Image Sequences The image flow arrives from the input module, which is responsible for either capturing images from a camera, or play back
A FAULT TOLERANT FPGA BASED IMAGE ENHANCEMENT FILTER USING SELF HEALING ALGORITHM
... regions. The image enhancement filter performed well both in edge and continuous regions and effectively removed Gaussian noise. Figure 9 a: Original Image, Figure 9 b: Gaussian noise added image Figure 9 c: Restored image using Median filter Figure 9 d: Restored image using Image enhancement filter 8. Conclusion A fault tolerant FPGA based image enhancement ... ones. In third phase implantation of FPGA based image enhancement filter using Virtex-IV application board. Keywords: Reconfigurable hardware; Processing element; Image enhancement filter; Self healing circuit; Genetic algorithm; Fault tolerant circuit, Intellectual Property. 1. Introduction Non-linear Image processing  with good flexibility and ... and the circuits that they represent define the solution space of the algorithm. 4. Self Healing Algorithm for Image Noise Filtering The Self Healing algorithm for noise removal in the image is performed as follows: 1. Read the corrupted image and store it in input buffer 2. Generate initial population of size ‘n’ with each of chromosome length L.
Efficiency and Security of Some Image Encryption Algorithms
... (DES) treats the image data as the traditional text data, while image encryption uses special image data structure which leads to get efficiency of encryption with minimum requirement of encryption time , . Encryption process transforms plain -image data into cipher -image through involving an algorithm for combining the original image with one or ... original and encrypted images. C. Differential Attack Attacker tries to find out a relationship between the plainimage and the cipher -image, by studying how differences in an input can affect the resultant difference at the output in an attempt to derive the key. Trying to make a slight change such as modifying one pixel of the encrypted image, attacker observes ... equals one, that means the original image and its encryption is identical. If the correlation coefficient equals zero, that means the encrypted image is completely different from the original (i.e. good encryption). If the correlation coefficient equals minus one that means the encrypted image is the negative of the original image. The results of this experiment
Conceptualizing and Researching the Body: A Comparison Between the Psychological and the Cultural Studies Approaches
... Copernicus, Ideas RePeC, EconPapers, Socionet, Ulrich Pro Quest, Cabbel, SSRN, Appreciative Inquery Commons, Journalseek, Scipio, CEEOL, EBSCO Conceptualizing and Researching the Body: A Comparison Between the Psychological and the Cultural Studies Approaches Andrei HOLMAN Postmodern Openings, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 4, December, pp: 121-135 The online version ... -P=GD> %@D@N &
Parallel Implementation of Bias Field Correction Fuzzy C-Means Algorithm for Image Segmentation
... unnecessary information. It also enables structure analysis such as calculating the volume of a tumor, and performing feature-based image- to-patient as well as image- to -image registration, which is an important part of image guided surgery. In magnetic resonance imaging, the in-homogeneities of intensities, called bias ﬁeld, are caused by non-uniformities ... applications and closest ones. Keywords? ?Image segmentation; Bias field correction; GPU; Non homogeneity intensity; CUDA; Clustering I. INTRODUCTION In the medical image area, segmentation of anatomical structures is a key step for medical applications such as diagnostics, planning and act operation. Medical images contain a lot of information, and ... Morocco Abstract? ?Image segmentation in the medical field is one of the most important phases to diseases diagnosis. The bias field estimation algorithm is the most interesting techniques to correct the in-homogeneity intensity artifact on the image. However, the use of such technique requires a powerful processing and quite expensive for big size as medical images.
Distinguishing the Noise and image structures for detecting the correction term and filtering the noise by using fuzzy rules
... removal and image smoothing are useful pre-processing steps in many image processing applications 1.1. Introduction to Image processing A digital image is a representation of a two-dimensional image as a finite set of digital values, called picture elements or pixels. A pixel is the smallest visual element on a video display screen Digital image processing ... imaging, character recognition and create high quality images at the microscopic level. And mainly the image processing techniques are used to remove the noise present in the image and enhancing some features present in the image to get quality image. Filtering is the process of reducing the noise. : The sub image is called the filter, mask, kernel, template, ... members, which belong to the fuzzy set only partially 1.2.1. Fuzzy Image Processing Fuzzy image processing has three main stages: 1) Image fuzzification 2) modification of membership values, and, if necessary 3) image defuzzification Figure. 1.2.1. The general structure of fuzzy image processing. 1. Fuzzy techniques are powerful tools for knowledge
Robust Colour Image Watermarking Scheme Based on Feature Points and Image Normalization in DCT Domain
... spread-spectrum image watermarking," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 11(1), pp. 16-25, 2002. I. Nasir and A. Abdurrman, "A Robust Color Image Watermarking Scheme Based on Image Normalization, " World Congress on Engineering, pp. 2238-2242, 2013. S. Pereira and T. Pun, "Robust template matching for affine resistant image watermarks," IEEE Trans. on Image ... and image normalisation", Image Processing, IET, vol.6, no.4, pp.354-363, 2012. V. Monga and B. Evans, Percetual image hashing via feature points: performance evaluation and tradeoffs, IEEE Trans. on Image processing, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 3453-3466, 2006. M. Alghoniemy, and A. H. Tewfik, "Geometric invariant in image watermarking", IEEE Trans. on Image ... overlapped circular images for embedding the watermark. • The normalization process is applied to each extracted circular image. • The normalized circular image can not be transferred directly into frequency domain. Therefore zero-padding operation could be performed on the normalized circular image. In the proposed method, a subimage is extracted from
A pintura em Schelling e o problema da imagem = The painting in Schelling and the problem of image
... da imagem indicar, à guisa de conclusão e a título de um brevíssimo exercício reflexivo, como tal caracterização ecoa e antecipa, ao longe, questões levantadas pela filosofia contemporânea – e, em especial, pela fenomenologia – a propósito da imagem. 3 O problema da imagem Que a fenomenologia prestou uma valiosa contribuição à análise das chamadas imagens ... problema da imagem ser facilmente dirimidas, “porque aquilo que não seria apreendido no âmbito da ideia aparece, nessa região, como que corporificado diante dos olhos.”35 No fundo, o filósofo está convencido de que, enquanto a natureza continuar sendo emulada como uma imagem muda e morta, como “um cadafalso oco de formas a partir do qual uma imagem igualmente ... uma eidética da imagem, deteve-se na estrutura imagética tal como aparece à intuição reflexiva, mas sem arrastar consigo os pesados compromissos metafísicos contidos na teoria clássica da imagem. É justamente sob o influxo de tal orientação que ganha relevo, por exemplo, a questão empreendida por Sartre em A imaginação: “O que é uma imagem? Esse elemento
A Shape Based Image Search Technique
... out the matching of the input image even if it undergoes geometric transformations  like rotation, scaling etc. Fig. 1. Flowchart for image search algorithm A. STEP ALGORITHM FOR EDGE MATCHING: 1) Upload image 2) Find edges of the image by using “find edges” algorithm. 3) Save the image with a name. 4) Save the image containing the edge into ... of images in the database and find their difference and percentage difference B. STEP ALGORITHM FOR CONOUR MATCHING: 1) Upload the image 2) Find edges of the image by using “find CONTOUR” algorithm. 3) Save the image with a name. 4) Save the image containing the CONTOUR into an array of pixels. 5) Match each pixel in RGB configuration of the images ... percentage unmatched, we determine if the images are similar or not. If percentage unmatched is less than 20% , then the images are considered to be similar greater than 20% but less than 60% , then we rotate the image and find any image matching the transformed, i.e rotated image. Greater than 60% , then the images are said to be Unmatched. www.ijacsa.thesai.org 80
Using an Insect Mushroom Body Circuit to Encode Route Memory in Complex Natural Environments.
... distinguish familiar from novel images as additional route images are stored (x-axis). On average (fitted curves), the EN output to learned images is zero. Images from nearby locations with the same heading are more familiar (lower EN response) than those from random locations. Random images remain clearly distinguishable even with 1200 images stored. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004683.g006 Discussion We ... curves) clearly distinguishable from other images as it produces no EN spikes, and images from nearby locations tend to be more familiar than images from random locations, even after storing 1200 images. PLOS Computational Biology | DOI:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004683 February 11, 2016 10 / 22 A Mushroom Body Model of Ant Route Memory Fig 6. ... memory, the EN response was recorded i) for that image, ii) for an image taken 5cm away and facing the same direction, iii) for an image taken from a random location in the ant environment, and iv) for a completely random image. Distinguishing i) from ii-iv) means that stored memories are not confused with new images. Distinguishing ii) from iii) is helpful
CORRELATION BETWEEN SOME BODY MEASURES OF LIPPIZANER STALLION PER LINES AT ĐAKOVO STUD
... G. (2001): Morphological description of the Lipizzan horse population. Livestock Production Science, 69:163-177. CORRELATION BETWEEN SOME BODY MEASURES OF LIPPIZANER STALLION PER LINES AT ĐAKOVO STUD SUMMARY Body measures of Lippizaner line stallions and their correlation were processed in Đakovo stud. The measures performed by Lydtin rod and stock ... grebena mjerene vrpcom i štapom i opsega prsa. Tablica 3. Korelacijska povezanost između tjelesnih mjera pastuha lipicanske pasmine po linijama Table 3. Correlation between body measures in Lipizzaner breed stallions per lines Odnos Korelacijski koeficijenti - Correlation coefficients Ratio Siglavy Pluto Neapolitano Maestoso Favory Conversano Tulipan x1 ... Ž., Gutzmirtl Draženka, Mandić, I. (2001.): Povezanost razvoja ždrebadi lipicanske pasmine u fazi sisanja. Stočarstvo, 1:3-12. 15. Saastamonien, M. (1990): Heritabilities for body size and growth rate and phenotypic correlations among measurements in young horses. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, 40(4):377-386. 16. Sölkner, J., Zechner, P., Zohmann,
An Application of Image Analysis and Colorimetric Methods on Color Change of Dehydrated Asparagus (Asparagus maritimus L.)
... 70 °C) at airflow velocity of 2.75 ms-1. Color changes were obtained by digital image analysis in RGB color model and by chromameter in L*a*b* color model. Basic elements of image analysis system were low voltage halogen lamps with reflector, digital camera and programs for image pre-processing and analysis. Mean values of color parameters, color changes ... give non-objective results of colored samples with bigger different color area than measured area. Image analysis method can be applied on total area of analysed samples to ensure more objective results because almost 100 % of total surface is captured in an image. Color changes measured in RGB color model can be separated in color channels with intensity ... measured using digital image analysis system and chromameter CR-400 (Minolta). The asparagus slices were milled in a coffee grinder to obtain fine and homogeneous powder. Analyses of color values were done twenty times for each raw and dehydrated asparagus sample. RGB color measurement Color changes in RGB color model were followed by image analysis. Basic
ALGORITHM FOR IMAGE MIXING AND ENCRYPTION
... pair of images as one original image, and the encrypted mixed image as the result. After decryption, all original images were recovered without any loss. 17 The International Journal of Multimedia & Its Applications (IJMA) Vol.5, No.2, April 2013 The dimensions of each image 2D-matrix are given by its length and width (in pixels), where color images ... combined image pair is a 1D-matrix which includes all pixel data of both images. After Stream Shuffle is applied to this original combined image, the resulting stream is treated as a 2D-matrix during S-box substitution. The final encrypted result is one 2D-matrix. (a) Original Zaid image (b) Histogram of original Zaid image (c) Original Ghaith image (d) ... input images have different dimensions and sizes. The Zaid image is 652×752 pixels with a size of 1,437 kB. The Ghaith image is 648×518 pixels with a size of 984 kB. These two images were combined, mixed and encrypted together. The image resulting from the encryption is shown with its histogram in Figure 6. As seen in the figure, the encrypted image
Viewing the body after bereavement due to suicide: a population-based survey in Sweden.
... (Figure 1, Table 4). The psychological morbidity related to viewing the body in a formal setting was found both among those who reported that they had seen the body at the site of death and those who had not (data not shown in table). Not seeing the body at all or only seeing the body at the site of the death (not in a formal setting) was not associated ... Pernilla.Omerov@Ki.se Introduction Viewing the body after a sudden death is often said to be helpful for bereaved family members [1,2]. Chapple and Ziebland  found that relatives, bereaved through suicide or other traumatic deaths, who had chosen to view the body seldom regretted doing so. They also found that the relatives often had numerous reasons for viewing the body and mentioned ... hypotheses: parents that viewed their childs body in a formal setting seldom regretted the experience, and that viewing the body was associated with lower levels of psychological morbidity two to five years after the loss. PLOS ONE | www.plosone.org 1 July 2014 | Volume 9 | Issue 7 | e101799 Viewing the Body after Bereavement due to Suicide Methods Ethics
PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF CONTENT BASED IMAGE RETRIEVAL FOR MEDICAL IMAGES
... compares two image signatures and retrieves most similar images from the database when a physician submits a query image. To retrieve relevant images from a medical database, signatures and distance measure should be related to medical image interpretation. Subsequently the system requires much freedom to tune it to any pathology with image modality ... five images. Baranidharan, et al  addressed medical images retrieval problem from a multi-varied database. An algorithm based on energy information was proposed for gaining Hilbert Transform for medical images classification based on imaging modalities and body parts. Neural networks were used for image classification. This paper exploited image? ??s ... query image. Transform methods are used in image processing as many coefficients can be ignored to reduce feature vector size. Low level features are used for Image Retrieval [2, 3], as all models combine low-level features to define a distance metric quantifying similarities between image models. A shortcoming of this procedure is low-level image
A Review on Reversible Data Hiding Scheme by Image Contrast Enhancement
... Reference  presents a review on the different image contrast enhancement techniques. Image enhancement is a processing on an image in order to make it more appropriate for certain applications. Image Enhancement techniques increase the contrast of image which is result produce better picture. There are many image contrast enhancement techniques like Linear ... find a suitable non-overlapped partition of the image to significantly increase embedding capacity. Reference  shows that the quality of an image after extracting from the hiding data is one of the important aspect which is usually assessed using image quality metrics. In this paper, a new FR metric, Image Enhancement Metric (IEM) is proposed which ... extending the work to color images. In this method data are embedded into the three different layers of color images i.e. red, green and blue. For extracting the hidden data from the image, peak values of the highest two bins in the histogram into which the data is embedded are stored in the last 16 excluded bits in the image. Data hiding can be extended
OPTICAL FLOW APPLIED TO TIME-LAPSE IMAGE SERIES TO ESTIMATE GLACIER MOTION IN THE SOUTHERN PATAGONIA ICE FIELD
... of techniques of digital image processing have been proposed, including in the early 80’s, the Image pyramids technique able to perform image blending (Szeliski, 2010). In parallel, coarse-to-fine strategies were also developed, such as intensity-based optical flow algorithms, among others. The optical flow extracted from imagery is the result of ... assume that changes of image irradiance are only caused by the image sequence (Klette, 2014). This generally involves the summation of color differences between corresponding pixels over the image. In our study case, the daily changes in solar radiation and the seasonal snow cover were corrected by the CIF. First, at pair of possible images are selected, ... discretization between the images was applied to minimize errors related to changes in lighting, shadows, clouds and snow. This selection allowed discarding images that do not follow a sequence of similarity. Our results show a flow field in the direction of the glacier movement with acceleration in the terminus. We analyzed the errors between image pairs, and
Oligodendrocyte plasticity with an intact cell body in vitro.
... The processes of a second untreated oligodendrocyte (C) were also cut in the same way, and likewise regenerated in 36 h (D). The 36-h image of cell No. 2 viewed by immunofluorescence microscopy: MBP, green; DAPI, blue (E). Images of two additional oligodendrocytes (No. 3, No. 4) after their processes were severed are shown (F). The severed processes of ... by dots (A). The processes were progressively regenerated within 8 h after the removal of NMDA from the culture medium (B). The 8-h image of cell No. 1 viewed by immunofluorescence microscopy: MBP, green; DAPI, blue (C). Images of other representative cells (No. 2, No. 3), with NMDA and after its removal (D). Statistical analysis indicates that moderate ... incubated with anti-MBP antibody (rat, 1:500, Chemicon) for 30 min, and then incubated with anti-rat Alexa488 (horse, 1:2000, Invitrogen) followed by mounting with VECTASHIELD Mounting Medium including 4’,6-diamino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) (50 ng/ml, Sigma). Fluorescence microscopy was performed using a Leica DM IRB microscope. Fluorescence images were merged using
Software Architectural Design for Image Retrieval System involving Data Streams and User Interactivity
... for the images, required modules for image processing and their processing sequence. Fig 1 shows the architectural design for this application. The application involves retrieving one or more images from an image database for a given keyword search. The keyword search is given in the form of queries over images. A typical query to retrieve an image whose ... stream act as image processing modules. – Image processing module of noise removal. The noise removal module reduces noises (the unwanted by products while capturing an image) . Noise transforms the images by adding extra information to it. – Module for cropping images. The term cropping refers to the process of cutting out those parts of an image that ... subject matter. – Resizing images. Resizing an image can be performed by scaling or resampling it. – Image format conversion. Digital images can be organized and stored in different image file formats like jpeg, gif, tiff etc. 4) Interactions between the Data Stream , Data Repository and Interactive System Processed images will be updated in the
Débito cardíaco e fração de ejeção fetal por meio do spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): comparação entre fetos masculinos e femininos.
... aplicação na avaliação da função cardíaca fetal. O Spatio-temporal Image Correlation (STIC) é um software que permite a aquisição volumétrica do coração fetal com suas conexões vasculares, sendo que as imagens podem ser avaliadas tanto no modo multiplanar quanto no de superfície (renderizado). As imagens podem 276 computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) rotated ... heart with spatiotemporal image correlation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;189:1792-802. 11. DeVore GR, Falkensammer P, Sklansky MS, Platt LD. Spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC): new technology for evaluation of the fetal heart. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2003;22(4):380-7. 12. Vinãls F, Poblete P, Giuliano A. Spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): ... Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2012;27(2):275-82 Débito cardíaco e fração de ejeção fetal por meio do spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): comparação entre fetos masculinos e femininos Fetal cardiac output and ejection fraction by spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): comparison between male and female fetuses Christiane Simioni1, Edward Araujo Júnior2,
Equivalência Semântica da versão em português do "Body Change Inventory".
... Ricciardelli L, Merino ME. Body Dissatisfaction and body change behaviors in Chile: The role of sociocultural factors. Body Image 2008; 5(2):205-215. 12. Xua X, Mellor D, Kiehne M, Ricciardelli L, McCabe MP, Xu Y. Body Dissatisfaction, engagement in body change behaviors and sociocultural influences on body image among Chinese adolescents. Body Image 2010; 7(2):156-164. 13. ... on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors among Malaysian adolescents. Body Image 2009; 6(2):121-128. 14. Thompson JK. The (mis) measurement of body image: ten strategies to improve assessment for applied and research purposes. Body Image 2004; 1(1):7-14. 15. McCabe MP, Ricciardelli L. A longitudinal study of pubertal timing and extreme Body ... Sociocultural Factors on Body Image: a meta-analysis. Clin Psychol Sci Pract 2005; 12(4):421-433. 6. Ricciardelli LA, McCabe MP, Holt KE, Finemore J. A biopsychosocial model for understanding body image and body change strategies among children. Applied Developmental Psychology 2003; 24(4):475-485. 7. McCabe MP, Ricciardelli LA. Body Image and Body Change Techniques
Tracheal foreign body in dog.
... intrabronchial foreign body in a dog. J. Am. Anim. Hosp. Assoc., v.37, p.582-585, 2001. PRATSCHKE, K.M.; HUGHES, J.M.L.; GUERIN, S.R. et al. Foley cathter technique for removal of a tracheal foreign body in a cat. Vet. Rec., v.144, p.181182, 1999. UWIERA, R.R.E. Identification and removal of a cereal ear bronchial foreign body. Canine Pract., v.21, ... tracheobronchial foreign body aspirations in paediatric age group – a 10 year retrospective analysis. Indian J. Anaesth., v.51, p.2023, 2007. LOTTI, U. Tracheobronchial foreign bodies of plant origin in 153 hunting dogs. Compend. Contin. Educ. Pract. Vet., v.14, p.900-911, 1992. McGLENNON, N.J.; PLATT, D.; DUNN, J.K. et al., Tracheal foreign body in a cat: ... broncoscopia ABSTRACT The occurrence of a tracheal foreign body in a three-month-old male Poodle referred to a Teaching Veterinary Hospital due to acute coughing, gagging and nausea is reported. A bronchoscopy under general anesthesia was performed in order to obtain a diagnose. During the bronchoscopy a foreign body (maize popcorn) was observed in the intrathoracic